Saros 53

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 53

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 53

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 53 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 53
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-33 -1277-Sep-0614:48:24 30494 1257 -40523 Pb t- 1.5326 0.0602 71N 150W 0 - -
2-32 -1259-Sep-1622:14:59 30139 1211 -40300 P t- 1.5025 0.1120 71N 83E 0 - -
3-31 -1241-Sep-2805:49:54 29787 1164 -40077 P t- 1.4789 0.1526 72N 46W 0 - -
4-30 -1223-Oct-0813:32:54 29437 1119 -39854 P t- 1.4615 0.1824 72N 177W 0 - -
5-29 -1205-Oct-1921:22:39 29088 1074 -39631 P t- 1.4494 0.2032 72N 50E 0 - -
6-28 -1187-Oct-3005:18:38 28742 1030 -39408 P t- 1.4419 0.2161 71N 85W 0 - -
7-27 -1169-Nov-1013:17:14 28398 987 -39185 P t- 1.4363 0.2256 70N 141E 0 - -
8-26 -1151-Nov-2021:19:20 28056 945 -38962 P t- 1.4332 0.2307 69N 6E 0 - -
9-25 -1133-Dec-0205:20:23 27716 903 -38739 P t- 1.4288 0.2379 68N 127W 0 - -
10-24 -1115-Dec-1213:21:03 27378 862 -38516 P t- 1.4241 0.2454 67N 100E 0 - -
11-23 -1097-Dec-2321:16:20 27043 822 -38293 P t- 1.4144 0.2609 66N 31W 0 - -
12-22 -1078-Jan-0305:08:46 26709 783 -38070 P t- 1.4021 0.2807 65N 161W 0 - -
13-21 -1060-Jan-1412:53:36 26377 744 -37847 P t- 1.3828 0.3122 64N 71E 0 - -
14-20 -1042-Jan-2420:31:52 26048 707 -37624 P t- 1.3580 0.3532 63N 54W 0 - -
15-19 -1024-Feb-0504:00:46 25720 670 -37401 P t- 1.3248 0.4085 62N 177W 0 - -
16-18 -1006-Feb-1511:22:32 25395 634 -37178 P t- 1.2852 0.4751 62N 62E 0 - -
17-17 -0988-Feb-2618:35:31 25072 617 -36955 P t- 1.2374 0.5564 61N 56W 0 - -
18-16 -0970-Mar-0901:40:09 24750 611 -36732 P t- 1.1820 0.6515 61N 173W 0 - -
19-15 -0952-Mar-1908:37:19 24431 604 -36509 P t- 1.1194 0.7598 61N 73E 0 - -
20-14 -0934-Mar-3015:28:04 24114 597 -36286 P t- 1.0508 0.8796 61N 40W 0 - -
21-13 -0916-Apr-0922:12:46 23799 590 -36063 A t- 0.9762 0.9512 60N 127W 12 84503m26s
22-12 -0898-Apr-2104:53:02 23486 583 -35840 A t- 0.8966 0.9591 58N 151E 26 33103m04s
23-11 -0880-May-0111:30:13 23175 576 -35617 A p- 0.8135 0.9653 57N 62E 35 21202m42s
24-10 -0862-May-1218:06:45 22866 569 -35394 A p- 0.7287 0.9706 56N 30W 43 15202m21s
25 -9 -0844-May-2300:41:47 22559 563 -35171 A p- 0.6415 0.9753 55N 122W 50 11402m03s
26 -8 -0826-Jun-0307:19:55 22255 556 -34948 A p- 0.5559 0.9792 53N 145E 56 8901m47s
27 -7 -0808-Jun-1314:00:16 21952 549 -34725 A p- 0.4713 0.9825 50N 50E 62 7001m34s
28 -6 -0790-Jun-2420:46:54 21651 542 -34502 A p- 0.3905 0.9852 47N 48W 67 5701m24s
29 -5 -0772-Jul-0503:37:40 21353 535 -34279 A p- 0.3121 0.9873 42N 148W 72 4701m15s
30 -4 -0754-Jul-1610:37:34 21056 528 -34056 A n- 0.2403 0.9888 37N 108E 76 4101m09s
31 -3 -0736-Jul-2617:44:43 20762 521 -33833 A nn 0.1737 0.9899 32N 2E 80 3601m04s
32 -2 -0718-Aug-0701:01:56 20470 515 -33610 A nn 0.1144 0.9906 26N 108W 83 3301m01s
33 -1 -0700-Aug-1708:28:13 20179 508 -33387 A nn 0.0616 0.9910 20N 138E 86 3200m59s
34 0 -0682-Aug-2816:06:01 19891 501 -33164 A nn 0.0174 0.9913 14N 22E 89 3100m57s
