Saros 93

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 93

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 93

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 93 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 93
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-34 -0029-Aug-0920:27:10 10812 273 -25088 Pb t- 1.5171 0.0780 70N 65E 0 - -
2-33 -0011-Aug-2003:25:40 10628 268 -24865 P t- 1.4558 0.1831 71N 53W 0 - -
3-32 0007-Aug-3110:35:41 10446 263 -24642 P t- 1.4028 0.2738 71N 175W 0 - -
4-31 0025-Sep-1017:55:20 10266 258 -24419 P t- 1.3568 0.3523 72N 61E 0 - -
5-30 0043-Sep-2201:25:01 10088 252 -24196 P t- 1.3182 0.4181 72N 66W 0 - -
6-29 0061-Oct-0209:05:15 9912 247 -23973 P t- 1.2871 0.4711 72N 164E 0 - -
7-28 0079-Oct-1316:55:20 9737 242 -23750 P t- 1.2630 0.5121 72N 31E 0 - -
8-27 0097-Oct-2400:53:57 9563 237 -23527 P t- 1.2451 0.5426 71N 103W 0 - -
9-26 0115-Nov-0408:59:08 9391 232 -23304 P t- 1.2316 0.5656 70N 122E 0 - -
10-25 0133-Nov-1417:10:54 9219 227 -23081 P t- 1.2228 0.5808 69N 14W 0 - -
11-24 0151-Nov-2601:26:47 9048 223 -22858 P t- 1.2162 0.5922 68N 151W 0 - -
12-23 0169-Dec-0609:44:50 8877 218 -22635 P t- 1.2106 0.6019 67N 73E 0 - -
13-22 0187-Dec-1718:03:36 8706 213 -22412 P t- 1.2048 0.6123 66N 63W 0 - -
14-21 0205-Dec-2802:21:09 8535 208 -22189 P t- 1.1972 0.6259 65N 161E 0 - -
15-20 0224-Jan-0810:35:54 8364 204 -21966 P t- 1.1866 0.6448 64N 27E 0 - -
16-19 0242-Jan-1818:45:45 8193 199 -21743 P t- 1.1712 0.6725 63N 106W 0 - -
17-18 0260-Jan-3002:50:47 8021 195 -21520 P t- 1.1509 0.7089 62N 123E 0 - -
18-17 0278-Feb-0910:49:31 7848 190 -21297 P t- 1.1244 0.7567 62N 6W 0 - -
19-16 0296-Feb-2018:40:37 7675 186 -21074 P t- 1.0909 0.8175 61N 133W 0 - -
20-15 0314-Mar-0302:24:55 7501 181 -20851 P t- 1.0508 0.8908 61N 101E 0 - -
21-14 0332-Mar-1310:01:44 7326 177 -20628 P t- 1.0037 0.9777 61N 22W 0 - -
22-13 0350-Mar-2417:32:51 7150 173 -20405 A t- 0.9505 0.9890 57N 111W 18 12400m45s
23-12 0368-Apr-0400:56:04 6973 169 -20182 A t- 0.8898 0.9977 56N 147E 27 1700m10s
24-11 0386-Apr-1508:15:27 6796 164 -19959 H p- 0.8247 1.0055 55N 43E 34 3300m23s
25-10 0404-Apr-2515:29:21 6618 160 -19736 T p- 0.7542 1.0127 55N 60W 41 6600m55s
26 -9 0422-May-0622:41:05 6440 156 -19513 T p- 0.6807 1.0193 55N 162W 47 9001m25s
27 -8 0440-May-1705:49:18 6262 152 -19290 T p- 0.6031 1.0253 54N 98E 53 10701m54s
28 -7 0458-May-2812:58:17 6084 148 -19067 T p- 0.5251 1.0305 52N 4W 58 12102m21s
29 -6 0476-Jun-0720:06:36 5907 144 -18844 T p- 0.4458 1.0350 49N 106W 63 13202m48s
30 -5 0494-Jun-1903:17:00 5730 141 -18621 T p- 0.3673 1.0388 45N 151E 68 14003m14s
31 -4 0512-Jun-2910:30:01 5554 137 -18398 T n- 0.2902 1.0418 40N 45E 73 14603m37s
32 -3 0530-Jul-1017:47:59 5377 133 -18175 T n- 0.2167 1.0440 35N 63W 77 15103m57s
33 -2 0548-Jul-2101:11:23 5202 129 -17952 T n- 0.1469 1.0455 29N 174W 81 15304m12s
34 -1 0566-Aug-0108:40:53 5029 126 -17729 T nn 0.0815 1.0464 23N 73E 85 15504m22s
35 0 0584-Aug-1116:18:27 4856 122 -17506 T nn 0.0225 1.0467 16N 43W 89 15504m27s
36 1 0602-Aug-2300:03:53 4685 119 -17283 T nn -0.0305 1.0465 9N 162W 88 15504m26s
37 2 0620-Sep-0207:57:43 4515 115 -17060 T nn -0.0772 1.0459 3N 78E 86 15304m21s
38 3 0638-Sep-1316:00:31 4347 112 -16837 Tm nn -0.1168 1.0450 4S 45W 83 15104m14s
39 4 0656-Sep-2400:12:17 4181 108 -16614 T -n -0.1495 1.0441 10S 171W 81 14904m05s
40 5 0674-Oct-0508:33:12 4016 105 -16391 T -n -0.1749 1.0430 16S 62E 80 14603m56s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 93
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 6 0692-Oct-1517:00:47 3853 102 -16168 T -n -0.1952 1.0421 21S 66W 79 14303m48s
42 7 0710-Oct-2701:37:10 3692 98 -15945 T -n -0.2086 1.0414 26S 164E 78 14103m41s
43 8 0728-Nov-0610:18:47 3533 95 -15722 T -n -0.2182 1.0409 30S 34E 77 14003m36s
44 9 0746-Nov-1719:06:08 3377 92 -15499 T -n -0.2231 1.0409 33S 97W 77 14003m33s
45 10 0764-Nov-2803:55:09 3224 89 -15276 T -n -0.2270 1.0412 35S 132E 77 14203m32s
