Saros 29

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 29

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 29

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 29 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 29
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-36 -1881-Mar-0109:40:43 43575 3247 -48000 Pb t- 1.5129 0.0790 61N 158E 0 - -
2-35 -1863-Mar-1116:44:15 43151 3176 -47777 P t- 1.4513 0.1841 61N 41E 0 - -
3-34 -1845-Mar-2223:42:49 42729 3106 -47554 P t- 1.3841 0.3005 61N 74W 0 - -
4-33 -1827-Apr-0206:34:00 42309 3036 -47331 P t- 1.3096 0.4310 61N 173E 0 - -
5-32 -1809-Apr-1313:23:27 41892 2968 -47108 P t- 1.2323 0.5679 61N 60E 0 - -
6-31 -1791-Apr-2320:08:49 41476 2900 -46885 P t- 1.1504 0.7144 61N 52W 0 - -
7-30 -1773-May-0502:55:03 41063 2832 -46662 P t- 1.0677 0.8637 61N 164W 0 - -
8-29 -1755-May-1509:39:43 40651 2766 -46439 A t- 0.9821 0.9857 65N 105E 10 28600m51s
9-28 -1737-May-2616:28:47 40242 2700 -46216 A t- 0.8988 0.9933 68N 33E 26 5400m26s
10-27 -1719-Jun-0523:19:47 39835 2635 -45993 A t- 0.8159 0.9985 68N 51W 35 900m06s
11-26 -1701-Jun-1706:16:09 39430 2570 -45770 H p- 0.7363 1.0025 66N 140W 42 1300m11s
12-25 -1683-Jun-2713:17:54 39027 2506 -45547 H p- 0.6598 1.0056 64N 126E 48 2600m25s
13-24 -1665-Jul-0820:27:56 38626 2443 -45324 H p- 0.5895 1.0079 60N 26E 54 3400m37s
14-23 -1647-Jul-1903:45:47 38227 2381 -45101 H p- 0.5245 1.0096 55N 79W 58 3900m47s
15-22 -1629-Jul-3011:12:38 37830 2319 -44878 H p- 0.4662 1.0108 50N 172E 62 4200m55s
16-21 -1611-Aug-0918:49:28 37435 2258 -44655 H p- 0.4154 1.0115 45N 59E 65 4401m01s
17-20 -1593-Aug-2102:36:37 37042 2198 -44432 H p- 0.3725 1.0120 39N 59W 68 4401m05s
18-19 -1575-Aug-3110:33:19 36651 2138 -44209 H n- 0.3366 1.0123 33N 179W 70 4501m08s
19-18 -1557-Sep-1118:40:09 36263 2079 -43986 H n- 0.3085 1.0124 28N 57E 72 4501m10s
20-17 -1539-Sep-2202:56:24 35876 2021 -43763 H n- 0.2874 1.0127 22N 69W 73 4501m13s
21-16 -1521-Oct-0311:21:42 35492 1964 -43540 H n- 0.2733 1.0131 17N 162E 74 4701m16s
22-15 -1503-Oct-1319:53:15 35109 1907 -43317 H n- 0.2638 1.0138 12N 31E 75 4901m22s
23-14 -1485-Oct-2504:32:21 34729 1851 -43094 H n- 0.2598 1.0149 7N 101W 75 5301m29s
24-13 -1467-Nov-0413:15:23 34351 1796 -42871 H2 n- 0.2582 1.0164 3N 126E 75 5801m39s
25-12 -1449-Nov-1522:01:46 33975 1741 -42648 T n- 0.2592 1.0185 1S 8W 75 6501m53s
26-11 -1431-Nov-2606:47:50 33600 1687 -42425 T n- 0.2593 1.0210 4S 141W 75 7402m10s
27-10 -1413-Dec-0715:34:26 33228 1634 -42202 T n- 0.2594 1.0242 6S 85E 75 8502m29s
28 -9 -1395-Dec-1800:18:08 32858 1582 -41979 T n- 0.2563 1.0278 8S 47W 75 9702m50s
29 -8 -1377-Dec-2908:58:01 32490 1530 -41756 T n- 0.2496 1.0320 9S 179W 76 11203m13s
30 -7 -1358-Jan-0817:32:20 32125 1479 -41533 T n- 0.2378 1.0365 10S 51E 76 12603m36s
31 -6 -1340-Jan-2002:00:38 31761 1429 -41310 T n- 0.2205 1.0414 10S 77W 77 14203m58s
32 -5 -1322-Jan-3010:21:48 31399 1379 -41087 T n- 0.1967 1.0465 10S 156E 79 15804m19s
33 -4 -1304-Feb-1018:35:12 31039 1331 -40864 T n- 0.1659 1.0518 9S 32E 81 17404m38s
34 -3 -1286-Feb-2102:41:21 30682 1283 -40641 T n- 0.1283 1.0569 8S 91W 83 18904m56s
35 -2 -1268-Mar-0310:39:58 30326 1235 -40418 T nn 0.0839 1.0619 7S 149E 85 20405m13s
36 -1 -1250-Mar-1418:30:59 29973 1189 -40195 T nn 0.0326 1.0665 6S 30E 88 21705m29s
37 0 -1232-Mar-2502:15:32 29622 1143 -39972 Tm nn -0.0245 1.0707 4S 87W 89 23005m45s
38 1 -1214-Apr-0509:53:55 29272 1098 -39749 T nn -0.0872 1.0743 3S 157E 85 24206m00s
39 2 -1196-Apr-1517:27:59 28925 1054 -39526 T -n -0.1540 1.0772 2S 43E 81 25206m16s
40 3 -1178-Apr-2700:56:33 28580 1010 -39303 T -n -0.2257 1.0793 2S 70W 77 26206m31s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 29
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 4 -1160-May-0708:23:33 28237 967 -39080 T -n -0.2988 1.0806 2S 178E 73 27106m45s
42 5 -1142-May-1815:47:51 27896 925 -38857 T -n -0.3740 1.0809 4S 65E 68 28006m56s
43 6 -1124-May-2823:12:49 27557 884 -38634 T -p -0.4488 1.0804 6S 47W 63 28807m03s
44 7 -1106-Jun-0906:37:11 27220 843 -38411 T -p -0.5240 1.0788 9S 160W 58 29707m04s
