Saros 110

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 110

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 110

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 110 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 110
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-37 0463-Aug-3012:11:27 6032 147 -19002 Pb t- -1.4960 0.0772 61S 51W 0 - -
2-36 0481-Sep-0920:08:00 5855 143 -18779 P t- -1.4590 0.1487 61S 180W 0 - -
3-35 0499-Sep-2104:11:32 5679 139 -18556 P t- -1.4282 0.2078 61S 50E 0 - -
4-34 0517-Oct-0112:22:38 5502 136 -18333 P t- -1.4043 0.2534 61S 82W 0 - -
5-33 0535-Oct-1220:40:50 5326 132 -18110 P t- -1.3866 0.2872 61S 144E 0 - -
6-32 0553-Oct-2305:04:18 5152 128 -17887 P t- -1.3738 0.3116 62S 8E 0 - -
7-31 0571-Nov-0313:33:52 4978 125 -17664 P t- -1.3666 0.3255 62S 129W 0 - -
8-30 0589-Nov-1322:07:23 4806 121 -17441 P t- -1.3635 0.3318 63S 93E 0 - -
9-29 0607-Nov-2506:44:07 4636 118 -17218 P t- -1.3634 0.3325 64S 46W 0 - -
10-28 0625-Dec-0515:21:28 4466 114 -16995 P t- -1.3648 0.3306 65S 174E 0 - -
11-27 0643-Dec-1623:59:13 4298 111 -16772 P t- -1.3670 0.3271 66S 34E 0 - -
12-26 0661-Dec-2708:34:41 4132 107 -16549 P t- -1.3681 0.3253 67S 106W 0 - -
13-25 0680-Jan-0717:06:09 3968 104 -16326 P t- -1.3670 0.3275 68S 114E 0 - -
14-24 0698-Jan-1801:32:20 3806 101 -16103 P t- -1.3624 0.3358 69S 24W 0 - -
15-23 0716-Jan-2909:52:07 3645 97 -15880 P t- -1.3537 0.3513 70S 162W 0 - -
16-22 0734-Feb-0818:03:04 3488 94 -15657 P t- -1.3387 0.3780 71S 62E 0 - -
17-21 0752-Feb-2002:05:15 3332 91 -15434 P t- -1.3175 0.4158 71S 73W 0 - -
18-20 0770-Mar-0209:57:33 3180 88 -15211 P t- -1.2892 0.4660 72S 155E 0 - -
19-19 0788-Mar-1217:40:53 3031 85 -14988 P t- -1.2548 0.5272 72S 24E 0 - -
20-18 0806-Mar-2401:12:04 2884 82 -14765 P t- -1.2111 0.6047 72S 103W 0 - -
21-17 0824-Apr-0308:34:56 2742 79 -14542 P t- -1.1616 0.6927 72S 132E 0 - -
22-16 0842-Apr-1415:47:14 2602 76 -14319 P t- -1.1040 0.7949 71S 9E 0 - -
23-15 0860-Apr-2422:52:34 2467 74 -14096 P t- -1.0414 0.9056 70S 111W 0 - -
24-14 0878-May-0605:48:06 2335 71 -13873 A t- -0.9716 0.9711 58S 120E 13 45502m28s
25-13 0896-May-1612:39:22 2208 68 -13650 A p- -0.8986 0.9727 44S 6E 26 22402m43s
26-12 0914-May-2719:23:56 2085 66 -13427 A p- -0.8205 0.9728 33S 101W 35 17103m00s
27-11 0932-Jun-0702:05:39 1966 63 -13204 A p- -0.7406 0.9719 25S 155E 42 15003m19s
28-10 0950-Jun-1808:43:35 1851 60 -12981 A p- -0.6581 0.9703 18S 53E 49 14203m40s
29 -9 0968-Jun-2815:22:04 1741 58 -12758 A p- -0.5765 0.9680 12S 49W 55 14004m01s
30 -8 0986-Jul-0922:00:29 1636 56 -12535 A p- -0.4953 0.9651 7S 150W 60 14404m22s
31 -7 1004-Jul-2004:40:54 1535 53 -12312 A p- -0.4162 0.9618 4S 110E 65 15104m42s
32 -6 1022-Jul-3111:24:54 1439 51 -12089 A pn -0.3407 0.9580 1S 8E 70 16105m03s
33 -5 1040-Aug-1018:14:02 1347 49 -11866 A nn -0.2697 0.9539 0S 94W 74 17405m24s
34 -4 1058-Aug-2201:09:08 1260 46 -11643 A nn -0.2044 0.9496 0S 163E 78 18805m47s
35 -3 1076-Sep-0108:10:45 1177 44 -11420 A nn -0.1449 0.9452 1S 58E 82 20406m13s
36 -2 1094-Sep-1215:20:24 1099 42 -11197 A nn -0.0923 0.9408 3S 50W 85 22006m41s
37 -1 1112-Sep-2222:38:21 1026 40 -10974 Am nn -0.0470 0.9365 5S 159W 87 23707m13s
38 0 1130-Oct-0406:03:38 956 38 -10751 A nn -0.0081 0.9324 7S 90E 89 25307m48s
39 1 1148-Oct-1413:38:02 891 36 -10528 A nn 0.0230 0.9286 10S 24W 89 26808m26s
40 2 1166-Oct-2521:19:36 830 34 -10305 A nn 0.0477 0.9253 12S 139W 87 28209m05s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 110
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 3 1184-Nov-0505:09:08 773 32 -10082 A nn 0.0658 0.9224 14S 104E 86 29409m45s
42 4 1202-Nov-1613:02:22 719 30 -9859 A nn 0.0808 0.9202 16S 14W 85 30310m23s
