Saros 63

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 63

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 63

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 63 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 63
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-36 -0879-Apr-2019:29:11 23158 576 -35605 Pb t- 1.5194 0.0411 61N 121W 0 - -
2-35 -0861-May-0202:38:01 22849 569 -35382 P t- 1.4435 0.1795 61N 121E 0 - -
3-34 -0843-May-1209:43:36 22543 562 -35159 P t- 1.3640 0.3260 62N 5E 0 - -
4-33 -0825-May-2316:51:04 22238 555 -34936 P t- 1.2848 0.4732 62N 113W 0 - -
5-32 -0807-Jun-0223:57:58 21936 548 -34713 P t- 1.2040 0.6244 63N 130E 0 - -
6-31 -0789-Jun-1407:09:47 21635 542 -34490 P t- 1.1261 0.7709 64N 11E 0 - -
7-30 -0771-Jun-2414:24:17 21337 535 -34267 P t- 1.0497 0.9152 65N 108W 0 - -
8-29 -0753-Jul-0521:44:31 21041 528 -34044 T t- 0.9771 1.0328 77N 138E 12 56001m40s
9-28 -0735-Jul-1605:10:37 20746 521 -33821 T t- 0.9084 1.0373 89N 145W 24 30602m06s
10-27 -0717-Jul-2712:44:51 20454 514 -33598 T t- 0.8459 1.0398 79N 96E 32 25202m24s
11-26 -0699-Aug-0620:26:59 20164 507 -33375 T p- 0.7892 1.0410 70N 21W 38 22502m38s
12-25 -0681-Aug-1804:17:26 19876 500 -33152 T p- 0.7389 1.0416 62N 142W 42 20702m50s
13-24 -0663-Aug-2812:17:28 19590 493 -32929 T p- 0.6962 1.0416 55N 95E 46 19302m59s
14-23 -0645-Sep-0820:26:19 19306 486 -32706 T p- 0.6604 1.0412 48N 30W 48 18303m06s
15-22 -0627-Sep-1904:43:53 19024 479 -32483 T p- 0.6316 1.0405 41N 158W 51 17403m11s
16-21 -0609-Sep-3013:09:41 18744 472 -32260 T p- 0.6093 1.0398 36N 73E 52 16703m16s
17-20 -0591-Oct-1021:43:31 18467 465 -32037 T p- 0.5935 1.0392 30N 59W 53 16203m20s
18-19 -0573-Oct-2206:23:58 18191 458 -31814 T p- 0.5831 1.0387 26N 168E 54 15903m24s
19-18 -0555-Nov-0115:09:07 17918 451 -31591 T p- 0.5765 1.0385 21N 33E 55 15703m30s
20-17 -0537-Nov-1223:59:10 17646 444 -31368 T p- 0.5737 1.0387 18N 102W 55 15803m36s
21-16 -0519-Nov-2308:51:36 17377 437 -31145 T p- 0.5725 1.0393 15N 122E 55 16003m44s
22-15 -0501-Dec-0417:44:39 17109 431 -30922 T p- 0.5718 1.0404 13N 14W 55 16503m53s
23-14 -0483-Dec-1502:36:21 16790 424 -30699 T p- 0.5699 1.0419 12N 150W 55 17104m03s
24-13 -0465-Dec-2611:26:02 16479 417 -30476 T p- 0.5661 1.0440 11N 75E 55 17804m14s
25-12 -0446-Jan-0520:12:08 16177 411 -30253 T p- 0.5590 1.0465 10N 59W 56 18604m24s
26-11 -0428-Jan-1704:52:12 15883 404 -30030 T p- 0.5467 1.0494 10N 168E 57 19504m35s
27-10 -0410-Jan-2713:26:31 15597 398 -29807 T p- 0.5295 1.0525 11N 37E 58 20304m44s
28 -9 -0392-Feb-0721:53:00 15319 391 -29584 T p- 0.5058 1.0560 11N 91W 60 21204m53s
29 -8 -0374-Feb-1806:12:26 15047 385 -29361 T p- 0.4762 1.0594 12N 142E 61 22005m02s
30 -7 -0356-Feb-2914:22:38 14781 379 -29138 T n- 0.4388 1.0628 14N 18E 64 22705m11s
31 -6 -0338-Mar-1122:25:58 14522 372 -28915 T n- 0.3956 1.0660 15N 104W 67 23305m19s
32 -5 -0320-Mar-2206:20:40 14269 366 -28692 T n- 0.3453 1.0689 16N 136E 70 23805m28s
33 -4 -0302-Apr-0214:08:11 14021 360 -28469 T n- 0.2891 1.0713 18N 19E 73 24105m37s
34 -3 -0284-Apr-1221:48:32 13779 354 -28246 T n- 0.2272 1.0731 19N 96W 77 24305m47s
35 -2 -0266-Apr-2405:23:12 13542 348 -28023 T nn 0.1607 1.0742 20N 150E 81 24405m57s
36 -1 -0248-May-0412:53:14 13310 342 -27800 T nn 0.0903 1.0746 20N 38E 85 24306m07s
37 0 -0230-May-1520:18:28 13082 336 -27577 Tm nn 0.0163 1.0742 19N 72W 89 24106m16s
38 1 -0212-May-2603:42:03 12860 330 -27354 T nn -0.0587 1.0729 17N 177E 87 23706m23s
39 2 -0194-Jun-0611:03:46 12641 324 -27131 T -n -0.1346 1.0707 15N 67E 82 23206m26s
40 3 -0176-Jun-1618:26:01 12427 319 -26908 T -n -0.2099 1.0678 12N 44W 78 22606m23s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 63
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 4 -0158-Jun-2801:48:40 12217 313 -26685 T -n -0.2842 1.0639 7N 155W 74 21806m13s
42 5 -0140-Jul-0809:14:23 12010 307 -26462 T -p -0.3556 1.0594 2N 92E 69 20905m53s
43 6 -0122-Jul-1916:43:30 11807 302 -26239 T -p -0.4230 1.0541 3S 23W 65 19705m24s
44 7 -0104-Jul-3000:16:32 11608 296 -26016 T -p -0.4866 1.0484 9S 139W 61 18404m48s
