Saros 50

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 50

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 50

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 50 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 50
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-35 -1201-Feb-1118:52:01 29025 1066 -39590 Pb t- -1.5352 0.0539 69S 170E 0 - -
2-34 -1183-Feb-2202:05:07 28679 1022 -39367 P t- -1.4910 0.1266 70S 48E 0 - -
3-33 -1165-Mar-0509:06:40 28335 979 -39144 P t- -1.4371 0.2164 71S 72W 0 - -
4-32 -1147-Mar-1516:02:33 27994 937 -38921 P t- -1.3779 0.3161 72S 169E 0 - -
5-31 -1129-Mar-2622:49:00 27654 896 -38698 P t- -1.3102 0.4313 72S 52E 0 - -
6-30 -1111-Apr-0605:30:45 27317 855 -38475 P t- -1.2379 0.5554 72S 64W 0 - -
7-29 -1093-Apr-1712:05:42 26981 815 -38252 P t- -1.1589 0.6922 72S 178W 0 - -
8-28 -1075-Apr-2718:39:07 26648 776 -38029 P t- -1.0776 0.8340 71S 68E 0 - -
9-27 -1057-May-0901:09:20 26317 737 -37806 As t- -0.9925 0.9526 66S 53W 5 - 03m47s
10-26 -1039-May-1907:39:14 25987 700 -37583 A t- -0.9060 0.9606 47S 174W 25 33903m54s
11-25 -1021-May-3014:10:04 25660 663 -37360 A p- -0.8188 0.9655 35S 80E 35 21703m49s
12-24 -1003-Jun-0920:44:19 25335 627 -37137 A p- -0.7330 0.9694 25S 25W 43 16203m38s
13-23 -0985-Jun-2103:22:55 25012 616 -36914 A p- -0.6496 0.9724 17S 129W 49 13003m25s
14-22 -0967-Jul-0110:06:51 24691 609 -36691 A p- -0.5694 0.9748 11S 127E 55 11003m09s
15-21 -0949-Jul-1216:58:55 24373 602 -36468 A p- -0.4945 0.9765 6S 22E 60 9602m54s
16-20 -0931-Jul-2223:59:04 24056 596 -36245 A p- -0.4250 0.9778 2S 85W 65 8702m40s
17-19 -0913-Aug-0307:07:54 23741 589 -36022 A p- -0.3617 0.9786 0N 166E 69 8102m29s
18-18 -0895-Aug-1314:26:40 23429 582 -35799 A p- -0.3056 0.9792 1N 55E 72 7702m19s
19-17 -0877-Aug-2421:56:05 23118 575 -35576 A n- -0.2575 0.9795 1N 58W 75 7502m12s
20-16 -0859-Sep-0405:36:20 22810 568 -35353 A n- -0.2172 0.9797 0S 175W 77 7402m07s
21-15 -0841-Sep-1513:25:50 22503 561 -35130 A n- -0.1837 0.9799 3S 67E 79 7302m02s
22-14 -0823-Sep-2521:26:19 22199 554 -34907 A n- -0.1584 0.9802 6S 55W 81 7101m58s
23-13 -0805-Oct-0705:35:51 21896 548 -34684 A n- -0.1400 0.9808 9S 179W 82 6901m53s
24-12 -0787-Oct-1713:53:37 21596 541 -34461 A n- -0.1276 0.9817 13S 56E 83 6501m47s
25-11 -0769-Oct-2822:17:49 21298 534 -34238 A n- -0.1197 0.9829 17S 72W 83 6101m40s
26-10 -0751-Nov-0806:47:46 21002 527 -34015 A n- -0.1157 0.9848 21S 160E 83 5401m29s
27 -9 -0733-Nov-1915:21:43 20708 520 -33792 A n- -0.1142 0.9871 24S 31E 83 4601m16s
28 -8 -0715-Nov-2923:56:51 20416 513 -33569 A n- -0.1132 0.9901 27S 98W 83 3500m59s
29 -7 -0697-Dec-1108:33:14 20126 506 -33346 A n- -0.1123 0.9935 29S 133E 83 2300m39s
30 -6 -0679-Dec-2117:07:21 19839 499 -33123 A n- -0.1092 0.9977 30S 5E 84 800m14s
31 -5 -0660-Jan-0201:38:58 19553 492 -32900 H n- -0.1030 1.0023 30S 122W 84 800m14s
32 -4 -0642-Jan-1210:04:47 19269 485 -32677 H n- -0.0913 1.0075 28S 112E 85 2600m45s
33 -3 -0624-Jan-2318:26:20 18988 478 -32454 H nn -0.0755 1.0131 26S 13W 86 4501m18s
34 -2 -0606-Feb-0302:40:48 18708 471 -32231 T nn -0.0534 1.0190 22S 137W 87 6501m53s
35 -1 -0588-Feb-1410:48:02 18431 464 -32008 T nn -0.0245 1.0251 17S 100E 88 8502m29s
36 0 -0570-Feb-2418:47:44 18155 457 -31785 T nn 0.0114 1.0313 11S 22W 89 10603m04s
37 1 -0552-Mar-0702:40:16 17882 450 -31562 Tm nn 0.0539 1.0374 5S 143W 87 12603m38s
38 2 -0534-Mar-1810:26:04 17611 443 -31339 T nn 0.1028 1.0433 2N 98E 84 14504m08s
39 3 -0516-Mar-2818:04:41 17342 436 -31116 T nn 0.1582 1.0489 9N 20W 81 16404m34s
40 4 -0498-Apr-0901:38:19 17067 430 -30893 T -n 0.2185 1.0540 17N 137W 77 18304m54s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 50
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 5 -0480-Apr-1909:07:06 16749 423 -30670 T -n 0.2838 1.0585 25N 108E 73 20105m07s
42 6 -0462-Apr-3016:32:12 16439 416 -30447 T -n 0.3528 1.0624 33N 7W 69 21805m13s
43 7 -0444-May-1023:54:50 16138 410 -30224 T -p 0.4245 1.0654 41N 120W 65 23605m11s
44 8 -0426-May-2207:16:29 15846 403 -30001 T -p 0.4977 1.0676 49N 128E 60 25505m04s
