Saros 41

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 41

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 41

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 41 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 41
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-34 -1588-May-2818:59:44 36939 2182 -44373 Pb t- 1.5125 0.0841 62N 83W 0 - -
2-33 -1570-Jun-0901:20:58 36548 2123 -44150 P t- 1.4261 0.2323 63N 170E 0 - -
3-32 -1552-Jun-1907:44:50 36160 2064 -43927 P t- 1.3406 0.3793 64N 63E 0 - -
4-31 -1534-Jun-3014:16:37 35774 2006 -43704 P t- 1.2603 0.5173 65N 46W 0 - -
5-30 -1516-Jul-1020:54:46 35390 1949 -43481 P t- 1.1842 0.6480 66N 157W 0 - -
6-29 -1498-Jul-2203:41:30 35009 1892 -43258 P t- 1.1141 0.7683 67N 89E 0 - -
7-28 -1480-Aug-0110:37:17 34629 1836 -43035 P t- 1.0502 0.8775 68N 28W 0 - -
8-27 -1462-Aug-1217:43:57 34251 1781 -42812 An t- 0.9945 0.9375 73N 153W 4 - 03m45s
9-26 -1444-Aug-2301:00:55 33875 1727 -42589 A t- 0.9462 0.9403 78N 25E 18 70204m06s
10-25 -1426-Sep-0308:28:26 33502 1673 -42366 A t- 0.9057 0.9410 72N 120W 25 52004m24s
11-24 -1408-Sep-1316:06:39 33130 1620 -42143 A p- 0.8733 0.9414 65N 112E 29 44504m41s
12-23 -1390-Sep-2423:55:25 32761 1568 -41920 A p- 0.8487 0.9417 58N 14W 32 40604m58s
13-22 -1372-Oct-0507:52:22 32393 1517 -41697 A p- 0.8302 0.9423 52N 139W 34 38005m12s
14-21 -1354-Oct-1615:58:10 32028 1466 -41474 A p- 0.8181 0.9430 47N 94E 35 36205m24s
15-20 -1336-Oct-2700:09:55 31665 1416 -41251 A p- 0.8101 0.9442 43N 35W 36 34705m33s
16-19 -1318-Nov-0708:27:44 31304 1366 -41028 A p- 0.8064 0.9459 39N 164W 36 33405m36s
17-18 -1300-Nov-1716:47:01 30945 1318 -40805 A p- 0.8030 0.9482 36N 66E 36 31805m33s
18-17 -1282-Nov-2901:09:43 30588 1270 -40582 A p- 0.8015 0.9512 33N 64W 36 29905m22s
19-16 -1264-Dec-0909:30:51 30233 1223 -40359 A p- 0.7975 0.9548 31N 166E 37 27405m03s
20-15 -1246-Dec-2017:50:53 29880 1177 -40136 A p- 0.7920 0.9591 29N 36E 37 24404m36s
21-14 -1228-Dec-3102:05:43 29529 1131 -39913 A p- 0.7811 0.9641 28N 92W 38 20804m02s
22-13 -1209-Jan-1110:16:56 29180 1086 -39690 A p- 0.7664 0.9697 26N 141E 40 16903m21s
23-12 -1191-Jan-2118:21:31 28834 1042 -39467 A p- 0.7450 0.9758 25N 16E 42 12802m36s
24-11 -1173-Feb-0202:19:14 28489 999 -39244 A p- 0.7171 0.9825 24N 106W 44 8801m50s
25-10 -1155-Feb-1210:09:24 28147 956 -39021 A p- 0.6818 0.9893 23N 133E 47 5001m04s
26 -9 -1137-Feb-2317:52:28 27806 914 -38798 A p- 0.6399 0.9965 22N 15E 50 1600m20s
27 -8 -1119-Mar-0601:27:56 27468 873 -38575 H p- 0.5907 1.0037 22N 101W 54 1600m21s
28 -7 -1101-Mar-1708:56:38 27131 833 -38352 H p- 0.5347 1.0108 23N 146E 58 4300m59s
29 -6 -1083-Mar-2716:19:20 26797 793 -38129 T p- 0.4727 1.0177 23N 34E 62 6801m33s
30 -5 -1065-Apr-0723:37:34 26465 755 -37906 T p- 0.4059 1.0242 24N 76W 66 8902m06s
31 -4 -1047-Apr-1806:50:43 26135 717 -37683 T p- 0.3339 1.0303 24N 176E 70 10802m36s
32 -3 -1029-Apr-2914:02:08 25807 679 -37460 T n- 0.2594 1.0358 24N 69E 75 12403m04s
33 -2 -1011-May-0921:11:33 25481 643 -37237 T n- 0.1824 1.0406 24N 38W 79 13803m32s
34 -1 -0993-May-2104:22:03 25157 619 -37014 T nn 0.1051 1.0447 23N 145W 84 15003m58s
35 0 -0975-May-3111:31:50 24835 612 -36791 T nn 0.0263 1.0480 22N 108E 88 16004m22s
36 1 -0957-Jun-1118:46:02 24515 605 -36568 T nn -0.0496 1.0506 20N 1W 87 16804m44s
37 2 -0939-Jun-2202:02:46 24198 599 -36345 Tm nn -0.1238 1.0523 17N 110W 83 17505m02s
38 3 -0921-Jul-0309:25:40 23882 592 -36122 T nn -0.1938 1.0534 13N 138E 79 18005m15s
39 4 -0903-Jul-1316:53:13 23568 585 -35899 T -n -0.2603 1.0537 8N 25E 75 18405m21s
40 5 -0885-Jul-2500:29:27 23257 578 -35676 T -n -0.3202 1.0535 3N 91W 71 18705m20s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 41
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 6 -0867-Aug-0408:12:42 22948 571 -35453 T -n -0.3745 1.0526 2S 150E 68 18805m11s
42 7 -0849-Aug-1516:03:58 22640 564 -35230 T -n -0.4224 1.0515 7S 29E 65 18804m58s
43 8 -0831-Aug-2600:04:06 22335 558 -35007 T -n -0.4634 1.0499 13S 94W 62 18604m40s
44 9 -0813-Sep-0608:13:14 22032 551 -34784 T -p -0.4972 1.0482 19S 140E 60 18404m22s
