Saros 80

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 80

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 80

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 80 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 80
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-33 -0333-Jun-1311:20:32 14448 371 -28850 Pb t- -1.4809 0.1317 67S 70E 0 - -
2-32 -0315-Jun-2317:54:54 14196 364 -28627 P t- -1.4038 0.2675 66S 40W 0 - -
3-31 -0297-Jul-0500:29:44 13950 358 -28404 P t- -1.3271 0.4015 65S 150W 0 - -
4-30 -0279-Jul-1507:09:02 13709 352 -28181 P t- -1.2542 0.5280 64S 99E 0 - -
5-29 -0261-Jul-2613:52:28 13474 346 -27958 P t- -1.1847 0.6474 63S 12W 0 - -
6-28 -0243-Aug-0520:41:29 13243 340 -27735 P t- -1.1198 0.7580 62S 125W 0 - -
7-27 -0225-Aug-1703:37:47 13017 334 -27512 P t- -1.0608 0.8572 62S 121E 0 - -
8-26 -0207-Aug-2710:42:02 12796 328 -27289 A- t- -1.0083 0.9446 61S 5E 0 - -
9-25 -0189-Sep-0717:55:01 12578 323 -27066 A t- -0.9631 0.9257 54S 87W 15 103106m20s
10-24 -0171-Sep-1801:15:55 12365 317 -26843 A p- -0.9243 0.9233 52S 165E 22 74006m40s
11-23 -0153-Sep-2908:46:12 12156 311 -26620 A p- -0.8931 0.9205 52S 52E 26 65106m53s
12-22 -0135-Oct-0916:24:10 11951 306 -26397 A p- -0.8682 0.9177 54S 64W 29 61407m02s
13-21 -0117-Oct-2100:09:19 11749 300 -26174 A p- -0.8493 0.9153 56S 178E 32 59907m07s
14-20 -0099-Oct-3108:00:53 11551 294 -25951 A p- -0.8356 0.9132 60S 59E 33 59507m11s
15-19 -0081-Nov-1115:57:48 11356 289 -25728 A p- -0.8267 0.9117 64S 61W 34 59607m12s
16-18 -0063-Nov-2123:57:52 11164 283 -25505 A p- -0.8202 0.9108 68S 180E 35 59607m12s
17-17 -0045-Dec-0307:58:56 10974 278 -25282 A p- -0.8144 0.9105 72S 63E 35 59207m10s
18-16 -0027-Dec-1315:59:57 10788 273 -25059 A p- -0.8088 0.9109 75S 48W 36 58307m08s
19-15 -0009-Dec-2423:59:30 10604 267 -24836 A p- -0.8023 0.9119 77S 153W 36 56807m05s
20-14 0010-Jan-0407:54:13 10422 262 -24613 A p- -0.7916 0.9138 76S 106E 37 54207m03s
21-13 0028-Jan-1515:44:14 10243 257 -24390 A p- -0.7770 0.9163 73S 1E 39 51007m01s
22-12 0046-Jan-2523:26:59 10065 252 -24167 A p- -0.7562 0.9194 68S 109W 41 46906m59s
23-11 0064-Feb-0607:03:39 9889 247 -23944 A p- -0.7301 0.9230 62S 138E 43 42606m57s
24-10 0082-Feb-1614:30:09 9714 242 -23721 A p- -0.6955 0.9272 55S 25E 46 38006m55s
25 -9 0100-Feb-2721:49:52 9541 237 -23498 A p- -0.6549 0.9316 48S 88W 49 33606m52s
26 -8 0118-Mar-1004:59:37 9368 232 -23275 A p- -0.6056 0.9363 40S 161E 52 29506m47s
27 -7 0136-Mar-2012:02:17 9197 227 -23052 A p- -0.5500 0.9411 32S 51E 56 25906m38s
28 -6 0154-Mar-3118:55:49 9025 222 -22829 A p- -0.4861 0.9460 24S 56W 61 22606m25s
29 -5 0172-Apr-1101:44:10 8854 217 -22606 A p- -0.4173 0.9507 16S 162W 65 19806m07s
30 -4 0190-Apr-2208:26:00 8684 212 -22383 A p- -0.3425 0.9551 8S 94E 70 17405m44s
31 -3 0208-May-0215:02:55 8513 208 -22160 A pn -0.2629 0.9593 0N 8W 75 15305m17s
32 -2 0226-May-1321:36:50 8342 203 -21937 A nn -0.1800 0.9631 8N 109W 80 13604m47s
33 -1 0244-May-2404:09:19 8170 199 -21714 A nn -0.0949 0.9665 15N 151E 85 12104m16s
34 0 0262-Jun-0410:42:03 7998 194 -21491 A nn -0.0094 0.9694 22N 51E 90 11003m45s
35 1 0280-Jun-1417:15:36 7826 190 -21268 A nn 0.0763 0.9718 28N 47W 85 10203m18s
36 2 0298-Jun-2523:53:19 7652 185 -21045 Am nn 0.1594 0.9737 33N 145W 81 9602m55s
37 3 0316-Jul-0606:35:40 7478 181 -20822 A nn 0.2399 0.9750 37N 116E 76 9202m37s
38 4 0334-Jul-1713:23:22 7303 177 -20599 A nn 0.3166 0.9759 39N 17E 71 9102m23s
39 5 0352-Jul-2720:18:47 7127 172 -20376 A -p 0.3880 0.9763 41N 84W 67 9102m15s
40 6 0370-Aug-0803:22:37 6950 168 -20153 A -p 0.4532 0.9765 41N 173E 63 9402m09s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 80
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 7 0388-Aug-1810:36:38 6773 164 -19930 A -p 0.5111 0.9763 40N 66E 59 9802m08s
42 8 0406-Aug-2917:58:57 6595 160 -19707 A -p 0.5631 0.9759 39N 43W 56 10302m08s
43 9 0424-Sep-0901:33:10 6417 156 -19484 A -p 0.6061 0.9755 37N 156W 52 10802m10s
