Saros 72

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 72

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 72

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 72 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 72
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-37 -0727-Aug-1603:49:48 20615 518 -33721 Pb t- -1.5439 0.0208 62S 154E 0 - -
2-36 -0709-Aug-2711:16:05 20324 511 -33498 P t- -1.4933 0.1097 61S 32E 0 - -
3-35 -0691-Sep-0618:54:09 20035 504 -33275 P t- -1.4509 0.1841 61S 93W 0 - -
4-34 -0673-Sep-1802:41:02 19747 497 -33052 P t- -1.4146 0.2476 61S 141E 0 - -
5-33 -0655-Sep-2810:39:43 19462 490 -32829 P t- -1.3868 0.2964 61S 11E 0 - -
6-32 -0637-Oct-0918:46:16 19179 483 -32606 P t- -1.3643 0.3357 61S 120W 0 - -
7-31 -0619-Oct-2003:01:41 18898 476 -32383 P t- -1.3484 0.3634 61S 106E 0 - -
8-30 -0601-Oct-3111:23:19 18620 469 -32160 P t- -1.3368 0.3837 61S 29W 0 - -
9-29 -0583-Nov-1019:51:24 18343 462 -31937 P t- -1.3300 0.3954 62S 166W 0 - -
10-28 -0565-Nov-2204:21:53 18068 455 -31714 P t- -1.3242 0.4052 63S 56E 0 - -
11-27 -0547-Dec-0212:54:24 17796 448 -31491 P t- -1.3195 0.4132 63S 83W 0 - -
12-26 -0529-Dec-1321:26:46 17525 441 -31268 P t- -1.3140 0.4225 64S 138E 0 - -
13-25 -0511-Dec-2405:58:28 17256 434 -31045 P t- -1.3078 0.4332 65S 1W 0 - -
14-24 -0492-Jan-0414:25:34 16965 428 -30822 P t- -1.2970 0.4522 66S 139W 0 - -
15-23 -0474-Jan-1422:49:05 16649 421 -30599 P t- -1.2827 0.4776 68S 83E 0 - -
16-22 -0456-Jan-2607:05:58 16343 414 -30376 P t- -1.2622 0.5144 69S 54W 0 - -
17-21 -0438-Feb-0515:17:50 16044 408 -30153 P t- -1.2370 0.5605 70S 170E 0 - -
18-20 -0420-Feb-1623:20:52 15754 401 -29930 P t- -1.2040 0.6212 70S 35E 0 - -
19-19 -0402-Feb-2707:18:28 15472 395 -29707 P t- -1.1657 0.6924 71S 99W 0 - -
20-18 -0384-Mar-0915:07:25 15196 389 -29484 P t- -1.1196 0.7791 72S 129E 0 - -
21-17 -0366-Mar-2022:50:52 14927 382 -29261 P t- -1.0683 0.8766 72S 2W 0 - -
22-16 -0348-Mar-3106:26:35 14664 376 -29038 P t- -1.0097 0.9886 72S 131W 0 - -
23-15 -0330-Apr-1113:58:08 14408 370 -28815 T t- -0.9469 1.0360 60S 65E 18 38102m28s
24-14 -0312-Apr-2121:24:20 14157 364 -28592 T t- -0.8789 1.0438 49S 62W 28 30603m20s
25-13 -0294-May-0304:47:02 13912 357 -28369 T p- -0.8073 1.0505 38S 179E 36 28204m11s
26-12 -0276-May-1312:07:29 13672 351 -28146 T p- -0.7329 1.0559 29S 62E 43 27004m57s
27-11 -0258-May-2419:27:00 13437 345 -27923 T p- -0.6569 1.0605 21S 52W 49 26305m37s
28-10 -0240-Jun-0402:47:13 13207 339 -27700 T p- -0.5808 1.0641 14S 166W 54 25806m08s
29 -9 -0222-Jun-1510:08:09 12982 333 -27477 T p- -0.5048 1.0668 7S 80E 60 25306m28s
30 -8 -0204-Jun-2517:32:44 12761 328 -27254 T p- -0.4310 1.0685 2S 33W 64 24806m36s
31 -7 -0186-Jul-0701:00:50 12545 322 -27031 T n- -0.3595 1.0695 3N 147W 69 24206m35s
32 -6 -0168-Jul-1708:34:02 12332 316 -26808 T n- -0.2919 1.0695 6N 99E 73 23606m25s
