Saros 94

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 94

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 94

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 94 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 94
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-37 -0018-Jul-0913:12:06 10700 270 -24953 Pb t- -1.4931 0.0725 65S 0W 0 - -
2-36 0000-Jul-1920:43:55 10518 265 -24730 P t- -1.4255 0.2023 64S 124W 0 - -
3-35 0018-Jul-3104:23:00 10337 260 -24507 P t- -1.3634 0.3218 63S 111E 0 - -
4-34 0036-Aug-1012:08:12 10158 254 -24284 P t- -1.3058 0.4323 62S 15W 0 - -
5-33 0054-Aug-2120:02:19 9981 249 -24061 P t- -1.2551 0.5294 62S 143W 0 - -
6-32 0072-Sep-0104:03:08 9806 244 -23838 P t- -1.2097 0.6160 61S 87E 0 - -
7-31 0090-Sep-1212:13:48 9632 239 -23615 P t- -1.1720 0.6877 61S 45W 0 - -
8-30 0108-Sep-2220:32:07 9459 234 -23392 P t- -1.1404 0.7473 61S 179W 0 - -
9-29 0126-Oct-0404:58:49 9287 229 -23169 P t- -1.1157 0.7935 61S 45E 0 - -
10-28 0144-Oct-1413:32:44 9115 224 -22946 P t- -1.0970 0.8285 61S 93W 0 - -
11-27 0162-Oct-2522:13:36 8944 220 -22723 P t- -1.0841 0.8522 61S 127E 0 - -
12-26 0180-Nov-0506:59:52 8773 215 -22500 P t- -1.0756 0.8676 62S 14W 0 - -
13-25 0198-Nov-1615:49:21 8603 210 -22277 P t- -1.0700 0.8777 63S 156W 0 - -
14-24 0216-Nov-2700:42:16 8432 206 -22054 P t- -1.0675 0.8821 64S 61E 0 - -
15-23 0234-Dec-0809:36:01 8260 201 -21831 P t- -1.0663 0.8841 64S 83W 0 - -
16-22 0252-Dec-1818:29:06 8089 196 -21608 P t- -1.0647 0.8872 66S 133E 0 - -
17-21 0270-Dec-3003:19:18 7916 192 -21385 P t- -1.0611 0.8941 67S 11W 0 - -
18-20 0289-Jan-0912:06:16 7743 188 -21162 P t- -1.0552 0.9055 68S 154W 0 - -
19-19 0307-Jan-2020:48:09 7570 183 -20939 P t- -1.0456 0.9241 69S 63E 0 - -
20-18 0325-Jan-3105:23:15 7395 179 -20716 P t- -1.0310 0.9524 70S 79W 0 - -
21-17 0343-Feb-1113:51:39 7219 174 -20493 P t- -1.0111 0.9907 71S 141E 0 - -
22-16 0361-Feb-2122:12:03 7043 170 -20270 T t- -0.9851 1.0394 74S 27W 9 85702m07s
23-15 0379-Mar-0506:24:12 6866 166 -20047 T p- -0.9525 1.0438 70S 171E 17 49202m35s
24-14 0397-Mar-1514:27:40 6689 162 -19824 T p- -0.9132 1.0473 62S 30E 24 38803m02s
25-13 0415-Mar-2622:23:08 6510 158 -19601 T p- -0.8677 1.0503 54S 100W 29 33503m31s
26-12 0433-Apr-0606:11:03 6332 154 -19378 T p- -0.8164 1.0527 45S 134E 35 30003m59s
27-11 0451-Apr-1713:50:27 6154 150 -19155 T p- -0.7583 1.0545 37S 12E 40 27404m27s
28-10 0469-Apr-2721:24:06 5976 146 -18932 T p- -0.6959 1.0555 29S 107W 46 25404m52s
29 -9 0487-May-0904:51:17 5800 142 -18709 T p- -0.6284 1.0559 21S 137E 51 23605m11s
30 -8 0505-May-1912:14:53 5623 138 -18486 T p- -0.5586 1.0553 14S 22E 56 22005m23s
31 -7 0523-May-3019:32:57 5447 134 -18263 T p- -0.4848 1.0541 7S 90W 61 20405m25s
32 -6 0541-Jun-1002:50:18 5271 131 -18040 T p- -0.4109 1.0519 1S 158E 66 18805m17s
33 -5 0559-Jun-2110:05:22 5097 127 -17817 T n- -0.3355 1.0490 4N 48E 70 17304m59s
34 -4 0577-Jul-0117:21:42 4924 123 -17594 T n- -0.2619 1.0453 8N 62W 75 15604m33s
35 -3 0595-Jul-1300:38:15 4752 120 -17371 T nn -0.1892 1.0409 11N 172W 79 13904m02s
36 -2 0613-Jul-2307:59:17 4582 116 -17148 T nn -0.1208 1.0358 13N 78E 83 12103m28s
37 -1 0631-Aug-0315:23:32 4413 113 -16925 Tm nn -0.0558 1.0303 14N 33W 87 10202m52s
38 0 0649-Aug-1322:52:44 4246 110 -16702 T nn 0.0044 1.0243 14N 145W 90 8302m16s
39 1 0667-Aug-2506:27:27 4081 106 -16479 T nn 0.0593 1.0180 13N 102E 87 6201m40s
40 2 0685-Sep-0414:09:15 3917 103 -16256 H nn 0.1073 1.0116 12N 14W 84 4001m04s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 94
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 3 0703-Sep-1521:57:46 3755 100 -16033 H -n 0.1492 1.0052 9N 131W 81 1800m29s
42 4 0721-Sep-2605:53:07 3596 96 -15810 A -n 0.1844 0.9988 7N 110E 79 400m07s
43 5 0739-Oct-0713:55:33 3439 93 -15587 A -n 0.2130 0.9926 4N 12W 78 2600m43s
44 6 0757-Oct-1722:05:05 3284 90 -15364 A -n 0.2348 0.9868 1N 135W 76 4801m20s
