Saros 49

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 49

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 49

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 49 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 49
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-36 -1248-Feb-2201:18:54 29935 1184 -40171 Pb t- 1.5182 0.0489 62N 131W 0 - -
2-35 -1230-Mar-0409:01:46 29584 1138 -39948 P t- 1.4800 0.1186 61N 103E 0 - -
3-34 -1212-Mar-1416:33:15 29235 1093 -39725 P t- 1.4333 0.2037 61N 20W 0 - -
4-33 -1194-Mar-2523:56:02 28888 1049 -39502 P t- 1.3804 0.3003 61N 141W 0 - -
5-32 -1176-Apr-0507:09:10 28543 1005 -39279 P t- 1.3205 0.4092 61N 100E 0 - -
6-31 -1158-Apr-1614:15:35 28200 963 -39056 P t- 1.2560 0.5264 61N 17W 0 - -
7-30 -1140-Apr-2621:14:42 27859 921 -38833 P t- 1.1861 0.6528 61N 132W 0 - -
8-29 -1122-May-0804:08:06 27521 880 -38610 P t- 1.1124 0.7855 62N 115E 0 - -
9-28 -1104-May-1810:57:30 27184 839 -38387 P t- 1.0362 0.9217 62N 2E 0 - -
10-27 -1086-May-2917:44:05 26849 799 -38164 A t- 0.9586 0.9839 71N 75W 16 20500m58s
11-26 -1068-Jun-0900:29:11 26517 761 -37941 A p- 0.8805 0.9831 75N 142W 28 12801m07s
12-25 -1050-Jun-2007:14:33 26186 722 -37718 A p- 0.8032 0.9806 74N 145E 36 11701m22s
13-24 -1032-Jun-3014:02:04 25858 685 -37495 A p- 0.7283 0.9772 70N 61E 43 11901m44s
14-23 -1014-Jul-1120:53:19 25532 649 -37272 A p- 0.6575 0.9731 65N 31W 49 12902m11s
15-22 -0996-Jul-2203:48:06 25208 620 -37049 A p- 0.5902 0.9685 59N 129W 54 14102m45s
16-21 -0978-Aug-0210:49:48 24885 613 -36826 A p- 0.5293 0.9636 53N 127E 58 15603m24s
17-20 -0960-Aug-1217:57:17 24565 607 -36603 A p- 0.4739 0.9584 46N 21E 61 17204m07s
18-19 -0942-Aug-2401:13:18 24247 600 -36380 A p- 0.4262 0.9532 40N 89W 65 18904m54s
19-18 -0924-Sep-0308:35:45 23931 593 -36157 A p- 0.3845 0.9480 33N 158E 67 20605m44s
20-17 -0906-Sep-1416:07:32 23618 586 -35934 A n- 0.3513 0.9431 27N 43E 69 22406m33s
21-16 -0888-Sep-2423:46:16 23306 579 -35711 A n- 0.3244 0.9383 21N 74W 71 24107m23s
22-15 -0870-Oct-0607:32:42 22996 572 -35488 A n- 0.3045 0.9341 15N 167E 72 25708m11s
23-14 -0852-Oct-1615:25:26 22688 565 -35265 A n- 0.2903 0.9302 10N 46E 73 27208m58s
24-13 -0834-Oct-2723:23:48 22383 559 -35042 A n- 0.2811 0.9270 5N 76W 74 28509m41s
25-12 -0816-Nov-0707:26:00 22079 552 -34819 A n- 0.2758 0.9244 1N 161E 74 29610m21s
26-11 -0798-Nov-1815:29:31 21778 545 -34596 A n- 0.2718 0.9225 2S 39E 74 30410m53s
27-10 -0780-Nov-2823:34:27 21478 538 -34373 A nn 0.2694 0.9212 5S 84W 74 30911m17s
28 -9 -0762-Dec-1007:37:49 21181 531 -34150 A nn 0.2655 0.9206 7S 154E 75 31211m29s
29 -8 -0744-Dec-2015:38:10 20886 524 -33927 A nn 0.2596 0.9207 9S 32E 75 31111m26s
30 -7 -0726-Dec-3123:32:56 20593 517 -33704 A nn 0.2492 0.9215 9S 88W 76 30611m10s
31 -6 -0707-Jan-1107:21:57 20302 511 -33481 A nn 0.2341 0.9229 10S 154E 77 29910m42s
32 -5 -0689-Jan-2215:03:34 20013 504 -33258 A nn 0.2129 0.9248 10S 38E 78 29010m05s
33 -4 -0671-Feb-0122:35:46 19726 496 -33035 A nn 0.1839 0.9271 9S 76W 79 27809m24s
34 -3 -0653-Feb-1305:59:13 19441 489 -32812 A nn 0.1477 0.9298 8S 172E 82 26608m43s
35 -2 -0635-Feb-2313:12:48 19158 482 -32589 A nn 0.1034 0.9326 7S 63E 84 25308m05s
36 -1 -0617-Mar-0620:17:09 18877 475 -32366 A nn 0.0515 0.9357 6S 43W 87 24007m30s
37 0 -0599-Mar-1703:11:32 18598 468 -32143 Am nn -0.0087 0.9387 5S 147W 89 22707m01s
38 1 -0581-Mar-2809:58:01 18322 461 -31920 A nn -0.0755 0.9417 4S 111E 86 21606m37s
39 2 -0563-Apr-0716:36:57 18047 454 -31697 A nn -0.1486 0.9445 3S 11E 81 20706m20s
40 3 -0545-Apr-1823:08:43 17775 447 -31474 A nn -0.2277 0.9471 3S 87W 77 19906m07s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 49
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 4 -0527-Apr-2905:36:04 17504 441 -31251 A np -0.3105 0.9492 4S 176E 72 19506m00s
42 5 -0509-May-1011:59:40 17236 434 -31028 A -p -0.3964 0.9510 6S 79E 67 19405m57s
