Saros 58

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 58

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 58

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 58 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 58
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-37 -1114-Jun-0723:15:57 27369 861 -38510 Pb t- -1.5123 0.0353 68S 43W 0 - -
2-36 -1096-Jun-1806:37:18 27034 821 -38287 P t- -1.4462 0.1634 67S 166W 0 - -
3-35 -1078-Jun-2913:59:20 26700 782 -38064 P t- -1.3809 0.2892 66S 71E 0 - -
4-34 -1060-Jul-0921:25:49 26368 743 -37841 P t- -1.3197 0.4064 65S 52W 0 - -
5-33 -1042-Jul-2104:55:56 26039 706 -37618 P t- -1.2619 0.5159 64S 176W 0 - -
6-32 -1024-Jul-3112:32:41 25711 669 -37395 P t- -1.2100 0.6133 63S 59E 0 - -
7-31 -1006-Aug-1120:15:11 25386 633 -37172 P t- -1.1633 0.6998 62S 67W 0 - -
8-30 -0988-Aug-2204:04:31 25063 617 -36949 P t- -1.1226 0.7741 62S 165E 0 - -
9-29 -0970-Sep-0212:01:15 24742 610 -36726 P t- -1.0886 0.8352 61S 36E 0 - -
10-28 -0952-Sep-1220:05:50 24422 603 -36503 P t- -1.0615 0.8828 61S 96W 0 - -
11-27 -0934-Sep-2404:17:18 24105 597 -36280 P t- -1.0407 0.9184 61S 131E 0 - -
12-26 -0916-Oct-0412:35:50 23790 590 -36057 P t- -1.0265 0.9418 61S 3W 0 - -
13-25 -0898-Oct-1520:59:57 23477 583 -35834 P p- -1.0174 0.9559 61S 139W 0 - -
14-24 -0880-Oct-2605:29:25 23167 576 -35611 P p- -1.0135 0.9608 61S 83E 0 - -
15-23 -0862-Nov-0614:01:01 22858 569 -35388 P p- -1.0121 0.9612 62S 55W 0 - -
16-22 -0844-Nov-1622:35:49 22551 562 -35165 P p- -1.0141 0.9558 62S 167E 0 - -
17-21 -0826-Nov-2807:09:59 22246 556 -34942 P p- -1.0168 0.9496 63S 28E 0 - -
18-20 -0808-Dec-0815:43:25 21944 549 -34719 P p- -1.0195 0.9438 64S 111W 0 - -
19-19 -0790-Dec-2000:11:55 21643 542 -34496 P p- -1.0189 0.9438 65S 110E 0 - -
20-18 -0772-Dec-3008:37:00 21345 535 -34273 P p- -1.0165 0.9474 66S 27W 0 - -
21-17 -0753-Jan-1016:54:49 21048 528 -34050 P p- -1.0092 0.9597 67S 164W 0 - -
22-16 -0735-Jan-2101:04:52 20754 521 -33827 As p- -0.9963 0.9621 70S 60E 2 - 02m04s
23-15 -0717-Feb-0109:05:30 20462 514 -33604 A p- -0.9767 0.9643 79S 95W 12 64602m07s
24-14 -0699-Feb-1116:56:54 20172 508 -33381 A p- -0.9501 0.9659 79S 96E 18 40602m11s
25-13 -0681-Feb-2300:38:02 19884 500 -33158 A p- -0.9161 0.9674 73S 51W 23 29602m16s
26-12 -0663-Mar-0508:08:10 19598 493 -32935 A p- -0.8740 0.9688 65S 179E 29 23102m22s
27-11 -0645-Mar-1615:28:14 19314 486 -32712 A p- -0.8245 0.9699 56S 58E 34 19002m29s
28-10 -0627-Mar-2622:38:20 19032 479 -32489 A p- -0.7675 0.9709 48S 58W 40 16202m38s
29 -9 -0609-Apr-0705:38:38 18752 472 -32266 A p- -0.7034 0.9715 39S 170W 45 14202m49s
30 -8 -0591-Apr-1712:30:45 18474 465 -32043 A p- -0.6331 0.9716 30S 81E 51 13003m03s
31 -7 -0573-Apr-2819:15:35 18198 458 -31820 A p- -0.5576 0.9713 21S 25W 56 12303m19s
32 -6 -0555-May-0901:55:05 17925 451 -31597 A p- -0.4785 0.9704 13S 130W 61 12003m38s
33 -5 -0537-May-2008:28:42 17653 444 -31374 A p- -0.3951 0.9690 5S 128E 67 12103m58s
34 -4 -0519-May-3015:00:22 17384 438 -31151 A pn -0.3108 0.9671 3N 27E 72 12504m19s
35 -3 -0501-Jun-1021:29:39 17116 431 -30928 A nn -0.2248 0.9647 10N 72W 77 13104m40s
36 -2 -0483-Jun-2104:00:22 16798 424 -30705 A nn -0.1408 0.9618 16N 172W 82 14004m58s
37 -1 -0465-Jul-0210:31:19 16487 418 -30482 Am nn -0.0574 0.9584 21N 90E 87 15205m16s
38 0 -0447-Jul-1217:07:27 16185 411 -30259 A nn 0.0213 0.9546 24N 9W 89 16605m31s
39 1 -0429-Jul-2323:47:27 15891 404 -30036 A nn 0.0965 0.9505 27N 108W 84 18205m48s
40 2 -0411-Aug-0306:33:59 15605 398 -29813 A nn 0.1658 0.9464 28N 151E 80 20006m05s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 58
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 3 -0393-Aug-1413:27:17 15326 392 -29590 A nn 0.2291 0.9419 29N 49E 77 22006m25s
42 4 -0375-Aug-2420:29:02 15054 385 -29367 A nn 0.2849 0.9376 28N 56W 73 24106m47s
