Saros 39

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 39

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 39

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 39 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 39
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-37 -1718-May-2611:57:04 39813 2631 -45981 Pb t- 1.5159 0.0316 62N 37E 0 - -
2-36 -1700-Jun-0519:14:21 39408 2567 -45758 P t- 1.4396 0.1766 63N 83W 0 - -
3-35 -1682-Jun-1702:35:51 39005 2503 -45535 P t- 1.3657 0.3174 64N 155E 0 - -
4-34 -1664-Jun-2710:01:15 38604 2440 -45312 P t- 1.2946 0.4534 65N 33E 0 - -
5-33 -1646-Jul-0817:33:27 38205 2377 -45089 P t- 1.2286 0.5799 66N 92W 0 - -
6-32 -1628-Jul-1901:12:30 37808 2316 -44866 P t- 1.1679 0.6958 67N 141E 0 - -
7-31 -1610-Jul-3008:58:45 37414 2255 -44643 P t- 1.1129 0.8006 68N 12E 0 - -
8-30 -1592-Aug-0916:53:30 37021 2195 -44420 P t- 1.0645 0.8923 69N 120W 0 - -
9-29 -1574-Aug-2100:56:48 36630 2135 -44197 P t- 1.0230 0.9707 70N 106E 0 - -
10-28 -1556-Aug-3109:09:31 36242 2076 -43974 Tn t- 0.9893 1.0404 75N 51W 7 - 02m04s
11-27 -1538-Sep-1117:29:26 35856 2018 -43751 T t- 0.9614 1.0409 73N 137E 15 51602m18s
12-26 -1520-Sep-2201:58:55 35471 1961 -43528 T t- 0.9414 1.0400 68N 12W 19 40402m24s
13-25 -1502-Oct-0310:35:08 35089 1904 -43305 T p- 0.9269 1.0388 63N 154W 22 35002m28s
14-24 -1484-Oct-1319:18:51 34709 1848 -43082 T p- 0.9185 1.0376 59N 66E 23 32002m30s
15-23 -1466-Oct-2504:06:23 34330 1793 -42859 T p- 0.9134 1.0365 55N 73W 24 30202m33s
16-22 -1448-Nov-0412:58:55 33954 1738 -42636 T p- 0.9125 1.0357 52N 147E 24 29402m36s
17-21 -1430-Nov-1521:52:35 33580 1684 -42413 T p- 0.9128 1.0353 49N 7E 24 29202m39s
18-20 -1412-Nov-2606:47:01 33208 1631 -42190 T p- 0.9138 1.0353 47N 133W 24 29502m44s
19-19 -1394-Dec-0715:39:46 32839 1579 -41967 T p- 0.9135 1.0359 45N 88E 24 29902m51s
20-18 -1376-Dec-1800:30:27 32471 1527 -41744 T p- 0.9117 1.0369 43N 51W 24 30502m59s
21-17 -1358-Dec-2909:15:28 32105 1476 -41521 T p- 0.9055 1.0386 41N 171E 25 30703m09s
22-16 -1339-Jan-0817:55:13 31741 1426 -41298 T p- 0.8954 1.0406 40N 36E 26 30603m20s
23-15 -1321-Jan-2002:27:35 31380 1377 -41075 T p- 0.8793 1.0431 38N 98W 28 30203m32s
24-14 -1303-Jan-3010:53:31 31020 1328 -40852 T p- 0.8579 1.0459 36N 131E 31 29403m44s
25-13 -1285-Feb-1019:09:19 30663 1280 -40629 T p- 0.8285 1.0488 34N 4E 34 28503m56s
26-12 -1267-Feb-2103:18:06 30307 1233 -40406 T p- 0.7935 1.0515 33N 122W 37 27504m05s
27-11 -1249-Mar-0411:17:02 29954 1186 -40183 T p- 0.7506 1.0542 32N 116E 41 26504m14s
28-10 -1231-Mar-1419:09:14 29603 1140 -39960 T p- 0.7024 1.0564 32N 4W 45 25604m20s
29 -9 -1213-Mar-2602:51:16 29254 1095 -39737 T p- 0.6460 1.0582 32N 120W 50 24604m26s
30 -8 -1195-Apr-0510:28:06 28906 1051 -39514 T p- 0.5855 1.0594 32N 125E 54 23704m30s
31 -7 -1177-Apr-1617:56:47 28561 1008 -39291 T p- 0.5189 1.0599 33N 13E 59 22804m33s
32 -6 -1159-Apr-2701:21:19 28218 965 -39068 T p- 0.4493 1.0598 33N 98W 63 21804m35s
33 -5 -1141-May-0808:40:00 27878 923 -38845 T n- 0.3752 1.0587 33N 153E 68 20704m36s
34 -4 -1123-May-1815:57:02 27539 882 -38622 T n- 0.3005 1.0568 33N 45E 72 19604m35s
35 -3 -1105-May-2923:11:29 27202 841 -38399 T nn 0.2244 1.0541 32N 62W 77 18304m32s
36 -2 -1087-Jun-0906:25:05 26867 802 -38176 T nn 0.1483 1.0506 30N 169W 81 17004m26s
37 -1 -1069-Jun-2013:39:31 26535 763 -37953 Tm nn 0.0738 1.0463 27N 83E 86 15504m16s
38 0 -1051-Jun-3020:56:04 26204 725 -37730 T nn 0.0022 1.0414 24N 26W 90 13903m59s
39 1 -1033-Jul-1204:16:18 25876 687 -37507 T nn -0.0658 1.0358 20N 137W 86 12103m36s
40 2 -1015-Jul-2211:40:15 25549 651 -37284 T nn -0.1296 1.0298 15N 111E 83 10203m06s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 39
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 3 -0997-Aug-0219:10:40 25225 621 -37061 T -n -0.1872 1.0234 10N 3W 79 8102m29s
42 4 -0979-Aug-1302:47:11 24903 614 -36838 H3 -n -0.2386 1.0168 5N 120W 76 5901m48s
43 5 -0961-Aug-2410:30:26 24582 607 -36615 H -n -0.2835 1.0100 1S 122E 74 3601m05s
44 6 -0943-Sep-0318:20:45 24264 600 -36392 H -n -0.3216 1.0033 7S 1E 71 1200m21s