45 8 -1088-Jun-1914:04:54 26885 804 -38188 T -p -0.5962 1.0763 13S 86E 53 30706m56s
46 9 -1070-Jun-3021:35:05 26553 765 -37965 T -p -0.6660 1.0729 18S 30W 48 31706m37s
47 10 -1052-Jul-1105:09:35 26222 727 -37742 T -p -0.7318 1.0689 24S 147W 43 33006m09s
48 11 -1034-Jul-2212:49:29 25893 689 -37519 T -p -0.7930 1.0639 30S 94E 37 34405m32s
49 12 -1016-Aug-0120:35:57 25567 653 -37296 T -p -0.8484 1.0585 37S 29W 32 36404m50s
50 13 -0998-Aug-1304:29:54 25242 621 -37073 T -t -0.8973 1.0524 45S 154W 26 39404m04s
51 14 -0980-Aug-2312:30:24 24920 614 -36850 T -t -0.9405 1.0458 53S 76E 19 45403m18s
52 15 -0962-Sep-0320:39:43 24600 607 -36627 T -t -0.9761 1.0387 62S 61W 12 62602m33s
53 16 -0944-Sep-1404:56:02 24281 600 -36404 P -t -1.0055 0.9989 71S 139E 0 - -
54 17 -0926-Sep-2513:20:29 23965 594 -36181 P -t -1.0282 0.9541 72S 3W 0 - -
55 18 -0908-Oct-0521:50:49 23651 587 -35958 P -t -1.0456 0.9196 72S 146W 0 - -
56 19 -0890-Oct-1706:28:19 23339 580 -35735 P -t -1.0570 0.8968 72S 69E 0 - -
57 20 -0872-Oct-2715:09:48 23029 573 -35512 P -t -1.0646 0.8812 71S 76W 0 - -
58 21 -0854-Nov-0723:55:05 22721 566 -35289 P -t -1.0689 0.8720 70S 138E 0 - -
59 22 -0836-Nov-1808:42:09 22415 559 -35066 P -t -1.0715 0.8664 69S 8W 0 - -
60 23 -0818-Nov-2917:30:26 22112 552 -34843 P -t -1.0729 0.8629 68S 153W 0 - -
61 24 -0800-Dec-1002:16:12 21810 546 -34620 P -t -1.0760 0.8568 67S 62E 0 - -
62 25 -0782-Dec-2110:59:20 21510 539 -34397 P -t -1.0808 0.8475 66S 80W 0 - -
63 26 -0764-Dec-3119:37:16 21213 532 -34174 P -t -1.0897 0.8311 65S 138E 0 - -
64 27 -0745-Jan-1204:10:31 20917 525 -33951 P -t -1.1022 0.8080 64S 1W 0 - -
65 28 -0727-Jan-2212:34:24 20624 518 -33728 P -t -1.1221 0.7717 63S 138W 0 - -
66 29 -0709-Feb-0220:51:37 20333 511 -33505 P -t -1.1469 0.7263 63S 87E 0 - -
67 30 -0691-Feb-1304:58:03 20044 504 -33282 P -t -1.1801 0.6655 62S 44W 0 - -
68 31 -0673-Feb-2412:56:49 19756 497 -33059 P -t -1.2190 0.5943 61S 174W 0 - -
69 32 -0655-Mar-0620:43:28 19471 490 -32836 P -t -1.2672 0.5060 61S 59E 0 - -
70 33 -0637-Mar-1804:22:44 19188 483 -32613 P -t -1.3208 0.4080 61S 66W 0 - -
71 34 -0619-Mar-2811:50:48 18907 476 -32390 P -t -1.3823 0.2954 61S 172E 0 - -
72 35 -0601-Apr-0819:11:39 18628 469 -32167 P -t -1.4487 0.1741 61S 52E 0 - -
73 36 -0583-Apr-1902:22:54 18351 462 -31944 Pe -t -1.5217 0.0412 61S 65W 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 29

Solar eclipses of Saros 29 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on -1881 Mar 01. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on -0583 Apr 19. The total duration of Saros series 29 is 1298.17 years.

Summary of Saros 29
First Eclipse -1881 Mar 01
Last Eclipse -0583 Apr 19
Series Duration 1298.17 Years
No. of Eclipses 73
Sequence 7P 3A 14H 28T 21P

Saros 29 is composed of 73 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 29
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 73100.0%
PartialP 28 38.4%
AnnularA 3 4.1%
TotalT 28 38.4%
HybridH 14 19.2%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 29 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 29
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 45100.0%
Central (two limits) 45100.0%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 73 eclipses in Saros 29 occur in the following order : 7P 3A 14H 28T 21P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 29 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 29
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse -1755 May 1500m51s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse -1719 Jun 0500m06s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse -1106 Jun 0907m04s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse -1449 Nov 1501m53s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -1467 Nov 0401m39s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -1701 Jun 1700m11s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse -0944 Sep 14 - 0.99894
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse -0583 Apr 19 - 0.04124

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.