Saros 69

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 69

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 69

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 69 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 69
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-42 -0724-Dec-0902:48:25 20561 517 -33680 Pb t- 1.5522 0.0054 67N 130W 0 - -
2-41 -0706-Dec-2011:15:18 20270 510 -33457 P t- 1.5449 0.0163 66N 91E 0 - -
3-40 -0688-Dec-3019:39:59 19982 503 -33234 P t- 1.5352 0.0313 65N 47W 0 - -
4-39 -0669-Jan-1103:59:20 19695 496 -33011 P t- 1.5202 0.0556 64N 177E 0 - -
5-38 -0651-Jan-2112:14:08 19410 488 -32788 P t- 1.5008 0.0878 63N 43E 0 - -
6-37 -0633-Feb-0120:22:02 19128 481 -32565 P t- 1.4749 0.1320 63N 90W 0 - -
7-36 -0615-Feb-1204:22:59 18847 474 -32342 P t- 1.4427 0.1882 62N 140E 0 - -
8-35 -0597-Feb-2312:16:26 18569 467 -32119 P t- 1.4033 0.2579 61N 11E 0 - -
9-34 -0579-Mar-0520:03:04 18292 460 -31896 P t- 1.3578 0.3400 61N 115W 0 - -
10-33 -0561-Mar-1703:41:52 18018 453 -31673 P t- 1.3049 0.4365 61N 120E 0 - -
11-32 -0543-Mar-2711:14:57 17746 447 -31450 P t- 1.2464 0.5447 61N 3W 0 - -
12-31 -0525-Apr-0718:41:52 17475 440 -31227 P t- 1.1821 0.6651 61N 124W 0 - -
13-30 -0507-Apr-1802:05:37 17207 433 -31004 P t- 1.1139 0.7939 61N 115E 0 - -
14-29 -0489-Apr-2909:23:52 16906 426 -30781 P t- 1.0404 0.9339 61N 5W 0 - -
15-28 -0471-May-0916:41:24 16592 420 -30558 T t- 0.9653 1.0386 67N 93W 15 51002m06s
16-27 -0453-May-2023:56:39 16287 413 -30335 T t- 0.8876 1.0460 69N 176W 27 33402m40s
17-26 -0435-May-3107:13:44 15991 407 -30112 T p- 0.8102 1.0514 69N 94E 36 29103m07s
18-25 -0417-Jun-1114:30:28 15702 400 -29889 T p- 0.7319 1.0555 67N 1E 43 27003m31s
19-24 -0399-Jun-2121:52:02 15420 394 -29666 T p- 0.6568 1.0585 64N 97W 49 25603m53s
20-23 -0381-Jul-0305:16:32 15146 387 -29443 T p- 0.5839 1.0606 60N 159E 54 24604m13s
21-22 -0363-Jul-1312:46:54 14878 381 -29220 T p- 0.5152 1.0618 54N 51E 59 23704m30s
22-21 -0345-Jul-2420:22:19 14617 375 -28997 T p- 0.4504 1.0621 48N 61W 63 22904m44s
23-20 -0327-Aug-0404:05:45 14361 369 -28774 T p- 0.3919 1.0618 42N 176W 67 22104m54s
24-19 -0309-Aug-1511:56:28 14112 362 -28551 T n- 0.3395 1.0609 36N 65E 70 21205m00s
25-18 -0291-Aug-2519:54:47 13868 356 -28328 T n- 0.2932 1.0595 29N 56W 73 20505m02s
26-17 -0273-Sep-0604:02:02 13629 350 -28105 T n- 0.2544 1.0578 23N 179W 75 19705m00s
27-16 -0255-Sep-1612:17:35 13395 344 -27882 T n- 0.2224 1.0559 17N 55E 77 18904m55s
28-15 -0237-Sep-2720:41:54 13166 338 -27659 T n- 0.1975 1.0539 11N 74W 79 18104m50s
29-14 -0219-Oct-0805:12:59 12941 332 -27436 T n- 0.1782 1.0519 5N 156E 80 17504m43s
30-13 -0201-Oct-1913:51:54 12721 326 -27213 T n- 0.1653 1.0501 0N 25E 80 16904m37s
