Saros 47

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 47

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 47

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 47 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 47
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-34 -1306-Apr-0213:04:20 31076 1336 -40887 Pb t- 1.4988 0.1095 61N 25E 0 - -
2-33 -1288-Apr-1219:37:16 30719 1287 -40664 P t- 1.4208 0.2420 61N 83W 0 - -
3-32 -1270-Apr-2402:05:28 30363 1240 -40441 P t- 1.3382 0.3835 61N 170E 0 - -
4-31 -1252-May-0408:32:31 30009 1194 -40218 P t- 1.2531 0.5301 61N 63E 0 - -
5-30 -1234-May-1514:56:23 29658 1148 -39995 P t- 1.1644 0.6840 62N 44W 0 - -
6-29 -1216-May-2521:23:10 29308 1102 -39772 P t- 1.0769 0.8362 62N 151W 0 - -
7-28 -1198-Jun-0603:50:17 28961 1058 -39549 An t- 0.9887 0.9523 69N 114E 8 - 02m50s
8-27 -1180-Jun-1610:23:01 28615 1014 -39326 A t- 0.9037 0.9582 78N 65E 25 35902m48s
9-26 -1162-Jun-2716:58:51 28272 972 -39103 A p- 0.8202 0.9615 77N 9E 35 24602m47s
10-25 -1144-Jul-0723:43:46 27931 929 -38880 A p- 0.7430 0.9638 72N 70W 42 19702m48s
11-24 -1126-Jul-1906:35:09 27592 888 -38657 A p- 0.6704 0.9653 65N 163W 48 17002m51s
12-23 -1108-Jul-2913:36:16 27255 848 -38434 A p- 0.6049 0.9663 59N 95E 53 15302m56s
13-22 -1090-Aug-0920:46:35 26920 808 -38211 A p- 0.5459 0.9669 52N 11W 57 14203m02s
14-21 -1072-Aug-2004:08:27 26587 769 -37988 A p- 0.4956 0.9673 45N 122W 60 13503m08s
15-20 -1054-Aug-3111:40:21 26256 730 -37765 A p- 0.4528 0.9675 39N 123E 63 13103m15s
16-19 -1036-Sep-1019:22:38 25927 693 -37542 A p- 0.4176 0.9677 32N 5E 65 12803m20s
17-18 -1018-Sep-2203:15:29 25600 656 -37319 A p- 0.3905 0.9679 26N 115W 67 12503m24s
18-17 -1000-Oct-0211:18:15 25276 622 -37096 A p- 0.3706 0.9684 21N 121E 68 12203m26s
19-16 -0982-Oct-1319:29:26 24953 615 -36873 A p- 0.3567 0.9692 16N 4W 69 11803m25s
20-15 -0964-Oct-2403:48:07 24633 608 -36650 A n- 0.3482 0.9704 11N 131W 70 11303m22s
21-14 -0946-Nov-0412:12:50 24314 601 -36427 A n- 0.3439 0.9720 7N 100E 70 10703m14s
22-13 -0928-Nov-1420:41:51 23998 594 -36204 A n- 0.3423 0.9742 3N 29W 70 9803m01s
23-12 -0910-Nov-2605:12:28 23684 587 -35981 A n- 0.3412 0.9770 0N 159W 70 8702m43s
24-11 -0892-Dec-0613:44:30 23371 581 -35758 A n- 0.3404 0.9805 2S 71E 70 7402m18s
25-10 -0874-Dec-1722:14:58 23061 574 -35535 A n- 0.3374 0.9845 4S 58W 70 5801m49s
26 -9 -0856-Dec-2806:42:37 22753 567 -35312 A n- 0.3314 0.9892 5S 174E 71 4001m15s
27 -8 -0837-Jan-0815:05:21 22447 560 -35089 A n- 0.3205 0.9943 5S 46E 71 2100m38s
28 -7 -0819-Jan-1823:23:13 22143 553 -34866 H n- 0.3049 1.0001 5S 79W 72 000m00s
29 -6 -0801-Jan-3007:34:50 21841 546 -34643 H n- 0.2828 1.0061 4S 156E 74 2200m38s
30 -5 -0783-Feb-0915:38:45 21541 539 -34420 H n- 0.2537 1.0125 3S 34E 75 4401m15s
31 -4 -0765-Feb-2023:35:49 21244 533 -34197 T n- 0.2179 1.0190 2S 86W 77 6601m49s
32 -3 -0747-Mar-0307:25:21 20948 526 -33974 T n- 0.1750 1.0256 1S 155E 80 8802m21s
33 -2 -0729-Mar-1415:08:43 20654 519 -33751 T n- 0.1260 1.0320 1N 39E 83 10902m52s
34 -1 -0711-Mar-2422:44:33 20363 512 -33528 T nn 0.0697 1.0382 2N 76W 86 12803m21s
35 0 -0693-Apr-0506:15:45 20073 505 -33305 T nn 0.0084 1.0440 3N 171E 89 14703m49s
36 1 -0675-Apr-1513:41:22 19786 498 -33082 T nn -0.0581 1.0493 4N 59E 87 16404m17s
37 2 -0657-Apr-2621:03:46 19501 491 -32859 Tm nn -0.1282 1.0540 4N 52W 83 18004m44s
38 3 -0639-May-0704:22:57 19217 484 -32636 T nn -0.2018 1.0580 4N 162W 78 19505m10s
39 4 -0621-May-1811:41:36 18936 477 -32413 T -n -0.2763 1.0613 3N 87E 74 20905m34s
40 5 -0603-May-2819:00:11 18657 470 -32190 T -n -0.3515 1.0637 1N 23W 69 22205m54s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 47
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 6 -0585-Jun-0902:19:28 18380 463 -31967 T -p -0.4266 1.0652 2S 134W 65 23506m10s
42 7 -0567-Jun-1909:41:41 18105 456 -31744 T -p -0.4996 1.0659 6S 114E 60 24806m17s
43 8 -0549-Jun-3017:07:11 17832 449 -31521 T -p -0.5699 1.0657 11S 0W 55 26106m16s
44 9 -0531-Jul-1100:37:56 17561 442 -31298 T -p -0.6365 1.0648 16S 116W 50 27506m05s
