Saros 106

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 106

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 106

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 106 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 106
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-40 0456-Jan-2308:46:17 6107 149 -19096 Pb t- -1.5333 0.0111 69S 126W 0 - -
2-39 0474-Feb-0217:15:48 5930 145 -18873 P t- -1.5146 0.0437 70S 93E 0 - -
3-38 0492-Feb-1401:38:31 5753 141 -18650 P t- -1.4901 0.0874 71S 46W 0 - -
4-37 0510-Feb-2409:54:37 5577 137 -18427 P t- -1.4601 0.1418 71S 176E 0 - -
5-36 0528-Mar-0618:02:17 5400 133 -18204 P t- -1.4232 0.2099 72S 39E 0 - -
6-35 0546-Mar-1802:03:35 5225 130 -17981 P t- -1.3809 0.2890 72S 96W 0 - -
7-34 0564-Mar-2809:57:05 5051 126 -17758 P t- -1.3318 0.3820 72S 131E 0 - -
8-33 0582-Apr-0817:44:27 4879 123 -17535 P t- -1.2773 0.4860 71S 1W 0 - -
9-32 0600-Apr-1901:25:20 4707 119 -17312 P t- -1.2171 0.6019 71S 130W 0 - -
10-31 0618-Apr-3009:01:36 4537 116 -17089 P t- -1.1527 0.7268 70S 102E 0 - -
11-30 0636-May-1016:34:08 4369 112 -16866 P t- -1.0848 0.8592 69S 24W 0 - -
12-29 0654-May-2200:02:46 4202 109 -16643 P t- -1.0132 0.9989 68S 149W 0 - -
13-28 0672-Jun-0107:30:37 4037 105 -16420 T t- -0.9405 1.0680 48S 85E 19 66305m06s
14-27 0690-Jun-1214:57:07 3874 102 -16197 T t- -0.8663 1.0718 37S 32W 30 46905m52s
15-26 0708-Jun-2222:25:21 3713 99 -15974 T p- -0.7933 1.0737 29S 148W 37 39306m18s
16-25 0726-Jul-0405:53:50 3554 96 -15751 T p- -0.7206 1.0745 23S 98E 44 34706m31s
17-24 0744-Jul-1413:26:32 3398 93 -15528 T p- -0.6512 1.0741 18S 17W 49 31406m30s
18-23 0762-Jul-2521:02:13 3244 89 -15305 T p- -0.5843 1.0729 15S 133W 54 28906m20s
19-22 0780-Aug-0504:43:19 3093 86 -15082 T p- -0.5220 1.0708 13S 111E 58 26706m03s
20-21 0798-Aug-1612:29:33 2946 83 -14859 T p- -0.4643 1.0680 12S 6W 62 24805m42s
21-20 0816-Aug-2620:23:27 2801 81 -14636 T n- -0.4133 1.0647 13S 126W 66 23005m20s
22-19 0834-Sep-0704:24:08 2661 78 -14413 T n- -0.3680 1.0609 14S 114E 68 21404m57s
23-18 0852-Sep-1712:32:11 2523 75 -14190 T n- -0.3292 1.0569 16S 9W 71 19704m35s
24-17 0870-Sep-2820:47:44 2390 72 -13967 T n- -0.2969 1.0527 19S 133W 73 18204m15s
25-16 0888-Oct-0905:11:09 2261 69 -13744 T n- -0.2716 1.0484 22S 100E 74 16703m55s
26-15 0906-Oct-2013:41:10 2136 67 -13521 T n- -0.2519 1.0444 25S 27W 75 15303m37s
27-14 0924-Oct-3022:17:26 2015 64 -13298 T n- -0.2379 1.0405 28S 156W 76 13903m20s
28-13 0942-Nov-1106:58:41 1899 62 -13075 T n- -0.2282 1.0370 31S 75E 77 12703m05s
29-12 0960-Nov-2115:44:36 1787 59 -12852 T n- -0.2229 1.0338 34S 56W 77 11702m52s
30-11 0978-Dec-0300:31:45 1679 57 -12629 T n- -0.2191 1.0311 35S 174E 77 10802m41s
31-10 0996-Dec-1309:21:07 1577 54 -12406 T n- -0.2176 1.0289 36S 44E 77 10002m32s
32 -9 1014-Dec-2418:08:39 1479 52 -12183 T n- -0.2153 1.0272 36S 85W 77 9502m25s
33 -8 1033-Jan-0402:54:45 1385 50 -11960 T n- -0.2122 1.0260 34S 145E 78 9102m21s
34 -7 1051-Jan-1511:35:06 1296 47 -11737 T n- -0.2049 1.0252 32S 17E 78 8802m19s
35 -6 1069-Jan-2520:11:50 1212 45 -11514 T n- -0.1953 1.0249 28S 112W 79 8602m19s
36 -5 1087-Feb-0604:40:52 1132 43 -11291 T n- -0.1801 1.0248 24S 121E 79 8602m20s
37 -4 1105-Feb-1613:02:40 1056 41 -11068 T nn -0.1593 1.0249 19S 5W 81 8602m23s
38 -3 1123-Feb-2721:15:07 985 39 -10845 Tm nn -0.1313 1.0251 13S 129W 82 8602m27s
39 -2 1141-Mar-1005:19:39 918 37 -10622 T nn -0.0972 1.0254 7S 108E 84 8702m30s
40 -1 1159-Mar-2113:14:35 855 35 -10399 T nn -0.0558 1.0254 0S 13W 87 8702m32s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 106
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 0 1177-Mar-3121:00:14 796 33 -10176 T nn -0.0074 1.0253 7N 131W 90 8602m33s
42 1 1195-Apr-1204:37:16 741 31 -9953 T nn 0.0477 1.0248 14N 113E 87 8402m30s
43 2 1213-Apr-2212:06:10 690 29 -9730 T nn 0.1090 1.0239 21N 1W 84 8202m23s
44 3 1231-May-0319:27:01 641 28 -9507 T -n 0.1762 1.0224 28N 112W 80 7802m11s
45 4 1249-May-1402:41:10 596 26 -9284 T -n 0.2482 1.0204 35N 139E 75 7201m56s