31-12 -0183-Oct-2922:36:10 12505 321 -26990 T n- 0.1567 1.0486 4S 108W 81 16404m32s
32-11 -0165-Nov-1007:25:10 12293 315 -26767 T n- 0.1521 1.0475 8S 119E 81 16004m28s
33-10 -0147-Nov-2016:17:16 12086 309 -26544 T n- 0.1497 1.0468 11S 15W 81 15704m26s
34 -9 -0129-Dec-0201:11:42 11882 304 -26321 T n- 0.1491 1.0465 13S 150W 82 15604m25s
35 -8 -0111-Dec-1210:05:15 11681 298 -26098 T n- 0.1479 1.0467 15S 77E 82 15704m26s
36 -7 -0093-Dec-2318:57:12 11484 292 -25875 T n- 0.1454 1.0474 15S 56W 82 15904m28s
37 -6 -0074-Jan-0303:45:36 11290 287 -25652 T n- 0.1399 1.0485 15S 171E 82 16304m30s
38 -5 -0056-Jan-1412:30:11 11099 282 -25429 T n- 0.1311 1.0499 15S 40E 83 16704m33s
39 -4 -0038-Jan-2421:07:09 10911 276 -25206 T n- 0.1162 1.0517 13S 90W 83 17204m37s
40 -3 -0020-Feb-0505:38:16 10725 271 -24983 Tm nn 0.0965 1.0536 12S 142E 85 17804m40s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 69
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 -2 -0002-Feb-1514:00:20 10542 266 -24760 T nn 0.0695 1.0557 10S 16E 86 18404m45s
42 -1 0016-Feb-2622:15:49 10361 260 -24537 T nn 0.0370 1.0576 8S 108W 88 19004m50s
43 0 0034-Mar-0906:20:30 10182 255 -24314 T nn -0.0043 1.0594 6S 131E 90 19504m56s
44 1 0052-Mar-1914:19:05 10005 250 -24091 T nn -0.0507 1.0609 4S 11E 87 20005m02s
45 2 0070-Mar-3022:07:45 9829 245 -23868 T -n -0.1050 1.0619 2S 107W 84 20405m08s
46 3 0088-Apr-1005:50:28 9655 240 -23645 T -n -0.1641 1.0625 1S 137E 81 20705m15s
47 4 0106-Apr-2113:24:47 9482 235 -23422 T -n -0.2299 1.0623 1S 24E 77 20905m22s
48 5 0124-May-0120:54:53 9310 230 -23199 T -n -0.2988 1.0615 1S 89W 73 21105m26s
49 6 0142-May-1304:19:10 9138 225 -22976 T -p -0.3721 1.0598 3S 159E 68 21105m28s
50 7 0160-May-2311:39:46 8967 220 -22753 T -p -0.4479 1.0573 5S 49E 63 21005m25s
51 8 0178-Jun-0318:57:18 8796 216 -22530 T -p -0.5254 1.0540 9S 62W 58 20905m14s
52 9 0196-Jun-1402:14:05 8625 211 -22307 T -p -0.6026 1.0498 13S 173W 53 20704m54s
53 10 0214-Jun-2509:30:24 8455 206 -22084 T -p -0.6795 1.0448 19S 76E 47 20304m23s
54 11 0232-Jul-0516:47:39 8283 202 -21861 T -p -0.7546 1.0389 26S 37W 41 19903m44s
55 12 0250-Jul-1700:07:39 8112 197 -21638 T -p -0.8263 1.0322 34S 151W 34 19402m57s
56 13 0268-Jul-2707:31:31 7940 193 -21415 T -t -0.8937 1.0247 43S 91E 26 18802m07s
57 14 0286-Aug-0714:59:14 7767 188 -21192 T -t -0.9569 1.0161 55S 31W 16 19401m15s
58 15 0304-Aug-1722:32:50 7593 184 -20969 P -t -1.0144 0.9707 71S 173W 0 - -
59 16 0322-Aug-2906:12:49 7419 179 -20746 P -t -1.0657 0.8738 71S 58E 0 - -
60 17 0340-Sep-0814:00:25 7243 175 -20523 P -t -1.1097 0.7914 72S 74W 0 - -
61 18 0358-Sep-1921:53:45 7067 171 -20300 P -t -1.1483 0.7200 72S 153E 0 - -
