Saros 95

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 95

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 95

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 95 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 95
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-35 0047-Jul-1118:20:32 10051 251 -24149 Pb t- 1.5351 0.0172 67N 123E 0 - -
2-34 0065-Jul-2201:28:52 9875 246 -23926 P t- 1.4731 0.1323 68N 4E 0 - -
3-33 0083-Aug-0208:40:59 9700 241 -23703 P t- 1.4146 0.2397 69N 116W 0 - -
4-32 0101-Aug-1215:58:39 9527 236 -23480 P t- 1.3611 0.3370 70N 121E 0 - -
5-31 0119-Aug-2323:22:48 9354 231 -23257 P t- 1.3134 0.4230 71N 3W 0 - -
6-30 0137-Sep-0306:54:14 9183 226 -23034 P t- 1.2723 0.4960 71N 130W 0 - -
7-29 0155-Sep-1414:31:53 9012 222 -22811 P t- 1.2369 0.5583 72N 101E 0 - -
8-28 0173-Sep-2422:17:54 8841 217 -22588 P t- 1.2090 0.6066 72N 31W 0 - -
9-27 0191-Oct-0606:10:39 8670 212 -22365 P t- 1.1872 0.6440 72N 164W 0 - -
10-26 0209-Oct-1614:10:09 8499 207 -22142 P t- 1.1714 0.6704 71N 62E 0 - -
11-25 0227-Oct-2722:15:00 8328 203 -21919 P t- 1.1607 0.6880 71N 74W 0 - -
12-24 0245-Nov-0706:24:45 8157 198 -21696 P t- 1.1546 0.6977 70N 150E 0 - -
13-23 0263-Nov-1814:37:58 7984 194 -21473 P t- 1.1519 0.7016 69N 14E 0 - -
14-22 0281-Nov-2822:51:59 7812 189 -21250 P t- 1.1503 0.7037 68N 122W 0 - -
15-21 0299-Dec-1007:07:04 7638 185 -21027 P t- 1.1502 0.7036 67N 103E 0 - -
16-20 0317-Dec-2015:19:47 7464 180 -20804 P t- 1.1483 0.7064 66N 32W 0 - -
17-19 0335-Dec-3123:29:40 7289 176 -20581 P t- 1.1449 0.7121 65N 165W 0 - -
18-18 0354-Jan-1107:32:59 7113 172 -20358 P t- 1.1364 0.7264 64N 64E 0 - -
19-17 0372-Jan-2215:31:10 6936 168 -20135 P t- 1.1242 0.7471 63N 66W 0 - -
20-16 0390-Feb-0123:20:46 6759 164 -19912 P t- 1.1051 0.7795 62N 167E 0 - -
21-15 0408-Feb-1307:01:26 6581 159 -19689 P t- 1.0793 0.8236 62N 42E 0 - -
22-14 0426-Feb-2314:32:00 6403 155 -19466 P t- 1.0457 0.8809 61N 80W 0 - -
23-13 0444-Mar-0521:52:56 6224 151 -19243 A+ t- 1.0046 0.9511 61N 160E 0 - -
24-12 0462-Mar-1705:03:49 6046 147 -19020 A p- 0.9556 0.9323 56N 74E 17 85105m24s
25-11 0480-Mar-2712:04:07 5869 144 -18797 A p- 0.8982 0.9359 54N 24W 26 53105m16s
26-10 0498-Apr-0718:55:40 5693 140 -18574 A p- 0.8338 0.9389 53N 121W 33 40205m08s
27 -9 0516-Apr-1801:38:44 5516 136 -18351 A p- 0.7629 0.9415 53N 143E 40 32905m01s
28 -8 0534-Apr-2908:14:02 5340 132 -18128 A p- 0.6857 0.9438 53N 50E 46 28204m58s
29 -7 0552-May-0914:43:38 5166 129 -17905 A p- 0.6038 0.9455 52N 42W 53 25005m00s
30 -6 0570-May-2021:08:23 4992 125 -17682 A p- 0.5180 0.9470 50N 132W 59 22705m06s
31 -5 0588-May-3103:31:01 4820 121 -17459 A p- 0.4304 0.9478 47N 137E 64 21205m18s
32 -4 0606-Jun-1109:50:44 4649 118 -17236 A pn 0.3403 0.9483 43N 47E 70 20205m35s
33 -3 0624-Jun-2116:12:25 4480 114 -17013 A pn 0.2518 0.9482 38N 46W 75 19705m56s
34 -2 0642-Jul-0222:34:58 4312 111 -16790 A nn 0.1640 0.9477 33N 140W 80 19506m21s
35 -1 0660-Jul-1305:02:47 4146 108 -16567 A nn 0.0802 0.9468 26N 123E 85 19706m46s
36 0 0678-Jul-2411:33:58 3981 104 -16344 Am nn -0.0010 0.9455 20N 24E 90 20107m10s
37 1 0696-Aug-0318:13:43 3819 101 -16121 A nn -0.0753 0.9439 13N 77W 86 20807m30s
38 2 0714-Aug-1500:59:21 3658 98 -15898 A nn -0.1448 0.9420 5N 179E 82 21707m46s
39 3 0732-Aug-2507:54:31 3500 95 -15675 A nn -0.2065 0.9401 2S 73E 78 22607m55s
40 4 0750-Sep-0514:57:51 3345 91 -15452 A nn -0.2619 0.9381 9S 36W 75 23808m00s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 95
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 5 0768-Sep-1522:12:29 3192 88 -15229 A nn -0.3083 0.9362 16S 147W 72 24908m00s
42 6 0786-Sep-2705:36:09 3043 85 -15006 A -n -0.3474 0.9344 22S 100E 70 26007m57s
