Saros 44

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 44

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 44

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 44 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 44
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-34 -1447-Apr-3016:13:20 33944 1737 -42630 Pb t- -1.5170 0.0757 71S 136E 0 - -
2-33 -1429-May-1122:34:06 33570 1683 -42407 P t- -1.4306 0.2237 70S 26E 0 - -
3-32 -1411-May-2204:54:57 33198 1630 -42184 P t- -1.3430 0.3744 70S 84W 0 - -
4-31 -1393-Jun-0211:17:33 32829 1578 -41961 P t- -1.2554 0.5256 69S 167E 0 - -
5-30 -1375-Jun-1217:43:12 32461 1526 -41738 P t- -1.1692 0.6747 68S 58E 0 - -
6-29 -1357-Jun-2400:13:27 32095 1475 -41515 P t- -1.0856 0.8195 67S 53W 0 - -
7-28 -1339-Jul-0406:50:20 31732 1425 -41292 A- t- -1.0063 0.9571 66S 164W 0 - -
8-27 -1321-Jul-1513:35:05 31370 1375 -41069 A t- -0.9320 0.9509 45S 94E 21 49905m04s
9-26 -1303-Jul-2520:27:39 31011 1327 -40846 A t- -0.8629 0.9530 36S 13W 30 33705m09s
10-25 -1285-Aug-0603:30:50 30653 1279 -40623 A p- -0.8014 0.9540 30S 121W 37 27605m06s
11-24 -1267-Aug-1610:44:02 30298 1232 -40400 A p- -0.7472 0.9546 27S 128E 41 24404m59s
12-23 -1249-Aug-2718:09:09 29945 1185 -40177 A p- -0.7015 0.9549 26S 14E 45 22504m50s
13-22 -1231-Sep-0701:43:30 29593 1139 -39954 A p- -0.6624 0.9550 26S 102W 48 21304m40s
14-21 -1213-Sep-1809:29:58 29244 1094 -39731 A p- -0.6322 0.9552 28S 139E 51 20604m29s
15-20 -1195-Sep-2817:24:58 28897 1050 -39508 A p- -0.6081 0.9555 30S 18E 52 20004m18s
16-19 -1177-Oct-1001:29:56 28552 1007 -39285 A p- -0.5916 0.9562 33S 105W 54 19404m07s
17-18 -1159-Oct-2009:41:25 28209 964 -39062 A p- -0.5796 0.9571 37S 130E 54 18803m55s
18-17 -1141-Oct-3118:00:23 27868 922 -38839 A p- -0.5730 0.9586 41S 3E 55 18103m41s
19-16 -1123-Nov-1102:22:58 27530 881 -38616 A p- -0.5686 0.9606 45S 123W 55 17203m26s
20-15 -1105-Nov-2210:48:44 27193 840 -38393 A p- -0.5662 0.9632 49S 110E 55 16103m09s
21-14 -1087-Dec-0219:15:17 26858 801 -38170 A p- -0.5636 0.9664 53S 15W 55 14602m50s
22-13 -1069-Dec-1403:41:41 26526 762 -37947 A p- -0.5607 0.9703 56S 139W 56 12902m29s
23-12 -1051-Dec-2412:04:43 26195 724 -37724 A p- -0.5539 0.9748 57S 100E 56 10802m06s
24-11 -1032-Jan-0420:24:06 25867 686 -37501 A p- -0.5434 0.9799 57S 20W 57 8501m41s
25-10 -1014-Jan-1504:38:07 25541 650 -37278 A p- -0.5277 0.9856 55S 139W 58 6001m13s
26 -9 -0996-Jan-2612:47:01 25216 620 -37055 A p- -0.5069 0.9917 52S 102E 59 3400m43s
27 -8 -0978-Feb-0520:47:35 24894 614 -36832 A p- -0.4784 0.9982 47S 17W 61 700m09s
28 -7 -0960-Feb-1704:42:09 24574 607 -36609 H p- -0.4441 1.0050 41S 136W 63 1900m27s
29 -6 -0942-Feb-2712:28:15 24256 600 -36386 H p- -0.4017 1.0118 35S 106E 66 4401m05s
30 -5 -0924-Mar-0920:08:47 23940 593 -36163 T p- -0.3538 1.0187 28S 12W 69 6801m45s
31 -4 -0906-Mar-2103:40:57 23626 586 -35940 T n- -0.2982 1.0254 20S 128W 73 9002m26s
32 -3 -0888-Mar-3111:09:01 23314 579 -35717 T n- -0.2382 1.0318 13S 116E 76 11003m06s
33 -2 -0870-Apr-1118:31:08 23004 572 -35494 T n- -0.1723 1.0377 5S 2E 80 12803m42s
34 -1 -0852-Apr-2201:49:48 22697 566 -35271 T nn -0.1026 1.0432 3N 112W 84 14504m14s
35 0 -0834-May-0309:05:03 22391 559 -35048 T nn -0.0292 1.0480 11N 136E 88 15904m39s
36 1 -0816-May-1316:19:28 22087 552 -34825 T nn 0.0457 1.0521 19N 25E 87 17304m56s
37 2 -0798-May-2423:33:56 21786 545 -34602 Tm nn 0.1214 1.0554 26N 86W 83 18405m04s
38 3 -0780-Jun-0406:48:50 21486 538 -34379 T nn 0.1973 1.0580 33N 164E 78 19505m06s
39 4 -0762-Jun-1514:07:08 21189 531 -34156 T -n 0.2714 1.0596 39N 54E 74 20405m00s
40 5 -0744-Jun-2521:28:56 20894 525 -33933 T -n 0.3433 1.0605 44N 55W 70 21204m51s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 44
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 6 -0726-Jul-0704:56:14 20601 518 -33710 T -n 0.4112 1.0607 48N 164W 65 21904m38s
42 7 -0708-Jul-1712:28:26 20309 511 -33487 T -p 0.4754 1.0601 50N 87E 61 22504m25s
43 8 -0690-Jul-2820:08:44 20020 504 -33264 T -p 0.5336 1.0589 52N 24W 58 22904m11s
44 9 -0672-Aug-0803:56:04 19733 497 -33041 T -p 0.5865 1.0572 51N 137W 54 23203m59s