44 10 0442-Sep-2009:16:39 6239 152 -19261 A -p 0.6423 0.9751 35N 88E 50 11402m14s
45 11 0460-Sep-3017:11:14 6061 148 -19038 A -p 0.6701 0.9749 33N 32W 48 11802m18s
46 12 0478-Oct-1201:13:35 5884 144 -18815 A -p 0.6923 0.9749 31N 155W 46 12102m21s
47 13 0496-Oct-2209:26:15 5708 140 -18592 A -p 0.7069 0.9753 29N 79E 45 12202m23s
48 14 0514-Nov-0217:45:08 5531 136 -18369 A -p 0.7172 0.9760 27N 48W 44 12002m23s
49 15 0532-Nov-1302:10:54 5354 133 -18146 A -p 0.7223 0.9774 25N 178W 44 11502m19s
50 16 0550-Nov-2410:40:50 5180 129 -17923 A -p 0.7248 0.9793 24N 52E 43 10602m11s
51 17 0568-Dec-0419:14:50 5006 125 -17700 A -p 0.7244 0.9818 23N 80W 43 9301m57s
52 18 0586-Dec-1603:49:13 4834 122 -17477 A -p 0.7246 0.9848 23N 148E 43 7801m38s
53 19 0604-Dec-2612:23:31 4663 118 -17254 A -p 0.7256 0.9884 23N 17E 43 5901m14s
54 20 0623-Jan-0620:55:42 4493 115 -17031 A -p 0.7291 0.9926 25N 115W 43 3800m47s
55 21 0641-Jan-1705:25:29 4325 111 -16808 A -p 0.7349 0.9972 27N 115E 43 1500m17s
56 22 0659-Jan-2813:49:08 4159 108 -16585 H -p 0.7467 1.0021 30N 15W 41 1100m12s
57 23 0677-Feb-0722:08:05 3994 104 -16362 H -p 0.7631 1.0073 34N 144W 40 3900m40s
58 24 0695-Feb-1906:19:28 3832 101 -16139 T -p 0.7865 1.0126 40N 89E 38 7001m06s
59 25 0713-Mar-0114:25:24 3671 98 -15916 T -p 0.8150 1.0179 46N 38W 35 10501m27s
60 26 0731-Mar-1222:22:08 3513 95 -15693 T -p 0.8516 1.0229 53N 164W 31 14801m43s
61 27 0749-Mar-2306:13:43 3357 92 -15470 T -p 0.8931 1.0275 61N 68E 26 20801m53s
62 28 0767-Apr-0313:57:03 3205 89 -15247 T -t 0.9421 1.0311 69N 67W 19 31901m55s
63 29 0785-Apr-1321:35:38 3055 86 -15024 Tn -t 0.9956 1.0317 73N 114E 3 - 01m40s
64 30 0803-Apr-2505:07:28 2908 83 -14801 P -t 1.0552 0.9076 70N 21W 0 - -
65 31 0821-May-0512:36:30 2764 80 -14578 P -t 1.1177 0.7904 70N 147W 0 - -
66 32 0839-May-1620:01:32 2625 77 -14355 P -t 1.1840 0.6647 69N 90E 0 - -
67 33 0857-May-2703:24:29 2488 74 -14132 P -t 1.2525 0.5340 68N 33W 0 - -
68 34 0875-Jun-0710:46:49 2356 71 -13909 P -t 1.3220 0.4003 67N 155W 0 - -
69 35 0893-Jun-1718:09:42 2228 69 -13686 P -t 1.3917 0.2660 66N 83E 0 - -
70 36 0911-Jun-2901:34:48 2104 66 -13463 P -t 1.4599 0.1342 65N 39W 0 - -
71 37 0929-Jul-0909:01:57 1984 63 -13240 Pe -t 1.5267 0.0051 64N 161W 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 80

Solar eclipses of Saros 80 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on -0333 Jun 13. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on 0929 Jul 09. The total duration of Saros series 80 is 1262.11 years.

Summary of Saros 80
First Eclipse -0333 Jun 13
Last Eclipse 0929 Jul 09
Series Duration 1262.11 Years
No. of Eclipses 71
Sequence 7P 48A 2H 6T 8P

Saros 80 is composed of 71 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 80
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 71100.0%
PartialP 15 21.1%
AnnularA 48 67.6%
TotalT 6 8.5%
HybridH 2 2.8%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 80 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 80
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 56100.0%
Central (two limits) 54 96.4%
Central (one limit) 1 1.8%
Non-Central (one limit) 1 1.8%

The 71 eclipses in Saros 80 occur in the following order : 7P 48A 2H 6T 8P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 80 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 80
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse -0081 Nov 1107m12s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse 0641 Jan 1700m17s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse 0767 Apr 0301m55s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse 0695 Feb 1901m06s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 0677 Feb 0700m40s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 0659 Jan 2800m12s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse 0803 Apr 25 - 0.90756
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 0929 Jul 09 - 0.00506

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.