Saros 82

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 82

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 82

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 82 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 82
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-37 -0293-Apr-2221:31:33 13899 357 -28357 Pb t- -1.5049 0.0443 71S 28W 0 - -
2-36 -0275-May-0305:03:07 13659 351 -28134 P t- -1.4393 0.1711 70S 155W 0 - -
3-35 -0257-May-1412:31:05 13425 345 -27911 P t- -1.3709 0.3039 70S 79E 0 - -
4-34 -0239-May-2419:56:58 13195 339 -27688 P t- -1.3007 0.4406 69S 45W 0 - -
5-33 -0221-Jun-0503:22:15 12970 333 -27465 P t- -1.2299 0.5782 68S 169W 0 - -
6-32 -0203-Jun-1510:46:26 12749 327 -27242 P t- -1.1582 0.7171 67S 68E 0 - -
7-31 -0185-Jun-2618:12:59 12533 321 -27019 P t- -1.0886 0.8515 66S 55W 0 - -
8-30 -0167-Jul-0701:41:22 12321 316 -26796 P t- -1.0205 0.9819 65S 178W 0 - -
9-29 -0149-Jul-1809:14:44 12112 310 -26573 T t- -0.9568 1.0553 49S 71E 16 63604m06s
10-28 -0131-Jul-2816:51:18 11908 304 -26350 T p- -0.8961 1.0539 41S 44W 26 39804m14s
11-27 -0113-Aug-0900:35:07 11707 299 -26127 T p- -0.8416 1.0510 36S 162W 32 30804m05s
12-26 -0095-Aug-1908:24:33 11509 293 -25904 T p- -0.7920 1.0472 33S 79E 37 25203m47s
13-25 -0077-Aug-3016:21:23 11315 288 -25681 T p- -0.7492 1.0429 33S 42W 41 21103m25s
14-24 -0059-Sep-1000:24:47 11123 282 -25458 T p- -0.7124 1.0380 33S 164W 44 17802m59s
15-23 -0041-Sep-2108:36:20 10935 277 -25235 T p- -0.6829 1.0331 35S 71E 47 15002m34s
16-22 -0023-Oct-0116:54:50 10749 272 -25012 T p- -0.6598 1.0281 38S 55W 49 12402m09s
17-21 -0005-Oct-1301:19:19 10566 266 -24789 T p- -0.6422 1.0233 41S 178E 50 10201m46s
18-20 0013-Oct-2309:50:26 10384 261 -24566 T p- -0.6306 1.0186 45S 49E 51 8101m23s
19-19 0031-Nov-0318:26:29 10205 256 -24343 T p- -0.6242 1.0143 49S 80W 51 6201m04s
20-18 0049-Nov-1403:06:42 10028 251 -24120 H p- -0.6214 1.0104 53S 150E 51 4600m46s
21-17 0067-Nov-2511:47:50 9852 246 -23897 H p- -0.6201 1.0071 56S 22E 51 3100m31s
22-16 0085-Dec-0520:30:42 9678 241 -23674 H p- -0.6208 1.0042 60S 105W 51 1900m19s
23-15 0103-Dec-1705:12:00 9504 236 -23451 H p- -0.6210 1.0019 62S 131E 51 900m09s
24-14 0121-Dec-2713:50:39 9332 231 -23228 H p- -0.6197 1.0002 62S 8E 51 100m01s
25-13 0140-Jan-0722:24:28 9160 226 -23005 A p- -0.6152 0.9989 61S 113W 52 500m05s
26-12 0158-Jan-1806:52:59 8989 221 -22782 A p- -0.6070 0.9981 58S 125E 52 800m09s
27-11 0176-Jan-2915:13:34 8818 216 -22559 A p- -0.5931 0.9978 54S 2E 53 1000m11s
28-10 0194-Feb-0823:25:47 8648 211 -22336 A p- -0.5731 0.9977 49S 120W 55 1000m12s
29 -9 0212-Feb-2007:28:37 8477 207 -22113 A p- -0.5463 0.9978 43S 119E 57 900m11s
30 -8 0230-Mar-0215:22:26 8306 202 -21890 A p- -0.5131 0.9980 37S 2W 59 800m11s
31 -7 0248-Mar-1223:04:48 8134 198 -21667 A p- -0.4711 0.9982 30S 120W 62 700m10s
32 -6 0266-Mar-2406:38:19 7962 193 -21444 A p- -0.4226 0.9982 23S 123E 65 700m11s
33 -5 0284-Apr-0314:01:24 7789 189 -21221 A n- -0.3663 0.9980 15S 9E 68 700m13s
34 -4 0302-Apr-1421:16:49 7616 184 -20998 A n- -0.3046 0.9974 8S 103W 72 900m17s
35 -3 0320-Apr-2504:21:47 7441 180 -20775 A nn -0.2350 0.9965 0N 148E 76 1300m24s
36 -2 0338-May-0611:21:52 7266 176 -20552 Am nn -0.1622 0.9949 7N 40E 81 1800m35s
37 -1 0356-May-1618:14:15 7090 171 -20329 A nn -0.0836 0.9929 15N 65W 85 2500m49s
38 0 0374-May-2801:03:51 6913 167 -20106 A nn -0.0036 0.9903 21N 169W 90 3401m06s
39 1 0392-Jun-0707:48:12 6736 163 -19883 A nn 0.0800 0.9872 28N 90E 85 4501m26s
40 2 0410-Jun-1814:33:06 6558 159 -19660 A nn 0.1622 0.9835 33N 11W 80 5901m47s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 82
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 3 0428-Jun-2821:16:02 6379 155 -19437 A np 0.2452 0.9792 38N 110W 76 7602m10s
42 4 0446-Jul-1004:00:42 6201 151 -19214 A -p 0.3259 0.9745 41N 152E 71 9702m33s
43 5 0464-Jul-2010:47:15 6023 147 -18991 A -p 0.4040 0.9693 43N 54E 66 12002m57s
