Saros 67

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 67

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 67

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 67 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 67
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-37 -0709-Mar-0406:55:43 20331 511 -33504 Pb t- 1.5026 0.0609 61N 93E 0 - -
2-36 -0691-Mar-1414:47:35 20042 504 -33281 P t- 1.4597 0.1419 61N 35W 0 - -
3-35 -0673-Mar-2522:32:45 19755 497 -33058 P t- 1.4118 0.2324 61N 162W 0 - -
4-34 -0655-Apr-0506:07:59 19470 490 -32835 P t- 1.3564 0.3374 61N 75E 0 - -
5-33 -0637-Apr-1613:37:59 19187 483 -32612 P t- 1.2971 0.4495 61N 48W 0 - -
6-32 -0619-Apr-2621:00:19 18906 476 -32389 P t- 1.2325 0.5718 61N 168W 0 - -
7-31 -0601-May-0804:18:12 18627 469 -32166 P t- 1.1646 0.6997 62N 72E 0 - -
8-30 -0583-May-1811:31:07 18350 462 -31943 P t- 1.0935 0.8331 62N 46W 0 - -
9-29 -0565-May-2918:41:54 18075 455 -31720 P t- 1.0214 0.9673 63N 165W 0 - -
10-28 -0547-Jun-0901:50:56 17803 448 -31497 T t- 0.9484 1.0266 76N 118E 18 29301m28s
11-27 -0529-Jun-2008:59:21 17532 441 -31274 T p- 0.8756 1.0253 80N 60E 29 18001m30s
12-26 -0511-Jun-3016:09:32 17264 434 -31051 T p- 0.8052 1.0223 77N 9W 36 12901m26s
13-25 -0493-Jul-1123:22:01 16973 428 -30828 T p- 0.7377 1.0183 71N 101W 42 9301m16s
14-24 -0475-Jul-2206:38:35 16658 421 -30605 T p- 0.6741 1.0136 64N 156E 47 6401m00s
15-23 -0457-Aug-0213:59:33 16351 415 -30382 H p- 0.6150 1.0083 57N 48E 52 3700m39s
16-22 -0439-Aug-1221:26:55 16052 408 -30159 H p- 0.5619 1.0026 50N 64W 56 1100m13s
17-21 -0421-Aug-2405:00:45 15762 402 -29936 A p- 0.5153 0.9966 44N 179W 59 1400m18s
18-20 -0403-Sep-0312:40:57 15479 395 -29713 A p- 0.4747 0.9905 37N 64E 61 3800m54s
19-19 -0385-Sep-1420:28:56 15203 389 -29490 A p- 0.4415 0.9845 31N 56W 64 6101m32s
20-18 -0367-Sep-2504:24:19 14934 382 -29267 A n- 0.4151 0.9786 25N 177W 65 8302m14s
21-17 -0349-Oct-0612:26:56 14671 376 -29044 A n- 0.3956 0.9730 19N 60E 67 10502m56s
22-16 -0331-Oct-1620:35:07 14415 370 -28821 A n- 0.3815 0.9677 14N 65W 67 12503m40s
23-15 -0313-Oct-2804:48:42 14164 364 -28598 A n- 0.3728 0.9630 10N 169E 68 14404m22s
24-14 -0295-Nov-0713:06:28 13919 358 -28375 A n- 0.3683 0.9587 6N 43E 68 16105m03s
25-13 -0277-Nov-1821:25:58 13679 351 -28152 A n- 0.3659 0.9551 3N 84W 69 17605m40s
26-12 -0259-Nov-2905:46:56 13444 345 -27929 A n- 0.3654 0.9521 0N 149E 69 18806m12s
27-11 -0241-Dec-1014:06:15 13213 339 -27706 A n- 0.3640 0.9498 2S 23E 69 19806m35s
28-10 -0223-Dec-2022:23:54 12988 334 -27483 A n- 0.3621 0.9481 3S 103W 69 20506m50s
29 -9 -0204-Jan-0106:35:15 12767 328 -27260 A n- 0.3554 0.9471 3S 133E 69 20806m55s
30 -8 -0186-Jan-1114:42:21 12550 322 -27037 A n- 0.3458 0.9465 3S 10E 70 20906m51s
31 -7 -0168-Jan-2222:40:48 12338 316 -26814 A n- 0.3293 0.9465 2S 111W 71 20806m40s
32 -6 -0150-Feb-0206:31:13 12129 310 -26591 A n- 0.3069 0.9469 1S 131E 72 20406m25s
33 -5 -0132-Feb-1314:10:57 11924 305 -26368 A nn 0.2762 0.9476 0N 15E 74 20006m09s
34 -4 -0114-Feb-2321:41:48 11723 299 -26145 A nn 0.2388 0.9485 2N 99W 76 19405m53s
35 -3 -0096-Mar-0605:01:56 11525 294 -25922 A nn 0.1929 0.9495 3N 151E 79 18805m38s
36 -2 -0078-Mar-1712:11:08 11330 288 -25699 A nn 0.1387 0.9506 4N 43E 82 18305m27s
37 -1 -0060-Mar-2719:10:27 11139 283 -25476 Am nn 0.0770 0.9515 6N 62W 86 17805m21s
38 0 -0042-Apr-0802:00:44 10950 277 -25253 A nn 0.0085 0.9522 6N 164W 89 17505m19s
39 1 -0024-Apr-1808:42:28 10764 272 -25030 A nn -0.0665 0.9527 7N 96E 86 17305m22s
40 2 -0006-Apr-2915:16:51 10580 267 -24807 A nn -0.1471 0.9528 6N 3W 82 17405m32s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 67
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 3 0012-May-0921:45:41 10399 261 -24584 A nn -0.2317 0.9525 5N 100W 77 17805m48s
42 4 0030-May-2104:10:41 10220 256 -24361 A np -0.3187 0.9518 2N 164E 71 18506m09s
43 5 0048-May-3110:31:52 10042 251 -24138 A -p -0.4084 0.9506 2S 68E 66 19706m33s