35 1 -0664-Sep-0723:54:01 19605 493 -32941 A nn -0.0190 0.9914 8N 97W 89 3000m57s
36 2 -0646-Sep-1907:51:29 19321 486 -32718 A nn -0.0484 0.9916 2N 141E 87 3000m55s
37 3 -0628-Sep-2915:59:09 19039 479 -32495 A nn -0.0701 0.9919 4S 17E 86 2900m52s
38 4 -0610-Oct-1100:15:26 18759 472 -32272 A nn -0.0855 0.9925 9S 109W 85 2700m48s
39 5 -0592-Oct-2108:39:48 18482 465 -32049 A nn -0.0948 0.9934 14S 123E 84 2300m42s
40 6 -0574-Nov-0117:09:28 18206 458 -31826 A nn -0.1004 0.9947 18S 6W 84 1900m33s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 53
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 7 -0556-Nov-1201:45:00 17932 451 -31603 A nn -0.1018 0.9965 22S 136W 84 1200m21s
42 8 -0538-Nov-2310:23:12 17661 444 -31380 A nn -0.1020 0.9989 25S 94E 84 400m06s
43 9 -0520-Dec-0319:03:04 17391 438 -31157 Hm nn -0.1013 1.0019 28S 35W 84 700m11s
44 10 -0502-Dec-1503:42:19 17124 431 -30934 H nn -0.1020 1.0054 29S 164W 84 1900m32s
45 11 -0484-Dec-2512:20:06 16807 424 -30711 H nn -0.1048 1.0095 30S 67E 84 3300m55s
46 12 -0465-Jan-0520:53:52 16496 418 -30488 H nn -0.1115 1.0141 30S 61W 83 4901m20s
47 13 -0447-Jan-1605:22:56 16193 411 -30265 T nn -0.1231 1.0191 29S 172E 83 6601m46s
48 14 -0429-Jan-2713:46:15 15899 405 -30042 T nn -0.1403 1.0245 28S 47E 82 8402m12s
49 15 -0411-Feb-0622:03:34 15613 398 -29819 T nn -0.1634 1.0300 26S 77W 80 10302m38s
50 16 -0393-Feb-1806:12:25 15333 392 -29596 T -n -0.1942 1.0358 24S 160E 79 12303m03s
51 17 -0375-Feb-2814:14:47 15061 385 -29373 T -n -0.2311 1.0415 22S 40E 77 14203m28s
52 18 -0357-Mar-1122:08:58 14796 379 -29150 T -n -0.2754 1.0471 20S 79W 74 16203m53s
53 19 -0339-Mar-2205:57:49 14536 373 -28927 T -n -0.3251 1.0523 18S 163E 71 18204m17s
54 20 -0321-Apr-0213:38:00 14282 367 -28704 T -n -0.3824 1.0571 17S 47E 67 20204m41s
55 21 -0303-Apr-1221:14:42 14035 360 -28481 T -p -0.4433 1.0614 16S 67W 64 22205m04s
56 22 -0285-Apr-2404:44:58 13792 354 -28258 T -p -0.5098 1.0649 17S 179E 59 24405m25s
57 23 -0267-May-0412:13:05 13555 348 -28035 T -p -0.5786 1.0677 18S 66E 55 26705m43s
58 24 -0249-May-1519:36:47 13322 342 -27812 T -p -0.6516 1.0695 20S 46W 49 29505m56s
59 25 -0231-May-2603:01:05 13095 336 -27589 T -p -0.7245 1.0704 24S 158W 43 32906m01s
60 26 -0213-Jun-0610:24:24 12872 330 -27366 T -p -0.7983 1.0702 29S 89E 37 37705m55s
61 27 -0195-Jun-1617:49:21 12653 325 -27143 T -p -0.8711 1.0687 37S 25W 29 45605m36s
62 28 -0177-Jun-2801:16:31 12438 319 -26920 T -t -0.9422 1.0656 47S 141W 19 64904m59s
63 29 -0159-Jul-0808:48:07 12228 313 -26697 T- -t -1.0095 1.0054 67S 100E 0 - -
64 30 -0141-Jul-1916:24:18 12021 307 -26474 P -t -1.0735 0.8808 68S 26W 0 - -
65 31 -0123-Jul-3000:05:42 11818 302 -26251 P -t -1.1330 0.7650 69S 153W 0 - -
66 32 -0105-Aug-1007:54:02 11619 296 -26028 P -t -1.1868 0.6606 70S 77E 0 - -
67 33 -0087-Aug-2015:49:37 11423 291 -25805 P -t -1.2345 0.5684 70S 56W 0 - -
68 34 -0069-Aug-3123:52:27 11230 285 -25582 P -t -1.2763 0.4880 71S 169E 0 - -
69 35 -0051-Sep-1108:03:19 11039 280 -25359 P -t -1.3116 0.4206 72S 32E 0 - -
