Saros 64

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 64

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 64

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 64 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 64
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-36 -0832-Apr-1118:10:06 22358 558 -35024 Pb t- -1.5029 0.0556 71S 76E 0 - -
2-35 -0814-Apr-2301:37:41 22055 551 -34801 P t- -1.4422 0.1717 71S 51W 0 - -
3-34 -0796-May-0308:58:23 21753 544 -34578 P t- -1.3763 0.2976 70S 176W 0 - -
4-33 -0778-May-1416:16:40 21454 537 -34355 P t- -1.3089 0.4263 70S 61E 0 - -
5-32 -0760-May-2423:30:50 21157 531 -34132 P t- -1.2384 0.5602 69S 61W 0 - -
6-31 -0742-Jun-0506:45:25 20862 524 -33909 P t- -1.1688 0.6917 68S 177E 0 - -
7-30 -0724-Jun-1513:57:19 20569 517 -33686 P t- -1.0975 0.8252 67S 57E 0 - -
8-29 -0706-Jun-2621:12:31 20278 510 -33463 P t- -1.0294 0.9516 66S 64W 0 - -
9-28 -0688-Jul-0704:28:32 19989 503 -33240 T t- -0.9622 1.0234 50S 177W 15 29901m53s
10-27 -0670-Jul-1811:49:19 19702 496 -33017 T p- -0.8997 1.0208 40S 70E 26 16201m50s
11-26 -0652-Jul-2819:13:30 19418 489 -32794 T p- -0.8407 1.0166 34S 44W 33 10401m31s
12-25 -0634-Aug-0902:44:51 19135 482 -32571 T p- -0.7882 1.0117 30S 160W 38 6401m05s
13-24 -0616-Aug-1910:22:02 18855 474 -32348 H p- -0.7413 1.0062 29S 84E 42 3100m34s
14-23 -0598-Aug-3018:05:50 18576 467 -32125 H p- -0.7005 1.0004 28S 34W 45 200m02s
15-22 -0580-Sep-1001:56:47 18300 461 -31902 A p- -0.6665 0.9945 29S 154W 48 2500m30s
16-21 -0562-Sep-2109:55:18 18025 454 -31679 A p- -0.6397 0.9887 31S 84E 50 5101m00s
17-20 -0544-Oct-0118:00:48 17753 447 -31456 A p- -0.6192 0.9830 34S 39W 52 7501m29s
18-19 -0526-Oct-1302:12:01 17483 440 -31233 A p- -0.6044 0.9777 37S 164W 53 9801m56s
19-18 -0508-Oct-2310:29:16 17214 433 -31010 A p- -0.5951 0.9727 41S 70E 53 12002m20s
20-17 -0490-Nov-0318:50:46 16915 427 -30787 A p- -0.5902 0.9682 45S 56W 54 14002m42s
21-16 -0472-Nov-1403:14:54 16600 420 -30564 A p- -0.5882 0.9644 50S 177E 54 15803m01s
22-15 -0454-Nov-2511:40:16 16295 413 -30341 A p- -0.5880 0.9611 53S 52E 54 17403m18s
23-14 -0436-Dec-0520:05:23 15998 407 -30118 A p- -0.5883 0.9584 57S 71W 54 18703m32s
24-13 -0418-Dec-1704:28:00 15709 400 -29895 A p- -0.5873 0.9564 59S 167E 54 19703m43s
25-12 -0400-Dec-2712:45:58 15428 394 -29672 A p- -0.5831 0.9550 59S 48E 54 20303m54s
26-11 -0381-Jan-0720:58:39 15153 388 -29449 A p- -0.5755 0.9542 59S 69W 55 20504m03s
27-10 -0363-Jan-1805:04:25 14885 381 -29226 A p- -0.5633 0.9538 56S 174E 55 20504m11s
28 -9 -0345-Jan-2913:00:38 14624 375 -29003 A p- -0.5437 0.9540 52S 58E 57 20104m18s
29 -8 -0327-Feb-0820:47:42 14368 369 -28780 A p- -0.5176 0.9544 47S 59W 59 19504m27s
30 -7 -0309-Feb-2004:24:19 14118 363 -28557 A p- -0.4835 0.9551 41S 174W 61 18604m34s
31 -6 -0291-Mar-0211:51:24 13874 356 -28334 A p- -0.4426 0.9559 34S 72E 64 17804m42s
32 -5 -0273-Mar-1319:06:15 13635 350 -28111 A p- -0.3924 0.9569 27S 39W 67 17004m50s
33 -4 -0255-Mar-2402:12:30 13401 344 -27888 A nn -0.3358 0.9576 19S 149W 70 16304m57s
34 -3 -0237-Apr-0409:07:54 13172 338 -27665 A nn -0.2707 0.9582 11S 104E 74 15705m05s
35 -2 -0219-Apr-1415:55:37 12947 332 -27442 A nn -0.2000 0.9586 3S 2W 78 15405m11s
36 -1 -0201-Apr-2522:34:09 12727 327 -27219 Am nn -0.1222 0.9586 5N 105W 83 15205m16s
37 0 -0183-May-0605:08:04 12511 321 -26996 A nn -0.0412 0.9582 13N 154E 88 15205m20s
38 1 -0165-May-1711:36:10 12299 315 -26773 A nn 0.0442 0.9573 21N 55E 87 15605m21s
39 2 -0147-May-2718:01:05 12091 309 -26550 A nn 0.1318 0.9560 28N 43W 82 16205m21s
40 3 -0129-Jun-0800:24:15 11887 304 -26327 A nn 0.2203 0.9542 35N 139W 77 17205m19s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 64
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 4 -0111-Jun-1806:47:46 11686 298 -26104 A np 0.3083 0.9519 42N 127E 72 18505m17s
42 5 -0093-Jun-2913:12:54 11489 293 -25881 A -p 0.3944 0.9493 47N 33E 67 20305m17s
43 6 -0075-Jul-0919:40:17 11295 287 -25658 A -p 0.4781 0.9461 51N 59W 61 22605m18s