33 -5 -0150-Jul-2816:13:01 12124 310 -26585 T n- -0.2287 1.0689 8N 16W 77 23006m11s
34 -4 -0132-Aug-0723:59:36 11919 305 -26362 T n- -0.1716 1.0676 8N 133W 80 22405m53s
35 -3 -0114-Aug-1907:53:41 11718 299 -26139 T n- -0.1204 1.0658 8N 108E 83 21605m36s
36 -2 -0096-Aug-2915:55:19 11520 293 -25916 T nn -0.0754 1.0636 7N 13W 86 20905m18s
37 -1 -0078-Sep-1000:05:25 11325 288 -25693 T nn -0.0373 1.0611 5N 136W 88 20105m02s
38 0 -0060-Sep-2008:23:47 11134 283 -25470 T nn -0.0063 1.0584 2N 99E 90 19204m48s
39 1 -0042-Oct-0116:49:55 10945 277 -25247 T nn 0.0184 1.0558 1S 29W 89 18404m35s
40 2 -0024-Oct-1201:23:03 10759 272 -25024 T nn 0.0372 1.0532 5S 158W 88 17604m25s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 72
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 3 -0006-Oct-2310:02:48 10575 266 -24801 T nn 0.0504 1.0509 8S 71E 87 16904m17s
42 4 0012-Nov-0218:48:23 10394 261 -24578 Tm -n 0.0588 1.0488 12S 61W 87 16204m11s
43 5 0030-Nov-1403:37:12 10215 256 -24355 T -n 0.0643 1.0473 15S 167E 86 15804m08s
44 6 0048-Nov-2412:29:56 10037 251 -24132 T -n 0.0665 1.0461 17S 33E 86 15404m07s
45 7 0066-Dec-0521:22:56 9862 246 -23909 T -n 0.0682 1.0454 19S 100W 86 15204m08s
46 8 0084-Dec-1606:16:23 9687 241 -23686 T -n 0.0697 1.0451 20S 127E 86 15104m10s
47 9 0102-Dec-2715:06:02 9514 236 -23463 T -n 0.0742 1.0454 19S 5W 86 15204m15s
48 10 0121-Jan-0623:53:53 9341 231 -23240 T -n 0.0801 1.0460 18S 137W 86 15404m20s
49 11 0139-Jan-1808:35:33 9170 226 -23017 T -n 0.0905 1.0469 16S 92E 85 15704m27s
50 12 0157-Jan-2817:11:36 8999 221 -22794 T -n 0.1058 1.0482 12S 37W 84 16104m34s
51 13 0175-Feb-0901:39:10 8828 216 -22571 T -n 0.1276 1.0495 8S 165W 83 16604m41s
52 14 0193-Feb-1909:59:56 8657 212 -22348 T -n 0.1551 1.0509 3S 68E 81 17104m47s
53 15 0211-Mar-0218:11:23 8486 207 -22125 T -n 0.1898 1.0521 3N 57W 79 17604m51s
54 16 0229-Mar-1302:14:21 8315 202 -21902 T -n 0.2311 1.0532 10N 180E 77 18004m52s
55 17 0247-Mar-2410:08:23 8143 198 -21679 T -n 0.2795 1.0538 17N 58E 74 18504m50s
56 18 0265-Apr-0317:54:42 7971 193 -21456 T -n 0.3340 1.0540 24N 61W 70 18904m44s
57 19 0283-Apr-1501:32:42 7799 189 -21233 T -p 0.3950 1.0537 32N 178W 67 19304m32s
58 20 0301-Apr-2509:04:03 7625 185 -21010 T -p 0.4609 1.0526 40N 66E 62 19604m16s
59 21 0319-May-0616:28:57 7451 180 -20787 T -p 0.5317 1.0508 48N 47W 58 19903m56s
60 22 0337-May-1623:49:52 7275 176 -20564 T -p 0.6052 1.0481 56N 158W 52 20103m31s
61 23 0355-May-2807:05:26 7099 172 -20341 T -p 0.6826 1.0446 65N 95E 47 20403m04s
62 24 0373-Jun-0714:20:04 6923 167 -20118 T -p 0.7600 1.0401 73N 8W 40 20802m36s
63 25 0391-Jun-1821:32:09 6745 163 -19895 T -t 0.8389 1.0346 80N 94W 33 21602m06s
64 26 0409-Jun-2904:46:10 6567 159 -19672 T -t 0.9152 1.0279 82N 135W 23 23901m35s
65 27 0427-Jul-1011:59:15 6389 155 -19449 T -t 0.9912 1.0181 69N 167E 6 57200m55s
