Saros 76

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 76

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 76

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 76 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 76
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-38 -0575-Jun-1802:27:21 18227 459 -31843 Pb t- -1.5193 0.0154 67S 144W 0 - -
2-37 -0557-Jun-2909:55:38 17953 452 -31620 P t- -1.4504 0.1500 66S 92E 0 - -
3-36 -0539-Jul-0917:29:22 17681 445 -31397 P t- -1.3860 0.2757 65S 32W 0 - -
4-35 -0521-Jul-2101:05:53 17412 438 -31174 P t- -1.3240 0.3962 64S 157W 0 - -
5-34 -0503-Jul-3108:50:04 17144 431 -30951 P t- -1.2682 0.5042 63S 76E 0 - -
6-33 -0485-Aug-1116:39:19 16831 425 -30728 P t- -1.2166 0.6033 62S 52W 0 - -
7-32 -0467-Aug-2200:36:35 16519 418 -30505 P t- -1.1718 0.6887 62S 178E 0 - -
8-31 -0449-Sep-0208:40:36 16216 412 -30282 P t- -1.1327 0.7622 61S 47E 0 - -
9-30 -0431-Sep-1216:53:32 15921 405 -30059 P t- -1.1014 0.8206 61S 86W 0 - -
10-29 -0413-Sep-2401:13:44 15634 399 -29836 P t- -1.0762 0.8668 61S 139E 0 - -
11-28 -0395-Oct-0409:40:58 15355 392 -29613 P t- -1.0571 0.9011 61S 2E 0 - -
12-27 -0377-Oct-1518:14:54 15082 386 -29390 P t- -1.0439 0.9241 61S 136W 0 - -
13-26 -0359-Oct-2602:54:47 14816 380 -29167 P t- -1.0364 0.9366 61S 84E 0 - -
14-25 -0341-Nov-0611:38:45 14556 373 -28944 P t- -1.0325 0.9423 62S 57W 0 - -
15-24 -0323-Nov-1620:25:34 14302 367 -28721 P t- -1.0317 0.9424 62S 162E 0 - -
16-23 -0305-Nov-2805:13:47 14053 361 -28498 P t- -1.0325 0.9397 63S 19E 0 - -
17-22 -0287-Dec-0814:02:11 13810 355 -28275 P t- -1.0343 0.9356 64S 123W 0 - -
18-21 -0269-Dec-1922:47:38 13573 349 -28052 P t- -1.0344 0.9346 65S 94E 0 - -
19-20 -0251-Dec-3007:30:28 13340 343 -27829 P t- -1.0331 0.9366 66S 48W 0 - -
20-19 -0232-Jan-1016:07:32 13112 337 -27606 P t- -1.0279 0.9458 67S 171E 0 - -
21-18 -0214-Jan-2100:38:34 12888 331 -27383 P t- -1.0184 0.9632 68S 31E 0 - -
22-17 -0196-Feb-0109:01:03 12669 325 -27160 P p- -1.0026 0.9921 69S 107W 0 - -
23-16 -0178-Feb-1117:16:03 12454 319 -26937 T p- -0.9814 1.0078 76S 87E 10 15400m26s
24-15 -0160-Feb-2301:21:49 12244 314 -26714 T p- -0.9537 1.0099 74S 77W 17 11700m36s
25-14 -0142-Mar-0509:17:28 12037 308 -26491 T p- -0.9181 1.0118 68S 139E 23 10300m46s
26-13 -0124-Mar-1517:03:53 11834 302 -26268 T p- -0.8758 1.0131 60S 8E 28 9300m56s
27-12 -0106-Mar-2700:40:49 11634 297 -26045 T p- -0.8262 1.0142 51S 116W 34 8601m07s
28-11 -0088-Apr-0608:09:29 11437 291 -25822 T p- -0.7708 1.0148 43S 124E 39 7901m16s
29-10 -0070-Apr-1715:28:41 11244 286 -25599 T p- -0.7085 1.0149 34S 8E 45 7201m22s
30 -9 -0052-Apr-2722:41:39 11054 280 -25376 T p- -0.6417 1.0143 26S 105W 50 6401m25s
31 -8 -0034-May-0905:47:39 10866 275 -25153 H p- -0.5698 1.0131 18S 144E 55 5501m23s
32 -7 -0016-May-1912:48:52 10681 270 -24930 H p- -0.4949 1.0112 10S 35E 60 4401m15s
33 -6 0002-May-3019:45:27 10499 264 -24707 H p- -0.4169 1.0087 3S 72W 65 3301m00s
34 -5 0020-Jun-1002:40:19 10318 259 -24484 H n- -0.3384 1.0055 3N 178W 70 2000m38s
35 -4 0038-Jun-2109:34:01 10140 254 -24261 H nn -0.2597 1.0016 9N 77E 75 600m11s
36 -3 0056-Jul-0116:27:42 9963 249 -24038 A nn -0.1817 0.9972 13N 27W 80 1000m20s
37 -2 0074-Jul-1223:23:42 9788 244 -23815 Am nn -0.1065 0.9922 17N 131W 84 2700m52s
38 -1 0092-Jul-2306:22:55 9614 239 -23592 A nn -0.0346 0.9869 19N 124E 88 4601m26s
39 0 0110-Aug-0313:27:15 9441 234 -23369 A nn 0.0321 0.9812 20N 19E 88 6702m00s
40 1 0128-Aug-1320:36:11 9269 229 -23146 A nn 0.0942 0.9752 20N 87W 84 8902m35s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 76
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 2 0146-Aug-2503:52:22 9097 224 -22923 A nn 0.1496 0.9692 19N 164E 81 11203m11s
42 3 0164-Sep-0411:15:21 8926 219 -22700 A nn 0.1985 0.9632 18N 54E 78 13603m48s
43 4 0182-Sep-1518:45:25 8756 214 -22477 A -n 0.2408 0.9574 16N 59W 76 15904m27s
44 5 0200-Sep-2602:23:27 8585 210 -22254 A -n 0.2756 0.9517 13N 174W 74 18305m08s
