Saros 112

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 112

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 112

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 112 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 112
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-36 0539-Jul-3101:58:53 5289 131 -18063 Pb t- -1.4925 0.0887 63S 123E 0 - -
2-35 0557-Aug-1009:28:32 5115 127 -17840 P t- -1.4289 0.2064 62S 1E 0 - -
3-34 0575-Aug-2117:06:43 4942 124 -17617 P t- -1.3711 0.3135 61S 123W 0 - -
4-33 0593-Sep-0100:53:07 4770 120 -17394 P t- -1.3191 0.4099 61S 111E 0 - -
5-32 0611-Sep-1208:49:26 4600 117 -17171 P t- -1.2744 0.4927 61S 18W 0 - -
6-31 0629-Sep-2216:55:09 4431 113 -16948 P t- -1.2370 0.5620 61S 149W 0 - -
7-30 0647-Oct-0401:10:22 4263 110 -16725 P t- -1.2066 0.6184 61S 78E 0 - -
8-29 0665-Oct-1409:33:14 4098 107 -16502 P t- -1.1819 0.6640 61S 57W 0 - -
9-28 0683-Oct-2518:04:25 3934 103 -16279 P t- -1.1636 0.6979 62S 166E 0 - -
10-27 0701-Nov-0502:42:14 3772 100 -16056 P t- -1.1503 0.7225 62S 27E 0 - -
11-26 0719-Nov-1611:24:53 3612 97 -15833 P t- -1.1409 0.7400 63S 114W 0 - -
12-25 0737-Nov-2620:11:53 3455 94 -15610 P t- -1.1348 0.7515 64S 104E 0 - -
13-24 0755-Dec-0805:00:47 3300 91 -15387 P t- -1.1302 0.7603 65S 38W 0 - -
14-23 0773-Dec-1813:50:52 3148 88 -15164 P t- -1.1265 0.7677 66S 179E 0 - -
15-22 0791-Dec-2922:38:32 3000 85 -14941 P t- -1.1207 0.7791 67S 35E 0 - -
16-21 0810-Jan-0907:25:11 2854 82 -14718 P t- -1.1139 0.7923 68S 108W 0 - -
17-20 0828-Jan-2016:06:56 2712 79 -14495 P t- -1.1035 0.8128 69S 109E 0 - -
18-19 0846-Jan-3100:44:00 2573 76 -14272 P t- -1.0890 0.8413 70S 33W 0 - -
19-18 0864-Feb-1109:13:57 2439 73 -14049 P t- -1.0684 0.8813 71S 174W 0 - -
20-17 0882-Feb-2117:38:09 2308 70 -13826 P t- -1.0432 0.9308 71S 46E 0 - -
21-16 0900-Mar-0401:54:37 2181 68 -13603 P t- -1.0113 0.9932 72S 93W 0 - -
22-15 0918-Mar-1510:03:21 2059 65 -13380 T t- -0.9730 1.0489 68S 94E 13 73802m53s
23-14 0936-Mar-2518:04:42 1941 62 -13157 T t- -0.9284 1.0555 59S 48W 21 49603m37s
24-13 0954-Apr-0601:59:09 1827 60 -12934 T p- -0.8778 1.0611 50S 179W 28 41804m20s
25-12 0972-Apr-1609:46:39 1718 57 -12711 T p- -0.8214 1.0660 41S 56E 34 37605m04s
26-11 0990-Apr-2717:28:14 1614 55 -12488 T p- -0.7600 1.0700 33S 65W 40 34905m45s
27-10 1008-May-0801:04:43 1514 53 -12265 T p- -0.6941 1.0734 25S 176E 46 33006m22s
28 -9 1026-May-1908:37:43 1419 50 -12042 T p- -0.6252 1.0758 18S 59E 51 31406m52s
29 -8 1044-May-2916:06:16 1328 48 -11819 T p- -0.5526 1.0775 11S 56W 56 30007m12s
30 -7 1062-Jun-0923:33:59 1242 46 -11596 T p- -0.4793 1.0781 5S 170W 61 28707m20s
31 -6 1080-Jun-2007:00:08 1161 44 -11373 T p- -0.4048 1.0779 0S 77E 66 27507m18s
32 -5 1098-Jul-0114:28:15 1084 42 -11150 T n- -0.3320 1.0768 4N 36W 71 26307m05s
33 -4 1116-Jul-1121:56:16 1011 40 -10927 T n- -0.2594 1.0748 7N 148W 75 25106m46s
34 -3 1134-Jul-2305:29:14 942 38 -10704 T n- -0.1910 1.0720 9N 99E 79 23806m21s
35 -2 1152-Aug-0213:04:55 878 36 -10481 T nn -0.1251 1.0685 9N 14W 83 22505m55s
36 -1 1170-Aug-1320:46:46 818 34 -10258 T nn -0.0647 1.0645 9N 129W 86 21105m28s
37 0 1188-Aug-2404:32:54 761 32 -10035 Tm nn -0.0083 1.0598 8N 115E 90 19705m01s
38 1 1206-Sep-0412:27:22 708 30 -9812 T nn 0.0409 1.0549 7N 4W 88 18104m36s
39 2 1224-Sep-1420:27:45 659 28 -9589 T nn 0.0846 1.0496 5N 124W 85 16504m11s
40 3 1242-Sep-2604:35:36 613 27 -9366 T -n 0.1218 1.0443 2N 114E 83 14903m48s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 112
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 4 1260-Oct-0612:50:21 569 25 -9143 T -n 0.1527 1.0390 0S 10W 81 13203m25s
42 5 1278-Oct-1721:12:57 529 23 -8920 T -n 0.1761 1.0338 3S 135W 80 11603m03s
43 6 1296-Oct-2805:41:26 491 22 -8697 T -n 0.1945 1.0289 5S 97E 79 10002m41s
44 7 1314-Nov-0814:15:02 456 20 -8474 T -n 0.2079 1.0244 8S 31W 78 8502m20s