45 10 -0654-Aug-1911:51:38 19448 489 -32818 T -p 0.6331 1.0551 50N 107E 50 23303m47s
46 11 -0636-Aug-2919:55:23 19165 482 -32595 T -p 0.6732 1.0528 48N 12W 47 23403m36s
47 12 -0618-Sep-1004:08:40 18885 475 -32372 T -p 0.7055 1.0503 46N 135W 45 23203m28s
48 13 -0600-Sep-2012:30:05 18606 468 -32149 T -p 0.7316 1.0478 43N 98E 43 22903m21s
49 14 -0582-Oct-0120:58:59 18329 461 -31926 T -p 0.7518 1.0455 41N 31W 41 22503m16s
50 15 -0564-Oct-1205:35:12 18055 454 -31703 T -p 0.7663 1.0435 38N 163W 40 22103m13s
51 16 -0546-Oct-2314:18:11 17782 448 -31480 T -p 0.7754 1.0418 35N 63E 39 21603m11s
52 17 -0528-Nov-0223:05:27 17512 441 -31257 T -p 0.7811 1.0406 33N 73W 38 21303m13s
53 18 -0510-Nov-1407:56:59 17243 434 -31034 T -p 0.7835 1.0397 31N 150E 38 21103m16s
54 19 -0492-Nov-2416:50:00 16949 427 -30811 T -p 0.7849 1.0395 29N 13E 38 21103m21s
55 20 -0474-Dec-0601:44:32 16634 421 -30588 T -p 0.7853 1.0397 28N 125W 38 21303m27s
56 21 -0456-Dec-1610:36:12 16328 414 -30365 T -p 0.7881 1.0403 28N 98E 38 21903m34s
57 22 -0438-Dec-2719:26:55 16030 408 -30142 T -p 0.7921 1.0413 29N 39W 37 22703m41s
58 23 -0419-Jan-0704:11:58 15740 401 -29919 T -p 0.8003 1.0426 30N 175W 37 23803m46s
59 24 -0401-Jan-1812:52:31 15458 395 -29696 T -p 0.8127 1.0442 33N 51E 35 25303m49s
60 25 -0383-Jan-2821:24:40 15183 388 -29473 T -p 0.8319 1.0456 37N 82W 33 27403m49s
61 26 -0365-Feb-0905:51:07 14914 382 -29250 T -p 0.8558 1.0471 41N 145E 31 30203m45s
62 27 -0347-Feb-1914:08:15 14652 376 -29027 T -p 0.8871 1.0481 48N 14E 27 34603m36s
63 28 -0329-Mar-0222:17:20 14395 369 -28804 T -t 0.9251 1.0486 55N 118W 22 42703m22s
64 29 -0311-Mar-1306:17:17 14145 363 -28581 T -t 0.9702 1.0476 65N 104E 13 67902m58s
65 30 -0293-Mar-2414:09:43 13900 357 -28358 P -t 1.0216 0.9754 72N 61W 0 - -
66 31 -0275-Apr-0321:54:01 13660 351 -28135 P -t 1.0791 0.8656 72N 168E 0 - -
67 32 -0257-Apr-1505:31:07 13426 345 -27912 P -t 1.1421 0.7451 71N 39E 0 - -
68 33 -0239-Apr-2513:02:07 13196 339 -27689 P -t 1.2098 0.6155 71N 88W 0 - -
69 34 -0221-May-0620:28:20 12971 333 -27466 P -t 1.2809 0.4792 70N 146E 0 - -
70 35 -0203-May-1703:49:24 12750 327 -27243 P -t 1.3558 0.3363 69N 23E 0 - -
71 36 -0185-May-2811:08:18 12534 321 -27020 P -t 1.4316 0.1919 68N 100W 0 - -
72 37 -0167-Jun-0718:24:54 12322 316 -26797 Pe -t 1.5087 0.0461 67N 139E 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 44

Solar eclipses of Saros 44 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on -1447 Apr 30. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on -0167 Jun 07. The total duration of Saros series 44 is 1280.14 years.

Summary of Saros 44
First Eclipse -1447 Apr 30
Last Eclipse -0167 Jun 07
Series Duration 1280.14 Years
No. of Eclipses 72
Sequence 6P 21A 2H 35T 8P

Saros 44 is composed of 72 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 44
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 72100.0%
PartialP 14 19.4%
AnnularA 21 29.2%
TotalT 35 48.6%
HybridH 2 2.8%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 44 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 44
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 58100.0%
Central (two limits) 57 98.3%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 1 1.7%

The 72 eclipses in Saros 44 occur in the following order : 6P 21A 2H 35T 8P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 44 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 44
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse -1303 Jul 2505m09s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse -0978 Feb 0500m09s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse -0780 Jun 0405m06s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse -0924 Mar 0901m45s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -0942 Feb 2701m05s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -0960 Feb 1700m27s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse -0293 Mar 24 - 0.97536
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse -0167 Jun 07 - 0.04613

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.