62 19 0376-Sep-3005:55:36 6890 167 -20077 P -t -1.1790 0.6635 72S 18E 0 - -
63 20 0394-Oct-1114:03:50 6712 162 -19854 P -t -1.2039 0.6181 72S 119W 0 - -
64 21 0412-Oct-2122:19:07 6534 158 -19631 P -t -1.2224 0.5847 71S 103E 0 - -
65 22 0430-Nov-0206:38:26 6356 154 -19408 P -t -1.2368 0.5589 70S 36W 0 - -
66 23 0448-Nov-1215:02:54 6178 150 -19185 P -t -1.2464 0.5418 69S 176W 0 - -
67 24 0466-Nov-2323:29:25 6000 146 -18962 P -t -1.2536 0.5291 68S 45E 0 - -
68 25 0484-Dec-0407:56:53 5823 143 -18739 P -t -1.2594 0.5189 67S 94W 0 - -
69 26 0502-Dec-1516:23:39 5647 139 -18516 P -t -1.2651 0.5090 66S 128E 0 - -
70 27 0520-Dec-2600:48:22 5470 135 -18293 P -t -1.2720 0.4971 65S 9W 0 - -
71 28 0539-Jan-0609:08:35 5295 131 -18070 P -t -1.2817 0.4805 64S 145W 0 - -
72 29 0557-Jan-1617:22:32 5120 128 -17847 P -t -1.2958 0.4560 63S 82E 0 - -
73 30 0575-Jan-2801:29:52 4947 124 -17624 P -t -1.3146 0.4236 62S 50W 0 - -
74 31 0593-Feb-0709:29:08 4776 120 -17401 P -t -1.3395 0.3806 62S 179W 0 - -
75 32 0611-Feb-1817:18:11 4605 117 -17178 P -t -1.3718 0.3247 61S 54E 0 - -
76 33 0629-Mar-0100:58:01 4436 113 -16955 P -t -1.4106 0.2574 61S 71W 0 - -
77 34 0647-Mar-1208:27:14 4268 110 -16732 P -t -1.4572 0.1766 61S 168E 0 - -
78 35 0665-Mar-2215:47:11 4103 107 -16509 Pe -t -1.5105 0.0842 61S 48E 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 69

Solar eclipses of Saros 69 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on -0724 Dec 09. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on 0665 Mar 22. The total duration of Saros series 69 is 1388.32 years.

Summary of Saros 69
First Eclipse -0724 Dec 09
Last Eclipse 0665 Mar 22
Series Duration 1388.32 Years
No. of Eclipses 78
Sequence 14P 43T 21P

Saros 69 is composed of 78 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 69
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 78100.0%
PartialP 35 44.9%
AnnularA 0 0.0%
TotalT 43 55.1%
HybridH 0 0.0%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 69 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 69
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 43100.0%
Central (two limits) 43100.0%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 78 eclipses in Saros 69 occur in the following order : 14P 43T 21P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 69 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 69
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Solar Eclipse 0142 May 1305m28s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse 0286 Aug 0701m15s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse 0304 Aug 17 - 0.97065
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse -0724 Dec 09 - 0.00539

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.