Saros 111

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 111

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 111

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 111 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 111
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-34 0528-Aug-3020:01:23 5395 133 -18198 Pb t- 1.5570 0.0163 71N 18E 0 - -
2-33 0546-Sep-1103:08:12 5220 130 -17975 P t- 1.5086 0.0993 72N 104W 0 - -
3-32 0564-Sep-2110:24:46 5046 126 -17752 P t- 1.4676 0.1692 72N 132E 0 - -
4-31 0582-Oct-0217:50:11 4874 122 -17529 P t- 1.4333 0.2275 72N 6E 0 - -
5-30 0600-Oct-1301:25:13 4703 119 -17306 P t- 1.4063 0.2733 71N 122W 0 - -
6-29 0618-Oct-2409:08:19 4533 115 -17083 P t- 1.3854 0.3085 71N 108E 0 - -
7-28 0636-Nov-0316:57:41 4364 112 -16860 P t- 1.3691 0.3359 70N 23W 0 - -
8-27 0654-Nov-1500:54:01 4198 109 -16637 P t- 1.3579 0.3546 69N 156W 0 - -
9-26 0672-Nov-2508:54:17 4033 105 -16414 P t- 1.3491 0.3693 68N 72E 0 - -
10-25 0690-Dec-0616:57:43 3869 102 -16191 P t- 1.3427 0.3800 67N 61W 0 - -
11-24 0708-Dec-1701:00:47 3708 99 -15968 P t- 1.3353 0.3922 66N 168E 0 - -
12-23 0726-Dec-2809:04:12 3550 96 -15745 P t- 1.3278 0.4045 65N 36E 0 - -
13-22 0745-Jan-0717:04:19 3393 92 -15522 P t- 1.3169 0.4225 64N 94W 0 - -
14-21 0763-Jan-1901:00:18 3240 89 -15299 P t- 1.3023 0.4469 63N 137E 0 - -
15-20 0781-Jan-2908:50:13 3089 86 -15076 P t- 1.2821 0.4806 62N 9E 0 - -
16-19 0799-Feb-0916:33:59 2942 83 -14853 P t- 1.2563 0.5240 62N 116W 0 - -
17-18 0817-Feb-2000:10:11 2798 80 -14630 P t- 1.2238 0.5793 61N 121E 0 - -
18-17 0835-Mar-0307:38:34 2657 78 -14407 P t- 1.1840 0.6475 61N 1W 0 - -
19-16 0853-Mar-1314:59:01 2520 75 -14184 P t- 1.1369 0.7289 61N 120W 0 - -
20-15 0871-Mar-2422:12:27 2387 72 -13961 P t- 1.0832 0.8225 61N 122E 0 - -
21-14 0889-Apr-0405:17:38 2258 69 -13738 P t- 1.0219 0.9305 61N 7E 0 - -
22-13 0907-Apr-1512:17:29 2133 67 -13515 A t- 0.9550 0.9550 64N 71W 17 55803m04s
23-12 0925-Apr-2519:11:18 2012 64 -13292 A t- 0.8822 0.9628 64N 157W 28 28502m40s
24-11 0943-May-0702:02:31 1896 61 -13069 A p- 0.8059 0.9693 64N 114E 36 18502m17s
25-10 0961-May-1708:48:47 1784 59 -12846 A p- 0.7245 0.9753 63N 25E 43 12801m54s
26 -9 0979-May-2815:35:28 1677 57 -12623 A p- 0.6425 0.9806 60N 66W 50 9001m34s
27 -8 0997-Jun-0722:20:26 1574 54 -12400 A p- 0.5580 0.9853 57N 159W 56 6301m15s
28 -7 1015-Jun-1905:08:21 1476 52 -12177 A p- 0.4748 0.9894 52N 105E 61 4300m57s
29 -6 1033-Jun-2911:57:04 1383 49 -11954 A p- 0.3912 0.9928 46N 7E 67 2700m40s
30 -5 1051-Jul-1018:52:18 1294 47 -11731 A p- 0.3120 0.9957 40N 95W 72 1600m26s
31 -4 1069-Jul-2101:51:38 1209 45 -11508 A n- 0.2355 0.9979 33N 160E 76 800m13s
32 -3 1087-Aug-0108:58:35 1130 43 -11285 A nn 0.1645 0.9996 26N 53E 80 100m02s
