Saros 36

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 36

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 36

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 36 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 36
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-38 -1859-Jun-2314:35:35 43050 3159 -47724 Pb t- -1.5240 0.0178 67S 142E 0 - -
2-37 -1841-Jul-0422:03:23 42629 3089 -47501 P t- -1.4566 0.1458 66S 17E 0 - -
3-36 -1823-Jul-1505:37:42 42210 3020 -47278 P t- -1.3936 0.2656 65S 108W 0 - -
4-35 -1805-Jul-2613:20:00 41793 2951 -47055 P t- -1.3365 0.3744 64S 125E 0 - -
5-34 -1787-Aug-0521:10:34 41378 2884 -46832 P t- -1.2855 0.4714 63S 4W 0 - -
6-33 -1769-Aug-1705:11:00 40965 2816 -46609 P t- -1.2421 0.5536 62S 136W 0 - -
7-32 -1751-Aug-2713:20:13 40554 2750 -46386 P t- -1.2055 0.6229 62S 91E 0 - -
8-31 -1733-Sep-0721:37:46 40145 2684 -46163 P t- -1.1754 0.6796 61S 44W 0 - -
9-30 -1715-Sep-1806:04:03 39738 2619 -45940 P t- -1.1523 0.7231 61S 179E 0 - -
10-29 -1697-Sep-2914:38:21 39334 2555 -45717 P t- -1.1355 0.7543 61S 40E 0 - -
11-28 -1679-Oct-0923:18:53 38931 2491 -45494 P t- -1.1239 0.7759 61S 100W 0 - -
12-27 -1661-Oct-2108:05:20 38531 2428 -45271 P t- -1.1172 0.7883 61S 118E 0 - -
13-26 -1643-Oct-3116:55:35 38132 2366 -45048 P t- -1.1137 0.7948 61S 25W 0 - -
14-25 -1625-Nov-1201:49:15 37736 2305 -44825 P t- -1.1130 0.7961 61S 169W 0 - -
15-24 -1607-Nov-2210:42:09 37341 2244 -44602 P t- -1.1119 0.7981 62S 47E 0 - -
16-23 -1589-Dec-0319:36:01 36949 2184 -44379 P t- -1.1116 0.7989 63S 97W 0 - -
17-22 -1571-Dec-1404:26:15 36559 2124 -44156 P t- -1.1090 0.8042 64S 119E 0 - -
18-21 -1553-Dec-2513:13:34 36171 2065 -43933 P t- -1.1039 0.8144 65S 24W 0 - -
19-20 -1534-Jan-0421:53:54 35785 2008 -43710 P t- -1.0934 0.8349 66S 166W 0 - -
20-19 -1516-Jan-1606:29:39 35401 1950 -43487 P t- -1.0792 0.8624 67S 53E 0 - -
21-18 -1498-Jan-2614:56:51 35019 1894 -43264 P t- -1.0586 0.9025 68S 86W 0 - -
22-17 -1480-Feb-0623:16:32 34639 1838 -43041 P t- -1.0318 0.9544 69S 135E 0 - -
23-16 -1462-Feb-1707:27:08 34261 1783 -42818 T- t- -0.9982 1.0198 70S 1W 0 - -
24-15 -1444-Feb-2815:30:01 33885 1728 -42595 T t- -0.9582 1.0513 76S 169E 16 61502m48s
25-14 -1426-Mar-1023:24:13 33512 1675 -42372 T p- -0.9115 1.0557 68S 17E 24 45103m20s
26-13 -1408-Mar-2107:10:27 33140 1622 -42149 T p- -0.8587 1.0592 59S 115W 30 38003m51s
27-12 -1390-Apr-0114:49:34 32771 1569 -41926 T p- -0.8003 1.0619 50S 119E 37 33704m22s
28-11 -1372-Apr-1122:22:27 32403 1518 -41703 T p- -0.7370 1.0637 41S 2W 42 30604m52s
29-10 -1354-Apr-2305:48:56 32038 1467 -41480 T p- -0.6688 1.0648 32S 121W 48 28305m19s
30 -9 -1336-May-0313:11:54 31675 1417 -41257 T p- -0.5981 1.0649 24S 123E 53 26305m41s
31 -8 -1318-May-1420:31:03 31313 1368 -41034 T p- -0.5245 1.0641 16S 8E 58 24505m55s
32 -7 -1300-May-2503:49:43 30954 1319 -40811 T p- -0.4510 1.0624 8S 106W 63 22906m00s
33 -6 -1282-Jun-0511:06:00 30597 1271 -40588 T n- -0.3760 1.0598 1S 141E 68 21205m54s
34 -5 -1264-Jun-1518:25:00 30242 1224 -40365 T n- -0.3037 1.0564 5N 28E 72 19505m38s
35 -4 -1246-Jun-2701:44:38 29889 1178 -40142 T n- -0.2323 1.0522 10N 84W 77 17805m13s
36 -3 -1228-Jul-0709:08:48 29538 1132 -39919 T nn -0.1654 1.0474 14N 164E 81 16004m41s
37 -2 -1210-Jul-1816:35:38 29190 1087 -39696 Tm nn -0.1016 1.0419 18N 51E 84 14104m04s
38 -1 -1192-Jul-2900:09:36 28843 1043 -39473 T nn -0.0442 1.0360 19N 63W 88 12103m26s
39 0 -1174-Aug-0907:48:37 28498 1000 -39250 T nn 0.0082 1.0297 20N 178W 89 10102m47s
40 1 -1156-Aug-1915:34:49 28156 957 -39027 T nn 0.0539 1.0233 20N 66E 87 8002m09s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 36
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 2 -1138-Aug-3023:27:53 27815 915 -38804 H3 nn 0.0930 1.0168 18N 53W 85 5801m32s
42 3 -1120-Sep-1007:29:03 27477 874 -38581 H -n 0.1243 1.0105 16N 174W 83 3600m57s
43 4 -1102-Sep-2115:37:14 27140 834 -38358 H -n 0.1492 1.0042 12N 62E 81 1500m23s
44 5 -1084-Oct-0123:51:15 26806 794 -38135 A -n 0.1685 0.9984 9N 63W 80 600m09s
45 6 -1066-Oct-1308:12:02 26474 756 -37912 A -n 0.1814 0.9929 5N 170E 80 2500m41s
