Saros 92

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 92

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 92

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 92 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 92
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-35 -0076-Aug-1905:01:33 11304 287 -25669 Pb t- -1.5315 0.0297 62S 90E 0 - -
2-34 -0058-Aug-3012:36:03 11113 282 -25446 P t- -1.4904 0.1064 61S 33W 0 - -
3-33 -0040-Sep-0920:17:06 10925 277 -25223 P t- -1.4551 0.1717 61S 158W 0 - -
4-32 -0022-Sep-2104:05:44 10739 271 -25000 P t- -1.4265 0.2243 61S 75E 0 - -
5-31 -0004-Oct-0112:01:25 10556 266 -24777 P t- -1.4043 0.2650 61S 53W 0 - -
6-30 0014-Oct-1220:03:51 10375 261 -24554 P t- -1.3882 0.2945 61S 177E 0 - -
7-29 0032-Oct-2304:12:10 10196 256 -24331 P t- -1.3775 0.3141 61S 45E 0 - -
8-28 0050-Nov-0312:25:35 10018 250 -24108 P t- -1.3714 0.3255 62S 88W 0 - -
9-27 0068-Nov-1320:42:38 9843 245 -23885 P t- -1.3689 0.3306 63S 138E 0 - -
10-26 0086-Nov-2505:01:04 9668 240 -23662 P t- -1.3681 0.3324 63S 4E 0 - -
11-25 0104-Dec-0513:20:37 9495 235 -23439 P t- -1.3689 0.3315 64S 131W 0 - -
12-24 0122-Dec-1621:38:42 9323 230 -23216 P t- -1.3694 0.3308 65S 94E 0 - -
13-23 0140-Dec-2705:53:39 9151 226 -22993 P t- -1.3679 0.3337 66S 41W 0 - -
14-22 0159-Jan-0714:03:03 8980 221 -22770 P t- -1.3624 0.3430 67S 175W 0 - -
15-21 0177-Jan-1722:06:27 8809 216 -22547 P t- -1.3530 0.3590 68S 52E 0 - -
16-20 0195-Jan-2906:02:21 8639 211 -22324 P t- -1.3384 0.3839 69S 79W 0 - -
17-19 0213-Feb-0813:48:10 8468 207 -22101 P t- -1.3163 0.4214 70S 151E 0 - -
18-18 0231-Feb-1921:24:55 8297 202 -21878 P t- -1.2877 0.4701 71S 23E 0 - -
19-17 0249-Mar-0204:50:51 8125 197 -21655 P t- -1.2507 0.5331 72S 103W 0 - -
20-16 0267-Mar-1312:07:26 7953 193 -21432 P t- -1.2068 0.6082 72S 133E 0 - -
21-15 0285-Mar-2319:12:16 7780 188 -21209 P t- -1.1539 0.6988 72S 12E 0 - -
22-14 0303-Apr-0402:08:48 7606 184 -20986 P t- -1.0946 0.8006 72S 107W 0 - -
23-13 0321-Apr-1408:55:39 7432 180 -20763 P t- -1.0275 0.9158 71S 137E 0 - -
24-12 0339-Apr-2515:35:05 7257 175 -20540 A t- -0.9546 0.9409 57S 1E 17 74605m24s
25-11 0357-May-0522:07:24 7080 171 -20317 A p- -0.8759 0.9440 44S 110W 29 42705m58s
26-10 0375-May-1704:35:24 6904 167 -20094 A p- -0.7935 0.9459 33S 146E 37 32706m26s
27 -9 0393-May-2710:59:53 6726 163 -19871 A p- -0.7082 0.9471 24S 45E 45 27606m50s
28 -8 0411-Jun-0717:21:26 6548 159 -19648 A p- -0.6203 0.9476 16S 54W 52 24607m08s
29 -7 0429-Jun-1723:43:13 6370 155 -19425 A p- -0.5326 0.9475 9S 152W 58 22807m19s
30 -6 0447-Jun-2906:05:44 6192 151 -19202 A p- -0.4450 0.9469 3S 110E 64 21807m23s
31 -5 0465-Jul-0912:31:37 6014 147 -18979 A p- -0.3604 0.9459 2N 13E 69 21307m21s
32 -4 0483-Jul-2019:00:54 5837 143 -18756 A pn -0.2783 0.9444 5N 85W 74 21307m18s
33 -3 0501-Jul-3101:37:04 5661 139 -18533 A nn -0.2017 0.9427 7N 176E 78 21607m14s
34 -2 0519-Aug-1108:20:08 5484 135 -18310 A nn -0.1305 0.9406 8N 75E 83 22207m14s
35 -1 0537-Aug-2115:10:41 5308 132 -18087 A nn -0.0654 0.9384 8N 27W 86 22907m17s
36 0 0555-Sep-0122:10:36 5134 128 -17864 A nn -0.0077 0.9360 7N 132W 90 23807m25s
37 1 0573-Sep-1205:19:44 4960 124 -17641 A nn 0.0424 0.9338 6N 121E 88 24707m36s
38 2 0591-Sep-2312:39:40 4789 121 -17418 Am nn 0.0842 0.9317 3N 10E 85 25607m51s
39 3 0609-Oct-0320:07:30 4618 117 -17195 A nn 0.1199 0.9298 1N 102W 83 26508m09s
40 4 0627-Oct-1503:46:22 4449 114 -16972 A nn 0.1469 0.9282 2S 142E 82 27208m30s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 92
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 5 0645-Oct-2511:32:35 4281 110 -16749 A nn 0.1681 0.9271 5S 25E 80 27708m51s
42 6 0663-Nov-0519:27:33 4115 107 -16526 A nn 0.1825 0.9265 7S 94W 80 28109m12s
43 7 0681-Nov-1603:27:06 3951 104 -16303 A nn 0.1935 0.9264 9S 145E 79 28209m29s
