Saros 88

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 88

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 88

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 88 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 88
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-49 -0246-Oct-0621:20:43 13279 341 -27770 Pb t- -1.5238 0.0235 61S 176E 0 - -
2-48 -0228-Oct-1705:57:10 13052 335 -27547 P t- -1.5081 0.0536 61S 37E 0 - -
3-47 -0210-Oct-2814:39:15 12830 329 -27324 P t- -1.4964 0.0758 62S 103W 0 - -
4-46 -0192-Nov-0723:26:13 12612 324 -27101 P t- -1.4886 0.0904 62S 116E 0 - -
5-45 -0174-Nov-1908:17:00 12398 318 -26878 P t- -1.4840 0.0991 63S 27W 0 - -
6-44 -0156-Nov-2917:10:26 12189 312 -26655 P t- -1.4817 0.1030 64S 171W 0 - -
7-43 -0138-Dec-1102:03:16 11983 306 -26432 P t- -1.4789 0.1079 64S 45E 0 - -
8-42 -0120-Dec-2110:55:23 11780 301 -26209 P t- -1.4759 0.1129 65S 98W 0 - -
9-41 -0101-Jan-0119:43:56 11582 295 -25986 P t- -1.4700 0.1230 67S 118E 0 - -
10-40 -0083-Jan-1204:29:02 11386 290 -25763 P t- -1.4618 0.1377 68S 25W 0 - -
11-39 -0065-Jan-2313:07:01 11194 284 -25540 P t- -1.4483 0.1623 69S 167W 0 - -
12-38 -0047-Feb-0221:39:51 11004 279 -25317 P t- -1.4309 0.1944 70S 52E 0 - -
13-37 -0029-Feb-1406:04:02 10817 273 -25094 P t- -1.4070 0.2390 70S 87W 0 - -
14-36 -0011-Feb-2414:20:55 10633 268 -24871 P t- -1.3774 0.2947 71S 134E 0 - -
15-35 0007-Mar-0722:28:38 10451 263 -24648 P t- -1.3407 0.3646 72S 2W 0 - -
16-34 0025-Mar-1806:29:23 10271 258 -24425 P t- -1.2986 0.4450 72S 137W 0 - -
17-33 0043-Mar-2914:22:09 10093 253 -24202 P t- -1.2503 0.5379 72S 90E 0 - -
18-32 0061-Apr-0822:07:17 9917 247 -23979 P t- -1.1959 0.6429 71S 41W 0 - -
19-31 0079-Apr-2005:46:23 9742 242 -23756 P t- -1.1366 0.7575 71S 170W 0 - -
20-30 0097-Apr-3013:19:33 9568 237 -23533 P t- -1.0725 0.8816 70S 63E 0 - -
21-29 0115-May-1120:48:38 9395 232 -23310 T- t- -1.0052 1.0115 70S 62W 0 - -
22-28 0133-May-2204:13:18 9223 228 -23087 T t- -0.9346 1.0601 49S 164E 20 56204m32s
23-27 0151-Jun-0211:36:42 9052 223 -22864 T p- -0.8631 1.0613 38S 46E 30 40005m06s
24-26 0169-Jun-1218:58:37 8881 218 -22641 T p- -0.7905 1.0610 29S 70W 38 32805m25s
25-25 0187-Jun-2402:20:39 8710 213 -22418 T p- -0.7184 1.0595 22S 176E 44 28105m31s
26-24 0205-Jul-0409:43:58 8540 209 -22195 T p- -0.6479 1.0570 17S 63E 49 24605m23s
27-23 0223-Jul-1517:09:57 8369 204 -21972 T p- -0.5801 1.0536 13S 51W 54 21605m05s
28-22 0241-Jul-2600:39:44 8197 199 -21749 T p- -0.5161 1.0495 10S 165W 59 19004m40s
29-21 0259-Aug-0608:13:23 8025 195 -21526 T p- -0.4559 1.0447 8S 81E 63 16604m09s
30-20 0277-Aug-1615:53:20 7853 190 -21303 T n- -0.4015 1.0395 8S 35W 66 14303m37s
31-19 0295-Aug-2723:39:21 7680 186 -21080 T n- -0.3528 1.0338 8S 152W 69 12103m03s
32-18 0313-Sep-0707:32:43 7505 182 -20857 T n- -0.3109 1.0280 10S 89E 72 9902m30s
33-17 0331-Sep-1815:32:55 7331 177 -20634 T n- -0.2755 1.0221 12S 32W 74 7801m58s
