Saros 48

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 48

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 48

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 48 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 48
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-39 -1331-Feb-0811:08:36 31579 1404 -41198 Pb t- -1.5291 0.0161 69S 59W 0 - -
2-38 -1313-Feb-1919:11:39 31218 1355 -40975 P t- -1.4917 0.0836 70S 166E 0 - -
3-37 -1295-Mar-0203:06:38 30860 1306 -40752 P t- -1.4472 0.1653 71S 33E 0 - -
4-36 -1277-Mar-1310:54:36 30503 1259 -40529 P t- -1.3966 0.2596 71S 99W 0 - -
5-35 -1259-Mar-2318:35:46 30149 1212 -40306 P t- -1.3399 0.3667 72S 130E 0 - -
6-34 -1241-Apr-0402:11:47 29796 1166 -40083 P t- -1.2782 0.4843 72S 1E 0 - -
7-33 -1223-Apr-1409:42:40 29446 1120 -39860 P t- -1.2118 0.6121 72S 127W 0 - -
8-32 -1205-Apr-2517:09:47 29098 1076 -39637 P t- -1.1419 0.7475 71S 106E 0 - -
9-31 -1187-May-0600:34:32 28752 1032 -39414 P t- -1.0693 0.8887 71S 20W 0 - -
10-30 -1169-May-1707:58:21 28407 988 -39191 Ts t- -0.9954 1.0601 67S 151W 3 - 03m45s
11-29 -1151-May-2715:20:53 28065 946 -38968 T t- -0.9200 1.0676 47S 77E 23 56705m04s
12-28 -1133-Jun-0722:45:17 27725 904 -38745 T p- -0.8459 1.0708 36S 43W 32 43305m48s
13-27 -1115-Jun-1806:11:11 27388 863 -38522 T p- -0.7728 1.0725 28S 160W 39 37106m18s
14-26 -1097-Jun-2913:41:58 27052 823 -38299 T p- -0.7035 1.0729 21S 83E 45 33306m33s
15-25 -1079-Jul-0921:15:25 26718 784 -38076 T p- -0.6364 1.0723 16S 34W 50 30406m36s
16-24 -1061-Jul-2104:56:27 26386 745 -37853 T p- -0.5755 1.0709 12S 152W 55 28106m28s
17-23 -1043-Jul-3112:42:47 26057 708 -37630 T p- -0.5188 1.0687 9S 90E 59 26006m11s
18-22 -1025-Aug-1120:37:32 25729 671 -37407 T p- -0.4694 1.0660 8S 31W 62 24205m49s
19-21 -1007-Aug-2204:38:35 25404 635 -37184 T n- -0.4253 1.0627 8S 153W 65 22505m25s
20-20 -0989-Sep-0212:49:06 25080 618 -36961 T n- -0.3891 1.0592 9S 83E 67 21005m00s
21-19 -0971-Sep-1221:06:51 24759 611 -36738 T n- -0.3590 1.0554 11S 44W 69 19504m36s
22-18 -0953-Sep-2405:32:22 24440 604 -36515 T n- -0.3355 1.0518 14S 172W 70 18104m14s
23-17 -0935-Oct-0414:05:01 24122 597 -36292 T n- -0.3182 1.0481 17S 58E 71 16803m54s
24-16 -0917-Oct-1522:44:42 23807 590 -36069 T n- -0.3074 1.0447 21S 73W 72 15603m36s
25-15 -0899-Oct-2607:29:25 23494 583 -35846 T n- -0.3006 1.0416 25S 154E 72 14503m21s
26-14 -0881-Nov-0616:17:19 23183 576 -35623 T n- -0.2970 1.0389 29S 21E 73 13603m08s
27-13 -0863-Nov-1701:08:01 22874 570 -35400 T n- -0.2961 1.0367 33S 112W 73 12902m58s
28-12 -0845-Nov-2809:59:38 22567 563 -35177 T n- -0.2965 1.0350 36S 115E 73 12302m51s
29-11 -0827-Dec-0818:49:46 22263 556 -34954 T n- -0.2962 1.0338 39S 16W 73 11902m47s
30-10 -0809-Dec-2003:37:30 21960 549 -34731 T n- -0.2944 1.0331 40S 146W 73 11702m45s
31 -9 -0791-Dec-3012:20:52 21659 542 -34508 T n- -0.2894 1.0328 41S 85E 73 11602m46s
32 -8 -0772-Jan-1020:58:53 21361 535 -34285 T n- -0.2804 1.0329 40S 43W 74 11602m49s
33 -7 -0754-Jan-2105:29:09 21064 528 -34062 T n- -0.2657 1.0333 37S 169W 74 11702m54s
34 -6 -0736-Feb-0113:52:25 20770 522 -33839 T n- -0.2455 1.0339 34S 65E 76 11803m01s
35 -5 -0718-Feb-1122:06:46 20478 515 -33616 T n- -0.2187 1.0345 29S 59W 77 11903m08s
36 -4 -0700-Feb-2306:11:46 20187 508 -33393 T nn -0.1845 1.0352 23S 179E 79 12103m16s
37 -3 -0682-Mar-0514:07:25 19899 501 -33170 T nn -0.1430 1.0356 17S 57E 82 12103m23s
38 -2 -0664-Mar-1521:54:10 19613 494 -32947 Tm nn -0.0947 1.0359 10S 62W 85 12103m28s
39 -1 -0646-Mar-2705:32:14 19329 486 -32724 T nn -0.0400 1.0356 3S 180W 88 12003m29s
40 0 -0628-Apr-0613:00:44 19047 479 -32501 T nn 0.0220 1.0349 5N 65E 89 11803m26s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 48
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 1 -0610-Apr-1720:22:40 18767 472 -32278 T nn 0.0886 1.0336 13N 49W 85 11403m18s
42 2 -0592-Apr-2803:37:13 18489 465 -32055 T -n 0.1608 1.0317 21N 161W 81 10903m05s
43 3 -0574-May-0910:47:09 18213 458 -31832 T -n 0.2357 1.0291 29N 89E 76 10102m46s
44 4 -0556-May-1917:51:19 17939 451 -31609 T -p 0.3144 1.0258 37N 19W 71 9202m22s