45 8 -0086-Aug-1007:55:38 11412 290 -25793 T -p -0.5443 1.0422 16S 103E 57 16804m06s
46 9 -0068-Aug-2015:40:42 11219 285 -25570 T -p -0.5963 1.0357 22S 17W 53 14903m22s
47 10 -0050-Aug-3123:33:32 11029 280 -25347 T -p -0.6409 1.0290 29S 139W 50 12702m38s
48 11 -0032-Sep-1107:32:03 10842 274 -25124 T -p -0.6800 1.0224 35S 97E 47 10301m57s
49 12 -0014-Sep-2215:39:08 10657 269 -24901 T -p -0.7111 1.0158 42S 29W 44 7701m19s
50 13 0004-Oct-0223:52:06 10475 264 -24678 H -p -0.7367 1.0095 48S 156W 42 4800m46s
51 14 0022-Oct-1408:12:36 10295 258 -24455 H -p -0.7555 1.0037 54S 75E 41 1900m17s
52 15 0040-Oct-2416:37:41 10117 253 -24232 A -p -0.7698 0.9982 59S 54W 39 1000m08s
53 16 0058-Nov-0501:08:52 9940 248 -24009 A -p -0.7786 0.9934 64S 178E 39 3700m29s
54 17 0076-Nov-1509:42:29 9765 243 -23786 A -p -0.7847 0.9891 69S 51E 38 6200m46s
55 18 0094-Nov-2618:18:25 9591 238 -23563 A -p -0.7884 0.9855 73S 71W 38 8401m01s
56 19 0112-Dec-0702:54:18 9418 233 -23340 A -p -0.7918 0.9825 75S 172E 37 10301m13s
57 20 0130-Dec-1811:29:39 9247 228 -23117 A -p -0.7952 0.9800 76S 59E 37 11801m22s
58 21 0148-Dec-2820:00:35 9075 223 -22894 A -p -0.8015 0.9780 75S 53W 36 13201m30s
59 22 0167-Jan-0904:27:06 8904 219 -22671 A -p -0.8109 0.9765 72S 168W 35 14401m37s
60 23 0185-Jan-1912:46:38 8733 214 -22448 A -p -0.8255 0.9752 69S 74E 34 15701m42s
61 24 0203-Jan-3020:59:43 8563 209 -22225 A -p -0.8448 0.9742 66S 45W 32 17201m47s
62 25 0221-Feb-1005:01:51 8392 205 -22002 A -p -0.8723 0.9731 63S 163W 29 19501m52s
63 26 0239-Feb-2112:55:57 8220 200 -21779 A -t -0.9055 0.9719 61S 82E 25 23501m57s
64 27 0257-Mar-0320:38:21 8049 195 -21556 A -t -0.9475 0.9702 60S 28W 18 33402m03s
65 28 0275-Mar-1504:12:14 7876 191 -21333 As -t -0.9955 0.9661 61S 121W 4 - 02m10s
66 29 0293-Mar-2511:33:46 7703 186 -21110 P -t -1.0529 0.8844 61S 127E 0 - -
67 30 0311-Apr-0518:47:48 7529 182 -20887 P -t -1.1154 0.7739 61S 9E 0 - -
68 31 0329-Apr-1601:51:08 7354 178 -20664 P -t -1.1854 0.6502 61S 106W 0 - -
69 32 0347-Apr-2708:47:29 7178 173 -20441 P -t -1.2600 0.5186 62S 140E 0 - -
70 33 0365-May-0715:35:30 7002 169 -20218 P -t -1.3401 0.3774 62S 28E 0 - -
71 34 0383-May-1822:18:57 6825 165 -19995 P -t -1.4226 0.2326 63S 83W 0 - -
72 35 0401-May-2904:57:40 6647 161 -19772 Pe -t -1.5077 0.0838 64S 168E 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 63

Solar eclipses of Saros 63 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on -0879 Apr 20. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on 0401 May 29. The total duration of Saros series 63 is 1280.14 years.

Summary of Saros 63
First Eclipse -0879 Apr 20
Last Eclipse 0401 May 29
Series Duration 1280.14 Years
No. of Eclipses 72
Sequence 7P 42T 2H 14A 7P

Saros 63 is composed of 72 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 63
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 72100.0%
PartialP 14 19.4%
AnnularA 14 19.4%
TotalT 42 58.3%
HybridH 2 2.8%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 63 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 63
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 58100.0%
Central (two limits) 57 98.3%
Central (one limit) 1 1.7%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 72 eclipses in Saros 63 occur in the following order : 7P 42T 2H 14A 7P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 63 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 63
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse 0275 Mar 1502m10s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse 0040 Oct 2400m08s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse -0194 Jun 0606m26s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse -0014 Sep 2201m19s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 0004 Oct 0200m46s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 0022 Oct 1400m17s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse -0771 Jun 24 - 0.91522
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse -0879 Apr 20 - 0.04113

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.