43 5 -0357-Sep-0503:39:41 14788 379 -29144 A -p 0.3332 0.9333 26N 163W 70 26207m13s
44 6 -0339-Sep-1510:57:56 14529 373 -28921 A -p 0.3751 0.9293 24N 87E 68 28307m41s
45 7 -0321-Sep-2618:26:05 14276 366 -28698 A -p 0.4083 0.9256 22N 26W 66 30308m14s
46 8 -0303-Oct-0702:01:51 14028 360 -28475 A -p 0.4350 0.9223 19N 141W 64 32108m49s
47 9 -0285-Oct-1809:46:12 13786 354 -28252 A -p 0.4545 0.9195 16N 101E 63 33709m27s
48 10 -0267-Oct-2817:35:53 13548 348 -28029 A -p 0.4693 0.9174 13N 18W 62 35010m06s
49 11 -0249-Nov-0901:31:57 13316 342 -27806 A -p 0.4789 0.9158 11N 139W 61 36010m44s
50 12 -0231-Nov-1909:30:49 13089 336 -27583 A -p 0.4862 0.9150 9N 99E 61 36611m19s
51 13 -0213-Nov-3017:32:03 12866 330 -27360 A -p 0.4915 0.9148 7N 23W 61 36911m47s
52 14 -0195-Dec-1101:32:58 12647 325 -27137 A -p 0.4970 0.9153 6N 145W 60 37012m04s
53 15 -0177-Dec-2209:33:12 12433 319 -26914 A -p 0.5028 0.9165 6N 93E 60 36612m08s
54 16 -0158-Jan-0117:29:05 12222 313 -26691 A -p 0.5126 0.9184 7N 28W 59 36011m54s
55 17 -0140-Jan-1301:20:31 12016 307 -26468 A -p 0.5263 0.9208 10N 148W 58 35211m25s
56 18 -0122-Jan-2309:05:15 11813 302 -26245 A -p 0.5455 0.9238 13N 93E 57 34310m42s
57 19 -0104-Feb-0316:44:07 11613 296 -26022 A -p 0.5695 0.9271 17N 24W 55 33209m50s
58 20 -0086-Feb-1400:12:44 11417 291 -25799 A -p 0.6022 0.9307 22N 140W 53 32208m51s
59 21 -0068-Feb-2507:34:42 11224 285 -25576 A -p 0.6404 0.9345 28N 106E 50 31507m51s
60 22 -0050-Mar-0714:46:34 11034 280 -25353 A -p 0.6873 0.9383 35N 7W 46 31206m51s
61 23 -0032-Mar-1721:52:27 10847 274 -25130 A -p 0.7393 0.9421 43N 119W 42 31405m54s
62 24 -0014-Mar-2904:47:48 10662 269 -24907 A -p 0.8001 0.9456 52N 130E 37 33105m02s
63 25 0004-Apr-0811:38:55 10480 264 -24684 A -p 0.8646 0.9486 62N 17E 30 37504m15s
64 26 0022-Apr-1918:22:23 10300 259 -24461 A -t 0.9360 0.9506 72N 109W 20 52203m35s
65 27 0040-Apr-3001:03:01 10121 253 -24238 A+ -t 1.0099 0.9524 70N 70E 0 - -
66 28 0058-May-1107:39:01 9945 248 -24015 P -t 1.0881 0.8177 70N 42W 0 - -
67 29 0076-May-2114:15:33 9770 243 -23792 P -t 1.1663 0.6820 69N 154W 0 - -
68 30 0094-Jun-0120:51:16 9596 238 -23569 P -t 1.2457 0.5430 68N 95E 0 - -
69 31 0112-Jun-1203:28:48 9423 233 -23346 P -t 1.3242 0.4050 67N 16W 0 - -
70 32 0130-Jun-2310:09:15 9251 228 -23123 P -t 1.4008 0.2695 66N 127W 0 - -
71 33 0148-Jul-0316:54:51 9080 224 -22900 P -t 1.4740 0.1396 65N 121E 0 - -
72 34 0166-Jul-1423:46:26 8909 219 -22677 Pe -t 1.5427 0.0173 64N 7E 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 58

Solar eclipses of Saros 58 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on -1114 Jun 07. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on 0166 Jul 14. The total duration of Saros series 58 is 1280.14 years.

Summary of Saros 58
First Eclipse -1114 Jun 07
Last Eclipse 0166 Jul 14
Series Duration 1280.14 Years
No. of Eclipses 72
Sequence 21P 44A 7P

Saros 58 is composed of 72 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 58
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 72100.0%
PartialP 28 38.9%
AnnularA 44 61.1%
TotalT 0 0.0%
HybridH 0 0.0%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 58 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 58
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 44100.0%
Central (two limits) 42 95.5%
Central (one limit) 1 2.3%
Non-Central (one limit) 1 2.3%

The 72 eclipses in Saros 58 occur in the following order : 21P 44A 7P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 58 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 58
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse -0177 Dec 2212m08s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse -0735 Jan 2102m04s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse -0862 Nov 06 - 0.96122
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 0166 Jul 14 - 0.01725

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.