45 5 -0538-May-3100:54:11 17668 445 -31386 T -p 0.3933 1.0217 44N 125W 67 8101m55s
46 6 -0520-Jun-1007:54:17 17398 438 -31163 T -p 0.4736 1.0170 51N 131E 61 6601m26s
47 7 -0502-Jun-2114:54:27 17131 431 -30940 H -p 0.5527 1.0116 57N 29E 56 4800m56s
48 8 -0484-Jul-0121:55:19 16815 424 -30717 H -p 0.6302 1.0055 63N 70W 51 2500m25s
49 9 -0466-Jul-1304:59:26 16504 418 -30494 A -p 0.7040 0.9989 66N 166W 45 500m05s
50 10 -0448-Jul-2312:07:23 16201 411 -30271 A -p 0.7737 0.9918 68N 100E 39 4500m35s
51 11 -0430-Aug-0319:19:46 15907 405 -30048 A -p 0.8386 0.9843 68N 6E 33 10201m04s
52 12 -0412-Aug-1402:38:44 15620 398 -29825 A -t 0.8972 0.9765 67N 91W 26 19001m34s
53 13 -0394-Aug-2510:04:23 15341 392 -29602 A -t 0.9494 0.9682 65N 169E 18 36802m04s
54 14 -0376-Sep-0417:36:59 15068 386 -29379 An -t 0.9949 0.9584 62N 77E 4 - 02m34s
55 15 -0358-Sep-1601:17:02 14803 379 -29156 P -t 1.0332 0.9134 61N 40W 0 - -
56 16 -0340-Sep-2609:04:31 14543 373 -28933 P -t 1.0648 0.8564 61N 166W 0 - -
57 17 -0322-Oct-0716:59:26 14289 367 -28710 P -t 1.0893 0.8122 61N 65E 0 - -
58 18 -0304-Oct-1800:59:16 14041 361 -28487 P -t 1.1090 0.7768 61N 64W 0 - -
59 19 -0286-Oct-2909:05:40 13798 355 -28264 P -t 1.1224 0.7526 61N 164E 0 - -
60 20 -0268-Nov-0817:15:23 13561 348 -28041 P -t 1.1320 0.7352 62N 32E 0 - -
61 21 -0250-Nov-2001:28:29 13328 342 -27818 P -t 1.1386 0.7233 63N 101W 0 - -
62 22 -0232-Nov-3009:40:24 13101 337 -27595 P -t 1.1453 0.7113 63N 126E 0 - -
63 23 -0214-Dec-1117:53:07 12877 331 -27372 P -t 1.1507 0.7018 64N 8W 0 - -
64 24 -0196-Dec-2202:02:01 12659 325 -27149 P -t 1.1583 0.6886 65N 141W 0 - -
65 25 -0177-Jan-0210:06:57 12444 319 -26926 P -t 1.1686 0.6712 67N 87E 0 - -
66 26 -0159-Jan-1218:04:47 12233 313 -26703 P -t 1.1838 0.6455 68N 45W 0 - -
67 27 -0141-Jan-2401:56:09 12027 308 -26480 P -t 1.2039 0.6118 69N 175W 0 - -
68 28 -0123-Feb-0309:38:12 11824 302 -26257 P -t 1.2306 0.5667 70N 57E 0 - -
69 29 -0105-Feb-1417:10:52 11624 296 -26034 P -t 1.2642 0.5101 71N 70W 0 - -
70 30 -0087-Feb-2500:33:22 11428 291 -25811 P -t 1.3052 0.4407 71N 165E 0 - -
71 31 -0069-Mar-0807:46:21 11235 285 -25588 P -t 1.3530 0.3596 72N 43E 0 - -
72 32 -0051-Mar-1814:48:05 11045 280 -25365 P -t 1.4091 0.2641 72N 78W 0 - -
73 33 -0033-Mar-2921:41:11 10857 275 -25142 P -t 1.4713 0.1579 72N 164E 0 - -
74 34 -0015-Apr-0904:24:50 10672 269 -24919 Pe -t 1.5403 0.0399 72N 49E 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 48

Solar eclipses of Saros 48 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on -1331 Feb 08. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on -0015 Apr 09. The total duration of Saros series 48 is 1316.20 years.

Summary of Saros 48
First Eclipse -1331 Feb 08
Last Eclipse -0015 Apr 09
Series Duration 1316.20 Years
No. of Eclipses 74
Sequence 9P 37T 2H 6A 20P

Saros 48 is composed of 74 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 48
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 74100.0%
PartialP 29 39.2%
AnnularA 6 8.1%
TotalT 37 50.0%
HybridH 2 2.7%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 48 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 48
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 45100.0%
Central (two limits) 43 95.6%
Central (one limit) 2 4.4%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 74 eclipses in Saros 48 occur in the following order : 9P 37T 2H 6A 20P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 48 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 48
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse -0376 Sep 0402m34s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse -0466 Jul 1300m05s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse -1079 Jul 0906m36s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse -0520 Jun 1001m26s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -0502 Jun 2100m56s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -0484 Jul 0100m25s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse -0358 Sep 16 - 0.91340
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse -1331 Feb 08 - 0.01606

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.