Saros 65

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 65

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 65

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 65 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 65
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-33 -0749-Apr-2411:17:03 20978 526 -33997 Pb t- 1.5142 0.0834 61N 11W 0 - -
2-32 -0731-May-0417:40:37 20684 520 -33774 P t- 1.4326 0.2228 62N 117W 0 - -
3-31 -0713-May-1600:00:08 20393 513 -33551 P t- 1.3472 0.3687 62N 138E 0 - -
4-30 -0695-May-2606:18:24 20103 506 -33328 P t- 1.2601 0.5178 63N 33E 0 - -
5-29 -0677-Jun-0612:36:07 19815 499 -33105 P t- 1.1721 0.6683 64N 72W 0 - -
6-28 -0659-Jun-1618:56:22 19530 491 -32882 P t- 1.0854 0.8163 64N 177W 0 - -
7-27 -0641-Jun-2801:18:03 19246 484 -32659 A+ t- 0.9994 0.9629 65N 76E 0 - -
8-26 -0623-Jul-0807:46:16 18965 477 -32436 A t- 0.9183 0.9375 88N 35E 23 59904m17s
9-25 -0605-Jul-1914:19:25 18686 470 -32213 A p- 0.8409 0.9383 80N 54E 32 42804m40s
10-24 -0587-Jul-2921:01:34 18408 463 -31990 A p- 0.7701 0.9382 71N 43W 39 36205m06s
11-23 -0569-Aug-1003:50:51 18133 456 -31767 A p- 0.7046 0.9375 62N 146W 45 32805m34s
12-22 -0551-Aug-2010:51:12 17860 449 -31544 A p- 0.6479 0.9365 54N 107E 49 31006m03s
13-21 -0533-Aug-3118:00:23 17589 443 -31321 A p- 0.5979 0.9354 47N 3W 53 29906m34s
14-20 -0515-Sep-1101:20:02 17320 436 -31098 A p- 0.5561 0.9343 39N 116W 56 29307m03s
15-19 -0497-Sep-2208:49:41 17041 429 -30875 A p- 0.5217 0.9332 33N 128E 58 29007m32s
16-18 -0479-Oct-0216:29:42 16723 423 -30652 A p- 0.4952 0.9324 27N 10E 60 28907m57s
17-17 -0461-Oct-1400:18:44 16415 416 -30429 A p- 0.4757 0.9318 21N 110W 61 28808m20s
18-16 -0443-Oct-2408:14:59 16115 409 -30206 A p- 0.4613 0.9318 16N 128E 62 28608m38s
19-15 -0425-Nov-0416:18:46 15823 403 -29983 A p- 0.4526 0.9322 12N 4E 63 28308m50s
20-14 -0407-Nov-1500:27:10 15538 396 -29760 A p- 0.4467 0.9332 9N 120W 63 27808m55s
21-13 -0389-Nov-2608:39:02 15261 390 -29537 A p- 0.4430 0.9349 6N 115E 64 27008m51s
22-12 -0371-Dec-0616:51:37 14990 384 -29314 A p- 0.4392 0.9372 4N 11W 64 26008m35s
23-11 -0353-Dec-1801:04:21 14726 377 -29091 A p- 0.4348 0.9402 2N 136W 64 24608m07s
24-10 -0335-Dec-2809:14:52 14468 371 -28868 A p- 0.4278 0.9439 1N 100E 65 22907m28s
25 -9 -0316-Jan-0817:21:21 14216 365 -28645 A p- 0.4166 0.9482 1N 23W 65 20906m41s
26 -8 -0298-Jan-1901:22:52 13970 359 -28422 A p- 0.4005 0.9531 1N 145W 66 18605m48s
27 -7 -0280-Jan-3009:18:18 13729 353 -28199 A p- 0.3785 0.9584 2N 94E 68 16204m55s
28 -6 -0262-Feb-0917:06:25 13493 347 -27976 A p- 0.3496 0.9643 3N 24W 70 13704m02s
29 -5 -0244-Feb-2100:47:12 13262 341 -27753 A p- 0.3137 0.9704 4N 140W 72 11103m12s
30 -4 -0226-Mar-0308:20:42 13035 335 -27530 A n- 0.2708 0.9769 6N 106E 74 8502m24s
31 -3 -0208-Mar-1315:47:46 12813 329 -27307 A n- 0.2212 0.9833 7N 7W 77 6101m41s
32 -2 -0190-Mar-2423:06:45 12596 323 -27084 A nn 0.1641 0.9897 8N 117W 81 3701m01s
33 -1 -0172-Apr-0406:20:42 12382 317 -26861 A nn 0.1017 0.9959 9N 134E 84 1400m24s
34 0 -0154-Apr-1513:28:49 12173 312 -26638 H nn 0.0336 1.0019 10N 27E 88 700m11s
35 1 -0136-Apr-2520:34:27 11967 306 -26415 H nn -0.0379 1.0074 10N 79W 88 2600m44s
36 2 -0118-May-0703:35:24 11765 300 -26192 Hm nn -0.1143 1.0125 10N 176E 83 4301m15s
37 3 -0100-May-1710:37:08 11567 295 -25969 H2 nn -0.1911 1.0170 8N 71E 79 5901m44s
38 4 -0082-May-2817:37:23 11371 289 -25746 T nn -0.2697 1.0209 6N 34W 74 7402m11s
39 5 -0064-Jun-0800:40:14 11179 284 -25523 T -n -0.3470 1.0241 3N 141W 70 8702m34s
40 6 -0046-Jun-1907:44:13 10990 278 -25300 T -p -0.4243 1.0265 1S 112E 65 9902m52s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 65
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 7 -0028-Jun-2914:53:39 10803 273 -25077 T -p -0.4977 1.0283 6S 3E 60 11003m03s
42 8 -0010-Jul-1022:07:36 10619 268 -24854 T -p -0.5680 1.0294 12S 108W 55 12103m06s
43 9 0008-Jul-2105:27:53 10437 262 -24631 T -p -0.6337 1.0298 18S 139E 51 13003m03s
