Saros 45

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 45

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 45

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 45 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 45
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-37 -1436-Mar-3006:40:36 33718 1704 -42495 Pb t- 1.5036 0.0567 61N 135E 0 - -
2-36 -1418-Apr-1014:10:03 33345 1651 -42272 P t- 1.4372 0.1815 61N 13E 0 - -
3-35 -1400-Apr-2021:33:44 32974 1598 -42049 P t- 1.3654 0.3180 61N 109W 0 - -
4-34 -1382-May-0204:56:36 32606 1546 -41826 P t- 1.2922 0.4582 61N 130E 0 - -
5-33 -1364-May-1212:16:54 32239 1495 -41603 P t- 1.2164 0.6042 62N 10E 0 - -
6-32 -1346-May-2319:37:29 31875 1445 -41380 P t- 1.1403 0.7515 62N 111W 0 - -
7-31 -1328-Jun-0302:58:52 31512 1395 -41157 P t- 1.0644 0.8986 63N 128E 0 - -
8-30 -1310-Jun-1410:23:23 31152 1346 -40934 Tn t- 0.9909 1.0593 69N 15E 6 - 02m48s
9-29 -1292-Jun-2417:51:16 30794 1298 -40711 T t- 0.9194 1.0642 81N 54W 23 54503m22s
10-28 -1274-Jul-0601:23:33 30438 1250 -40488 T p- 0.8516 1.0658 81N 107W 31 41503m41s
11-27 -1256-Jul-1609:02:05 30084 1203 -40265 T p- 0.7887 1.0660 76N 167E 38 35403m54s
12-26 -1238-Jul-2716:47:26 29732 1157 -40042 T p- 0.7315 1.0651 69N 60E 43 31404m04s
13-25 -1220-Aug-0700:39:52 29382 1112 -39819 T p- 0.6802 1.0636 62N 56W 47 28504m11s
14-24 -1202-Aug-1808:40:22 29034 1067 -39596 T p- 0.6356 1.0613 56N 176W 50 26104m15s
15-23 -1184-Aug-2816:49:25 28688 1024 -39373 T p- 0.5980 1.0587 49N 61E 53 24104m16s
16-22 -1166-Sep-0901:06:50 28344 981 -39150 T p- 0.5679 1.0558 43N 66W 55 22304m13s
17-21 -1148-Sep-1909:30:57 28003 938 -38927 T p- 0.5436 1.0528 37N 165E 57 20704m10s
18-20 -1130-Sep-3018:03:31 27663 897 -38704 T p- 0.5266 1.0498 32N 34E 58 19304m05s
19-19 -1112-Oct-1102:42:14 27326 856 -38481 T p- 0.5148 1.0469 26N 98W 59 18103m59s
20-18 -1094-Oct-2211:27:12 26990 816 -38258 T p- 0.5086 1.0444 22N 128E 59 17103m54s
21-17 -1076-Nov-0120:15:07 26657 777 -38035 T p- 0.5051 1.0421 18N 7W 60 16203m50s
22-16 -1058-Nov-1305:07:11 26325 738 -37812 T n- 0.5054 1.0404 14N 143W 60 15603m47s
23-15 -1040-Nov-2313:59:57 25996 701 -37589 T n- 0.5063 1.0390 11N 81E 60 15103m45s
24-14 -1022-Dec-0422:52:21 25669 664 -37366 T n- 0.5072 1.0382 9N 55W 59 14903m44s
25-13 -1004-Dec-1507:42:27 25344 628 -37143 T n- 0.5064 1.0378 8N 170E 60 14703m45s
26-12 -0986-Dec-2616:29:13 25021 616 -36920 T n- 0.5030 1.0380 6N 36E 60 14703m46s
27-11 -0967-Jan-0601:10:28 24700 609 -36697 T n- 0.4954 1.0385 6N 97W 60 14803m47s
28-10 -0949-Jan-1709:44:57 24381 603 -36474 T n- 0.4824 1.0393 6N 132E 61 15003m49s
29 -9 -0931-Jan-2718:12:18 24064 596 -36251 T n- 0.4637 1.0404 6N 3E 62 15203m50s
30 -8 -0913-Feb-0802:31:24 23750 589 -36028 T n- 0.4385 1.0416 6N 124W 64 15403m51s
31 -7 -0895-Feb-1810:40:45 23437 582 -35805 T n- 0.4057 1.0428 7N 112E 66 15503m51s
32 -6 -0877-Mar-0118:41:21 23126 575 -35582 T n- 0.3662 1.0439 8N 9W 68 15603m52s
33 -5 -0859-Mar-1202:32:37 22818 568 -35359 T n- 0.3194 1.0447 10N 128W 71 15603m52s
34 -4 -0841-Mar-2310:15:59 22511 561 -35136 T n- 0.2664 1.0452 11N 115E 74 15603m52s
35 -3 -0823-Apr-0217:49:30 22207 555 -34913 T nn 0.2060 1.0451 12N 1E 78 15303m51s
36 -2 -0805-Apr-1401:17:01 21905 548 -34690 T nn 0.1411 1.0445 13N 112W 82 15003m50s
37 -1 -0787-Apr-2408:36:34 21604 541 -34467 Tm nn 0.0706 1.0432 14N 138E 86 14503m47s
38 0 -0769-May-0515:51:45 21306 534 -34244 T nn -0.0031 1.0413 13N 29E 90 13803m44s
39 1 -0751-May-1523:01:18 21010 527 -34021 T nn -0.0807 1.0386 13N 78W 85 13003m37s
40 2 -0733-May-2706:09:11 20716 520 -33798 T nn -0.1589 1.0352 11N 175E 81 12003m26s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 45
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 3 -0715-Jun-0613:14:50 20424 514 -33575 T -n -0.2378 1.0309 9N 68E 76 10803m10s
42 4 -0697-Jun-1720:20:07 20134 507 -33352 T -p -0.3162 1.0261 5N 39W 72 9302m47s
43 5 -0679-Jun-2803:26:40 19846 499 -33129 T -p -0.3924 1.0206 1N 147W 67 7602m16s
44 6 -0661-Jul-0910:35:24 19560 492 -32906 H3 -p -0.4657 1.0146 4S 103E 62 5601m38s