45 7 0775-Oct-2906:19:32 3133 87 -15141 A -n 0.2517 0.9814 1S 100E 75 6801m57s
46 8 0793-Nov-0814:39:38 2984 84 -14918 A -n 0.2630 0.9765 4S 25W 75 8702m34s
47 9 0811-Nov-1923:02:45 2839 81 -14695 A -n 0.2710 0.9722 6S 152W 74 10303m10s
48 10 0829-Nov-3007:29:02 2697 78 -14472 A -n 0.2756 0.9685 7S 81E 74 11803m43s
49 11 0847-Dec-1115:54:07 2559 76 -14249 A -n 0.2805 0.9654 7S 46W 74 13004m13s
50 12 0865-Dec-2200:19:56 2425 73 -14026 A -n 0.2840 0.9629 7S 173W 74 14004m37s
51 13 0884-Jan-0208:41:57 2295 70 -13803 A -n 0.2895 0.9610 6S 61E 73 14804m55s
52 14 0902-Jan-1217:00:16 2169 67 -13580 A -n 0.2978 0.9597 4S 65W 73 15305m06s
53 15 0920-Jan-2401:11:08 2047 65 -13357 A -n 0.3114 0.9587 0S 172E 72 15805m12s
54 16 0938-Feb-0309:15:57 1929 62 -13134 A -p 0.3293 0.9583 4N 49E 71 16005m11s
55 17 0956-Feb-1417:11:39 1816 60 -12911 A -p 0.3540 0.9580 9N 72W 69 16305m06s
56 18 0974-Feb-2500:57:45 1707 57 -12688 A -p 0.3857 0.9580 15N 169E 67 16504m58s
57 19 0992-Mar-0708:33:49 1603 55 -12465 A -p 0.4248 0.9580 21N 53E 65 16804m48s
58 20 1010-Mar-1815:59:54 1504 52 -12242 A -p 0.4716 0.9581 28N 61W 62 17204m36s
59 21 1028-Mar-2823:15:20 1409 50 -12019 A -p 0.5261 0.9579 36N 173W 58 17904m24s
60 22 1046-Apr-0906:20:54 1319 48 -11796 A -p 0.5879 0.9576 44N 77E 54 19004m11s
61 23 1064-Apr-1913:17:21 1234 46 -11573 A -p 0.6563 0.9568 53N 30W 49 20803m58s
62 24 1082-Apr-3020:06:10 1152 44 -11350 A -p 0.7301 0.9556 62N 136W 43 23703m46s
63 25 1100-May-1102:46:31 1076 41 -11127 A -p 0.8100 0.9537 72N 120E 36 29103m36s
64 26 1118-May-2209:22:18 1004 39 -10904 A -t 0.8927 0.9508 84N 6E 26 40603m27s
65 27 1136-Jun-0115:52:54 936 37 -10681 A -t 0.9790 0.9459 78N 125E 11 106103m18s
66 28 1154-Jun-1222:21:49 872 35 -10458 P -t 1.0655 0.8531 66N 17E 0 - -
67 29 1172-Jun-2304:47:34 812 34 -10235 P -t 1.1539 0.7005 65N 90W 0 - -
68 30 1190-Jul-0411:15:35 756 32 -10012 P -t 1.2396 0.5529 64N 163E 0 - -
69 31 1208-Jul-1417:44:16 703 30 -9789 P -t 1.3242 0.4079 63N 56E 0 - -
70 32 1226-Jul-2600:17:23 654 28 -9566 P -t 1.4043 0.2714 63N 52W 0 - -
71 33 1244-Aug-0506:54:16 608 26 -9343 P -t 1.4806 0.1422 62N 160W 0 - -
72 34 1262-Aug-1613:38:56 565 25 -9120 Pe -t 1.5501 0.0255 62N 90E 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 94

Solar eclipses of Saros 94 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on -0018 Jul 09. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on 1262 Aug 16. The total duration of Saros series 94 is 1280.14 years.

Summary of Saros 94
First Eclipse -0018 Jul 09
Last Eclipse 1262 Aug 16
Series Duration 1280.14 Years
No. of Eclipses 72
Sequence 21P 18T 2H 24A 7P

Saros 94 is composed of 72 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 94
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 72100.0%
PartialP 28 38.9%
AnnularA 24 33.3%
TotalT 18 25.0%
HybridH 2 2.8%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 94 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 94
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 44100.0%
Central (two limits) 44100.0%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 72 eclipses in Saros 94 occur in the following order : 21P 18T 2H 24A 7P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 94 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 94
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse 0920 Jan 2405m12s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse 0721 Sep 2600m07s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse 0523 May 3005m25s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse 0667 Aug 2501m40s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 0685 Sep 0401m04s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 0703 Sep 1500m29s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse 0343 Feb 11 - 0.99070
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 1262 Aug 16 - 0.02554

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.