34-16 0349-Sep-2823:40:50 7155 173 -20411 H3 n- -0.2469 1.0163 15S 155W 76 5701m27s
35-15 0367-Oct-1007:55:36 6978 169 -20188 H n- -0.2247 1.0105 18S 81E 77 3700m57s
36-14 0385-Oct-2016:16:03 6801 165 -19965 H n- -0.2078 1.0052 22S 45W 78 1800m28s
37-13 0403-Nov-0100:42:51 6623 160 -19742 H n- -0.1969 1.0001 25S 172W 79 100m01s
38-12 0421-Nov-1109:13:35 6445 156 -19519 A n- -0.1903 0.9956 28S 61E 79 1600m25s
39-11 0439-Nov-2217:48:02 6267 152 -19296 A nn -0.1871 0.9916 31S 67W 79 3000m48s
40-10 0457-Dec-0302:22:10 6089 148 -19073 A nn -0.1845 0.9882 33S 165E 79 4201m09s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 88
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 -9 0475-Dec-1410:57:31 5911 145 -18850 A nn -0.1836 0.9854 34S 38E 79 5301m27s
42 -8 0493-Dec-2419:29:48 5735 141 -18627 Am nn -0.1814 0.9831 34S 88W 79 6101m43s
43 -7 0512-Jan-0503:58:52 5558 137 -18404 A nn -0.1770 0.9815 33S 146E 80 6701m55s
44 -6 0530-Jan-1512:21:22 5382 133 -18181 A nn -0.1683 0.9802 31S 22E 80 7102m05s
45 -5 0548-Jan-2620:38:07 5207 129 -17958 A nn -0.1554 0.9794 27S 102W 81 7402m12s
46 -4 0566-Feb-0604:46:08 5033 126 -17735 A nn -0.1362 0.9790 23S 136E 82 7502m17s
47 -3 0584-Feb-1712:45:17 4861 122 -17512 A nn -0.1106 0.9788 18S 15E 84 7602m21s
48 -2 0602-Feb-2720:34:32 4690 119 -17289 A nn -0.0775 0.9787 12S 104W 85 7602m23s
49 -1 0620-Mar-1004:14:22 4520 115 -17066 A nn -0.0374 0.9787 5S 139E 88 7602m25s
50 0 0638-Mar-2111:43:08 4352 112 -16843 A nn 0.0111 0.9786 2N 24E 89 7602m27s
51 1 0656-Mar-3119:02:41 4185 108 -16620 A nn 0.0665 0.9783 9N 89W 86 7702m29s
52 2 0674-Apr-1202:12:16 4020 105 -16397 A nn 0.1294 0.9778 17N 161E 82 8002m31s
53 3 0692-Apr-2209:14:27 3857 102 -16174 A nn 0.1974 0.9769 24N 54E 78 8402m34s
54 4 0710-May-0316:06:38 3696 99 -15951 A -p 0.2730 0.9755 32N 51W 74 9102m38s
55 5 0728-May-1322:53:59 3538 95 -15728 A -p 0.3516 0.9737 40N 154W 69 10102m43s
56 6 0746-May-2505:34:05 3382 92 -15505 A -p 0.4355 0.9713 47N 107E 64 11402m48s
57 7 0764-Jun-0412:12:09 3228 89 -15282 A -p 0.5199 0.9685 55N 9E 58 13302m55s
58 8 0782-Jun-1518:45:16 3078 86 -15059 A -p 0.6074 0.9649 61N 83W 52 16003m02s
59 9 0800-Jun-2601:19:48 2931 83 -14836 A -p 0.6927 0.9609 66N 172W 46 19703m11s
60 10 0818-Jul-0707:53:28 2787 80 -14613 A -p 0.7781 0.9561 70N 106E 39 25503m22s
61 11 0836-Jul-1714:30:20 2646 77 -14390 A -t 0.8598 0.9508 72N 29E 30 35403m34s
62 12 0854-Jul-2821:09:45 2510 75 -14167 A -t 0.9385 0.9444 70N 44W 20 60203m47s
63 13 0872-Aug-0803:55:23 2377 72 -13944 A+ -t 1.0113 0.9439 62N 108W 0 - -
64 14 0890-Aug-1910:46:54 2248 69 -13721 P -t 1.0788 0.8270 61N 140E 0 - -
65 15 0908-Aug-2917:45:17 2123 66 -13498 P -t 1.1401 0.7215 61N 26E 0 - -
66 16 0926-Sep-1000:52:01 2003 64 -13275 P -t 1.1940 0.6294 61N 90W 0 - -
67 17 0944-Sep-2008:07:11 1887 61 -13052 P -t 1.2405 0.5506 61N 152E 0 - -
68 18 0962-Oct-0115:31:23 1776 59 -12829 P -t 1.2793 0.4854 61N 32E 0 - -