43 6 -0491-May-2018:22:36 16940 427 -30805 A -p -0.4834 0.9522 9S 17W 61 19705m58s
44 7 -0473-Jun-0100:43:33 16625 420 -30582 A -p -0.5722 0.9530 13S 114W 55 20705m59s
45 8 -0455-Jun-1107:07:49 16320 414 -30359 A -p -0.6584 0.9531 18S 148E 49 22605m58s
46 9 -0437-Jun-2213:33:49 16022 407 -30136 A -p -0.7434 0.9528 24S 49E 42 25705m53s
47 10 -0419-Jul-0220:05:51 15732 401 -29913 A -p -0.8237 0.9517 32S 53W 34 31205m43s
48 11 -0401-Jul-1402:42:32 15450 394 -29690 A -p -0.9008 0.9499 42S 157W 25 42605m26s
49 12 -0383-Jul-2409:28:41 15175 388 -29467 A -t -0.9704 0.9468 55S 93E 13 84205m02s
50 13 -0365-Aug-0416:22:33 14907 382 -29244 P -t -1.0340 0.9078 69S 28W 0 - -
51 14 -0347-Aug-1423:26:11 14645 375 -29021 P -t -1.0901 0.8108 70S 147W 0 - -
52 15 -0329-Aug-2606:39:28 14389 369 -28798 P -t -1.1387 0.7266 71S 90E 0 - -
53 16 -0311-Sep-0514:03:51 14138 363 -28575 P -t -1.1789 0.6571 71S 35W 0 - -
54 17 -0293-Sep-1621:38:21 13894 357 -28352 P -t -1.2115 0.6010 72S 164W 0 - -
55 18 -0275-Sep-2705:22:58 13654 351 -28129 P -t -1.2365 0.5578 72S 65E 0 - -
56 19 -0257-Oct-0813:17:13 13420 345 -27906 P -t -1.2543 0.5272 72S 69W 0 - -
57 20 -0239-Oct-1821:20:46 13190 339 -27683 P -t -1.2655 0.5079 71S 155E 0 - -
58 21 -0221-Oct-3005:31:05 12965 333 -27460 P -t -1.2720 0.4968 71S 18E 0 - -
59 22 -0203-Nov-0913:48:25 12744 327 -27237 P -t -1.2737 0.4939 70S 120W 0 - -
60 23 -0185-Nov-2022:09:26 12528 321 -27014 P -t -1.2733 0.4946 69S 102E 0 - -
61 24 -0167-Dec-0106:34:22 12316 316 -26791 P -t -1.2705 0.4995 68S 37W 0 - -
62 25 -0149-Dec-1214:58:26 12108 310 -26568 P -t -1.2694 0.5015 67S 175W 0 - -
63 26 -0131-Dec-2223:23:45 11903 304 -26345 P -t -1.2682 0.5038 66S 47E 0 - -
64 27 -0112-Jan-0307:45:15 11702 299 -26122 P -t -1.2711 0.4988 65S 89W 0 - -
65 28 -0094-Jan-1316:03:49 11505 293 -25899 P -t -1.2769 0.4885 64S 136E 0 - -
66 29 -0076-Jan-2500:15:38 11311 288 -25676 P -t -1.2890 0.4671 63S 2E 0 - -
67 30 -0058-Feb-0408:22:40 11119 282 -25453 P -t -1.3056 0.4373 62S 129W 0 - -
68 31 -0040-Feb-1516:22:17 10931 277 -25230 P -t -1.3293 0.3945 62S 101E 0 - -
69 32 -0022-Feb-2600:14:39 10745 271 -25007 P -t -1.3593 0.3396 61S 27W 0 - -
70 33 -0004-Mar-0807:59:37 10562 266 -24784 P -t -1.3962 0.2715 61S 152W 0 - -
71 34 0014-Mar-1915:38:04 10380 261 -24561 P -t -1.4387 0.1922 61S 83E 0 - -
72 35 0032-Mar-2923:09:42 10201 256 -24338 Pe -t -1.4875 0.1005 61S 39W 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 49

Solar eclipses of Saros 49 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on -1248 Feb 22. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on 0032 Mar 29. The total duration of Saros series 49 is 1280.14 years.

Summary of Saros 49
First Eclipse -1248 Feb 22
Last Eclipse 0032 Mar 29
Series Duration 1280.14 Years
No. of Eclipses 72
Sequence 9P 40A 23P

Saros 49 is composed of 72 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 49
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 72100.0%
PartialP 32 44.4%
AnnularA 40 55.6%
TotalT 0 0.0%
HybridH 0 0.0%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 49 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 49
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 40100.0%
Central (two limits) 40100.0%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 72 eclipses in Saros 49 occur in the following order : 9P 40A 23P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 49 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 49
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse -0762 Dec 1011m29s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse -1086 May 2900m58s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse -1104 May 18 - 0.92166
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse -1248 Feb 22 - 0.04893

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.