Saros 46

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 46

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 46

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 46 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 46
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-36 -1371-Apr-0112:44:14 32384 1515 -41691 Pb t- -1.5281 0.0256 71S 143W 0 - -
2-35 -1353-Apr-1219:55:55 32018 1464 -41468 P t- -1.4668 0.1388 71S 94E 0 - -
3-34 -1335-Apr-2303:02:48 31655 1414 -41245 P t- -1.4025 0.2574 71S 28W 0 - -
4-33 -1317-May-0410:01:25 31294 1365 -41022 P t- -1.3323 0.3864 71S 147W 0 - -
5-32 -1299-May-1416:58:21 30935 1317 -40799 P t- -1.2612 0.5162 70S 94E 0 - -
6-31 -1281-May-2523:50:31 30578 1269 -40576 P t- -1.1867 0.6516 69S 23W 0 - -
7-30 -1263-Jun-0506:42:47 30223 1222 -40353 P t- -1.1128 0.7845 68S 139W 0 - -
8-29 -1245-Jun-1613:33:25 29870 1175 -40130 P t- -1.0383 0.9175 67S 105E 0 - -
9-28 -1227-Jun-2620:27:05 29520 1130 -39907 A t- -0.9667 0.9820 52S 9W 14 25801m37s
10-27 -1209-Jul-0803:22:42 29171 1085 -39684 A p- -0.8973 0.9796 40S 118W 26 16502m03s
11-26 -1191-Jul-1810:22:36 28824 1041 -39461 A p- -0.8319 0.9758 32S 133E 33 15502m35s
12-25 -1173-Jul-2917:27:33 28480 997 -39238 A p- -0.7715 0.9712 27S 24E 39 16003m10s
13-24 -1155-Aug-0900:39:20 28137 955 -39015 A p- -0.7171 0.9662 24S 87W 44 17203m44s
14-23 -1137-Aug-2007:58:01 27797 913 -38792 A p- -0.6692 0.9610 22S 161E 48 18604m17s
15-22 -1119-Aug-3015:24:00 27459 872 -38569 A p- -0.6281 0.9557 22S 47E 51 20304m47s
16-21 -1101-Sep-1022:57:53 27122 832 -38346 A p- -0.5939 0.9504 23S 69W 53 22105m15s
17-20 -1083-Sep-2106:39:30 26788 792 -38123 A p- -0.5667 0.9454 25S 173E 55 23905m40s
18-19 -1065-Oct-0214:27:41 26456 754 -37900 A p- -0.5457 0.9407 28S 54E 57 25706m02s
19-18 -1047-Oct-1222:22:59 26126 716 -37677 A p- -0.5310 0.9364 32S 67W 58 27406m23s
20-17 -1029-Oct-2406:23:33 25798 678 -37454 A p- -0.5214 0.9327 36S 172E 58 29106m41s
21-16 -1011-Nov-0314:28:53 25472 642 -37231 A p- -0.5159 0.9295 40S 49E 59 30506m56s
22-15 -0993-Nov-1422:35:24 25148 619 -37008 A p- -0.5118 0.9270 44S 73W 59 31707m09s
23-14 -0975-Nov-2506:43:44 24826 612 -36785 A p- -0.5098 0.9252 48S 165E 59 32607m19s
24-13 -0957-Dec-0614:50:34 24507 605 -36562 A p- -0.5073 0.9240 51S 45E 59 33207m27s
25-12 -0939-Dec-1622:54:30 24189 598 -36339 A p- -0.5025 0.9237 53S 72W 60 33307m33s
26-11 -0921-Dec-2806:53:05 23873 592 -36116 A p- -0.4939 0.9238 53S 172E 60 33107m38s
27-10 -0902-Jan-0714:45:47 23560 585 -35893 A p- -0.4809 0.9247 52S 58E 61 32407m41s
28 -9 -0884-Jan-1822:30:59 23249 578 -35670 A p- -0.4621 0.9261 50S 55W 62 31407m44s
29 -8 -0866-Jan-2906:06:34 22939 571 -35447 A p- -0.4359 0.9280 46S 167W 64 30107m46s
30 -7 -0848-Feb-0913:33:05 22632 564 -35224 A p- -0.4027 0.9301 41S 81E 66 28607m48s
31 -6 -0830-Feb-1920:49:26 22327 557 -35001 A p- -0.3614 0.9327 35S 29W 69 26907m48s
32 -5 -0812-Mar-0203:56:00 22024 550 -34778 A nn -0.3123 0.9353 28S 138W 72 25307m45s
33 -4 -0794-Mar-1310:52:20 21723 544 -34555 A nn -0.2549 0.9381 20S 115E 75 23707m40s
34 -3 -0776-Mar-2317:40:28 21424 537 -34332 A nn -0.1908 0.9407 13S 10E 79 22307m32s
35 -2 -0758-Apr-0400:20:28 21127 530 -34109 A nn -0.1201 0.9432 4S 94W 83 21107m20s
36 -1 -0740-Apr-1406:52:25 20832 523 -33886 A nn -0.0427 0.9455 4N 165E 88 20107m04s
37 0 -0722-Apr-2513:19:24 20539 516 -33663 Am nn 0.0390 0.9475 13N 64E 88 19306m45s
38 1 -0704-May-0519:41:48 20248 509 -33440 A nn 0.1249 0.9491 21N 34W 83 18806m23s
39 2 -0686-May-1702:02:40 19960 502 -33217 A nn 0.2120 0.9503 29N 132W 78 18705m59s
40 3 -0668-May-2708:20:59 19673 495 -32994 A np 0.3015 0.9510 37N 132E 72 18905m34s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 46
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 4 -0650-Jun-0714:41:48 19389 488 -32771 A -p 0.3892 0.9512 45N 36E 67 19405m12s