69 19 0980-Oct-1123:03:15 1669 56 -12606 P -t 1.3114 0.4319 61N 90W 0 - -
70 20 0998-Oct-2306:43:40 1566 54 -12383 P -t 1.3364 0.3903 62N 146E 0 - -
71 21 1016-Nov-0214:30:34 1469 52 -12160 P -t 1.3559 0.3583 62N 20E 0 - -
72 22 1034-Nov-1322:23:12 1376 49 -11937 P -t 1.3703 0.3347 63N 108W 0 - -
73 23 1052-Nov-2406:20:21 1287 47 -11714 P -t 1.3808 0.3175 64N 123E 0 - -
74 24 1070-Dec-0514:20:52 1203 45 -11491 P -t 1.3881 0.3055 65N 7W 0 - -
75 25 1088-Dec-1522:22:18 1124 43 -11268 P -t 1.3947 0.2946 66N 138W 0 - -
76 26 1106-Dec-2706:22:53 1049 41 -11045 P -t 1.4019 0.2824 67N 91E 0 - -
77 27 1125-Jan-0614:21:25 978 39 -10822 P -t 1.4105 0.2677 68N 40W 0 - -
78 28 1143-Jan-1722:16:46 912 37 -10599 P -t 1.4214 0.2492 69N 170W 0 - -
79 29 1161-Jan-2806:05:38 849 35 -10376 P -t 1.4375 0.2215 70N 60E 0 - -
80 30 1179-Feb-0813:48:45 791 33 -10153 P -t 1.4582 0.1861 71N 69W 0 - -
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 88
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
81 31 1197-Feb-1821:23:47 736 31 -9930 P -t 1.4855 0.1391 71N 163E 0 - -
82 32 1215-Mar-0204:52:12 685 29 -9707 P -t 1.5180 0.0829 72N 37E 0 - -
83 33 1233-Mar-1212:10:15 637 28 -9484 Pe -t 1.5587 0.0122 72N 87W 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 88

Solar eclipses of Saros 88 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on -0246 Oct 06. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on 1233 Mar 12. The total duration of Saros series 88 is 1478.47 years.

Summary of Saros 88
First Eclipse -0246 Oct 06
Last Eclipse 1233 Mar 12
Series Duration 1478.47 Years
No. of Eclipses 83
Sequence 20P 13T 4H 26A 20P

Saros 88 is composed of 83 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 88
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 83100.0%
PartialP 40 48.2%
AnnularA 26 31.3%
TotalT 13 15.7%
HybridH 4 4.8%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 88 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 88
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 43100.0%
Central (two limits) 41 95.3%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 2 4.7%

The 83 eclipses in Saros 88 occur in the following order : 20P 13T 4H 26A 20P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 88 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 88
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse 0854 Jul 2803m47s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse 0421 Nov 1100m25s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse 0187 Jun 2405m31s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse 0331 Sep 1801m58s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 0349 Sep 2801m27s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 0403 Nov 0100m01s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse 0097 Apr 30 - 0.88161
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 1233 Mar 12 - 0.01222

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.