44 6 0482-Jul-3117:38:37 5846 143 -18768 A -p 0.4773 0.9639 44N 45W 61 14803m23s
45 7 0500-Aug-1100:34:49 5670 139 -18545 A -p 0.5457 0.9582 45N 146W 57 18003m50s
46 8 0518-Aug-2207:37:02 5493 135 -18322 A -p 0.6083 0.9524 44N 111E 52 21604m21s
47 9 0536-Sep-0114:46:40 5317 132 -18099 A -p 0.6639 0.9466 43N 5E 48 25804m54s
48 10 0554-Sep-1222:03:58 5143 128 -17876 A -p 0.7126 0.9409 42N 103W 44 30405m30s
49 11 0572-Sep-2305:28:43 4970 124 -17653 A -p 0.7543 0.9354 41N 146E 41 35506m08s
50 12 0590-Oct-0413:01:50 4798 121 -17430 A -p 0.7886 0.9303 39N 31E 38 41106m50s
51 13 0608-Oct-1420:42:34 4627 117 -17207 A -p 0.8162 0.9257 39N 86W 35 46807m33s
52 14 0626-Oct-2604:30:52 4458 114 -16984 A -p 0.8371 0.9216 38N 154E 33 52508m17s
53 15 0644-Nov-0512:23:52 4290 110 -16761 A -p 0.8538 0.9181 37N 33E 31 58208m59s
54 16 0662-Nov-1620:23:01 4124 107 -16538 A -p 0.8649 0.9154 37N 91W 30 63009m37s
55 17 0680-Nov-2704:24:43 3960 104 -16315 A -p 0.8733 0.9133 37N 144E 29 67210m08s
56 18 0698-Dec-0812:28:35 3798 101 -16092 A -p 0.8798 0.9120 38N 19E 28 70610m28s
57 19 0716-Dec-1820:30:45 3638 97 -15869 A -p 0.8873 0.9112 39N 106W 27 73910m35s
58 20 0734-Dec-3004:32:03 3480 94 -15646 A -p 0.8951 0.9112 41N 129E 26 76710m28s
59 21 0753-Jan-0912:29:02 3325 91 -15423 A -p 0.9060 0.9116 44N 4E 25 80410m07s
60 22 0771-Jan-2020:20:31 3173 88 -15200 A -p 0.9209 0.9125 47N 119W 23 86309m31s
61 23 0789-Jan-3104:05:00 3023 85 -14977 A -p 0.9411 0.9136 53N 117E 19 98408m47s
62 24 0807-Feb-1111:42:00 2877 82 -14754 A -t 0.9673 0.9148 60N 8W 14 131707m53s
63 25 0825-Feb-2119:10:25 2735 79 -14531 A+ -t 1.0001 0.9517 72N 155W 0 - -
64 26 0843-Mar-0502:29:29 2596 76 -14308 P -t 1.0403 0.8857 72N 81E 0 - -
65 27 0861-Mar-1509:39:57 2460 74 -14085 P -t 1.0873 0.8080 72N 42W 0 - -
66 28 0879-Mar-2616:41:53 2329 71 -13862 P -t 1.1410 0.7182 72N 162W 0 - -
67 29 0897-Apr-0523:34:53 2202 68 -13639 P -t 1.2019 0.6158 72N 81E 0 - -
68 30 0915-Apr-1706:20:55 2079 65 -13416 P -t 1.2684 0.5030 71N 35W 0 - -
69 31 0933-Apr-2713:00:19 1960 63 -13193 P -t 1.3401 0.3805 70N 148W 0 - -
70 32 0951-May-0819:35:24 1846 60 -12970 P -t 1.4152 0.2516 69N 100E 0 - -
71 33 0969-May-1902:05:01 1736 58 -12747 Pe -t 1.4944 0.1147 68N 9W 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 82

Solar eclipses of Saros 82 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on -0293 Apr 22. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on 0969 May 19. The total duration of Saros series 82 is 1262.11 years.

Summary of Saros 82
First Eclipse -0293 Apr 22
Last Eclipse 0969 May 19
Series Duration 1262.11 Years
No. of Eclipses 71
Sequence 8P 11T 5H 39A 8P

Saros 82 is composed of 71 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 82
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 71100.0%
PartialP 16 22.5%
AnnularA 39 54.9%
TotalT 11 15.5%
HybridH 5 7.0%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 82 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 82
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 55100.0%
Central (two limits) 54 98.2%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 1 1.8%

The 71 eclipses in Saros 82 occur in the following order : 8P 11T 5H 39A 8P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 82 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 82
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse 0716 Dec 1810m35s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse 0140 Jan 0700m05s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse -0131 Jul 2804m14s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse 0031 Nov 0301m04s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 0049 Nov 1400m46s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 0121 Dec 2700m01s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse -0167 Jul 07 - 0.98189
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse -0293 Apr 22 - 0.04429

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.