Saros 115

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 115

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 115

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 115 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 115
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-36 0662-Jun-2115:58:28 4128 107 -16543 Pb t- 1.5378 0.0028 66N 149E 0 - -
2-35 0680-Jul-0123:10:10 3964 104 -16320 P t- 1.4605 0.1455 67N 30E 0 - -
3-34 0698-Jul-1306:25:14 3801 101 -16097 P t- 1.3852 0.2854 68N 91W 0 - -
4-33 0716-Jul-2313:47:00 3641 97 -15874 P t- 1.3141 0.4179 69N 147E 0 - -
5-32 0734-Aug-0321:14:18 3484 94 -15651 P t- 1.2468 0.5436 70N 22E 0 - -
6-31 0752-Aug-1404:50:29 3328 91 -15428 P t- 1.1859 0.6574 71N 105W 0 - -
7-30 0770-Aug-2512:34:24 3176 88 -15205 P t- 1.1310 0.7602 71N 125E 0 - -
8-29 0788-Sep-0420:26:52 3027 85 -14982 P t- 1.0825 0.8507 72N 8W 0 - -
9-28 0806-Sep-1604:28:22 2881 82 -14759 P t- 1.0409 0.9282 72N 143W 0 - -
10-27 0824-Sep-2612:38:55 2738 79 -14536 P t- 1.0063 0.9928 72N 80E 0 - -
11-26 0842-Oct-0720:58:24 2599 76 -14313 T t- 0.9787 1.0229 65N 84W 11 40401m30s
12-25 0860-Oct-1805:24:56 2463 74 -14090 T t- 0.9566 1.0241 59N 134E 16 28601m42s
13-24 0878-Oct-2913:59:53 2332 71 -13867 T t- 0.9411 1.0246 53N 4W 19 25001m50s
14-23 0896-Nov-0822:40:27 2204 68 -13644 T t- 0.9297 1.0251 49N 141W 21 23401m57s
15-22 0914-Nov-2007:26:34 2081 66 -13421 T p- 0.9226 1.0258 47N 82E 22 22902m04s
16-21 0932-Nov-3016:15:28 1962 63 -13198 T p- 0.9175 1.0267 44N 56W 23 23002m11s
17-20 0950-Dec-1201:07:08 1848 60 -12975 T p- 0.9143 1.0281 43N 166E 23 23702m19s
18-19 0968-Dec-2209:58:11 1738 58 -12752 T p- 0.9105 1.0300 42N 28E 24 24602m28s
19-18 0987-Jan-0218:48:03 1633 56 -12529 T p- 0.9056 1.0323 41N 109W 25 25702m37s
20-17 1005-Jan-1303:34:43 1532 53 -12306 T p- 0.8978 1.0352 41N 115E 26 26702m48s
21-16 1023-Jan-2412:17:54 1436 51 -12083 T p- 0.8870 1.0385 41N 20W 27 27603m00s
22-15 1041-Feb-0320:54:07 1345 49 -11860 T p- 0.8704 1.0424 40N 152W 29 28303m13s
23-14 1059-Feb-1505:24:44 1258 46 -11637 T p- 0.8492 1.0465 41N 78E 32 28703m26s
24-13 1077-Feb-2513:47:19 1175 44 -11414 T p- 0.8214 1.0510 41N 50W 35 29003m40s
25-12 1095-Mar-0822:03:52 1097 42 -11191 T p- 0.7883 1.0554 42N 175W 38 29103m54s
26-11 1113-Mar-1906:10:34 1024 40 -10968 T p- 0.7471 1.0598 43N 64E 41 29004m08s
27-10 1131-Mar-3014:11:45 955 38 -10745 T p- 0.7012 1.0639 44N 56W 45 28904m23s
28 -9 1149-Apr-0922:03:58 890 36 -10522 T p- 0.6480 1.0676 45N 172W 49 28704m38s
29 -8 1167-Apr-2105:51:36 828 34 -10299 T p- 0.5907 1.0709 46N 74E 54 28404m53s
30 -7 1185-May-0113:30:53 771 32 -10076 T p- 0.5264 1.0736 46N 37W 58 28005m10s
31 -6 1203-May-1221:07:26 718 30 -9853 T p- 0.4597 1.0755 46N 147W 62 27505m26s
32 -5 1221-May-2304:38:15 668 29 -9630 T n- 0.3885 1.0767 44N 104E 67 26905m43s
33 -4 1239-Jun-0312:07:13 621 27 -9407 T n- 0.3158 1.0771 41N 4W 71 26305m58s
34 -3 1257-Jun-1319:33:18 577 25 -9184 T n- 0.2409 1.0765 38N 113W 76 25506m11s
35 -2 1275-Jun-2502:59:52 536 24 -8961 T nn 0.1669 1.0752 33N 138E 80 24706m21s
36 -1 1293-Jul-0510:26:41 498 22 -8738 T nn 0.0934 1.0730 28N 27E 84 23806m24s
37 0 1311-Jul-1617:55:01 463 21 -8515 Tm nn 0.0216 1.0700 21N 85W 89 22806m20s
38 1 1329-Jul-2701:26:13 429 20 -8292 T nn -0.0470 1.0662 15N 161E 87 21706m08s
39 2 1347-Aug-0709:01:36 398 20 -8069 T nn -0.1115 1.0618 8N 46E 84 20405m48s
40 3 1365-Aug-1716:41:43 368 20 -7846 T -n -0.1716 1.0569 1N 71W 80 19005m22s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 115
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 4 1383-Aug-2900:27:36 341 20 -7623 T -n -0.2262 1.0516 6S 170E 77 17504m50s
42 5 1401-Sep-0808:20:19 314 20 -7400 T -n -0.2746 1.0459 13S 50E 74 15904m15s
43 6 1419-Sep-1916:20:19 290 20 -7177 T -n -0.3162 1.0401 19S 72W 71 14103m40s
44 7 1437-Sep-3000:26:43 266 20 -6954 T -n -0.3519 1.0343 26S 165E 69 12303m05s