45 10 -0513-Jul-2208:13:47 17292 435 -31075 T -p -0.6989 1.0630 22S 126E 45 28905m44s
46 11 -0495-Aug-0115:57:11 17008 429 -30852 T -p -0.7554 1.0607 29S 6E 41 30405m18s
47 12 -0477-Aug-1223:48:05 16691 422 -30629 T -p -0.8058 1.0578 36S 118W 36 32104m46s
48 13 -0459-Aug-2307:46:35 16383 415 -30406 T -p -0.8501 1.0546 43S 116E 31 34104m14s
49 14 -0441-Sep-0315:53:54 16084 409 -30183 T -p -0.8875 1.0509 50S 14W 27 36603m41s
50 15 -0423-Sep-1400:09:26 15793 402 -29960 T -p -0.9184 1.0473 57S 147W 23 39903m12s
51 16 -0405-Sep-2508:33:47 15509 396 -29737 T -p -0.9422 1.0435 63S 75E 19 43902m45s
52 17 -0387-Oct-0517:04:19 15233 389 -29514 T -p -0.9611 1.0400 68S 68W 15 49902m23s
53 18 -0369-Oct-1701:43:12 14963 383 -29291 T -t -0.9733 1.0368 73S 142E 12 56902m04s
54 19 -0351-Oct-2710:27:06 14699 377 -29068 T -t -0.9818 1.0341 75S 13W 10 66101m50s
55 20 -0333-Nov-0719:16:35 14442 371 -28845 T -t -0.9859 1.0321 76S 169W 9 73201m39s
56 21 -0315-Nov-1804:07:57 14191 364 -28622 T -t -0.9885 1.0306 76S 36E 7 80201m32s
57 22 -0297-Nov-2913:02:05 13945 358 -28399 T -t -0.9891 1.0298 75S 117W 7 81001m28s
58 23 -0279-Dec-0921:55:10 13704 352 -28176 Ts -t -0.9905 1.0294 74S 91E 7 - 01m26s
59 24 -0261-Dec-2106:46:56 13469 346 -27953 Ts -t -0.9932 1.0292 71S 57W 5 - 01m24s
60 25 -0243-Dec-3115:35:02 13238 340 -27730 T- -t -0.9992 1.0104 65S 162E 0 - -
61 26 -0224-Jan-1200:19:14 13012 334 -27507 P -t -1.0086 0.9934 64S 21E 0 - -
62 27 -0206-Jan-2208:56:17 12791 328 -27284 P -t -1.0238 0.9653 63S 119W 0 - -
63 28 -0188-Feb-0217:26:58 12573 323 -27061 P -t -1.0443 0.9274 62S 103E 0 - -
64 29 -0170-Feb-1301:49:17 12360 317 -26838 P -t -1.0717 0.8762 62S 32W 0 - -
65 30 -0152-Feb-2410:04:32 12151 311 -26615 P -t -1.1051 0.8134 61S 166W 0 - -
66 31 -0134-Mar-0618:09:23 11946 305 -26392 P -t -1.1469 0.7346 61S 63E 0 - -
67 32 -0116-Mar-1702:07:10 11744 300 -26169 P -t -1.1942 0.6451 61S 66W 0 - -
68 33 -0098-Mar-2809:55:23 11546 294 -25946 P -t -1.2489 0.5411 61S 168E 0 - -
69 34 -0080-Apr-0717:37:28 11351 289 -25723 P -t -1.3083 0.4280 61S 43E 0 - -
70 35 -0062-Apr-1901:10:04 11159 283 -25500 P -t -1.3749 0.3014 61S 80W 0 - -
71 36 -0044-Apr-2908:38:22 10970 278 -25277 P -t -1.4444 0.1693 62S 158E 0 - -
72 37 -0026-May-1015:59:38 10784 273 -25054 Pe -t -1.5184 0.0291 62S 38E 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 47

Solar eclipses of Saros 47 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on -1306 Apr 02. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on -0026 May 10. The total duration of Saros series 47 is 1280.14 years.

Summary of Saros 47
First Eclipse -1306 Apr 02
Last Eclipse -0026 May 10
Series Duration 1280.14 Years
No. of Eclipses 72
Sequence 6P 21A 3H 30T 12P

Saros 47 is composed of 72 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 47
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 72100.0%
PartialP 18 25.0%
AnnularA 21 29.2%
TotalT 30 41.7%
HybridH 3 4.2%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 47 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 47
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 54100.0%
Central (two limits) 50 92.6%
Central (one limit) 3 5.6%
Non-Central (one limit) 1 1.9%

The 72 eclipses in Saros 47 occur in the following order : 6P 21A 3H 30T 12P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 47 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 47
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse -1000 Oct 0203m26s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse -0837 Jan 0800m38s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse -0567 Jun 1906m17s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse -0261 Dec 2101m24s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -0783 Feb 0901m15s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -0819 Jan 1800m00s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse -0224 Jan 12 - 0.99340
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse -0026 May 10 - 0.02906

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.