Saros 75

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 75

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 75

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 75 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 75
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-35 -0586-Jul-1823:58:55 18394 463 -31978 P t- 1.4765 0.1352 67N 71E 0 - -
2-34 -0568-Jul-2907:03:33 18118 456 -31755 P t- 1.4083 0.2556 68N 47W 0 - -
3-33 -0550-Aug-0914:17:29 17846 449 -31532 P t- 1.3465 0.3649 69N 169W 0 - -
4-32 -0532-Aug-1921:41:09 17575 442 -31309 P t- 1.2915 0.4622 70N 67E 0 - -
5-31 -0514-Aug-3105:15:46 17306 436 -31086 P t- 1.2445 0.5454 71N 61W 0 - -
6-30 -0496-Sep-1013:00:35 17024 429 -30863 P t- 1.2047 0.6158 71N 168E 0 - -
7-29 -0478-Sep-2120:55:23 16707 422 -30640 P t- 1.1722 0.6734 72N 34E 0 - -
8-28 -0460-Oct-0205:00:21 16398 416 -30417 P t- 1.1471 0.7179 72N 103W 0 - -
9-27 -0442-Oct-1313:14:28 16099 409 -30194 P t- 1.1286 0.7508 72N 118E 0 - -
10-26 -0424-Oct-2321:35:41 15807 403 -29971 P t- 1.1151 0.7750 71N 23W 0 - -
11-25 -0406-Nov-0406:03:53 15523 396 -29748 P t- 1.1065 0.7907 70N 164W 0 - -
12-24 -0388-Nov-1414:36:39 15246 390 -29525 P t- 1.1008 0.8015 70N 54E 0 - -
13-23 -0370-Nov-2523:12:59 14976 383 -29302 P t- 1.0975 0.8082 69N 89W 0 - -
14-22 -0352-Dec-0607:49:26 14712 377 -29079 P t- 1.0935 0.8163 68N 130E 0 - -
15-21 -0334-Dec-1716:26:52 14455 371 -28856 P t- 1.0897 0.8245 66N 12W 0 - -
16-20 -0316-Dec-2801:01:38 14203 365 -28633 P t- 1.0828 0.8384 65N 152W 0 - -
17-19 -0297-Jan-0809:32:48 13957 359 -28410 P t- 1.0725 0.8586 64N 70E 0 - -
18-18 -0279-Jan-1817:58:29 13716 352 -28187 P t- 1.0571 0.8886 63N 67W 0 - -
19-17 -0261-Jan-3002:18:40 13480 346 -27964 P t- 1.0366 0.9284 63N 157E 0 - -
20-16 -0243-Feb-0910:32:26 13249 340 -27741 P t- 1.0099 0.9800 62N 24E 0 - -
21-15 -0225-Feb-2018:38:20 13023 335 -27518 T t- 0.9762 1.0159 55N 89W 12 25601m06s
22-14 -0207-Mar-0302:37:37 12801 329 -27295 T t- 0.9360 1.0242 51N 154E 20 23101m42s
23-13 -0189-Mar-1410:29:16 12584 323 -27072 T t- 0.8891 1.0320 48N 38E 27 23102m15s
24-12 -0171-Mar-2418:14:28 12371 317 -26849 T p- 0.8359 1.0394 47N 77W 33 23502m45s
25-11 -0153-Apr-0501:52:54 12162 311 -26626 T p- 0.7763 1.0463 47N 170E 39 24003m13s
26-10 -0135-Apr-1509:26:44 11956 306 -26403 T p- 0.7120 1.0526 47N 59E 44 24503m39s
27 -9 -0117-Apr-2616:56:03 11754 300 -26180 T p- 0.6434 1.0583 47N 50W 50 24804m04s
28 -8 -0099-May-0700:21:38 11556 294 -25957 T p- 0.5710 1.0633 47N 158W 55 25104m28s
29 -7 -0081-May-1807:45:21 11361 289 -25734 T p- 0.4965 1.0674 46N 95E 60 25304m52s
30 -6 -0063-May-2815:07:59 11169 284 -25511 T p- 0.4208 1.0707 45N 12W 65 25305m15s
31 -5 -0045-Jun-0822:31:19 10980 278 -25288 T n- 0.3450 1.0731 43N 119W 70 25305m37s
32 -4 -0027-Jun-1905:54:50 10793 273 -25065 T n- 0.2692 1.0746 39N 132E 74 25105m57s
33 -3 -0009-Jun-3013:22:17 10609 267 -24842 T n- 0.1964 1.0753 35N 22E 78 24906m14s
34 -2 0009-Jul-1020:52:53 10427 262 -24619 T n- 0.1263 1.0750 30N 89W 83 24506m25s
35 -1 0027-Jul-2204:28:52 10248 257 -24396 T nn 0.0604 1.0741 25N 156E 86 24106m31s
36 0 0045-Aug-0112:10:16 10070 252 -24173 Tm nn -0.0010 1.0724 19N 40E 90 23506m30s
37 1 0063-Aug-1219:59:20 9894 247 -23950 T nn -0.0562 1.0702 13N 79W 87 22906m22s
38 2 0081-Aug-2303:55:45 9719 242 -23727 T nn -0.1051 1.0675 7N 160E 84 22106m08s
39 3 0099-Sep-0311:59:01 9545 237 -23504 T -n -0.1482 1.0645 0N 37E 81 21305m50s
40 4 0117-Sep-1320:11:17 9373 232 -23281 T -n -0.1838 1.0612 6S 88W 79 20405m29s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 75
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 5 0135-Sep-2504:31:06 9201 227 -23058 T -n -0.2132 1.0578 12S 145E 78 19505m08s
42 6 0153-Oct-0512:59:31 9030 222 -22835 T -n -0.2354 1.0545 18S 16E 76 18504m47s
43 7 0171-Oct-1621:33:27 8859 217 -22612 T -n -0.2528 1.0514 23S 114W 75 17604m27s