44 10 0026-Aug-0112:55:32 10257 257 -24408 T -p -0.6939 1.0296 25S 23E 46 13902m53s
45 11 0044-Aug-1120:31:46 10079 252 -24185 T -p -0.7476 1.0290 32S 96W 41 14702m40s
46 12 0062-Aug-2304:16:51 9903 247 -23962 T -p -0.7949 1.0280 39S 143E 37 15502m24s
47 13 0080-Sep-0212:10:51 9728 242 -23739 T -p -0.8354 1.0267 45S 18E 33 16402m08s
48 14 0098-Sep-1320:14:20 9555 237 -23516 T -p -0.8687 1.0253 52S 110W 29 17301m53s
49 15 0116-Sep-2404:27:16 9382 232 -23293 T -p -0.8949 1.0239 59S 118E 26 18201m39s
50 16 0134-Oct-0512:48:06 9210 227 -23070 T -p -0.9152 1.0226 65S 16W 23 19301m29s
51 17 0152-Oct-1521:17:53 9039 222 -22847 T -p -0.9290 1.0217 70S 155W 21 20201m20s
52 18 0170-Oct-2705:54:14 8868 218 -22624 T -p -0.9381 1.0212 74S 64E 20 21301m15s
53 19 0188-Nov-0614:37:15 8697 213 -22401 T -p -0.9422 1.0213 78S 81W 19 22201m13s
54 20 0206-Nov-1723:23:03 8527 208 -22178 T -p -0.9445 1.0218 82S 129E 19 23301m12s
55 21 0224-Nov-2808:13:15 8356 204 -21955 T -p -0.9438 1.0230 85S 35W 19 24401m15s
56 22 0242-Dec-0917:03:41 8184 199 -21732 T -p -0.9437 1.0246 86S 134E 19 26101m19s
57 23 0260-Dec-2001:54:17 8012 194 -21509 T -p -0.9437 1.0267 83S 40W 19 28201m25s
58 24 0278-Dec-3110:41:40 7840 190 -21286 T -p -0.9469 1.0291 79S 171E 18 31501m32s
59 25 0297-Jan-1019:26:31 7666 186 -21063 T -p -0.9527 1.0318 75S 30E 17 36401m40s
60 26 0315-Jan-2204:06:02 7492 181 -20840 T -p -0.9635 1.0344 72S 104W 15 44801m48s
61 27 0333-Feb-0112:39:42 7317 177 -20617 T -t -0.9794 1.0368 68S 128E 11 65301m54s
62 28 0351-Feb-1221:06:33 7141 173 -20394 T- -t -1.0017 1.0104 62S 14E 0 - -
63 29 0369-Feb-2305:26:21 6965 168 -20171 P -t -1.0299 0.9585 61S 121W 0 - -
64 30 0387-Mar-0613:38:09 6787 164 -19948 P -t -1.0653 0.8926 61S 107E 0 - -
65 31 0405-Mar-1621:42:24 6610 160 -19725 P -t -1.1072 0.8136 61S 24W 0 - -
66 32 0423-Mar-2805:39:13 6431 156 -19502 P -t -1.1554 0.7216 61S 152W 0 - -
67 33 0441-Apr-0713:29:37 6253 152 -19279 P -t -1.2091 0.6184 61S 80E 0 - -
68 34 0459-Apr-1821:12:18 6075 148 -19056 P -t -1.2693 0.5023 61S 45W 0 - -
69 35 0477-Apr-2904:50:10 5898 144 -18833 P -t -1.3331 0.3784 62S 169W 0 - -
70 36 0495-May-1012:22:37 5722 140 -18610 P -t -1.4012 0.2460 63S 68E 0 - -
71 37 0513-May-2019:52:38 5545 137 -18387 Pe -t -1.4713 0.1097 63S 54W 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 65

Solar eclipses of Saros 65 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on -0749 Apr 24. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on 0513 May 20. The total duration of Saros series 65 is 1262.11 years.

Summary of Saros 65
First Eclipse -0749 Apr 24
Last Eclipse 0513 May 20
Series Duration 1262.11 Years
No. of Eclipses 71
Sequence 6P 27A 4H 25T 9P

Saros 65 is composed of 71 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 65
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 71100.0%
PartialP 15 21.1%
AnnularA 27 38.0%
TotalT 25 35.2%
HybridH 4 5.6%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 65 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 65
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 56100.0%
Central (two limits) 54 96.4%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 2 3.6%

The 71 eclipses in Saros 65 occur in the following order : 6P 27A 4H 25T 9P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 65 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 65
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse -0407 Nov 1508m55s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse -0172 Apr 0400m24s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse -0010 Jul 1003m06s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse 0206 Nov 1701m12s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -0100 May 1701m44s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -0154 Apr 1500m11s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse 0369 Feb 23 - 0.95851
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse -0749 Apr 24 - 0.08344

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.