44 8 0699-Nov-2711:32:33 3789 100 -16080 A nn 0.2002 0.9270 11S 24E 79 28009m40s
45 9 0717-Dec-0719:39:44 3629 97 -15857 A nn 0.2058 0.9282 12S 99W 78 27509m43s
46 10 0735-Dec-1903:48:17 3472 94 -15634 A nn 0.2106 0.9301 12S 139E 78 26809m35s
47 11 0753-Dec-2911:55:33 3317 91 -15411 A nn 0.2169 0.9327 11S 17E 78 25809m16s
48 12 0772-Jan-0920:01:09 3165 88 -15188 A nn 0.2248 0.9358 9S 105W 77 24508m46s
49 13 0790-Jan-2004:01:39 3015 85 -14965 A nn 0.2374 0.9396 6S 134E 76 23008m07s
50 14 0808-Jan-3111:57:23 2870 82 -14742 A nn 0.2547 0.9439 2S 14E 75 21407m22s
51 15 0826-Feb-1019:46:16 2727 79 -14519 A nn 0.2780 0.9487 3N 105W 74 19606m32s
52 16 0844-Feb-2203:29:38 2588 76 -14296 A -n 0.3064 0.9538 8N 137E 72 17705m40s
53 17 0862-Mar-0411:03:31 2453 73 -14073 A -n 0.3433 0.9591 15N 21E 70 15804m49s
54 18 0880-Mar-1418:31:50 2322 71 -13850 A -p 0.3857 0.9645 21N 94W 67 13803m59s
55 19 0898-Mar-2601:51:34 2195 68 -13627 A -p 0.4360 0.9700 29N 154E 64 11903m11s
56 20 0916-Apr-0509:06:34 2072 65 -13404 A -p 0.4910 0.9753 36N 42E 60 10102m28s
57 21 0934-Apr-1616:13:13 1954 63 -13181 A -p 0.5537 0.9804 44N 67W 56 8301m50s
58 22 0952-Apr-2623:17:15 1839 60 -12958 A -p 0.6194 0.9851 53N 175W 51 6701m17s
59 23 0970-May-0806:15:49 1730 58 -12735 A -p 0.6906 0.9893 61N 78E 46 5200m51s
60 24 0988-May-1813:13:01 1625 55 -12512 A -p 0.7636 0.9929 70N 26W 40 3900m31s
61 25 1006-May-2920:07:36 1525 53 -12289 A -p 0.8396 0.9955 80N 125W 33 2900m18s
62 26 1024-Jun-0903:03:57 1429 51 -12066 A -p 0.9149 0.9971 88N 131W 23 2500m10s
63 27 1042-Jun-2010:01:08 1338 48 -11843 A -t 0.9902 0.9959 72N 168W 7 12500m13s
64 28 1060-Jun-3017:00:56 1251 46 -11620 P -t 1.0641 0.8764 65N 83E 0 - -
65 29 1078-Jul-1200:05:13 1169 44 -11397 P -t 1.1351 0.7475 64N 33W 0 - -
66 30 1096-Jul-2207:14:59 1092 42 -11174 P -t 1.2024 0.6246 63N 150W 0 - -
67 31 1114-Aug-0214:31:42 1018 40 -10951 P -t 1.2647 0.5105 62N 91E 0 - -
68 32 1132-Aug-1221:55:19 950 38 -10728 P -t 1.3222 0.4050 62N 29W 0 - -
69 33 1150-Aug-2405:28:31 885 36 -10505 P -t 1.3728 0.3119 61N 152W 0 - -
70 34 1168-Sep-0313:10:23 824 34 -10282 P -t 1.4174 0.2300 61N 84E 0 - -
71 35 1186-Sep-1421:01:13 767 32 -10059 P -t 1.4554 0.1600 61N 43W 0 - -
72 36 1204-Sep-2505:01:30 714 30 -9836 P -t 1.4869 0.1022 61N 172W 0 - -
73 37 1222-Oct-0613:11:25 664 29 -9613 P -t 1.5111 0.0577 61N 57E 0 - -
74 38 1240-Oct-1621:30:02 617 27 -9390 Pe -t 1.5295 0.0238 62N 77W 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 92

Solar eclipses of Saros 92 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on -0076 Aug 19. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on 1240 Oct 16. The total duration of Saros series 92 is 1316.20 years.

Summary of Saros 92
First Eclipse -0076 Aug 19
Last Eclipse 1240 Oct 16
Series Duration 1316.20 Years
No. of Eclipses 74
Sequence 23P 40A 11P

Saros 92 is composed of 74 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 92
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 74100.0%
PartialP 34 45.9%
AnnularA 40 54.1%
TotalT 0 0.0%
HybridH 0 0.0%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 92 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 92
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 40100.0%
Central (two limits) 40100.0%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 74 eclipses in Saros 92 occur in the following order : 23P 40A 11P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 92 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 92
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse 0717 Dec 0709m43s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse 1024 Jun 0900m10s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse 0321 Apr 14 - 0.91575
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 1240 Oct 16 - 0.02384

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.