Saros 96

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 96

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 96

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 96 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 96
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-35 0094-Jul-0110:27:22 9595 238 -23568 Pb t- -1.5568 0.0069 65S 43E 0 - -
2-34 0112-Jul-1117:00:11 9422 233 -23345 P t- -1.4752 0.1473 64S 66W 0 - -
3-33 0130-Jul-2223:39:58 9250 228 -23122 P t- -1.3978 0.2807 63S 176W 0 - -
4-32 0148-Aug-0206:27:26 9079 223 -22899 P t- -1.3253 0.4056 63S 72E 0 - -
5-31 0166-Aug-1313:23:54 8908 219 -22676 P t- -1.2591 0.5197 62S 42W 0 - -
6-30 0184-Aug-2320:29:27 8737 214 -22453 P t- -1.1991 0.6228 61S 158W 0 - -
7-29 0202-Sep-0403:46:07 8567 209 -22230 P t- -1.1471 0.7121 61S 83E 0 - -
8-28 0220-Sep-1411:12:55 8396 205 -22007 P t- -1.1023 0.7888 61S 38W 0 - -
9-27 0238-Sep-2518:49:30 8224 200 -21784 P t- -1.0647 0.8531 61S 161W 0 - -
10-26 0256-Oct-0602:36:08 8052 195 -21561 P t- -1.0344 0.9049 61S 73E 0 - -
11-25 0274-Oct-1710:32:20 7880 191 -21338 A- t- -1.0115 0.9442 61S 56W 0 - -
12-24 0292-Oct-2718:36:37 7707 187 -21115 As t- -0.9941 0.9382 64S 177W 5 - 03m49s
13-23 0310-Nov-0802:47:21 7533 182 -20892 As t- -0.9811 0.9405 67S 63E 10 - 03m43s
14-22 0328-Nov-1811:03:58 7358 178 -20669 A t- -0.9723 0.9426 71S 66W 13 95403m33s
15-21 0346-Nov-2919:25:00 7182 174 -20446 A t- -0.9665 0.9449 74S 161E 14 82703m23s
16-20 0364-Dec-1003:47:21 7006 169 -20223 A t- -0.9610 0.9479 78S 24E 15 72203m11s
17-19 0382-Dec-2112:10:42 6829 165 -20000 A t- -0.9556 0.9513 81S 118W 17 62902m58s
18-18 0400-Dec-3120:31:54 6651 161 -19777 A t- -0.9476 0.9556 85S 87E 18 52402m44s
19-17 0419-Jan-1204:51:18 6473 157 -19554 A t- -0.9374 0.9605 86S 109W 20 42302m29s
20-16 0437-Jan-2213:04:38 6295 153 -19331 A t- -0.9217 0.9662 82S 81E 22 32102m11s
21-15 0455-Feb-0221:14:14 6117 149 -19108 A t- -0.9021 0.9723 76S 60W 25 23301m52s
22-14 0473-Feb-1305:16:02 5939 145 -18885 A p- -0.8755 0.9790 69S 168E 28 15601m29s
23-13 0491-Feb-2413:11:43 5763 141 -18662 A p- -0.8430 0.9860 62S 40E 32 9201m02s
24-12 0509-Mar-0620:58:51 5586 137 -18439 A p- -0.8025 0.9933 55S 84W 36 3900m32s
25-11 0527-Mar-1804:40:15 5410 134 -18216 H p- -0.7565 1.0007 47S 154E 41 300m03s
26-10 0545-Mar-2812:14:29 5234 130 -17993 H p- -0.7036 1.0079 39S 35E 45 3800m42s
27 -9 0563-Apr-0819:42:17 5060 126 -17770 T p- -0.6445 1.0151 31S 82W 50 6701m25s
28 -8 0581-Apr-1903:05:03 4888 123 -17547 T p- -0.5801 1.0218 23S 163E 54 9102m09s
29 -7 0599-Apr-3010:23:47 4717 119 -17324 T p- -0.5111 1.0281 15S 49E 59 11002m52s
30 -6 0617-May-1017:39:20 4547 116 -17101 T p- -0.4385 1.0340 7S 63W 64 12703m32s
31 -5 0635-May-2200:52:28 4378 112 -16878 T p- -0.3629 1.0391 0S 174W 69 14104m06s
32 -4 0653-Jun-0108:05:30 4211 109 -16655 T n- -0.2862 1.0436 6N 75E 73 15204m32s
33 -3 0671-Jun-1215:19:30 4046 106 -16432 T n- -0.2091 1.0473 11N 34W 78 16104m48s
34 -2 0689-Jun-2222:34:36 3883 102 -16209 T nn -0.1320 1.0503 16N 144W 83 16804m56s
35 -1 0707-Jul-0405:53:35 3721 99 -15986 T nn -0.0574 1.0525 20N 107E 87 17404m57s
36 0 0725-Jul-1413:16:33 3562 96 -15763 T nn 0.0145 1.0540 22N 3W 89 17904m53s
37 1 0743-Jul-2520:45:51 3406 93 -15540 Tm nn 0.0818 1.0547 24N 115W 85 18104m46s
38 2 0761-Aug-0504:19:42 3252 90 -15317 T nn 0.1459 1.0548 24N 133E 81 18304m38s
39 3 0779-Aug-1612:02:18 3101 87 -15094 T -n 0.2032 1.0544 24N 18E 78 18304m29s
40 4 0797-Aug-2619:51:30 2954 84 -14871 T -n 0.2555 1.0535 22N 98W 75 18204m21s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 96
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 5 0815-Sep-0703:50:12 2809 81 -14648 T -n 0.3002 1.0522 20N 142E 72 18004m14s
42 6 0833-Sep-1711:55:57 2668 78 -14425 T -n 0.3394 1.0507 18N 20E 70 17804m08s
43 7 0851-Sep-2820:12:03 2531 75 -14202 T -n 0.3704 1.0492 15N 104W 68 17404m03s
44 8 0869-Oct-0904:35:20 2397 72 -13979 T -n 0.3959 1.0475 13N 129E 67 17104m00s