44 6 0066-Jun-1116:52:52 9866 246 -23915 A -p -0.4977 0.9488 6S 28W 60 21606m58s
45 7 0084-Jun-2123:13:50 9692 241 -23692 A -p -0.5865 0.9466 12S 125W 54 24207m19s
46 8 0102-Jul-0305:38:37 9518 236 -23469 A -p -0.6719 0.9439 19S 136E 48 28007m33s
47 9 0120-Jul-1312:05:21 9346 231 -23246 A -p -0.7553 0.9407 27S 36E 41 33507m36s
48 10 0138-Jul-2418:39:41 9174 226 -23023 A -p -0.8318 0.9370 36S 68W 33 42207m29s
49 11 0156-Aug-0401:19:09 9003 221 -22800 A -p -0.9039 0.9328 46S 174W 25 58807m11s
50 12 0174-Aug-1508:08:04 8832 217 -22577 A -t -0.9680 0.9278 59S 71E 14 111306m42s
51 13 0192-Aug-2515:03:49 8662 212 -22354 P -t -1.0263 0.9114 71S 64W 0 - -
52 14 0210-Sep-0522:10:47 8491 207 -22131 P -t -1.0755 0.8276 72S 174E 0 - -
53 15 0228-Sep-1605:26:11 8320 203 -21908 P -t -1.1175 0.7562 72S 51E 0 - -
54 16 0246-Sep-2712:51:27 8148 198 -21685 P -t -1.1516 0.6986 72S 75W 0 - -
55 17 0264-Oct-0720:25:40 7976 193 -21462 P -t -1.1785 0.6532 72S 156E 0 - -
56 18 0282-Oct-1904:09:32 7803 189 -21239 P -t -1.1980 0.6204 71S 26E 0 - -
57 19 0300-Oct-2912:00:42 7630 185 -21016 P -t -1.2117 0.5975 71S 106W 0 - -
58 20 0318-Nov-0919:58:08 7455 180 -20793 P -t -1.2208 0.5823 70S 121E 0 - -
59 21 0336-Nov-2004:00:27 7280 176 -20570 P -t -1.2262 0.5734 69S 13W 0 - -
60 22 0354-Dec-0112:06:54 7104 172 -20347 P -t -1.2291 0.5688 68S 146W 0 - -
61 23 0372-Dec-1120:13:48 6927 168 -20124 P -t -1.2319 0.5643 67S 80E 0 - -
62 24 0390-Dec-2304:21:22 6750 163 -19901 P -t -1.2348 0.5596 65S 53W 0 - -
63 25 0409-Jan-0212:26:00 6572 159 -19678 P -t -1.2406 0.5501 64S 175E 0 - -
64 26 0427-Jan-1320:28:26 6394 155 -19455 P -t -1.2487 0.5368 64S 44E 0 - -
65 27 0445-Jan-2404:23:58 6215 151 -19232 P -t -1.2629 0.5128 63S 84W 0 - -
66 28 0463-Feb-0412:15:08 6038 147 -19009 P -t -1.2812 0.4818 62S 148E 0 - -
67 29 0481-Feb-1419:58:08 5861 143 -18786 P -t -1.3067 0.4381 62S 23E 0 - -
68 30 0499-Feb-2603:34:12 5685 140 -18563 P -t -1.3381 0.3836 61S 101W 0 - -
69 31 0517-Mar-0811:01:41 5508 136 -18340 P -t -1.3769 0.3158 61S 138E 0 - -
70 32 0535-Mar-1918:22:45 5332 132 -18117 P -t -1.4212 0.2374 61S 18E 0 - -
71 33 0553-Mar-3001:36:41 5157 128 -17894 P -t -1.4719 0.1467 61S 100W 0 - -
72 34 0571-Apr-1008:43:32 4984 125 -17671 Pe -t -1.5287 0.0444 61S 144E 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 67

Solar eclipses of Saros 67 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on -0709 Mar 04. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on 0571 Apr 10. The total duration of Saros series 67 is 1280.14 years.

Summary of Saros 67
First Eclipse -0709 Mar 04
Last Eclipse 0571 Apr 10
Series Duration 1280.14 Years
No. of Eclipses 72
Sequence 9P 5T 2H 34A 22P

Saros 67 is composed of 72 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 67
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 72100.0%
PartialP 31 43.1%
AnnularA 34 47.2%
TotalT 5 6.9%
HybridH 2 2.8%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 67 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 67
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 41100.0%
Central (two limits) 41100.0%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 72 eclipses in Saros 67 occur in the following order : 9P 5T 2H 34A 22P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 67 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 67
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse 0120 Jul 1307m36s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse -0421 Aug 2400m18s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse -0529 Jun 2001m30s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse -0475 Jul 2201m00s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -0457 Aug 0200m39s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -0439 Aug 1200m13s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse -0565 May 29 - 0.96731
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 0571 Apr 10 - 0.04438

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.