Saros 105

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 105

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 105

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 105 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 105
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-35 0499-Mar-2719:05:40 5684 140 -18562 Pb t- 1.5546 0.0157 61N 177W 0 - -
2-34 0517-Apr-0701:58:53 5507 136 -18339 P t- 1.4895 0.1251 61N 70E 0 - -
3-33 0535-Apr-1808:45:43 5331 132 -18116 P t- 1.4183 0.2458 61N 41W 0 - -
4-32 0553-Apr-2815:27:55 5156 128 -17893 P t- 1.3422 0.3762 62N 151W 0 - -
5-31 0571-May-0922:04:34 4983 125 -17670 P t- 1.2605 0.5174 62N 100E 0 - -
6-30 0589-May-2004:40:10 4811 121 -17447 P t- 1.1768 0.6631 63N 9W 0 - -
7-29 0607-May-3111:14:05 4640 118 -17224 P t- 1.0907 0.8139 64N 118W 0 - -
8-28 0625-Jun-1017:49:10 4471 114 -17001 A+ t- 1.0043 0.9659 65N 133E 0 - -
9-27 0643-Jun-2200:25:43 4303 111 -16778 A t- 0.9177 0.9648 85N 94E 23 32702m17s
10-26 0661-Jul-0207:07:14 4137 107 -16555 A t- 0.8340 0.9692 80N 89E 33 20302m11s
11-25 0679-Jul-1313:53:38 3972 104 -16332 A p- 0.7532 0.9724 71N 2W 41 15102m07s
12-24 0697-Jul-2320:45:52 3810 101 -16109 A p- 0.6762 0.9749 62N 104W 47 12202m04s
13-23 0715-Aug-0403:45:52 3650 98 -15886 A p- 0.6045 0.9767 53N 151E 53 10402m03s
14-22 0733-Aug-1410:54:33 3492 94 -15663 A p- 0.5391 0.9780 45N 42E 57 9302m03s
15-21 0751-Aug-2518:12:41 3337 91 -15440 A p- 0.4806 0.9789 37N 70W 61 8502m04s
16-20 0769-Sep-0501:40:02 3184 88 -15217 A p- 0.4288 0.9795 30N 176E 64 8002m06s
17-19 0787-Sep-1609:18:15 3035 85 -14994 A p- 0.3854 0.9799 23N 59E 67 7702m07s
18-18 0805-Sep-2617:06:29 2888 82 -14771 A p- 0.3493 0.9803 17N 61W 69 7502m09s
19-17 0823-Oct-0801:03:57 2745 79 -14548 A n- 0.3202 0.9807 11N 178E 71 7202m09s
20-16 0841-Oct-1809:11:01 2606 77 -14325 A n- 0.2981 0.9812 6N 54E 73 7002m07s
21-15 0859-Oct-2917:26:13 2470 74 -14102 A n- 0.2819 0.9821 1N 71W 74 6602m03s
22-14 0877-Nov-0901:49:18 2339 71 -13879 A n- 0.2716 0.9832 3S 162E 74 6201m57s
23-13 0895-Nov-2010:16:33 2211 68 -13656 A n- 0.2638 0.9849 6S 34E 75 5501m45s
24-12 0913-Nov-3018:49:55 2088 66 -13433 A n- 0.2603 0.9870 8S 95W 75 4801m30s
25-11 0931-Dec-1203:24:47 1969 63 -13210 A n- 0.2569 0.9896 9S 136E 75 3801m11s
26-10 0949-Dec-2212:01:23 1854 61 -12987 A n- 0.2544 0.9929 9S 6E 75 2600m47s
27 -9 0968-Jan-0220:35:30 1744 58 -12764 A n- 0.2491 0.9967 8S 123W 76 1200m21s
28 -8 0986-Jan-1305:08:41 1638 56 -12541 H n- 0.2422 1.0011 7S 109E 76 400m07s
29 -7 1004-Jan-2413:37:01 1537 53 -12318 H n- 0.2305 1.0060 5S 19W 77 2100m36s
30 -6 1022-Feb-0322:00:41 1441 51 -12095 H n- 0.2142 1.0113 3S 145W 78 4001m06s
31 -5 1040-Feb-1506:17:42 1349 49 -11872 H2 n- 0.1916 1.0170 1S 90E 79 5901m35s
32 -4 1058-Feb-2514:28:37 1262 46 -11649 T n- 0.1635 1.0229 1N 33W 81 7902m05s
33 -3 1076-Mar-0722:31:47 1180 44 -11426 T n- 0.1281 1.0290 4N 154W 83 9902m34s
34 -2 1094-Mar-1906:28:09 1101 42 -11203 T nn 0.0863 1.0350 6N 87E 85 11803m04s
35 -1 1112-Mar-2914:17:26 1028 40 -10980 T nn 0.0379 1.0410 8N 30W 88 13703m34s
36 0 1130-Apr-0922:01:14 958 38 -10757 T nn -0.0160 1.0466 9N 146W 89 15504m04s
37 1 1148-Apr-2005:37:49 893 36 -10534 Tm nn -0.0765 1.0520 10N 100E 86 17304m35s
38 2 1166-May-0113:10:59 832 34 -10311 T nn -0.1406 1.0567 10N 12W 82 18905m06s
39 3 1184-May-1120:39:00 774 32 -10088 T -n -0.2094 1.0609 8N 124W 78 20405m35s
40 4 1202-May-2304:05:56 720 31 -9865 T -n -0.2801 1.0643 6N 125E 74 21906m02s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 105
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 5 1220-Jun-0211:28:48 670 29 -9642 T -n -0.3545 1.0670 3N 14E 69 23406m24s
42 6 1238-Jun-1318:53:29 623 27 -9419 T -p -0.4280 1.0689 2S 98W 65 24806m38s
43 7 1256-Jun-2402:17:18 579 25 -9196 T -p -0.5022 1.0698 7S 149E 60 26306m42s
44 8 1274-Jul-0509:44:23 538 24 -8973 T -p -0.5742 1.0700 13S 36E 55 27806m35s
