Saros 24

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 24

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 24

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 24 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 24
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-38 -2134-Apr-0622:56:55 49738 4312 -51128 Pb t- -1.5196 0.0159 71S 137E 0 - -
2-37 -2116-Apr-1706:25:26 49285 4232 -50905 P t- -1.4522 0.1459 71S 10E 0 - -
3-36 -2098-Apr-2813:50:20 48834 4152 -50682 P t- -1.3815 0.2830 71S 117W 0 - -
4-35 -2080-May-0821:14:18 48385 4073 -50459 P t- -1.3099 0.4223 71S 116E 0 - -
5-34 -2062-May-2004:36:23 47939 3995 -50236 P t- -1.2368 0.5649 70S 9W 0 - -
6-33 -2044-May-3012:00:53 47494 3917 -50013 P t- -1.1652 0.7041 69S 134W 0 - -
7-32 -2026-Jun-1019:26:25 47052 3840 -49790 P t- -1.0944 0.8415 68S 101E 0 - -
8-31 -2008-Jun-2102:55:53 46611 3764 -49567 P t- -1.0268 0.9720 67S 25W 0 - -
9-30 -1990-Jul-0210:29:02 46173 3688 -49344 T t- -0.9624 1.0608 51S 149W 15 75704m30s
10-29 -1972-Jul-1218:08:30 45736 3613 -49121 T p- -0.9034 1.0603 41S 90E 25 46404m50s
11-28 -1954-Jul-2401:53:41 45302 3539 -48898 T p- -0.8495 1.0580 34S 31W 32 36104m51s
12-27 -1936-Aug-0309:45:22 44870 3465 -48675 T p- -0.8012 1.0548 30S 153W 37 30004m40s
13-26 -1918-Aug-1417:44:46 44440 3392 -48452 T p- -0.7597 1.0510 27S 83E 40 25704m21s
14-25 -1900-Aug-2501:52:04 44012 3320 -48229 T p- -0.7252 1.0467 26S 42W 43 22203m56s
15-24 -1882-Sep-0510:07:04 43586 3249 -48006 T p- -0.6974 1.0423 27S 169W 46 19303m30s
16-23 -1864-Sep-1518:29:36 43162 3178 -47783 T p- -0.6765 1.0377 28S 62E 47 16803m03s
17-22 -1846-Sep-2702:59:14 42740 3108 -47560 T p- -0.6618 1.0333 31S 69W 48 14702m38s
18-21 -1828-Oct-0711:35:28 42321 3038 -47337 T p- -0.6529 1.0290 34S 159E 49 12702m15s
19-20 -1810-Oct-1820:15:39 41903 2969 -47114 T p- -0.6479 1.0251 38S 25E 49 11001m54s
20-19 -1792-Oct-2905:00:50 41487 2901 -46891 T p- -0.6474 1.0216 43S 109W 49 9501m36s
21-18 -1774-Nov-0913:47:26 41074 2834 -46668 T p- -0.6488 1.0186 48S 117E 49 8301m22s
22-17 -1756-Nov-1922:35:28 40662 2768 -46445 T p- -0.6518 1.0162 52S 16W 49 7301m10s
23-16 -1738-Dec-0107:20:22 40253 2702 -46222 T p- -0.6528 1.0142 56S 148W 49 6401m01s
24-15 -1720-Dec-1116:04:06 39846 2636 -45999 H3 p- -0.6535 1.0129 60S 83E 49 5800m55s
25-14 -1702-Dec-2300:41:59 39441 2572 -45776 H p- -0.6504 1.0120 63S 42W 49 5400m51s
26-13 -1683-Jan-0209:14:05 39037 2508 -45553 H p- -0.6431 1.0116 64S 163W 50 5200m50s
27-12 -1665-Jan-1317:37:37 38636 2445 -45330 H p- -0.6297 1.0115 63S 78E 51 5100m51s
28-11 -1647-Jan-2401:53:20 38237 2382 -45107 H p- -0.6106 1.0117 60S 41W 52 5100m53s
29-10 -1629-Feb-0409:59:18 37840 2321 -44884 H p- -0.5843 1.0121 56S 160W 54 5100m57s
30 -9 -1611-Feb-1417:55:13 37445 2260 -44661 H p- -0.5507 1.0125 50S 82E 56 5201m01s
31 -8 -1593-Feb-2601:41:10 37053 2199 -44438 H p- -0.5097 1.0128 44S 36W 59 5101m06s
32 -7 -1575-Mar-0809:17:27 36662 2140 -44215 H p- -0.4615 1.0130 37S 153W 62 5001m10s
33 -6 -1557-Mar-1916:43:36 36273 2081 -43992 H n- -0.4057 1.0128 29S 92E 66 4801m13s
34 -5 -1539-Mar-3000:01:24 35887 2023 -43769 H n- -0.3439 1.0122 21S 22W 70 4501m13s
35 -4 -1521-Apr-1007:10:53 35502 1965 -43546 H nn -0.2758 1.0111 13S 134W 74 4001m09s
36 -3 -1503-Apr-2014:14:22 35120 1909 -43323 H nn -0.2039 1.0095 5S 116E 78 3301m01s
37 -2 -1485-May-0121:10:32 34739 1853 -43100 Hm nn -0.1265 1.0072 3N 8E 83 2500m47s
38 -1 -1467-May-1204:03:32 34361 1797 -42877 H nn -0.0476 1.0043 11N 99W 87 1500m28s
39 0 -1449-May-2310:52:05 33985 1743 -42654 H nn 0.0344 1.0008 19N 156E 88 300m05s
40 1 -1431-Jun-0217:40:24 33610 1689 -42431 A nn 0.1152 0.9967 27N 51E 83 1200m22s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 24
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 2 -1413-Jun-1400:26:26 33238 1636 -42208 A nn 0.1969 0.9919 34N 51W 78 2900m51s
42 3 -1395-Jun-2407:15:47 32868 1583 -41985 A -p 0.2748 0.9867 39N 154W 74 4901m21s
43 4 -1377-Jul-0514:06:22 32500 1531 -41762 A -p 0.3508 0.9810 45N 105E 69 7201m51s
44 5 -1359-Jul-1521:02:02 32134 1480 -41539 A -p 0.4215 0.9751 48N 4E 65 9802m20s