33 -2 1105-Aug-1116:12:31 1054 41 -11062 H nn 0.0982 1.0008 19N 57W 84 300m05s
34 -1 1123-Aug-2223:36:10 983 39 -10839 H nn 0.0391 1.0016 12N 169W 88 600m10s
35 0 1141-Sep-0207:08:32 917 37 -10616 H nn -0.0135 1.0021 5N 76E 89 700m13s
36 1 1159-Sep-1314:50:25 854 35 -10393 H nn -0.0591 1.0023 2S 42W 87 800m15s
37 2 1177-Sep-2322:42:18 795 33 -10170 H nn -0.0971 1.0025 8S 162W 84 900m16s
38 3 1195-Oct-0506:44:10 740 31 -9947 H nn -0.1277 1.0026 14S 77E 83 900m16s
39 4 1213-Oct-1514:54:50 688 29 -9724 H nn -0.1518 1.0029 20S 47W 81 1000m18s
40 5 1231-Oct-2623:14:24 640 28 -9501 Hm nn -0.1694 1.0033 25S 172W 80 1200m20s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 111
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 6 1249-Nov-0607:41:07 595 26 -9278 H nn -0.1817 1.0041 29S 62E 79 1400m24s
42 7 1267-Nov-1716:14:31 553 24 -9055 H -n -0.1891 1.0052 32S 66W 79 1800m30s
43 8 1285-Nov-2800:51:24 514 23 -8832 H -n -0.1942 1.0068 34S 167E 79 2400m39s
44 9 1303-Dec-0909:32:50 477 21 -8609 H -n -0.1964 1.0089 35S 39E 78 3100m50s
45 10 1321-Dec-1918:14:59 443 20 -8386 H -n -0.1987 1.0115 35S 89W 78 4001m04s
46 11 1339-Dec-3102:57:33 411 20 -8163 H -n -0.2011 1.0147 34S 142E 78 5201m20s
47 12 1358-Jan-1011:37:15 381 20 -7940 T -n -0.2065 1.0183 32S 14E 78 6401m38s
48 13 1376-Jan-2120:14:59 352 20 -7717 T -n -0.2141 1.0225 30S 114W 77 7801m58s
49 14 1394-Feb-0104:47:47 325 20 -7494 T -n -0.2268 1.0270 27S 119E 77 9402m19s
50 15 1412-Feb-1213:15:00 300 20 -7271 T -n -0.2446 1.0319 24S 7W 76 11102m42s
51 16 1430-Feb-2221:35:48 276 20 -7048 T -n -0.2684 1.0369 21S 132W 74 12803m05s
52 17 1448-Mar-0505:49:55 253 20 -6825 T -n -0.2983 1.0421 18S 105E 73 14703m30s
53 18 1466-Mar-1613:57:11 232 20 -6602 T -n -0.3347 1.0471 15S 17W 70 16503m56s
54 19 1484-Mar-2621:56:45 212 20 -6379 T -n -0.3781 1.0521 14S 137W 68 18504m22s
55 20 1502-Apr-0705:49:57 193 20 -6156 T -n -0.4275 1.0567 13S 105E 65 20504m49s
56 21 1520-Apr-1713:36:44 175 20 -5933 T -p -0.4825 1.0609 13S 12W 61 22605m15s
57 22 1538-Apr-2821:17:29 159 20 -5710 T -p -0.5431 1.0645 14S 128W 57 24905m38s
58 23 1556-May-0904:53:34 145 20 -5487 T -p -0.6079 1.0673 16S 118E 52 27405m58s
59 24 1574-May-2012:25:41 132 20 -5264 T -p -0.6762 1.0694 20S 4E 47 30506m09s
60 25 1592-Jun-0919:55:48 122 20 -5041 T -p -0.7465 1.0705 25S 110W 42 34406m11s
61 26 1610-Jun-2103:22:59 106 18 -4818 T -p -0.8193 1.0705 32S 135E 35 40005m59s
62 27 1628-Jul-0110:50:38 81 16 -4595 T -t -0.8917 1.0692 40S 20E 27 50105m32s
63 28 1646-Jul-1218:18:18 54 13 -4372 T -t -0.9640 1.0658 53S 98W 15 83404m44s
64 29 1664-Jul-2301:48:45 29 10 -4149 P -t -1.0342 0.9581 69S 135E 0 - -
65 30 1682-Aug-0309:21:10 12 8 -3926 P -t -1.1028 0.8246 70S 10E 0 - -