44 8 0189-Oct-2706:15:12 8688 213 -22389 T -n -0.2635 1.0485 28S 115E 75 16704m10s
45 9 0207-Nov-0715:00:53 8517 208 -22166 T -n -0.2710 1.0461 32S 17W 74 15903m55s
46 10 0225-Nov-1723:50:54 8346 203 -21943 T -n -0.2748 1.0440 35S 149W 74 15303m43s
47 11 0243-Nov-2908:42:16 8175 199 -21720 T -n -0.2773 1.0424 38S 80E 74 14803m33s
48 12 0261-Dec-0917:35:16 8003 194 -21497 T -n -0.2784 1.0413 40S 51W 74 14403m26s
49 13 0279-Dec-2102:26:15 7830 190 -21274 T -n -0.2810 1.0406 40S 179E 73 14203m21s
50 14 0297-Dec-3111:14:53 7657 185 -21051 T -n -0.2854 1.0404 40S 49E 73 14103m19s
51 15 0316-Jan-1119:59:13 7483 181 -20828 T -n -0.2934 1.0406 38S 80W 73 14203m18s
52 16 0334-Jan-2204:39:03 7308 177 -20605 T -n -0.3051 1.0410 37S 152E 72 14403m19s
53 17 0352-Feb-0213:10:41 7132 172 -20382 T -n -0.3235 1.0417 34S 25E 71 14703m21s
54 18 0370-Feb-1221:35:51 6955 168 -20159 T -n -0.3469 1.0425 32S 101W 70 15103m23s
55 19 0388-Feb-2405:51:49 6778 164 -19936 T -n -0.3779 1.0432 29S 136E 68 15503m27s
56 20 0406-Mar-0614:00:48 6600 160 -19713 T -p -0.4146 1.0438 27S 13E 65 15903m31s
57 21 0424-Mar-1621:58:44 6422 156 -19490 T -p -0.4600 1.0441 25S 106W 62 16403m34s
58 22 0442-Mar-2805:50:02 6243 152 -19267 T -p -0.5105 1.0440 23S 135E 59 16903m37s
59 23 0460-Apr-0713:31:01 6065 148 -19044 T -p -0.5690 1.0434 23S 20E 55 17303m38s
60 24 0478-Apr-1821:05:53 5888 144 -18821 T -p -0.6319 1.0421 24S 95W 51 17803m36s
61 25 0496-Apr-2904:31:41 5712 140 -18598 T -p -0.7018 1.0400 26S 153E 45 18503m29s
62 26 0514-May-1011:53:22 5535 136 -18375 T -p -0.7743 1.0371 30S 42E 39 19403m16s
63 27 0532-May-2019:08:38 5359 133 -18152 T -t -0.8509 1.0330 35S 68W 31 21002m53s
64 28 0550-Jun-0102:20:54 5184 129 -17929 T -t -0.9292 1.0276 44S 177W 21 25402m18s
65 29 0568-Jun-1109:29:54 5011 125 -17706 P -t -1.0091 0.9869 65S 80E 0 - -
66 30 0586-Jun-2216:38:23 4839 122 -17483 P -t -1.0882 0.8381 66S 38W 0 - -
67 31 0604-Jul-0223:46:49 4668 118 -17260 P -t -1.1664 0.6920 67S 157W 0 - -
68 32 0622-Jul-1406:56:16 4498 115 -17037 P -t -1.2425 0.5509 68S 84E 0 - -
69 33 0640-Jul-2414:09:09 4330 111 -16814 P -t -1.3146 0.4187 69S 36W 0 - -
70 34 0658-Aug-0421:25:40 4163 108 -16591 P -t -1.3824 0.2956 70S 158W 0 - -
71 35 0676-Aug-1504:47:32 3999 105 -16368 P -t -1.4449 0.1838 71S 78E 0 - -
72 36 0694-Aug-2612:14:54 3836 101 -16145 Pe -t -1.5019 0.0834 71S 48W 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 75

Solar eclipses of Saros 75 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on -0586 Jul 18. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on 0694 Aug 26. The total duration of Saros series 75 is 1280.14 years.

Summary of Saros 75
First Eclipse -0586 Jul 18
Last Eclipse 0694 Aug 26
Series Duration 1280.14 Years
No. of Eclipses 72
Sequence 20P 44T 8P

Saros 75 is composed of 72 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 75
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 72100.0%
PartialP 28 38.9%
AnnularA 0 0.0%
TotalT 44 61.1%
HybridH 0 0.0%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 75 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 75
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 44100.0%
Central (two limits) 44100.0%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 72 eclipses in Saros 75 occur in the following order : 20P 44T 8P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 75 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 75
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Solar Eclipse 0027 Jul 2206m31s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse -0225 Feb 2001m06s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse 0568 Jun 11 - 0.98690
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 0694 Aug 26 - 0.08338

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.