Saros 89

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 89

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 89

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 89 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 89
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-33 0018-Feb-0420:20:19 10342 260 -24513 Pb t- 1.5496 0.0203 62N 133W 0 - -
2-32 0036-Feb-1604:03:25 10163 255 -24290 P t- 1.5242 0.0639 62N 102E 0 - -
3-31 0054-Feb-2611:35:21 9986 249 -24067 P t- 1.4904 0.1218 61N 21W 0 - -
4-30 0072-Mar-0818:58:11 9810 244 -23844 P t- 1.4498 0.1914 61N 141W 0 - -
5-29 0090-Mar-2002:09:05 9636 239 -23621 P t- 1.4000 0.2771 61N 102E 0 - -
6-28 0108-Mar-3009:11:54 9463 234 -23398 P t- 1.3439 0.3735 61N 13W 0 - -
7-27 0126-Apr-1016:04:26 9291 229 -23175 P t- 1.2801 0.4835 61N 126W 0 - -
8-26 0144-Apr-2022:48:51 9120 225 -22952 P t- 1.2099 0.6045 61N 124E 0 - -
9-25 0162-May-0205:25:43 8949 220 -22729 P t- 1.1339 0.7356 62N 15E 0 - -
10-24 0180-May-1211:57:13 8778 215 -22506 P t- 1.0537 0.8736 62N 93W 0 - -
11-23 0198-May-2318:24:41 8607 210 -22283 A t- 0.9703 0.9440 72N 172W 13 89403m34s
12-22 0216-Jun-0300:48:05 8436 206 -22060 A p- 0.8837 0.9464 77N 137E 28 42603m48s
13-21 0234-Jun-1407:11:33 8265 201 -21837 A p- 0.7976 0.9469 74N 77E 37 32604m05s
14-20 0252-Jun-2413:34:47 8093 197 -21614 A p- 0.7114 0.9466 69N 0W 44 28104m27s
15-19 0270-Jul-0520:00:32 7921 192 -21391 A p- 0.6272 0.9456 62N 87W 51 25804m54s
16-18 0288-Jul-1602:28:54 7748 188 -21168 A p- 0.5452 0.9441 55N 179E 57 24705m26s
17-17 0306-Jul-2709:03:47 7574 183 -20945 A p- 0.4685 0.9422 47N 82E 62 24206m03s
18-16 0324-Aug-0615:44:39 7400 179 -20722 A p- 0.3968 0.9399 40N 19W 66 24306m41s
19-15 0342-Aug-1722:33:03 7224 175 -20499 A p- 0.3314 0.9374 32N 122W 70 24607m21s
20-14 0360-Aug-2805:30:02 7048 170 -20276 A nn 0.2728 0.9348 25N 132E 74 25207m59s
21-13 0378-Sep-0812:37:07 6871 166 -20053 A nn 0.2223 0.9322 18N 23E 77 25908m35s
22-12 0396-Sep-1819:53:27 6693 162 -19830 A nn 0.1793 0.9297 11N 89W 80 26709m07s
23-11 0414-Sep-3003:18:49 6515 158 -19607 A nn 0.1435 0.9274 5N 158E 82 27509m35s
24-10 0432-Oct-1010:53:35 6337 154 -19384 A nn 0.1154 0.9254 1S 42E 83 28310m00s
25 -9 0450-Oct-2118:37:01 6159 150 -19161 A nn 0.0941 0.9238 6S 76W 85 28910m20s
26 -8 0468-Nov-0102:27:10 5981 146 -18938 A nn 0.0781 0.9227 11S 166E 86 29310m34s
27 -7 0486-Nov-1210:24:01 5804 142 -18715 A nn 0.0672 0.9221 15S 46E 86 29510m43s
28 -6 0504-Nov-2218:24:55 5628 138 -18492 A nn 0.0593 0.9222 18S 75W 87 29510m41s
29 -5 0522-Dec-0402:29:42 5451 135 -18269 A nn 0.0544 0.9229 20S 164E 87 29210m31s
30 -4 0540-Dec-1410:33:50 5276 131 -18046 A nn 0.0483 0.9243 21S 43E 87 28610m10s
31 -3 0558-Dec-2518:39:10 5102 127 -17823 A nn 0.0428 0.9263 21S 78W 88 27809m41s
32 -2 0577-Jan-0502:40:54 4929 124 -17600 A nn 0.0335 0.9290 21S 162E 88 26609m03s
33 -1 0595-Jan-1610:39:46 4757 120 -17377 A nn 0.0215 0.9324 20S 43E 89 25308m20s
34 0 0613-Jan-2618:31:49 4587 117 -17154 A nn 0.0031 0.9363 18S 75W 90 23707m35s
35 1 0631-Feb-0702:19:24 4418 113 -16931 A nn -0.0195 0.9407 16S 168E 89 22006m49s
36 2 0649-Feb-1709:59:02 4251 110 -16708 A nn -0.0498 0.9455 14S 53E 87 20106m05s
37 3 0667-Feb-2817:31:26 4085 106 -16485 Am nn -0.0867 0.9506 11S 60W 85 18205m23s
38 4 0685-Mar-1100:55:32 3921 103 -16262 A nn -0.1312 0.9559 9S 171W 82 16204m44s
39 5 0703-Mar-2208:12:57 3759 100 -16039 A nn -0.1818 0.9612 7S 79E 79 14204m08s
40 6 0721-Apr-0115:22:51 3600 97 -15816 A nn -0.2395 0.9666 6S 28W 76 12403m34s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 89
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 7 0739-Apr-1222:26:25 3443 93 -15593 A nn -0.3032 0.9718 6S 134W 72 10603m03s
42 8 0757-Apr-2305:24:42 3288 90 -15370 A -p -0.3721 0.9766 6S 121E 68 8902m34s