45 8 1455-Oct-1108:40:42 244 20 -6731 T -n -0.3809 1.0286 32S 40E 67 10402m31s
46 9 1473-Oct-2117:01:26 223 20 -6508 T -p -0.4039 1.0230 37S 85W 66 8602m00s
47 10 1491-Nov-0201:28:45 204 20 -6285 T -p -0.4208 1.0179 42S 149E 65 6801m32s
48 11 1509-Nov-1210:00:13 185 20 -6062 H -p -0.4338 1.0131 46S 23E 64 5001m06s
49 12 1527-Nov-2318:36:36 168 20 -5839 H -p -0.4422 1.0089 49S 102W 64 3400m45s
50 13 1545-Dec-0403:15:40 153 20 -5616 H -p -0.4480 1.0051 50S 132E 63 2000m25s
51 14 1563-Dec-1511:55:48 139 20 -5393 H -p -0.4524 1.0020 50S 7E 63 800m10s
52 15 1581-Dec-2520:35:19 127 20 -5170 A -p -0.4567 0.9993 49S 119W 63 300m04s
53 16 1600-Jan-1605:12:45 118 20 -4947 A -p -0.4622 0.9972 47S 116E 62 1100m14s
54 17 1618-Jan-2613:46:43 96 17 -4724 A -p -0.4700 0.9955 45S 10W 62 1800m23s
55 18 1636-Feb-0622:14:32 70 15 -4501 A -p -0.4825 0.9943 42S 135W 61 2300m29s
56 19 1654-Feb-1706:36:37 43 12 -4278 A -p -0.4991 0.9933 38S 101E 60 2700m34s
57 20 1672-Feb-2814:50:42 21 9 -4055 A -p -0.5218 0.9926 35S 22W 58 3000m38s
58 21 1690-Mar-1022:56:00 9 6 -3832 A -p -0.5511 0.9920 33S 143W 56 3300m42s
59 22 1708-Mar-2206:51:36 9 5 -3609 A -p -0.5878 0.9913 30S 98E 54 3700m46s
60 23 1726-Apr-0214:38:16 10 4 -3386 A -p -0.6312 0.9906 29S 18W 51 4200m52s
61 24 1744-Apr-1222:15:24 12 3 -3163 A -p -0.6819 0.9895 29S 133W 47 4900m59s
62 25 1762-Apr-2405:42:10 15 3 -2940 A -p -0.7402 0.9881 30S 116E 42 6101m08s
63 26 1780-May-0413:00:41 17 2 -2717 A -p -0.8043 0.9861 33S 6E 36 8101m21s
64 27 1798-May-1520:10:32 14 1 -2494 A -t -0.8744 0.9832 39S 102W 29 12101m36s
65 28 1816-May-2703:13:24 12 1 -2271 A -t -0.9492 0.9791 48S 154E 18 23801m54s
66 29 1834-Jun-0710:08:38 6 1 -2048 P -t -1.0291 0.9295 65S 55E 0 - -
67 30 1852-Jun-1716:59:50 7 1 -1825 P -t -1.1111 0.7828 66S 57W 0 - -
68 31 1870-Jun-2823:46:43 0 0 -1602 P -t -1.1949 0.6335 67S 169W 0 - -
69 32 1888-Jul-0906:30:52 -6 0 -1379 P -t -1.2797 0.4833 68S 79E 0 - -
70 33 1906-Jul-2113:14:19 6 0 -1156 P -t -1.3637 0.3355 69S 33W 0 - -
71 34 1924-Jul-3119:58:20 24 0 -933 P -t -1.4459 0.1920 70S 146W 0 - -
72 35 1942-Aug-1202:45:12 26 0 -710 Pe -t -1.5244 0.0562 70S 100E 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 115

Solar eclipses of Saros 115 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on 0662 Jun 21. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on 1942 Aug 12. The total duration of Saros series 115 is 1280.14 years.

Summary of Saros 115
First Eclipse 0662 Jun 21
Last Eclipse 1942 Aug 12
Series Duration 1280.14 Years
No. of Eclipses 72
Sequence 10P 37T 4H 14A 7P

Saros 115 is composed of 72 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 115
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 72100.0%
PartialP 17 23.6%
AnnularA 14 19.4%
TotalT 37 51.4%
HybridH 4 5.6%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 115 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 115
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 55100.0%
Central (two limits) 55100.0%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 72 eclipses in Saros 115 occur in the following order : 10P 37T 4H 14A 7P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 115 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 115
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse 1816 May 2701m54s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse 1581 Dec 2500m04s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse 1293 Jul 0506m24s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse 0842 Oct 0701m30s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 1509 Nov 1201m06s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 1563 Dec 1500m10s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse 0824 Sep 26 - 0.99276
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 0662 Jun 21 - 0.00285

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.