66 28 0445-Jul-2019:16:46 6211 151 -19226 P -t 1.0628 0.8843 63N 56E 0 - -
67 29 0463-Aug-0102:36:28 6033 147 -19003 P -t 1.1317 0.7555 63N 64W 0 - -
68 30 0481-Aug-1110:01:51 5856 143 -18780 P -t 1.1948 0.6385 62N 175E 0 - -
69 31 0499-Aug-2217:31:45 5680 139 -18557 P -t 1.2531 0.5316 61N 53E 0 - -
70 32 0517-Sep-0201:09:19 5503 136 -18334 P -t 1.3042 0.4390 61N 71W 0 - -
71 33 0535-Sep-1308:53:19 5327 132 -18111 P -t 1.3492 0.3587 61N 164E 0 - -
72 34 0553-Sep-2316:44:07 5152 128 -17888 P -t 1.3879 0.2905 61N 37E 0 - -
73 35 0571-Oct-0500:42:02 4979 125 -17665 P -t 1.4199 0.2350 61N 92W 0 - -
74 36 0589-Oct-1508:47:00 4807 121 -17442 P -t 1.4452 0.1919 61N 137E 0 - -
75 37 0607-Oct-2616:58:11 4636 118 -17219 P -t 1.4651 0.1587 62N 5E 0 - -
76 38 0625-Nov-0601:13:51 4467 114 -16996 P -t 1.4804 0.1335 62N 129W 0 - -
77 39 0643-Nov-1709:34:03 4299 111 -16773 P -t 1.4916 0.1157 63N 96E 0 - -
78 40 0661-Nov-2717:56:41 4133 107 -16550 P -t 1.5000 0.1025 64N 39W 0 - -
79 41 0679-Dec-0902:19:52 3969 104 -16327 P -t 1.5072 0.0913 65N 176W 0 - -
80 42 0697-Dec-1910:42:09 3806 101 -16104 P -t 1.5143 0.0799 66N 48E 0 - -
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 72
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
81 43 0715-Dec-3019:01:51 3646 97 -15881 P -t 1.5227 0.0662 67N 88W 0 - -
82 44 0734-Jan-1003:16:53 3488 94 -15658 P -t 1.5341 0.0471 68N 137E 0 - -
83 45 0752-Jan-2111:25:17 3333 91 -15435 Pe -t 1.5499 0.0202 69N 2E 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 72

Solar eclipses of Saros 72 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on -0727 Aug 16. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on 0752 Jan 21. The total duration of Saros series 72 is 1478.47 years.

Summary of Saros 72
First Eclipse -0727 Aug 16
Last Eclipse 0752 Jan 21
Series Duration 1478.47 Years
No. of Eclipses 83
Sequence 22P 43T 18P

Saros 72 is composed of 83 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 72
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 83100.0%
PartialP 40 48.2%
AnnularA 0 0.0%
TotalT 43 51.8%
HybridH 0 0.0%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 72 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 72
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 43100.0%
Central (two limits) 43100.0%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 83 eclipses in Saros 72 occur in the following order : 22P 43T 18P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 72 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 72
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Solar Eclipse -0204 Jun 2506m36s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse 0427 Jul 1000m55s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse -0348 Mar 31 - 0.98857
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 0752 Jan 21 - 0.02017

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.