43 7 0804-Oct-0713:09:40 2896 82 -14783 A -n -0.3788 0.9329 29S 16W 68 27007m52s
44 8 0822-Oct-1820:52:16 2753 80 -14560 A -p -0.4031 0.9318 34S 133W 66 27807m45s
45 9 0840-Oct-2904:43:48 2613 77 -14337 A -p -0.4207 0.9311 39S 109E 65 28407m35s
46 10 0858-Nov-0912:41:52 2478 74 -14114 A -p -0.4333 0.9309 44S 9W 64 28707m24s
47 11 0876-Nov-1920:46:14 2346 71 -13891 A -p -0.4414 0.9313 47S 128W 64 28707m11s
48 12 0894-Dec-0104:54:27 2218 68 -13668 A -p -0.4470 0.9324 49S 113E 63 28306m56s
49 13 0912-Dec-1113:06:17 2094 66 -13445 A -p -0.4503 0.9341 50S 6W 63 27606m38s
50 14 0930-Dec-2221:17:30 1975 63 -13222 A -p -0.4549 0.9364 50S 124W 63 26606m17s
51 15 0949-Jan-0205:29:19 1860 61 -12999 A -p -0.4597 0.9394 49S 117E 62 25305m54s
52 16 0967-Jan-1313:37:12 1750 58 -12776 A -p -0.4686 0.9430 47S 2W 62 23805m28s
53 17 0985-Jan-2321:42:09 1644 56 -12553 A -p -0.4804 0.9472 44S 121W 61 22005m00s
54 18 1003-Feb-0405:39:59 1543 53 -12330 A -p -0.4989 0.9517 41S 121E 60 20204m31s
55 19 1021-Feb-1413:33:22 1446 51 -12107 A -p -0.5217 0.9568 38S 4E 58 18204m01s
56 20 1039-Feb-2521:18:48 1354 49 -11884 A -p -0.5521 0.9620 36S 112W 56 16303m31s
57 21 1057-Mar-0804:57:12 1267 47 -11661 A -p -0.5887 0.9675 34S 134E 54 14203m01s
58 22 1075-Mar-1912:27:39 1184 44 -11438 A -p -0.6326 0.9728 32S 21E 51 12302m31s
59 23 1093-Mar-2919:51:45 1106 42 -11215 A -p -0.6823 0.9782 32S 90W 47 10302m02s
60 24 1111-Apr-1003:09:33 1032 40 -10992 A -p -0.7382 0.9833 32S 160E 42 8601m34s
61 25 1129-Apr-2010:21:07 962 38 -10769 A -p -0.8000 0.9879 35S 52E 37 6901m08s
62 26 1147-May-0117:28:47 896 36 -10546 A -p -0.8658 0.9918 39S 55W 30 5700m45s
63 27 1165-May-1200:33:02 835 34 -10323 A -p -0.9349 0.9946 46S 160W 20 5300m28s
64 28 1183-May-2307:34:55 777 32 -10100 P -t -1.0066 0.9798 64S 104E 0 - -
65 29 1201-Jun-0214:35:46 723 31 -9877 P -t -1.0801 0.8475 65S 11W 0 - -
66 30 1219-Jun-1321:37:14 673 29 -9654 P -t -1.1537 0.7139 66S 127W 0 - -
67 31 1237-Jun-2404:41:05 626 27 -9431 P -t -1.2260 0.5815 67S 117E 0 - -
68 32 1255-Jul-0511:46:58 582 25 -9208 P -t -1.2971 0.4504 68S 1W 0 - -
69 33 1273-Jul-1518:58:12 541 24 -8985 P -t -1.3644 0.3258 69S 120W 0 - -
70 34 1291-Jul-2702:14:24 502 22 -8762 P -t -1.4280 0.2076 70S 119E 0 - -
71 35 1309-Aug-0609:38:11 466 21 -8539 Pe -t -1.4863 0.0991 70S 5W 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 95

Solar eclipses of Saros 95 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on 0047 Jul 11. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on 1309 Aug 06. The total duration of Saros series 95 is 1262.11 years.

Summary of Saros 95
First Eclipse 0047 Jul 11
Last Eclipse 1309 Aug 06
Series Duration 1262.11 Years
No. of Eclipses 71
Sequence 22P 41A 8P

Saros 95 is composed of 71 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 95
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 71100.0%
PartialP 30 42.3%
AnnularA 41 57.7%
TotalT 0 0.0%
HybridH 0 0.0%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 95 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 95
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 41100.0%
Central (two limits) 40 97.6%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 1 2.4%

The 71 eclipses in Saros 95 occur in the following order : 22P 41A 8P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 95 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 95
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse 0768 Sep 1508m00s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse 1165 May 1200m28s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse 1183 May 23 - 0.97979
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 0047 Jul 11 - 0.01717

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.