42 5 -0632-Jun-1721:04:15 19106 481 -32548 A -p 0.4761 0.9509 52N 58W 61 20504m53s
43 6 -0614-Jun-2903:30:54 18826 474 -32325 A -p 0.5595 0.9503 58N 150W 56 22104m37s
44 7 -0596-Jul-0910:02:32 18547 467 -32102 A -p 0.6392 0.9491 62N 120E 50 24404m26s
45 8 -0578-Jul-2016:41:50 18271 460 -31879 A -p 0.7130 0.9476 65N 30E 44 27504m19s
46 9 -0560-Jul-3023:29:29 17997 453 -31656 A -p 0.7803 0.9457 66N 60W 38 32004m16s
47 10 -0542-Aug-1106:25:17 17725 446 -31433 A -p 0.8416 0.9436 66N 153W 32 38404m17s
48 11 -0524-Aug-2113:32:00 17455 439 -31210 A -p 0.8943 0.9412 64N 109E 26 48404m20s
49 12 -0506-Sep-0120:48:43 17187 433 -30987 A -p 0.9394 0.9387 63N 7E 20 66304m25s
50 13 -0488-Sep-1204:16:48 16882 426 -30764 A -p 0.9759 0.9359 62N 97W 12 112604m30s
51 14 -0470-Sep-2311:53:48 16569 419 -30541 A+ -p 1.0058 0.9518 61N 163E 0 - -
52 15 -0452-Oct-0319:42:14 16264 413 -30318 P -t 1.0273 0.9150 61N 36E 0 - -
53 16 -0434-Oct-1503:38:35 15968 406 -30095 P -t 1.0431 0.8879 61N 93W 0 - -
54 17 -0416-Oct-2511:43:33 15680 400 -29872 P -t 1.0525 0.8721 61N 136E 0 - -
55 18 -0398-Nov-0519:54:17 15399 393 -29649 P -t 1.0580 0.8631 62N 4E 0 - -
56 19 -0380-Nov-1604:11:06 15125 387 -29426 P -t 1.0590 0.8619 62N 131W 0 - -
57 20 -0362-Nov-2712:30:04 14858 381 -29203 P -t 1.0591 0.8626 63N 94E 0 - -
58 21 -0344-Dec-0720:50:38 14597 374 -28980 P -t 1.0586 0.8643 64N 41W 0 - -
59 22 -0326-Dec-1905:10:20 14342 368 -28757 P -t 1.0593 0.8643 65N 177W 0 - -
60 23 -0308-Dec-2913:28:55 14093 362 -28534 P -t 1.0613 0.8624 66N 47E 0 - -
61 24 -0289-Jan-0921:42:06 13849 356 -28311 P -t 1.0684 0.8517 67N 88W 0 - -
62 25 -0271-Jan-2005:51:22 13611 350 -28088 P -t 1.0793 0.8344 68N 137E 0 - -
63 26 -0253-Jan-3113:53:23 13377 344 -27865 P -t 1.0967 0.8056 69N 4E 0 - -
64 27 -0235-Feb-1021:50:32 13148 338 -27642 P -t 1.1189 0.7680 70N 129W 0 - -
65 28 -0217-Feb-2205:38:10 12924 332 -27419 P -t 1.1493 0.7155 71N 100E 0 - -
66 29 -0199-Mar-0413:20:42 12704 326 -27196 P -t 1.1847 0.6533 71N 30W 0 - -
67 30 -0181-Mar-1520:54:27 12489 320 -26973 P -t 1.2281 0.5759 72N 158W 0 - -
68 31 -0163-Mar-2604:23:28 12277 314 -26750 P -t 1.2759 0.4893 72N 75E 0 - -
69 32 -0145-Apr-0611:44:43 12070 309 -26527 P -t 1.3308 0.3888 72N 50W 0 - -
70 33 -0127-Apr-1619:03:15 11866 303 -26304 P -t 1.3887 0.2817 71N 174W 0 - -
71 34 -0109-Apr-2802:16:28 11666 298 -26081 P -t 1.4515 0.1644 71N 63E 0 - -
72 35 -0091-May-0809:27:33 11469 292 -25858 Pe -t 1.5166 0.0416 70N 58W 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 46

Solar eclipses of Saros 46 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on -1371 Apr 01. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on -0091 May 08. The total duration of Saros series 46 is 1280.14 years.

Summary of Saros 46
First Eclipse -1371 Apr 01
Last Eclipse -0091 May 08
Series Duration 1280.14 Years
No. of Eclipses 72
Sequence 8P 43A 21P

Saros 46 is composed of 72 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 46
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 72100.0%
PartialP 29 40.3%
AnnularA 43 59.7%
TotalT 0 0.0%
HybridH 0 0.0%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 46 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 46
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 43100.0%
Central (two limits) 42 97.7%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 1 2.3%

The 72 eclipses in Saros 46 occur in the following order : 8P 43A 21P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 46 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 46
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse -0848 Feb 0907m48s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse -1227 Jun 2601m37s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse -1245 Jun 16 - 0.91746
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse -1371 Apr 01 - 0.02564

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.