Saros 107

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 107

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 107

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 107 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 107
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-36 0557-Feb-1507:19:19 5120 128 -17846 Pb t- 1.5321 0.0299 62N 29E 0 - -
2-35 0575-Feb-2615:18:23 4947 124 -17623 P t- 1.5068 0.0755 61N 101W 0 - -
3-34 0593-Mar-0823:07:46 4775 120 -17400 P t- 1.4743 0.1339 61N 133E 0 - -
4-33 0611-Mar-2006:46:25 4604 117 -17177 P t- 1.4340 0.2063 61N 8E 0 - -
5-32 0629-Mar-3014:16:04 4435 113 -16954 P t- 1.3873 0.2904 61N 113W 0 - -
6-31 0647-Apr-1021:36:04 4268 110 -16731 P t- 1.3335 0.3869 61N 127E 0 - -
7-30 0665-Apr-2104:47:52 4102 107 -16508 P t- 1.2737 0.4943 62N 10E 0 - -
8-29 0683-May-0211:50:42 3938 103 -16285 P t- 1.2072 0.6133 62N 106W 0 - -
9-28 0701-May-1218:47:56 3776 100 -16062 P t- 1.1366 0.7391 63N 140E 0 - -
10-27 0719-May-2401:39:03 3616 97 -15839 P t- 1.0621 0.8713 64N 27E 0 - -
11-26 0737-Jun-0308:25:40 3459 94 -15616 A t- 0.9845 0.9736 72N 71W 9 59801m30s
12-25 0755-Jun-1415:09:41 3304 91 -15393 A p- 0.9054 0.9746 83N 113W 25 21701m38s
13-24 0773-Jun-2421:52:14 3152 88 -15170 A p- 0.8257 0.9734 79N 148W 34 17101m53s
14-23 0791-Jul-0604:35:32 3004 85 -14947 A p- 0.7474 0.9710 71N 128E 41 15802m14s
15-22 0809-Jul-1611:18:50 2858 82 -14724 A p- 0.6697 0.9679 63N 31E 48 15602m41s
16-21 0827-Jul-2718:06:43 2716 79 -14501 A p- 0.5966 0.9642 55N 70W 53 16103m15s
17-20 0845-Aug-0700:57:48 2577 76 -14278 A p- 0.5268 0.9602 47N 173W 58 17003m54s
18-19 0863-Aug-1807:55:43 2442 73 -14055 A p- 0.4631 0.9558 39N 80E 62 18104m38s
19-18 0881-Aug-2814:58:53 2312 70 -13832 A p- 0.4043 0.9512 31N 28W 66 19505m26s
20-17 0899-Sep-0822:11:23 2185 68 -13609 A p- 0.3536 0.9465 24N 138W 69 21006m15s
21-16 0917-Sep-1905:30:26 2062 65 -13386 A n- 0.3090 0.9419 17N 110E 72 22507m06s
22-15 0935-Sep-3012:57:56 1944 63 -13163 A nn 0.2717 0.9375 10N 4W 74 24107m57s
23-14 0953-Oct-1020:32:41 1830 60 -12940 A nn 0.2408 0.9333 5N 120W 76 25608m46s
24-13 0971-Oct-2204:16:08 1721 58 -12717 A nn 0.2172 0.9295 1S 122E 77 27009m32s
25-12 0989-Nov-0112:05:22 1617 55 -12494 A nn 0.1989 0.9261 5S 4E 79 28310m14s
26-11 1007-Nov-1220:00:17 1517 53 -12271 A nn 0.1856 0.9233 9S 116W 79 29410m49s
27-10 1025-Nov-2303:59:10 1421 50 -12048 A nn 0.1759 0.9211 12S 124E 80 30311m14s
28 -9 1043-Dec-0412:01:42 1331 48 -11825 A nn 0.1691 0.9196 13S 4E 80 30911m28s
29 -8 1061-Dec-1420:03:46 1244 46 -11602 A nn 0.1624 0.9187 14S 117W 81 31211m29s
30 -7 1079-Dec-2604:06:04 1163 44 -11379 A nn 0.1559 0.9185 14S 123E 81 31311m18s
31 -6 1098-Jan-0512:04:44 1086 42 -11156 A nn 0.1465 0.9189 14S 4E 82 31110m56s
32 -5 1116-Jan-1620:00:53 1013 40 -10933 A nn 0.1351 0.9200 12S 115W 82 30610m27s
33 -4 1134-Jan-2703:49:17 944 38 -10710 A nn 0.1171 0.9217 11S 128E 83 29809m54s
34 -3 1152-Feb-0711:32:51 880 36 -10487 A nn 0.0951 0.9238 8S 12E 85 28809m19s
35 -2 1170-Feb-1719:07:03 819 34 -10264 A nn 0.0652 0.9264 6S 101W 86 27708m46s
36 -1 1188-Feb-2902:33:57 763 32 -10041 A nn 0.0293 0.9294 4S 147E 88 26508m14s
37 0 1206-Mar-1109:50:23 710 30 -9818 Am nn -0.0156 0.9326 2S 38E 89 25207m47s
38 1 1224-Mar-2116:59:51 660 28 -9595 A nn -0.0663 0.9359 0S 69W 86 23907m23s
39 2 1242-Apr-0123:59:48 614 27 -9372 A nn -0.1252 0.9393 1N 174W 83 22707m04s
40 3 1260-Apr-1206:51:55 571 25 -9149 A nn -0.1907 0.9426 2N 84E 79 21606m48s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 107
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 4 1278-Apr-2313:36:39 530 23 -8926 A nn -0.2622 0.9457 1N 17W 75 20706m37s
42 5 1296-May-0320:15:48 492 22 -8703 A np -0.3385 0.9485 1S 116W 70 20006m27s