45 9 0887-Oct-2013:06:34 2268 70 -13756 T -n 0.4150 1.0461 10N 0W 65 16803m59s
46 10 0905-Oct-3021:44:24 2143 67 -13533 T -n 0.4292 1.0449 8N 131W 65 16403m59s
47 11 0923-Nov-1106:28:57 2022 64 -13310 T -n 0.4377 1.0440 6N 97E 64 16204m01s
48 12 0941-Nov-2115:17:20 1905 62 -13087 T -n 0.4436 1.0436 4N 37W 64 16204m05s
49 13 0959-Dec-0300:08:39 1793 59 -12864 T -n 0.4473 1.0435 3N 171W 63 16204m10s
50 14 0977-Dec-1309:01:34 1685 57 -12641 T -n 0.4498 1.0439 3N 55E 63 16404m16s
51 15 0995-Dec-2417:55:02 1582 54 -12418 T -n 0.4518 1.0448 4N 80W 63 16804m23s
52 16 1014-Jan-0402:45:36 1484 52 -12195 T -n 0.4564 1.0462 5N 146E 63 17304m29s
53 17 1032-Jan-1511:33:32 1390 50 -11972 T -n 0.4631 1.0479 7N 13E 62 17904m36s
54 18 1050-Jan-2520:16:03 1301 47 -11749 T -p 0.4745 1.0499 11N 120W 62 18804m41s
55 19 1068-Feb-0604:53:47 1216 45 -11526 T -p 0.4899 1.0521 15N 109E 61 19704m46s
56 20 1086-Feb-1613:23:13 1136 43 -11303 T -p 0.5119 1.0544 20N 21W 59 20804m48s
57 21 1104-Feb-2721:46:53 1060 41 -11080 T -p 0.5390 1.0568 25N 149W 57 22104m49s
58 22 1122-Mar-1006:01:25 989 39 -10857 T -p 0.5736 1.0588 32N 84E 55 23504m47s
59 23 1140-Mar-2014:08:47 922 37 -10634 T -p 0.6142 1.0607 39N 41W 52 25104m42s
60 24 1158-Mar-3122:07:21 859 35 -10411 T -p 0.6622 1.0621 46N 164W 48 27104m33s
61 25 1176-Apr-1105:59:27 800 33 -10188 T -p 0.7156 1.0629 54N 74E 44 29504m20s
62 26 1194-Apr-2213:44:26 744 31 -9965 T -p 0.7747 1.0629 63N 47W 39 32704m03s
63 27 1212-May-0221:22:39 692 30 -9742 T -p 0.8394 1.0620 72N 169W 33 37703m43s
64 28 1230-May-1404:56:06 644 28 -9519 T -t 0.9078 1.0597 82N 52E 24 47603m17s
65 29 1248-May-2412:24:43 599 26 -9296 T -t 0.9801 1.0549 78N 171W 11 99602m42s
66 30 1266-Jun-0419:50:29 556 25 -9073 P -t 1.0541 0.9157 67N 60E 0 - -
67 31 1284-Jun-1503:13:03 517 23 -8850 P -t 1.1301 0.7691 66N 61W 0 - -
68 32 1302-Jun-2610:35:46 480 21 -8627 P -t 1.2055 0.6241 65N 178E 0 - -
69 33 1320-Jul-0617:58:21 446 20 -8404 P -t 1.2804 0.4808 64N 58E 0 - -
70 34 1338-Jul-1801:22:23 413 20 -8181 P -t 1.3535 0.3420 63N 63W 0 - -
71 35 1356-Jul-2808:49:09 383 20 -7958 P -t 1.4234 0.2102 62N 176E 0 - -
72 36 1374-Aug-0816:20:06 354 20 -7735 Pe -t 1.4892 0.0876 62N 54E 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 96

Solar eclipses of Saros 96 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on 0094 Jul 01. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on 1374 Aug 08. The total duration of Saros series 96 is 1280.14 years.

Summary of Saros 96
First Eclipse 0094 Jul 01
Last Eclipse 1374 Aug 08
Series Duration 1280.14 Years
No. of Eclipses 72
Sequence 10P 14A 2H 39T 7P

Saros 96 is composed of 72 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 96
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 72100.0%
PartialP 17 23.6%
AnnularA 14 19.4%
TotalT 39 54.2%
HybridH 2 2.8%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 96 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 96
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 55100.0%
Central (two limits) 52 94.5%
Central (one limit) 2 3.6%
Non-Central (one limit) 1 1.8%

The 72 eclipses in Saros 96 occur in the following order : 10P 14A 2H 39T 7P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 96 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 96
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse 0292 Oct 2703m49s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse 0509 Mar 0600m32s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse 0707 Jul 0404m57s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse 0563 Apr 0801m25s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 0545 Mar 2800m42s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 0527 Mar 1800m03s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse 1266 Jun 04 - 0.91566
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 0094 Jul 01 - 0.00688

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.