45 6 -1341-Jul-2704:02:02 31771 1430 -41316 A -p 0.4876 0.9688 50N 97W 61 12902m50s
46 7 -1323-Aug-0611:09:21 31409 1381 -41093 A -p 0.5466 0.9625 51N 160E 57 16203m20s
47 8 -1305-Aug-1718:23:36 31049 1332 -40870 A -p 0.5992 0.9561 51N 55E 53 19803m51s
48 9 -1287-Aug-2801:44:54 30691 1284 -40647 A -p 0.6452 0.9499 49N 53W 50 23804m23s
49 10 -1269-Sep-0809:14:56 30336 1237 -40424 A -p 0.6832 0.9440 47N 165W 47 27804m58s
50 11 -1251-Sep-1816:52:39 29982 1190 -40201 A -p 0.7142 0.9384 45N 80E 44 31905m34s
51 12 -1233-Sep-3000:38:39 29631 1144 -39978 A -p 0.7378 0.9334 42N 38W 42 35806m12s
52 13 -1215-Oct-1008:30:30 29282 1099 -39755 A -p 0.7559 0.9289 39N 159W 41 39506m53s
53 14 -1197-Oct-2116:28:58 28934 1055 -39532 A -p 0.7682 0.9251 37N 78E 40 42607m35s
54 15 -1179-Nov-0100:31:01 28589 1011 -39309 A -p 0.7769 0.9220 34N 46W 39 45308m17s
55 16 -1161-Nov-1208:35:53 28246 968 -39086 A -p 0.7827 0.9196 32N 171W 38 47508m58s
56 17 -1143-Nov-2216:41:23 27905 926 -38863 A -p 0.7873 0.9179 30N 63E 38 49309m36s
57 18 -1125-Dec-0400:46:36 27566 885 -38640 A -p 0.7914 0.9169 29N 62W 37 50810m07s
58 19 -1107-Dec-1408:48:25 27229 844 -38417 A -p 0.7979 0.9166 29N 173E 37 52110m27s
59 20 -1089-Dec-2516:45:34 26894 805 -38194 A -p 0.8079 0.9168 30N 49E 36 53510m34s
60 21 -1070-Jan-0500:36:36 26561 766 -37971 A -p 0.8222 0.9175 32N 73W 34 55110m26s
61 22 -1052-Jan-1608:21:07 26231 728 -37748 A -p 0.8411 0.9186 35N 166E 32 57310m03s
62 23 -1034-Jan-2615:55:26 25902 690 -37525 A -p 0.8682 0.9199 39N 47E 29 61309m25s
63 24 -1016-Feb-0623:21:48 25576 654 -37302 A -p 0.9012 0.9213 45N 71W 25 68908m37s
64 25 -0998-Feb-1706:37:19 25251 621 -37079 A -t 0.9429 0.9224 54N 170E 19 88807m41s
65 26 -0980-Feb-2813:45:14 24929 614 -36856 An -t 0.9903 0.9221 66N 42E 7 - 06m33s
66 27 -0962-Mar-1020:40:56 24608 607 -36633 P -t 1.0474 0.8765 71N 90W 0 - -
67 28 -0944-Mar-2103:30:12 24290 601 -36410 P -t 1.1092 0.7727 72N 152E 0 - -
68 29 -0926-Apr-0110:09:27 23974 594 -36187 P -t 1.1790 0.6548 72N 37E 0 - -
69 30 -0908-Apr-1116:43:26 23660 587 -35964 P -t 1.2526 0.5299 72N 77W 0 - -
70 31 -0890-Apr-2223:10:00 23348 580 -35741 P -t 1.3318 0.3946 71N 172E 0 - -
71 32 -0872-May-0305:34:24 23038 573 -35518 P -t 1.4123 0.2563 71N 61E 0 - -
72 33 -0854-May-1411:55:11 22730 566 -35295 Pe -t 1.4955 0.1131 70N 48W 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 24

Solar eclipses of Saros 24 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on -2134 Apr 06. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on -0854 May 14. The total duration of Saros series 24 is 1280.14 years.

Summary of Saros 24
First Eclipse -2134 Apr 06
Last Eclipse -0854 May 14
Series Duration 1280.14 Years
No. of Eclipses 72
Sequence 8P 15T 16H 26A 7P

Saros 24 is composed of 72 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 24
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 72100.0%
PartialP 15 20.8%
AnnularA 26 36.1%
TotalT 15 20.8%
HybridH 16 22.2%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 24 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 24
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 57100.0%
Central (two limits) 56 98.2%
Central (one limit) 1 1.8%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 72 eclipses in Saros 24 occur in the following order : 8P 15T 16H 26A 7P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 24 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 24
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse -1089 Dec 2510m34s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse -1431 Jun 0200m22s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse -1954 Jul 2404m51s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse -1738 Dec 0101m01s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -1557 Mar 1901m13s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -1449 May 2300m05s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse -2008 Jun 21 - 0.97201
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse -2134 Apr 06 - 0.01588

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.