43 6 1314-May-1502:50:05 457 20 -8480 A -p -0.4191 0.9511 3S 146E 65 19606m19s
44 7 1332-May-2509:20:30 424 20 -8257 A -p -0.5032 0.9531 7S 48E 60 19706m10s
45 8 1350-Jun-0515:49:55 393 20 -8034 A -p -0.5883 0.9547 12S 51W 54 20405m59s
46 9 1368-Jun-1522:19:06 364 20 -7811 A -p -0.6735 0.9557 19S 150W 48 21805m43s
47 10 1386-Jun-2704:49:15 336 20 -7588 A -p -0.7583 0.9561 27S 110E 40 24605m23s
48 11 1404-Jul-0711:22:57 311 20 -7365 A -p -0.8406 0.9558 36S 7E 33 29805m00s
49 12 1422-Jul-1818:00:58 286 20 -7142 A -p -0.9197 0.9545 47S 98W 23 42704m35s
50 13 1440-Jul-2900:45:39 263 20 -6919 As -t -0.9938 0.9505 66S 142E 5 - 04m02s
51 14 1458-Aug-0907:36:08 241 20 -6696 P -t -1.0636 0.8591 71S 21E 0 - -
52 15 1476-Aug-1914:36:12 220 20 -6473 P -t -1.1259 0.7506 71S 98W 0 - -
53 16 1494-Aug-3021:44:34 201 20 -6250 P -t -1.1821 0.6530 72S 141E 0 - -
54 17 1512-Sep-1005:03:24 182 20 -6027 P -t -1.2304 0.5689 72S 17E 0 - -
55 18 1530-Sep-2112:31:36 166 20 -5804 P -t -1.2718 0.4970 72S 109W 0 - -
56 19 1548-Oct-0120:10:49 150 20 -5581 P -t -1.3049 0.4395 72S 122E 0 - -
57 20 1566-Oct-1303:59:22 137 20 -5358 P -t -1.3311 0.3940 71S 9W 0 - -
58 21 1584-Nov-0211:56:43 126 20 -5135 P -t -1.3510 0.3596 70S 141W 0 - -
59 22 1602-Nov-1320:03:04 115 20 -4912 P -t -1.3643 0.3364 70S 85E 0 - -
60 23 1620-Nov-2404:16:34 92 17 -4689 P -t -1.3729 0.3213 69S 51W 0 - -
61 24 1638-Dec-0512:36:34 65 14 -4466 P -t -1.3768 0.3144 67S 173E 0 - -
62 25 1656-Dec-1520:59:51 39 11 -4243 P -t -1.3790 0.3102 66S 36E 0 - -
63 26 1674-Dec-2705:27:32 18 9 -4020 P -t -1.3784 0.3109 65S 101W 0 - -
64 27 1693-Jan-0613:55:33 8 6 -3797 P -t -1.3788 0.3097 64S 122E 0 - -
65 28 1711-Jan-1822:23:37 9 5 -3574 P -t -1.3796 0.3076 64S 14W 0 - -
66 29 1729-Jan-2906:48:43 10 4 -3351 P -t -1.3838 0.2994 63S 150W 0 - -
67 30 1747-Feb-0915:11:17 12 3 -3128 P -t -1.3908 0.2861 62S 75E 0 - -
68 31 1765-Feb-1923:28:38 15 2 -2905 P -t -1.4028 0.2635 62S 58W 0 - -
69 32 1783-Mar-0307:40:30 17 2 -2682 P -t -1.4200 0.2313 61S 171E 0 - -
70 33 1801-Mar-1415:45:34 13 1 -2459 P -t -1.4434 0.1874 61S 41E 0 - -
71 34 1819-Mar-2523:44:29 12 1 -2236 P -t -1.4722 0.1330 61S 88W 0 - -
72 35 1837-Apr-0507:35:29 5 1 -2013 Pe -t -1.5080 0.0651 61S 146E 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 107

Solar eclipses of Saros 107 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on 0557 Feb 15. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on 1837 Apr 05. The total duration of Saros series 107 is 1280.14 years.

Summary of Saros 107
First Eclipse 0557 Feb 15
Last Eclipse 1837 Apr 05
Series Duration 1280.14 Years
No. of Eclipses 72
Sequence 10P 40A 22P

Saros 107 is composed of 72 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 107
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 72100.0%
PartialP 32 44.4%
AnnularA 40 55.6%
TotalT 0 0.0%
HybridH 0 0.0%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 107 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 107
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 40100.0%
Central (two limits) 39 97.5%
Central (one limit) 1 2.5%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 72 eclipses in Saros 107 occur in the following order : 10P 40A 22P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 107 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 107
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse 1061 Dec 1411m29s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse 0737 Jun 0301m30s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse 0719 May 24 - 0.87129
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 0557 Feb 15 - 0.02990

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.