66 31 1700-Aug-1416:59:05 8 5 -3703 P -t -1.1668 0.7001 71S 118W 0 - -
67 32 1718-Aug-2600:41:45 10 4 -3480 P -t -1.2267 0.5838 71S 114E 0 - -
68 33 1736-Sep-0508:30:25 11 4 -3257 P -t -1.2817 0.4776 72S 17W 0 - -
69 34 1754-Sep-1616:25:41 13 3 -3034 P -t -1.3314 0.3822 72S 150W 0 - -
70 35 1772-Sep-2700:28:19 16 2 -2811 P -t -1.3751 0.2988 72S 75E 0 - -
71 36 1790-Oct-0808:38:51 16 1 -2588 P -t -1.4122 0.2287 72S 61W 0 - -
72 37 1808-Oct-1916:55:30 12 1 -2365 P -t -1.4443 0.1688 71S 161E 0 - -
73 38 1826-Oct-3101:20:38 9 1 -2142 P -t -1.4696 0.1222 71S 21E 0 - -
74 39 1844-Nov-1009:51:45 6 1 -1919 P -t -1.4901 0.0848 70S 119W 0 - -
75 40 1862-Nov-2118:29:48 7 0 -1696 P -t -1.5052 0.0580 69S 99E 0 - -
76 41 1880-Dec-0203:11:33 -5 0 -1473 P -t -1.5172 0.0370 68S 43W 0 - -
77 42 1898-Dec-1311:58:13 -4 0 -1250 P -t -1.5252 0.0232 67S 174E 0 - -
78 43 1916-Dec-2420:46:22 19 0 -1027 P -t -1.5321 0.0115 66S 32E 0 - -
79 44 1935-Jan-0505:35:46 24 0 -804 Pe -t -1.5381 0.0013 65S 110W 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 111

Solar eclipses of Saros 111 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on 0528 Aug 30. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on 1935 Jan 05. The total duration of Saros series 111 is 1406.35 years.

Summary of Saros 111
First Eclipse 0528 Aug 30
Last Eclipse 1935 Jan 05
Series Duration 1406.35 Years
No. of Eclipses 79
Sequence 21P 11A 14H 17T 16P

Saros 111 is composed of 79 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 111
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 79100.0%
PartialP 37 46.8%
AnnularA 11 13.9%
TotalT 17 21.5%
HybridH 14 17.7%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 111 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 111
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 42100.0%
Central (two limits) 42100.0%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 79 eclipses in Saros 111 occur in the following order : 21P 11A 14H 17T 16P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 111 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 111
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse 0907 Apr 1503m04s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse 1087 Aug 0100m02s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse 1592 Jun 0906m11s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse 1358 Jan 1001m38s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 1339 Dec 3101m20s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 1105 Aug 1100m05s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse 1664 Jul 23 - 0.95810
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 1935 Jan 05 - 0.00131

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.