43 5 1220-Nov-2621:01:27 669 29 -9636 A nn 0.0907 0.9185 17S 133W 85 31110m57s
44 6 1238-Dec-0805:02:12 622 27 -9413 A nn 0.0987 0.9175 18S 107E 84 31511m23s
45 7 1256-Dec-1813:04:34 578 25 -9190 A nn 0.1055 0.9172 18S 13W 84 31711m38s
46 8 1274-Dec-2921:04:50 537 24 -8967 A nn 0.1137 0.9175 16S 132W 84 31611m43s
47 9 1293-Jan-0905:03:28 499 22 -8744 A nn 0.1233 0.9185 14S 108E 83 31211m36s
48 10 1311-Jan-2012:57:33 463 21 -8521 A nn 0.1364 0.9200 11S 10W 82 30611m18s
49 11 1329-Jan-3020:45:44 430 20 -8298 A nn 0.1543 0.9222 6S 128W 81 29710m51s
50 12 1347-Feb-1104:27:00 399 20 -8075 A nn 0.1777 0.9248 2S 116E 80 28710m17s
51 13 1365-Feb-2112:00:55 369 20 -7852 A nn 0.2073 0.9279 4N 1E 78 27609m38s
52 14 1383-Mar-0419:25:56 341 20 -7629 A nn 0.2443 0.9312 10N 112W 76 26508m56s
53 15 1401-Mar-1502:42:41 315 20 -7406 A nn 0.2885 0.9347 17N 137E 73 25308m12s
54 16 1419-Mar-2609:50:55 290 20 -7183 A -p 0.3399 0.9383 24N 28E 70 24307m25s
55 17 1437-Apr-0516:52:04 267 20 -6960 A -p 0.3973 0.9419 32N 79W 66 23306m39s
56 18 1455-Apr-1623:43:59 245 20 -6737 A -p 0.4628 0.9454 40N 176E 62 22705m53s
57 19 1473-Apr-2706:30:55 224 20 -6514 A -p 0.5328 0.9486 48N 73E 58 22305m10s
58 20 1491-May-0813:11:32 204 20 -6291 A -p 0.6085 0.9514 57N 27W 52 22504m30s
59 21 1509-May-1819:49:34 186 20 -6068 A -p 0.6865 0.9539 65N 124W 46 23303m56s
60 22 1527-May-3002:22:59 169 20 -5845 A -p 0.7688 0.9556 73N 145E 39 25503m28s
61 23 1545-Jun-0908:57:26 153 20 -5622 A -p 0.8506 0.9567 81N 72E 31 30303m06s
62 24 1563-Jun-2015:30:53 139 20 -5399 A -t 0.9338 0.9565 81N 55E 20 45402m49s
63 25 1581-Jun-3022:06:52 128 20 -5176 P -t 1.0151 0.9455 64N 2W 0 - -
64 26 1599-Jul-2204:45:14 118 20 -4953 P -t 1.0949 0.8068 63N 111W 0 - -
65 27 1617-Aug-0111:29:43 97 17 -4730 P -t 1.1701 0.6756 63N 138E 0 - -
66 28 1635-Aug-1218:20:09 70 15 -4507 P -t 1.2411 0.5514 62N 27E 0 - -
67 29 1653-Aug-2301:17:26 44 12 -4284 P -t 1.3072 0.4357 62N 87W 0 - -
68 30 1671-Sep-0308:23:56 21 9 -4061 P -t 1.3664 0.3319 61N 158E 0 - -
69 31 1689-Sep-1315:39:21 9 7 -3838 P -t 1.4190 0.2395 61N 40E 0 - -
70 32 1707-Sep-2523:05:05 9 5 -3615 P -t 1.4641 0.1604 61N 80W 0 - -
71 33 1725-Oct-0606:39:42 10 4 -3392 P -t 1.5028 0.0924 61N 158E 0 - -
72 34 1743-Oct-1714:25:41 12 3 -3169 Pe -t 1.5334 0.0388 61N 32E 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 110

Solar eclipses of Saros 110 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on 0463 Aug 30. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on 1743 Oct 17. The total duration of Saros series 110 is 1280.14 years.

Summary of Saros 110
First Eclipse 0463 Aug 30
Last Eclipse 1743 Oct 17
Series Duration 1280.14 Years
No. of Eclipses 72
Sequence 23P 39A 10P

Saros 110 is composed of 72 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 110
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 72100.0%
PartialP 33 45.8%
AnnularA 39 54.2%
TotalT 0 0.0%
HybridH 0 0.0%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 110 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 110
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 39100.0%
Central (two limits) 39100.0%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 72 eclipses in Saros 110 occur in the following order : 23P 39A 10P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 110 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 110
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse 1274 Dec 2911m43s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse 0878 May 0602m28s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse 1581 Jun 30 - 0.94549
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 1743 Oct 17 - 0.03875

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.