45 7 -0925-Sep-1502:19:03 23948 593 -36169 A -n -0.3524 0.9968 13S 121W 69 1200m21s
46 8 -0907-Sep-2510:24:19 23634 586 -35946 A -p -0.3763 0.9905 18S 114E 68 3600m59s
47 9 -0889-Oct-0618:35:34 23322 580 -35723 A -p -0.3943 0.9846 24S 11W 67 5901m34s
48 10 -0871-Oct-1702:52:48 23013 573 -35500 A -p -0.4064 0.9793 29S 138W 66 8002m05s
49 11 -0853-Oct-2811:15:17 22705 566 -35277 A -p -0.4136 0.9745 34S 95E 65 10002m32s
50 12 -0835-Nov-0719:40:24 22399 559 -35054 A -p -0.4177 0.9703 38S 32W 65 11702m54s
51 13 -0817-Nov-1904:07:16 22095 552 -34831 A -p -0.4196 0.9667 42S 158W 65 13203m14s
52 14 -0799-Nov-2912:33:36 21794 545 -34608 A -p -0.4212 0.9638 45S 77E 65 14403m29s
53 15 -0781-Dec-1020:59:05 21494 538 -34385 A -p -0.4228 0.9615 48S 48W 65 15403m41s
54 16 -0763-Dec-2105:19:14 21197 532 -34162 A -p -0.4283 0.9598 49S 169W 64 16203m49s
55 17 -0744-Jan-0113:35:45 20902 525 -33939 A -p -0.4361 0.9586 50S 70E 64 16703m54s
56 18 -0726-Jan-1121:44:05 20608 518 -33716 A -p -0.4502 0.9579 49S 49W 63 17203m56s
57 19 -0708-Jan-2305:45:23 20317 511 -33493 A -p -0.4693 0.9575 48S 166W 62 17503m56s
58 20 -0690-Feb-0213:35:36 20028 504 -33270 A -p -0.4970 0.9573 46S 79E 60 17803m55s
59 21 -0672-Feb-1321:17:42 19741 497 -33047 A -p -0.5306 0.9573 44S 35W 58 18203m54s
60 22 -0654-Feb-2404:48:13 19456 490 -32824 A -p -0.5733 0.9572 43S 146W 55 18803m53s
61 23 -0636-Mar-0612:08:26 19173 482 -32601 A -p -0.6236 0.9571 41S 105E 51 19603m54s
62 24 -0618-Mar-1719:17:37 18892 475 -32378 A -p -0.6819 0.9567 40S 2W 47 21103m57s
63 25 -0600-Mar-2802:17:49 18613 468 -32155 A -p -0.7467 0.9559 41S 106W 41 23504m02s
64 26 -0582-Apr-0809:08:15 18337 461 -31932 A -p -0.8186 0.9546 42S 153E 35 28004m09s
65 27 -0564-Apr-1815:50:15 18062 455 -31709 A -t -0.8964 0.9523 46S 55E 26 38204m17s
66 28 -0546-Apr-2922:25:37 17789 448 -31486 A -t -0.9786 0.9481 55S 35W 11 94804m20s
67 29 -0528-May-1004:55:38 17519 441 -31263 P -t -1.0639 0.8572 62S 125W 0 - -
68 30 -0510-May-2111:21:13 17250 434 -31040 P -t -1.1517 0.7052 62S 129E 0 - -
69 31 -0492-May-3117:44:48 16958 427 -30817 P -t -1.2402 0.5522 63S 22E 0 - -
70 32 -0474-Jun-1200:07:47 16642 421 -30594 P -t -1.3280 0.4009 64S 84W 0 - -
71 33 -0456-Jun-2206:32:25 16336 414 -30371 P -t -1.4135 0.2544 65S 169E 0 - -
72 34 -0438-Jul-0312:58:02 16038 408 -30148 Pe -t -1.4972 0.1116 66S 61E 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 39

Solar eclipses of Saros 39 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on -1718 May 26. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on -0438 Jul 03. The total duration of Saros series 39 is 1280.14 years.

Summary of Saros 39
First Eclipse -1718 May 26
Last Eclipse -0438 Jul 03
Series Duration 1280.14 Years
No. of Eclipses 72
Sequence 9P 32T 3H 22A 6P

Saros 39 is composed of 72 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 39
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 72100.0%
PartialP 15 20.8%
AnnularA 22 30.6%
TotalT 32 44.4%
HybridH 3 4.2%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 39 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 39
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 57100.0%
Central (two limits) 56 98.2%
Central (one limit) 1 1.8%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 72 eclipses in Saros 39 occur in the following order : 9P 32T 3H 22A 6P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 39 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 39
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse -0546 Apr 2904m20s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse -0925 Sep 1500m21s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse -1141 May 0804m36s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse -1556 Aug 3102m04s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -0979 Aug 1301m48s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -0943 Sep 0300m21s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse -1574 Aug 21 - 0.97067
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse -1718 May 26 - 0.03158

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.