44 7 -0057-Jul-2102:13:07 11104 282 -25435 A -p 0.5570 0.9427 54N 152W 56 25405m23s
45 8 -0039-Jul-3108:51:42 10916 276 -25212 A -p 0.6310 0.9390 55N 115E 51 29005m31s
46 9 -0021-Aug-1115:37:12 10730 271 -24989 A -p 0.6988 0.9351 55N 20E 45 33405m42s
47 10 -0003-Aug-2122:31:05 10547 266 -24766 A -p 0.7596 0.9311 55N 79W 40 39005m57s
48 11 0015-Sep-0205:34:14 10366 260 -24543 A -p 0.8125 0.9272 54N 179E 35 46006m15s
49 12 0033-Sep-1212:47:15 10187 255 -24320 A -p 0.8574 0.9233 53N 73E 31 54806m36s
50 13 0051-Sep-2320:08:10 10010 250 -24097 A -p 0.8960 0.9197 52N 36W 26 66606m58s
51 14 0069-Oct-0403:39:43 9834 245 -23874 A -p 0.9258 0.9164 52N 150W 22 81907m21s
52 15 0087-Oct-1511:19:12 9660 240 -23651 A -p 0.9491 0.9136 52N 94E 18 102707m44s
53 16 0105-Oct-2519:07:40 9487 235 -23428 A -p 0.9656 0.9114 53N 26W 14 129608m04s
54 17 0123-Nov-0603:01:03 9314 230 -23205 An -p 0.9781 0.9098 54N 148W 11 - 08m20s
55 18 0141-Nov-1611:01:22 9143 225 -22982 An -p 0.9853 0.9090 56N 87E 9 - 08m31s
56 19 0159-Nov-2719:04:05 8972 220 -22759 An -p 0.9907 0.9088 58N 39W 7 - 08m34s
57 20 0177-Dec-0803:09:06 8801 216 -22536 An -p 0.9943 0.9093 60N 168W 4 - 08m28s
58 21 0195-Dec-1911:13:06 8630 211 -22313 A+ -p 0.9989 0.9521 65N 65E 0 - -
59 22 0213-Dec-2919:16:07 8459 206 -22090 A+ -p 1.0045 0.9438 67N 67W 0 - -
60 23 0232-Jan-1003:14:41 8288 202 -21867 A+ -t 1.0140 0.9294 68N 162E 0 - -
61 24 0250-Jan-2011:08:30 8116 197 -21644 P -t 1.0276 0.9082 69N 31E 0 - -
62 25 0268-Jan-3118:55:49 7944 193 -21421 P -t 1.0467 0.8776 70N 98W 0 - -
63 26 0286-Feb-1102:37:03 7771 188 -21198 P -t 1.0709 0.8384 71N 133E 0 - -
64 27 0304-Feb-2210:09:03 7598 184 -20975 P -t 1.1030 0.7852 71N 6E 0 - -
65 28 0322-Mar-0417:34:20 7423 179 -20752 P -t 1.1411 0.7213 72N 120W 0 - -
66 29 0340-Mar-1500:51:12 7248 175 -20529 P -t 1.1865 0.6443 72N 116E 0 - -
67 30 0358-Mar-2608:02:24 7072 171 -20306 P -t 1.2369 0.5576 72N 7W 0 - -
68 31 0376-Apr-0515:04:51 6895 167 -20083 P -t 1.2948 0.4569 72N 127W 0 - -
69 32 0394-Apr-1622:03:45 6717 163 -19860 P -t 1.3562 0.3490 71N 114E 0 - -
70 33 0412-Apr-2704:56:20 6539 159 -19637 P -t 1.4233 0.2298 70N 3W 0 - -
71 34 0430-May-0811:47:07 6361 154 -19414 Pe -t 1.4921 0.1065 70N 119W 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 64

Solar eclipses of Saros 64 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on -0832 Apr 11. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on 0430 May 08. The total duration of Saros series 64 is 1262.11 years.

Summary of Saros 64
First Eclipse -0832 Apr 11
Last Eclipse 0430 May 08
Series Duration 1262.11 Years
No. of Eclipses 71
Sequence 8P 4T 2H 46A 11P

Saros 64 is composed of 71 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 64
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 71100.0%
PartialP 19 26.8%
AnnularA 46 64.8%
TotalT 4 5.6%
HybridH 2 2.8%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 64 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 64
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 52100.0%
Central (two limits) 45 86.5%
Central (one limit) 4 7.7%
Non-Central (one limit) 3 5.8%

The 71 eclipses in Saros 64 occur in the following order : 8P 4T 2H 46A 11P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 64 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 64
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse 0159 Nov 2708m34s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse -0580 Sep 1000m30s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse -0688 Jul 0701m53s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse -0634 Aug 0901m05s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -0616 Aug 1900m34s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -0598 Aug 3000m02s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse -0706 Jun 26 - 0.95163
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse -0832 Apr 11 - 0.05557

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.