46 11 0782-Dec-0912:47:35 3074 86 -15053 T -n -0.2282 1.0421 37S 1E 77 14503m34s
47 12 0800-Dec-1921:39:17 2927 83 -14830 T -n -0.2306 1.0434 37S 130W 76 14903m38s
48 13 0818-Dec-3106:30:11 2783 80 -14607 T -n -0.2339 1.0452 36S 99E 76 15503m44s
49 14 0837-Jan-1015:17:33 2643 77 -14384 T -n -0.2404 1.0473 35S 31W 76 16203m52s
50 15 0855-Jan-2200:01:21 2506 74 -14161 T -n -0.2501 1.0499 33S 160W 75 17104m01s
51 16 0873-Feb-0108:39:08 2373 72 -13938 T -n -0.2651 1.0527 30S 71E 74 18104m12s
52 17 0891-Feb-1217:10:36 2245 69 -13715 T -n -0.2857 1.0557 27S 56W 73 19104m23s
53 18 0909-Feb-2301:34:58 2120 66 -13492 T -n -0.3126 1.0587 24S 178E 72 20304m36s
54 19 0927-Mar-0609:52:20 2000 64 -13269 T -n -0.3455 1.0617 22S 53E 70 21404m50s
55 20 0945-Mar-1618:00:52 1884 61 -13046 T -n -0.3860 1.0644 19S 69W 67 22705m05s
56 21 0963-Mar-2802:02:25 1773 59 -12823 T -p -0.4324 1.0668 18S 170E 64 24005m20s
57 22 0981-Apr-0709:55:40 1666 56 -12600 T -p -0.4857 1.0687 17S 52E 61 25305m34s
58 23 0999-Apr-1817:43:18 1564 54 -12377 T -p -0.5438 1.0700 17S 66W 57 26805m47s
59 24 1017-Apr-2901:22:41 1466 52 -12154 T -p -0.6086 1.0706 19S 179E 52 28605m56s
60 25 1035-May-1008:58:25 1373 49 -11931 T -p -0.6762 1.0703 21S 64E 47 30706m00s
61 26 1053-May-2016:28:25 1285 47 -11708 T -p -0.7480 1.0690 26S 50W 41 33605m55s
62 27 1071-May-3123:56:33 1201 45 -11485 T -p -0.8212 1.0667 32S 163W 35 38105m38s
63 28 1089-Jun-1107:20:50 1122 43 -11262 T -t -0.8972 1.0629 40S 83E 26 46905m05s
64 29 1107-Jun-2214:45:48 1047 41 -11039 T -t -0.9721 1.0570 54S 32W 13 83304m10s
65 30 1125-Jul-0222:10:01 976 39 -10816 P -t -1.0468 0.9295 67S 152W 0 - -
66 31 1143-Jul-1405:36:15 910 37 -10593 P -t -1.1194 0.7890 68S 85E 0 - -
67 32 1161-Jul-2413:04:49 848 35 -10370 P -t -1.1894 0.6541 69S 39W 0 - -
68 33 1179-Aug-0420:37:52 789 33 -10147 P -t -1.2551 0.5285 70S 165W 0 - -
69 34 1197-Aug-1504:16:03 734 31 -9924 P -t -1.3160 0.4130 71S 68E 0 - -
70 35 1215-Aug-2611:59:10 683 29 -9701 P -t -1.3722 0.3077 72S 62W 0 - -
71 36 1233-Sep-0519:49:26 635 27 -9478 P -t -1.4219 0.2157 72S 167E 0 - -
72 37 1251-Sep-1703:45:48 591 26 -9255 P -t -1.4659 0.1352 72S 33E 0 - -
73 38 1269-Sep-2711:49:50 549 24 -9032 P -t -1.5033 0.0681 72S 102W 0 - -
74 39 1287-Oct-0820:00:03 510 23 -8809 Pe -t -1.5351 0.0121 71S 121E 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 93

Solar eclipses of Saros 93 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on -0029 Aug 09. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on 1287 Oct 08. The total duration of Saros series 93 is 1316.20 years.

Summary of Saros 93
First Eclipse -0029 Aug 09
Last Eclipse 1287 Oct 08
Series Duration 1316.20 Years
No. of Eclipses 74
Sequence 21P 2A 1H 40T 10P

Saros 93 is composed of 74 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 93
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 74100.0%
PartialP 31 41.9%
AnnularA 2 2.7%
TotalT 40 54.1%
HybridH 1 1.4%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 93 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 93
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 43100.0%
Central (two limits) 43100.0%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 74 eclipses in Saros 93 occur in the following order : 21P 2A 1H 40T 10P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 93 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 93
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse 0350 Mar 2400m45s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse 0368 Apr 0400m10s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse 1035 May 1006m00s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse 0404 Apr 2500m55s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 0386 Apr 1500m23s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 0386 Apr 1500m23s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse 0332 Mar 13 - 0.97772
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 1287 Oct 08 - 0.01211

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.