45 9 -0408-Jun-0114:38:27 15561 397 -29778 T -p 0.5712 1.0689 56N 18E 55 27404m51s
46 10 -0390-Jun-1222:00:33 15283 391 -29555 T -p 0.6451 1.0693 63N 89W 50 29704m36s
47 11 -0372-Jun-2305:26:14 15012 384 -29332 T -p 0.7164 1.0686 70N 167E 44 32204m17s
48 12 -0354-Jul-0412:54:42 14747 378 -29109 T -p 0.7858 1.0671 74N 71E 38 35703m58s
49 13 -0336-Jul-1420:29:12 14489 372 -28886 T -p 0.8503 1.0646 76N 17W 31 40503m38s
50 14 -0318-Jul-2604:07:41 14236 365 -28663 T -t 0.9117 1.0610 74N 106W 24 49403m17s
51 15 -0300-Aug-0511:54:44 13990 359 -28440 T -t 0.9663 1.0562 70N 160E 14 74702m52s
52 16 -0282-Aug-1619:47:29 13748 353 -28217 P -t 1.0165 0.9880 62N 62E 0 - -
53 17 -0264-Aug-2703:48:51 13512 347 -27994 P -t 1.0596 0.9041 61N 68W 0 - -
54 18 -0246-Sep-0711:57:15 13280 341 -27771 P -t 1.0972 0.8311 61N 160E 0 - -
55 19 -0228-Sep-1720:15:08 13053 335 -27548 P -t 1.1271 0.7733 61N 26E 0 - -
56 20 -0210-Sep-2904:40:05 12831 329 -27325 P -t 1.1516 0.7258 61N 110W 0 - -
57 21 -0192-Oct-0913:12:26 12613 324 -27102 P -t 1.1703 0.6897 61N 112E 0 - -
58 22 -0174-Oct-2021:51:31 12399 318 -26879 P -t 1.1838 0.6638 61N 27W 0 - -
59 23 -0156-Oct-3106:36:55 12190 312 -26656 P -t 1.1920 0.6479 62N 168W 0 - -
60 24 -0138-Nov-1115:25:48 11984 306 -26433 P -t 1.1979 0.6365 62N 50E 0 - -
61 25 -0120-Nov-2200:17:47 11781 301 -26210 P -t 1.2011 0.6302 63N 93W 0 - -
62 26 -0102-Dec-0309:10:32 11582 295 -25987 P -t 1.2039 0.6247 64N 124E 0 - -
63 27 -0084-Dec-1318:03:47 11387 290 -25764 P -t 1.2062 0.6202 65N 20W 0 - -
64 28 -0066-Dec-2502:53:23 11194 284 -25541 P -t 1.2113 0.6106 66N 163W 0 - -
65 29 -0047-Jan-0411:40:50 11005 279 -25318 P -t 1.2181 0.5979 67N 53E 0 - -
66 30 -0029-Jan-1520:21:43 10818 273 -25095 P -t 1.2299 0.5757 68N 89W 0 - -
67 31 -0011-Jan-2604:57:17 10634 268 -24872 P -t 1.2459 0.5455 69N 130E 0 - -
68 32 0007-Feb-0613:23:45 10452 263 -24649 P -t 1.2691 0.5018 70N 10W 0 - -
69 33 0025-Feb-1621:43:47 10272 258 -24426 P -t 1.2973 0.4488 71N 148W 0 - -
70 34 0043-Feb-2805:54:14 10094 253 -24203 P -t 1.3328 0.3818 71N 75E 0 - -
71 35 0061-Mar-1013:56:11 9917 247 -23980 P -t 1.3750 0.3020 72N 60W 0 - -
72 36 0079-Mar-2121:48:54 9742 242 -23757 P -t 1.4244 0.2087 72N 167E 0 - -
73 37 0097-Apr-0105:33:39 9569 237 -23534 Pe -t 1.4799 0.1038 72N 36E 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 50

Solar eclipses of Saros 50 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on -1201 Feb 11. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on 0097 Apr 01. The total duration of Saros series 50 is 1298.17 years.

Summary of Saros 50
First Eclipse -1201 Feb 11
Last Eclipse 0097 Apr 01
Series Duration 1298.17 Years
No. of Eclipses 73
Sequence 8P 22A 3H 18T 22P

Saros 50 is composed of 73 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 50
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 73100.0%
PartialP 30 41.1%
AnnularA 22 30.1%
TotalT 18 24.7%
HybridH 3 4.1%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 50 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 50
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 43100.0%
Central (two limits) 42 97.7%
Central (one limit) 1 2.3%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 73 eclipses in Saros 50 occur in the following order : 8P 22A 3H 18T 22P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 50 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 50
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse -1039 May 1903m54s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse -0679 Dec 2100m14s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse -0462 Apr 3005m13s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse -0606 Feb 0301m53s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -0624 Jan 2301m18s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -0660 Jan 0200m14s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse -0282 Aug 16 - 0.98796
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse -1201 Feb 11 - 0.05390

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.