45 8 1332-Nov-1822:53:07 423 20 -8251 T -n 0.2171 1.0202 9S 161W 78 7102m01s
46 9 1350-Nov-3007:34:48 392 20 -8028 H3 -n 0.2227 1.0166 10S 69E 77 5801m42s
47 10 1368-Dec-1016:17:14 363 20 -7805 H -n 0.2269 1.0135 11S 62W 77 4801m25s
48 11 1386-Dec-2201:00:25 336 20 -7582 H -n 0.2300 1.0109 10S 168E 77 3901m10s
49 12 1405-Jan-0109:41:35 310 20 -7359 H -n 0.2342 1.0089 9S 37E 77 3200m57s
50 13 1423-Jan-1218:20:17 285 20 -7136 H -n 0.2400 1.0073 6S 92W 76 2600m48s
51 14 1441-Jan-2302:52:48 262 20 -6913 H -n 0.2502 1.0062 3S 139E 76 2200m40s
52 15 1459-Feb-0311:20:39 240 20 -6690 H -n 0.2638 1.0054 1N 11E 75 1900m34s
53 16 1477-Feb-1319:40:22 220 20 -6467 H -n 0.2832 1.0048 6N 115W 74 1700m30s
54 17 1495-Feb-2503:52:02 200 20 -6244 H -n 0.3090 1.0044 11N 121E 72 1600m27s
55 18 1513-Mar-0711:54:02 182 20 -6021 H -p 0.3421 1.0040 18N 2W 70 1500m24s
56 19 1531-Mar-1819:47:20 165 20 -5798 H -p 0.3817 1.0036 24N 122W 67 1300m21s
57 20 1549-Mar-2903:30:53 150 20 -5575 H -p 0.4285 1.0029 31N 120E 64 1100m16s
58 21 1567-Apr-0911:04:07 137 20 -5352 H -p 0.4830 1.0020 39N 5E 61 800m11s
59 22 1585-Apr-2918:28:57 125 20 -5129 H -p 0.5436 1.0005 47N 108W 57 200m03s
60 23 1603-May-1101:44:58 115 19 -4906 A -p 0.6107 0.9987 55N 143E 52 600m07s
61 24 1621-May-2108:53:43 92 17 -4683 A -p 0.6827 0.9962 63N 36E 47 1800m18s
62 25 1639-Jun-0115:55:15 65 14 -4460 A -p 0.7597 0.9930 72N 65W 40 3800m31s
63 26 1657-Jun-1122:52:09 38 11 -4237 A -t 0.8394 0.9888 80N 154W 33 7300m45s
64 27 1675-Jun-2305:44:38 18 9 -4014 A -t 0.9219 0.9835 84N 166W 22 15401m01s
65 28 1693-Jul-0312:33:51 8 6 -3791 P -t 1.0058 0.9718 65N 146E 0 - -
66 29 1711-Jul-1519:22:11 9 5 -3568 P -t 1.0894 0.8217 64N 35E 0 - -
67 30 1729-Jul-2602:10:39 10 4 -3345 P -t 1.1717 0.6747 63N 77W 0 - -
68 31 1747-Aug-0609:01:21 12 3 -3122 P -t 1.2512 0.5340 62N 171E 0 - -
69 32 1765-Aug-1615:54:01 15 2 -2899 P -t 1.3278 0.3995 62N 59E 0 - -
70 33 1783-Aug-2722:52:05 17 2 -2676 P -t 1.3991 0.2758 61N 54W 0 - -
71 34 1801-Sep-0805:54:39 13 1 -2453 P -t 1.4657 0.1615 61N 168W 0 - -
72 35 1819-Sep-1913:03:47 12 1 -2230 Pe -t 1.5258 0.0595 61N 76E 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 112

Solar eclipses of Saros 112 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on 0539 Jul 31. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on 1819 Sep 19. The total duration of Saros series 112 is 1280.14 years.

Summary of Saros 112
First Eclipse 0539 Jul 31
Last Eclipse 1819 Sep 19
Series Duration 1280.14 Years
No. of Eclipses 72
Sequence 21P 24T 14H 5A 8P

Saros 112 is composed of 72 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 112
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 72100.0%
PartialP 29 40.3%
AnnularA 5 6.9%
TotalT 24 33.3%
HybridH 14 19.4%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 112 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 112
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 43100.0%
Central (two limits) 43100.0%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 72 eclipses in Saros 112 occur in the following order : 21P 24T 14H 5A 8P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 112 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 112
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse 1675 Jun 2301m01s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse 1603 May 1100m07s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse 1062 Jun 0907m20s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse 1332 Nov 1802m01s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 1350 Nov 3001m42s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 1585 Apr 2900m03s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse 0900 Mar 04 - 0.99317
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 1819 Sep 19 - 0.05952

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.