45 7 -0643-Jul-1917:48:12 19277 485 -32683 H -p -0.5346 1.0080 10S 8W 58 3300m54s
46 8 -0625-Jul-3101:04:34 18995 478 -32460 H -p -0.5994 1.0011 16S 120W 53 500m07s
47 9 -0607-Aug-1008:27:46 18716 471 -32237 A -p -0.6571 0.9940 23S 125E 49 2800m39s
48 10 -0589-Aug-2115:56:33 18438 464 -32014 A -p -0.7090 0.9868 29S 8E 45 6601m22s
49 11 -0571-Aug-3123:33:07 18163 457 -31791 A -p -0.7535 0.9796 36S 112W 41 10902m01s
50 12 -0553-Sep-1207:16:12 17889 450 -31568 A -p -0.7915 0.9726 43S 127E 37 15902m33s
51 13 -0535-Sep-2215:07:46 17618 443 -31345 A -p -0.8217 0.9659 49S 3E 34 21403m01s
52 14 -0517-Oct-0323:05:25 17349 437 -31122 A -p -0.8457 0.9597 55S 123W 32 27303m23s
53 15 -0499-Oct-1407:09:29 17076 430 -30899 A -p -0.8636 0.9540 61S 109E 30 33303m40s
54 16 -0481-Oct-2515:18:47 16757 423 -30676 A -p -0.8764 0.9489 67S 20W 28 39103m54s
55 17 -0463-Nov-0423:33:16 16447 417 -30453 A -p -0.8846 0.9446 72S 149W 27 44204m06s
56 18 -0445-Nov-1607:49:40 16146 410 -30230 A -p -0.8904 0.9409 77S 82E 27 48604m15s
57 19 -0427-Nov-2616:07:24 15854 404 -30007 A -p -0.8944 0.9379 82S 43W 26 52304m22s
58 20 -0409-Dec-0800:23:57 15568 397 -29784 A -p -0.8988 0.9357 86S 156W 26 55604m27s
59 21 -0391-Dec-1808:39:11 15290 391 -29561 A -p -0.9037 0.9339 87S 170E 25 58604m31s
60 22 -0373-Dec-2916:48:16 15019 384 -29338 A -p -0.9132 0.9327 83S 81E 24 62804m33s
61 23 -0354-Jan-0900:52:54 14754 378 -29115 A -t -0.9255 0.9319 79S 36W 22 68504m34s
62 24 -0336-Jan-2008:48:34 14496 372 -28892 A -t -0.9447 0.9312 74S 151W 19 80204m33s
63 25 -0318-Jan-3016:37:15 14243 366 -28669 A -t -0.9687 0.9305 70S 96E 14 108904m31s
64 26 -0300-Feb-1100:14:01 13996 360 -28446 A- -t -1.0019 0.9562 62S 1E 0 - -
65 27 -0282-Feb-2107:42:55 13754 353 -28223 P -t -1.0408 0.8908 61S 121W 0 - -
66 28 -0264-Mar-0314:59:38 13518 347 -28000 P -t -1.0889 0.8093 61S 120E 0 - -
67 29 -0246-Mar-1422:07:06 13286 341 -27777 P -t -1.1437 0.7163 61S 4E 0 - -
68 30 -0228-Mar-2505:03:19 13059 335 -27554 P -t -1.2068 0.6089 61S 110W 0 - -
69 31 -0210-Apr-0511:51:57 12837 330 -27331 P -t -1.2752 0.4922 61S 138E 0 - -
70 32 -0192-Apr-1518:31:46 12619 324 -27108 P -t -1.3501 0.3640 61S 29E 0 - -
71 33 -0174-Apr-2701:04:22 12405 318 -26885 P -t -1.4298 0.2274 61S 79W 0 - -
72 34 -0156-May-0707:31:24 12195 312 -26662 Pe -t -1.5129 0.0848 62S 174E 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 45

Solar eclipses of Saros 45 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on -1436 Mar 30. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on -0156 May 07. The total duration of Saros series 45 is 1280.14 years.

Summary of Saros 45
First Eclipse -1436 Mar 30
Last Eclipse -0156 May 07
Series Duration 1280.14 Years
No. of Eclipses 72
Sequence 7P 36T 3H 18A 8P

Saros 45 is composed of 72 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 45
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 72100.0%
PartialP 15 20.8%
AnnularA 18 25.0%
TotalT 36 50.0%
HybridH 3 4.2%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 45 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 45
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 57100.0%
Central (two limits) 55 96.5%
Central (one limit) 1 1.8%
Non-Central (one limit) 1 1.8%

The 72 eclipses in Saros 45 occur in the following order : 7P 36T 3H 18A 8P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 45 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 45
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse -0354 Jan 0904m34s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse -0607 Aug 1000m39s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse -1184 Aug 2804m16s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse -0679 Jun 2802m16s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -0661 Jul 0901m38s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -0625 Jul 3100m07s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse -1328 Jun 03 - 0.89857
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse -1436 Mar 30 - 0.05667

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.