46 5 1267-May-2509:49:24 554 24 -9061 T -p 0.3242 1.0177 41N 33E 71 6401m37s
47 6 1285-Jun-0416:53:55 515 23 -8838 H -p 0.4024 1.0143 47N 71W 66 5401m15s
48 7 1303-Jun-1523:53:38 478 21 -8615 H -p 0.4836 1.0103 52N 171W 61 4100m52s
49 8 1321-Jun-2606:52:52 444 20 -8392 H -p 0.5641 1.0056 57N 90E 55 2300m27s
50 9 1339-Jul-0713:50:30 412 20 -8169 H -p 0.6451 1.0002 60N 6W 50 100m01s
51 10 1357-Jul-1720:50:31 381 20 -7946 A -p 0.7227 0.9942 61N 100W 43 2900m26s
52 11 1375-Jul-2903:50:50 353 20 -7723 A -p 0.7991 0.9876 62N 165E 37 7200m54s
53 12 1393-Aug-0810:56:15 326 20 -7500 A -t 0.8703 0.9804 62N 70E 29 14001m22s
54 13 1411-Aug-1918:05:17 301 20 -7277 A -t 0.9376 0.9724 62N 24W 20 28401m52s
55 14 1429-Aug-3001:20:28 277 20 -7054 A+ -t 0.9988 0.9783 61N 99W 0 - -
56 15 1447-Sep-1008:41:38 254 20 -6831 P -t 1.0541 0.8786 61N 142E 0 - -
57 16 1465-Sep-2016:10:41 232 20 -6608 P -t 1.1020 0.7931 61N 21E 0 - -
58 17 1483-Oct-0123:47:13 212 20 -6385 P -t 1.1431 0.7203 61N 102W 0 - -
59 18 1501-Oct-1207:30:03 193 20 -6162 P -t 1.1783 0.6585 61N 134E 0 - -
60 19 1519-Oct-2315:20:32 176 20 -5939 P -t 1.2064 0.6096 62N 7E 0 - -
61 20 1537-Nov-0223:17:00 159 20 -5716 P -t 1.2286 0.5713 63N 121W 0 - -
62 21 1555-Nov-1407:19:25 145 20 -5493 P -t 1.2454 0.5424 63N 109E 0 - -
63 22 1573-Nov-2415:24:44 132 20 -5270 P -t 1.2590 0.5192 64N 21W 0 - -
64 23 1591-Dec-1523:33:55 122 20 -5047 P -t 1.2689 0.5024 65N 153W 0 - -
65 24 1609-Dec-2607:43:33 107 19 -4824 P -t 1.2776 0.4878 66N 74E 0 - -
66 25 1628-Jan-0615:52:51 82 16 -4601 P -t 1.2858 0.4740 67N 59W 0 - -
67 26 1646-Jan-1623:59:17 55 13 -4378 P -t 1.2956 0.4574 69N 168E 0 - -
68 27 1664-Jan-2808:02:30 30 10 -4155 P -t 1.3074 0.4377 70N 35E 0 - -
69 28 1682-Feb-0715:59:21 13 8 -3932 P -t 1.3238 0.4101 70N 97W 0 - -
70 29 1700-Feb-1823:49:34 8 5 -3709 P -t 1.3450 0.3744 71N 132E 0 - -
71 30 1718-Mar-0207:31:36 10 4 -3486 P -t 1.3723 0.3285 72N 3E 0 - -
72 31 1736-Mar-1215:05:55 11 4 -3263 P -t 1.4049 0.2733 72N 124W 0 - -
73 32 1754-Mar-2322:28:58 13 3 -3040 P -t 1.4463 0.2032 72N 111E 0 - -
74 33 1772-Apr-0305:43:52 16 2 -2817 P -t 1.4935 0.1229 72N 12W 0 - -
75 34 1790-Apr-1412:48:14 16 1 -2594 Pe -t 1.5487 0.0287 71N 132W 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 106

Solar eclipses of Saros 106 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on 0456 Jan 23. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on 1790 Apr 14. The total duration of Saros series 106 is 1334.23 years.

Summary of Saros 106
First Eclipse 0456 Jan 23
Last Eclipse 1790 Apr 14
Series Duration 1334.23 Years
No. of Eclipses 75
Sequence 12P 34T 4H 5A 20P

Saros 106 is composed of 75 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 106
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 75100.0%
PartialP 32 42.7%
AnnularA 5 6.7%
TotalT 34 45.3%
HybridH 4 5.3%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 106 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 106
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 43100.0%
Central (two limits) 42 97.7%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 1 2.3%

The 75 eclipses in Saros 106 occur in the following order : 12P 34T 4H 5A 20P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 106 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 106
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse 1411 Aug 1901m52s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse 1357 Jul 1700m26s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse 0726 Jul 0406m31s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse 1267 May 2501m37s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 1285 Jun 0401m15s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 1339 Jul 0700m01s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse 0654 May 22 - 0.99886
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 0456 Jan 23 - 0.01110

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.