70 36 -0033-Sep-2216:22:17 10852 274 -25136 P -t -1.3405 0.3660 72S 108W 0 - -
71 37 -0015-Oct-0300:49:12 10667 269 -24913 P -t -1.3626 0.3244 72S 111E 0 - -
72 38 0003-Oct-1409:21:43 10485 264 -24690 P -t -1.3803 0.2916 71S 32W 0 - -
73 39 0021-Oct-2418:01:36 10305 259 -24467 P -t -1.3921 0.2700 71S 176W 0 - -
74 40 0039-Nov-0502:46:06 10126 254 -24244 P -t -1.4005 0.2549 70S 38E 0 - -
75 41 0057-Nov-1511:35:06 9950 248 -24021 P -t -1.4053 0.2465 69S 107W 0 - -
76 42 0075-Nov-2620:25:12 9774 243 -23798 P -t -1.4093 0.2397 68S 108E 0 - -
77 43 0093-Dec-0705:17:19 9601 238 -23575 P -t -1.4118 0.2354 67S 37W 0 - -
78 44 0111-Dec-1814:08:08 9428 233 -23352 P -t -1.4156 0.2288 66S 179E 0 - -
79 45 0129-Dec-2822:56:25 9256 228 -23129 P -t -1.4214 0.2182 65S 36E 0 - -
80 46 0148-Jan-0907:40:31 9084 224 -22906 P -t -1.4307 0.2010 64S 106W 0 - -
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 53
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
81 47 0166-Jan-1916:19:18 8913 219 -22683 P -t -1.4441 0.1759 63S 114E 0 - -
82 48 0184-Jan-3100:51:07 8743 214 -22460 P -t -1.4630 0.1405 62S 24W 0 - -
83 49 0202-Feb-1009:14:51 8572 209 -22237 P -t -1.4883 0.0931 62S 160W 0 - -
84 50 0220-Feb-2117:30:31 8401 205 -22014 Pe -t -1.5198 0.0340 61S 67E 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 53

Solar eclipses of Saros 53 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on -1277 Sep 06. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on 0220 Feb 21. The total duration of Saros series 53 is 1496.50 years.

Summary of Saros 53
First Eclipse -1277 Sep 06
Last Eclipse 0220 Feb 21
Series Duration 1496.50 Years
No. of Eclipses 84
Sequence 20P 22A 4H 17T 21P

Saros 53 is composed of 84 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 53
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 84100.0%
PartialP 41 48.8%
AnnularA 22 26.2%
TotalT 17 20.2%
HybridH 4 4.8%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 53 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 53
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 43100.0%
Central (two limits) 42 97.7%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 1 2.3%

The 84 eclipses in Saros 53 occur in the following order : 20P 22A 4H 17T 21P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 53 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 53
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse -0916 Apr 0903m26s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse -0538 Nov 2300m06s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse -0231 May 2606m01s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse -0447 Jan 1601m46s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -0465 Jan 0501m20s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -0520 Dec 0300m11s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse -0141 Jul 19 - 0.88076
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 0220 Feb 21 - 0.03402

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.