43 9 0775-May-0412:19:04 3137 87 -15147 A -p -0.4447 0.9812 8S 17E 64 7402m06s
44 10 0793-May-1419:09:18 2988 84 -14924 A -p -0.5215 0.9852 10S 86W 58 6101m40s
45 11 0811-May-2601:58:54 2843 81 -14701 A -p -0.5997 0.9887 14S 170E 53 4901m17s
46 12 0829-Jun-0508:47:39 2701 78 -14478 A -p -0.6790 0.9916 19S 66E 47 4000m57s
47 13 0847-Jun-1615:39:15 2563 76 -14255 A -p -0.7569 0.9937 26S 39W 41 3400m42s
48 14 0865-Jun-2622:31:44 2429 73 -14032 A -p -0.8347 0.9949 34S 146W 33 3200m31s
49 15 0883-Jul-0805:30:33 2298 70 -13809 A -p -0.9080 0.9951 43S 104E 24 4100m27s
50 16 0901-Jul-1812:33:21 2172 67 -13586 A -t -0.9785 0.9934 58S 10W 11 11900m32s
51 17 0919-Jul-2919:43:59 2050 65 -13363 P -t -1.0436 0.9113 70S 137W 0 - -
52 18 0937-Aug-0903:00:51 1932 62 -13140 P -t -1.1043 0.8014 70S 101E 0 - -
53 19 0955-Aug-2010:27:50 1819 60 -12917 P -t -1.1575 0.7048 71S 24W 0 - -
54 20 0973-Aug-3018:03:07 1710 57 -12694 P -t -1.2045 0.6193 72S 152W 0 - -
55 21 0991-Sep-1101:47:51 1606 55 -12471 P -t -1.2446 0.5463 72S 77E 0 - -
56 22 1009-Sep-2109:42:17 1507 53 -12248 P -t -1.2777 0.4862 72S 56W 0 - -
57 23 1027-Oct-0217:46:37 1412 50 -12025 P -t -1.3036 0.4390 72S 169E 0 - -
58 24 1045-Oct-1301:59:51 1321 48 -11802 P -t -1.3228 0.4039 71S 31E 0 - -
59 25 1063-Oct-2410:20:31 1236 46 -11579 P -t -1.3369 0.3783 71S 108W 0 - -
60 26 1081-Nov-0318:49:28 1155 44 -11356 P -t -1.3450 0.3635 70S 112E 0 - -
61 27 1099-Nov-1503:24:15 1078 41 -11133 P -t -1.3495 0.3553 69S 29W 0 - -
62 28 1117-Nov-2512:04:07 1005 39 -10910 P -t -1.3506 0.3532 68S 171W 0 - -
63 29 1135-Dec-0620:46:52 937 37 -10687 P -t -1.3502 0.3537 67S 47E 0 - -
64 30 1153-Dec-1705:31:57 873 35 -10464 P -t -1.3487 0.3562 66S 95W 0 - -
65 31 1171-Dec-2814:16:37 813 34 -10241 P -t -1.3483 0.3565 65S 124E 0 - -
66 32 1190-Jan-0722:59:39 757 32 -10018 P -t -1.3501 0.3529 64S 17W 0 - -
67 33 1208-Jan-1907:39:45 704 30 -9795 P -t -1.3550 0.3432 63S 156W 0 - -
68 34 1226-Jan-2916:15:50 655 28 -9572 P -t -1.3640 0.3260 62S 65E 0 - -
69 35 1244-Feb-1000:45:33 609 27 -9349 P -t -1.3786 0.2980 62S 71W 0 - -
70 36 1262-Feb-2009:09:16 566 25 -9126 P -t -1.3986 0.2596 61S 154E 0 - -
71 37 1280-Mar-0217:25:35 526 23 -8903 P -t -1.4250 0.2085 61S 21E 0 - -
72 38 1298-Mar-1401:35:38 489 22 -8680 P -t -1.4573 0.1460 61S 111W 0 - -
73 39 1316-Mar-2409:36:43 454 20 -8457 Pe -t -1.4970 0.0687 61S 120E 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 89

Solar eclipses of Saros 89 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on 0018 Feb 04. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on 1316 Mar 24. The total duration of Saros series 89 is 1298.17 years.

Summary of Saros 89
First Eclipse 0018 Feb 04
Last Eclipse 1316 Mar 24
Series Duration 1298.17 Years
No. of Eclipses 73
Sequence 10P 40A 23P

Saros 89 is composed of 73 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 89
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 73100.0%
PartialP 33 45.2%
AnnularA 40 54.8%
TotalT 0 0.0%
HybridH 0 0.0%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 89 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 89
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 40100.0%
Central (two limits) 40100.0%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 73 eclipses in Saros 89 occur in the following order : 10P 40A 23P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 89 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 89
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse 0486 Nov 1210m43s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse 0883 Jul 0800m27s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse 0919 Jul 29 - 0.91134
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 0018 Feb 04 - 0.02033

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.