45 9 1292-Jul-1517:13:05 500 22 -8750 T -p -0.6449 1.0692 20S 80W 50 29506m17s
46 10 1310-Jul-2700:47:43 464 21 -8527 T -p -0.7110 1.0676 27S 163E 44 31305m52s
47 11 1328-Aug-0608:26:32 431 20 -8304 T -p -0.7735 1.0652 35S 44E 39 33505m19s
48 12 1346-Aug-1716:11:24 399 20 -8081 T -p -0.8311 1.0622 43S 79W 33 36504m43s
49 13 1364-Aug-2800:02:59 370 20 -7858 T -p -0.8832 1.0584 52S 156E 28 40904m06s
50 14 1382-Sep-0808:02:22 342 20 -7635 T -p -0.9290 1.0541 60S 24E 21 48703m29s
51 15 1400-Sep-1816:09:41 316 20 -7412 T -t -0.9684 1.0490 69S 118W 14 67802m53s
52 16 1418-Sep-3000:24:09 291 20 -7189 T- -t -1.0020 1.0113 72S 64E 0 - -
53 17 1436-Oct-1008:47:26 268 20 -6966 P -t -1.0285 0.9594 71S 76W 0 - -
54 18 1454-Oct-2117:17:29 245 20 -6743 P -t -1.0499 0.9178 71S 143E 0 - -
55 19 1472-Nov-0101:54:25 224 20 -6520 P -t -1.0657 0.8869 70S 1E 0 - -
56 20 1490-Nov-1210:36:44 205 20 -6297 P -t -1.0774 0.8640 69S 142W 0 - -
57 21 1508-Nov-2219:24:21 186 20 -6074 P -t -1.0850 0.8490 68S 75E 0 - -
58 22 1526-Dec-0404:14:38 169 20 -5851 P -t -1.0905 0.8382 67S 69W 0 - -
59 23 1544-Dec-1413:06:27 153 20 -5628 P -t -1.0948 0.8298 66S 148E 0 - -
60 24 1562-Dec-2521:58:38 140 20 -5405 P -t -1.0990 0.8218 65S 5E 0 - -
61 25 1581-Jan-0506:49:57 128 20 -5182 P -t -1.1041 0.8121 64S 138W 0 - -
62 26 1599-Jan-2615:37:09 119 20 -4959 P -t -1.1125 0.7965 63S 81E 0 - -
63 27 1617-Feb-0600:20:22 98 17 -4736 P -t -1.1240 0.7751 62S 59W 0 - -
64 28 1635-Feb-1708:57:23 71 15 -4513 P -t -1.1407 0.7441 62S 163E 0 - -
65 29 1653-Feb-2717:28:49 44 12 -4290 P -t -1.1619 0.7043 61S 26E 0 - -
66 30 1671-Mar-1101:50:57 22 9 -4067 P -t -1.1906 0.6505 61S 108W 0 - -
67 31 1689-Mar-2110:06:41 9 7 -3844 P -t -1.2245 0.5868 61S 119E 0 - -
68 32 1707-Apr-0218:12:24 9 5 -3621 P -t -1.2661 0.5083 61S 11W 0 - -
69 33 1725-Apr-1302:11:22 10 4 -3398 P -t -1.3132 0.4193 61S 140W 0 - -
70 34 1743-Apr-2410:00:09 12 3 -3175 P -t -1.3682 0.3153 62S 94E 0 - -
71 35 1761-May-0417:43:11 14 3 -2952 P -t -1.4274 0.2032 62S 30W 0 - -
72 36 1779-May-1601:17:39 17 2 -2729 Pe -t -1.4928 0.0796 63S 153W 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 105

Solar eclipses of Saros 105 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on 0499 Mar 27. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on 1779 May 16. The total duration of Saros series 105 is 1280.14 years.

Summary of Saros 105
First Eclipse 0499 Mar 27
Last Eclipse 1779 May 16
Series Duration 1280.14 Years
No. of Eclipses 72
Sequence 7P 20A 4H 21T 20P

Saros 105 is composed of 72 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 105
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 72100.0%
PartialP 27 37.5%
AnnularA 20 27.8%
TotalT 21 29.2%
HybridH 4 5.6%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 105 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 105
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 45100.0%
Central (two limits) 43 95.6%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 2 4.4%

The 72 eclipses in Saros 105 occur in the following order : 7P 20A 4H 21T 20P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 105 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 105
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse 0643 Jun 2202m17s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse 0968 Jan 0200m21s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse 1256 Jun 2406m42s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse 1058 Feb 2502m05s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 1040 Feb 1501m35s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 0986 Jan 1300m07s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse 1436 Oct 10 - 0.95944
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 0499 Mar 27 - 0.01565

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.