45 10 -0795-Sep-1616:31:29 21731 544 -34561 T -p -0.5237 1.0465 24S 12E 58 18104m03s
46 11 -0777-Sep-2800:56:59 21432 537 -34338 T -p -0.5446 1.0449 30S 117W 57 17703m46s
47 12 -0759-Oct-0809:31:26 21135 530 -34115 T -p -0.5583 1.0434 35S 111E 56 17403m31s
48 13 -0741-Oct-1918:12:04 20840 523 -33892 T -p -0.5675 1.0423 40S 21W 55 17103m19s
49 14 -0723-Oct-3002:58:32 20547 516 -33669 T -p -0.5721 1.0416 45S 154W 55 16903m10s
50 15 -0705-Nov-1011:48:33 20256 510 -33446 T -p -0.5743 1.0413 49S 73E 55 16903m04s
51 16 -0687-Nov-2020:41:59 19967 502 -33223 T -p -0.5740 1.0414 53S 59W 55 17003m01s
52 17 -0669-Dec-0205:35:37 19681 495 -33000 T -p -0.5738 1.0421 56S 171E 55 17203m01s
53 18 -0651-Dec-1214:28:33 19396 488 -32777 T -p -0.5745 1.0432 58S 42E 55 17703m03s
54 19 -0633-Dec-2323:19:03 19114 481 -32554 T -p -0.5776 1.0448 59S 85W 54 18403m08s
55 20 -0614-Jan-0308:06:16 18833 474 -32331 T -p -0.5838 1.0467 59S 149E 54 19203m13s
56 21 -0596-Jan-1416:46:51 18555 467 -32108 T -p -0.5955 1.0489 58S 24E 53 20203m21s
57 22 -0578-Jan-2501:21:45 18279 460 -31885 T -p -0.6121 1.0512 56S 101W 52 21403m28s
58 23 -0560-Feb-0509:48:28 18004 453 -31662 T -p -0.6356 1.0536 53S 135E 50 22903m37s
59 24 -0542-Feb-1518:08:53 17732 446 -31439 T -p -0.6646 1.0558 51S 12E 48 24503m45s
60 25 -0524-Feb-2702:18:48 17462 439 -31216 T -p -0.7023 1.0578 49S 109W 45 26403m52s
61 26 -0506-Mar-0910:22:37 17194 433 -30993 T -p -0.7452 1.0594 47S 131E 42 28803m59s
62 27 -0488-Mar-1918:16:19 16890 426 -30770 T -p -0.7963 1.0603 47S 13E 37 32104m03s
63 28 -0470-Mar-3102:04:25 16577 419 -30547 T -p -0.8521 1.0604 47S 103W 31 37104m03s
64 29 -0452-Apr-1009:43:22 16272 413 -30324 T -t -0.9154 1.0592 50S 145E 23 47603m55s
65 30 -0434-Apr-2117:18:26 15976 406 -30101 T -t -0.9819 1.0556 56S 41E 10 101203m29s
66 31 -0416-May-0200:46:45 15688 400 -29878 P -t -1.0533 0.9183 62S 64W 0 - -
67 32 -0398-May-1308:12:06 15407 393 -29655 P -t -1.1270 0.7761 62S 174E 0 - -
68 33 -0380-May-2315:33:30 15133 387 -29432 P -t -1.2032 0.6291 63S 54E 0 - -
69 34 -0362-Jun-0322:54:17 14865 381 -29209 P -t -1.2793 0.4829 64S 67W 0 - -
70 35 -0344-Jun-1406:13:55 14604 374 -28986 P -t -1.3556 0.3369 65S 172E 0 - -
71 36 -0326-Jun-2513:34:15 14349 368 -28763 P -t -1.4305 0.1946 65S 51E 0 - -
72 37 -0308-Jul-0520:56:42 14100 362 -28540 Pe -t -1.5026 0.0589 66S 71W 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 41

Solar eclipses of Saros 41 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on -1588 May 28. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on -0308 Jul 05. The total duration of Saros series 41 is 1280.14 years.

Summary of Saros 41
First Eclipse -1588 May 28
Last Eclipse -0308 Jul 05
Series Duration 1280.14 Years
No. of Eclipses 72
Sequence 7P 19A 2H 37T 7P

Saros 41 is composed of 72 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 41
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 72100.0%
PartialP 14 19.4%
AnnularA 19 26.4%
TotalT 37 51.4%
HybridH 2 2.8%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 41 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 41
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 58100.0%
Central (two limits) 57 98.3%
Central (one limit) 1 1.7%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 72 eclipses in Saros 41 occur in the following order : 7P 19A 2H 37T 7P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 41 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 41
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse -1318 Nov 0705m36s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse -1137 Feb 2300m20s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse -0903 Jul 1305m21s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse -1083 Mar 2701m33s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -1101 Mar 1700m59s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -1119 Mar 0600m21s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse -0416 May 02 - 0.91833
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse -0308 Jul 05 - 0.05887

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.