46 7 -1048-Oct-2316:37:29 26144 718 -37689 A -n 0.1895 0.9880 1N 42E 79 4301m11s
47 8 -1030-Nov-0401:06:51 25816 680 -37466 A -n 0.1938 0.9836 2S 87W 79 5901m40s
48 9 -1012-Nov-1409:37:43 25489 644 -37243 A -n 0.1959 0.9799 6S 144E 79 7302m07s
49 10 -0994-Nov-2518:09:49 25166 619 -37020 A -n 0.1965 0.9767 9S 14E 79 8402m32s
50 11 -0976-Dec-0602:40:08 24844 613 -36797 A -n 0.1979 0.9743 11S 115W 79 9402m54s
51 12 -0958-Dec-1711:06:59 24524 606 -36574 A -n 0.2012 0.9723 12S 118E 78 10103m13s
52 13 -0940-Dec-2719:29:06 24206 599 -36351 A -n 0.2078 0.9709 12S 9W 78 10703m29s
53 14 -0921-Jan-0803:45:00 23890 592 -36128 A -n 0.2183 0.9699 11S 134W 77 11103m40s
54 15 -0903-Jan-1811:52:18 23577 585 -35905 A -n 0.2354 0.9694 9S 103E 76 11303m46s
55 16 -0885-Jan-2919:50:31 23265 578 -35682 A -n 0.2592 0.9691 5S 18W 75 11503m50s
56 17 -0867-Feb-0903:38:55 22956 571 -35459 A -n 0.2901 0.9690 1S 137W 73 11603m49s
57 18 -0849-Feb-2011:17:29 22648 565 -35236 A -p 0.3279 0.9689 5N 105E 71 11803m46s
58 19 -0831-Mar-0218:43:49 22343 558 -35013 A -p 0.3751 0.9688 11N 10W 68 12103m41s
59 20 -0813-Mar-1402:00:59 22040 551 -34790 A -p 0.4287 0.9684 18N 123W 64 12503m36s
60 21 -0795-Mar-2409:06:52 21739 544 -34567 A -p 0.4909 0.9679 26N 127E 60 13203m31s
61 22 -0777-Apr-0416:05:05 21440 537 -34344 A -p 0.5583 0.9669 35N 17E 56 14303m25s
62 23 -0759-Apr-1422:52:41 21143 530 -34121 A -p 0.6335 0.9654 44N 90W 50 16003m20s
63 24 -0741-Apr-2605:35:10 20848 523 -33898 A -p 0.7119 0.9634 54N 163E 44 18803m16s
64 25 -0723-May-0612:09:52 20555 517 -33675 A -p 0.7959 0.9606 64N 56E 37 23603m12s
65 26 -0705-May-1718:41:08 20264 510 -33452 A -t 0.8816 0.9569 76N 60W 28 33603m08s
66 27 -0687-May-2801:08:20 19975 503 -33229 A -t 0.9696 0.9513 80N 113E 13 77003m05s
67 28 -0669-Jun-0807:35:28 19688 495 -33006 P -t 1.0568 0.8695 68N 24W 0 - -
68 29 -0651-Jun-1814:02:24 19404 488 -32783 P -t 1.1431 0.7196 67N 133W 0 - -
69 30 -0633-Jun-2920:31:11 19121 481 -32560 P -t 1.2269 0.5747 66N 118E 0 - -
70 31 -0615-Jul-1003:03:28 18841 474 -32337 P -t 1.3068 0.4375 65N 9E 0 - -
71 32 -0597-Jul-2109:40:41 18562 467 -32114 P -t 1.3822 0.3091 64N 101W 0 - -
72 33 -0579-Jul-3116:23:57 18286 460 -31891 P -t 1.4516 0.1919 63N 147E 0 - -
73 34 -0561-Aug-1123:14:18 18012 453 -31668 Pe -t 1.5146 0.0864 62N 34E 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 36

Solar eclipses of Saros 36 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on -1859 Jun 23. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on -0561 Aug 11. The total duration of Saros series 36 is 1298.17 years.

Summary of Saros 36
First Eclipse -1859 Jun 23
Last Eclipse -0561 Aug 11
Series Duration 1298.17 Years
No. of Eclipses 73
Sequence 22P 18T 3H 23A 7P

Saros 36 is composed of 73 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 36
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 73100.0%
PartialP 29 39.7%
AnnularA 23 31.5%
TotalT 18 24.7%
HybridH 3 4.1%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 36 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 36
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 44100.0%
Central (two limits) 43 97.7%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 1 2.3%

The 73 eclipses in Saros 36 occur in the following order : 22P 18T 3H 23A 7P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 36 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 36
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse -0885 Jan 2903m50s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse -1084 Oct 0100m09s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse -1300 May 2506m00s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse -1156 Aug 1902m09s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -1138 Aug 3001m32s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -1102 Sep 2100m23s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse -1480 Feb 06 - 0.95440
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse -1859 Jun 23 - 0.01783

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.