45 6 0218-Oct-0710:08:38 8414 205 -22031 A -n 0.3036 0.9465 10N 69E 72 20505m51s
46 7 0236-Oct-1718:01:33 8243 201 -21808 A -n 0.3246 0.9417 7N 51W 71 22606m37s
47 8 0254-Oct-2901:58:37 8071 196 -21585 A -p 0.3416 0.9374 5N 171W 70 24607m23s
48 9 0272-Nov-0810:01:57 7899 191 -21362 A -p 0.3526 0.9337 2N 67E 69 26208m10s
49 10 0290-Nov-1918:07:41 7726 187 -21139 A -p 0.3607 0.9307 0N 56W 69 27608m56s
50 11 0308-Nov-3002:16:14 7552 183 -20916 A -p 0.3663 0.9284 1S 179W 69 28809m37s
51 12 0326-Dec-1110:23:15 7377 178 -20693 A -p 0.3723 0.9267 2S 58E 68 29610m11s
52 13 0344-Dec-2118:30:07 7201 174 -20470 A -p 0.3781 0.9258 2S 65W 68 30210m34s
53 14 0363-Jan-0202:32:46 7025 170 -20247 A -p 0.3869 0.9254 0S 173E 67 30510m44s
54 15 0381-Jan-1210:30:42 6848 166 -20024 A -p 0.3989 0.9256 2N 52E 66 30510m40s
55 16 0399-Jan-2318:21:29 6670 162 -19801 A -p 0.4164 0.9263 5N 67W 65 30410m25s
56 17 0417-Feb-0302:05:15 6492 157 -19578 A -p 0.4393 0.9274 9N 175E 64 30209m59s
57 18 0435-Feb-1409:39:21 6314 153 -19355 A -p 0.4696 0.9289 15N 59E 62 30009m26s
58 19 0453-Feb-2417:04:26 6136 149 -19132 A -p 0.5070 0.9305 21N 56W 59 29908m48s
59 20 0471-Mar-0800:19:27 5958 146 -18909 A -p 0.5521 0.9323 27N 168W 56 30108m07s
60 21 0489-Mar-1807:25:54 5782 142 -18686 A -p 0.6037 0.9340 35N 82E 53 30607m25s
61 22 0507-Mar-2914:20:43 5605 138 -18463 A -p 0.6646 0.9356 43N 27W 48 31806m42s
62 23 0525-Apr-0821:08:34 5429 134 -18240 A -p 0.7308 0.9369 52N 134W 43 34206m01s
63 24 0543-Apr-2003:47:19 5253 130 -18017 A -p 0.8043 0.9378 62N 118E 36 38905m23s
64 25 0561-Apr-3010:21:28 5079 127 -17794 A -p 0.8810 0.9379 73N 4E 28 49104m48s
65 26 0579-May-1116:47:56 4906 123 -17571 A -t 0.9637 0.9366 80N 163W 15 92404m15s
66 27 0597-May-2123:13:16 4735 120 -17348 P -t 1.0471 0.8817 68N 46E 0 - -
67 28 0615-Jun-0205:34:52 4565 116 -17125 P -t 1.1336 0.7340 67N 61W 0 - -
68 29 0633-Jun-1211:57:13 4396 113 -16902 P -t 1.2191 0.5879 66N 168W 0 - -
69 30 0651-Jun-2318:19:14 4229 109 -16679 P -t 1.3047 0.4411 65N 85E 0 - -
70 31 0669-Jul-0400:45:58 4064 106 -16456 P -t 1.3864 0.3010 65N 22W 0 - -
71 32 0687-Jul-1507:16:16 3900 103 -16233 P -t 1.4654 0.1657 64N 130W 0 - -
72 33 0705-Jul-2513:52:28 3739 99 -16010 Pe -t 1.5396 0.0386 63N 121E 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 76

Solar eclipses of Saros 76 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on -0575 Jun 18. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on 0705 Jul 25. The total duration of Saros series 76 is 1280.14 years.

Summary of Saros 76
First Eclipse -0575 Jun 18
Last Eclipse 0705 Jul 25
Series Duration 1280.14 Years
No. of Eclipses 72
Sequence 22P 8T 5H 30A 7P

Saros 76 is composed of 72 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 76
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 72100.0%
PartialP 29 40.3%
AnnularA 30 41.7%
TotalT 8 11.1%
HybridH 5 6.9%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 76 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 76
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 43100.0%
Central (two limits) 43100.0%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 72 eclipses in Saros 76 occur in the following order : 22P 8T 5H 30A 7P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 76 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 76
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse 0363 Jan 0210m44s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse 0056 Jul 0100m20s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse -0052 Apr 2701m25s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse -0178 Feb 1100m26s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -0034 May 0901m23s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 0038 Jun 2100m11s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse -0196 Feb 01 - 0.99215
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse -0575 Jun 18 - 0.01542

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.