Saros 119

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 119

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 119

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 119 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 119
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-36 0850-May-1512:49:23 2541 75 -14219 Pb t- 1.5296 0.0065 63N 139W 0 - -
2-35 0868-May-2520:11:06 2407 72 -13996 P t- 1.4637 0.1326 64N 101E 0 - -
3-34 0886-Jun-0603:28:20 2278 70 -13773 P t- 1.3945 0.2646 65N 19W 0 - -
4-33 0904-Jun-1610:44:57 2152 67 -13550 P t- 1.3251 0.3963 66N 138W 0 - -
5-32 0922-Jun-2718:00:20 2031 64 -13327 P t- 1.2556 0.5276 67N 102E 0 - -
6-31 0940-Jul-0801:16:16 1914 62 -13104 P t- 1.1869 0.6563 68N 18W 0 - -
7-30 0958-Jul-1908:34:12 1801 59 -12881 P t- 1.1204 0.7796 69N 140W 0 - -
8-29 0976-Jul-2915:55:14 1693 57 -12658 P t- 1.0572 0.8956 70N 98E 0 - -
9-28 0994-Aug-0923:21:10 1590 54 -12435 T+ t- 0.9986 1.0016 70N 27W 0 - -
10-27 1012-Aug-2006:50:44 1491 52 -12212 T p- 0.9438 1.0086 73N 144E 19 9100m32s
11-26 1030-Aug-3114:27:25 1397 50 -11989 H p- 0.8958 1.0044 65N 7E 26 3400m18s
12-25 1048-Sep-1022:09:34 1307 48 -11766 A p- 0.8531 0.9995 57N 120W 31 400m02s
13-24 1066-Sep-2205:59:25 1222 45 -11543 A p- 0.8174 0.9941 50N 116E 35 3500m29s
14-23 1084-Oct-0213:55:20 1142 43 -11320 A p- 0.7875 0.9887 43N 9W 38 6401m00s
15-22 1102-Oct-1321:59:21 1066 41 -11097 A p- 0.7648 0.9833 38N 134W 40 9101m35s
16-21 1120-Oct-2406:09:08 994 39 -10874 A p- 0.7479 0.9781 33N 100E 41 11702m12s
17-20 1138-Nov-0414:24:37 927 37 -10651 A p- 0.7362 0.9732 29N 27W 42 14102m51s
18-19 1156-Nov-1422:44:25 863 35 -10428 A p- 0.7287 0.9687 26N 155W 43 16403m28s
19-18 1174-Nov-2607:08:28 804 33 -10205 A p- 0.7250 0.9648 24N 76E 43 18504m02s
20-17 1192-Dec-0615:33:24 748 31 -9982 A p- 0.7228 0.9614 23N 53W 44 20304m30s
21-16 1210-Dec-1723:58:43 696 30 -9759 A p- 0.7215 0.9585 23N 178E 44 21704m51s
22-15 1228-Dec-2808:21:57 648 28 -9536 A p- 0.7191 0.9564 23N 50E 44 22705m04s
23-14 1247-Jan-0816:43:11 602 26 -9313 A p- 0.7155 0.9547 23N 78W 44 23405m09s
24-13 1265-Jan-1900:57:31 560 25 -9090 A p- 0.7068 0.9538 24N 156E 45 23405m08s
25-12 1283-Jan-3009:06:51 520 23 -8867 A p- 0.6949 0.9533 25N 31E 46 23205m02s
26-11 1301-Feb-0917:06:47 483 22 -8644 A p- 0.6757 0.9533 26N 90W 47 22604m53s
27-10 1319-Feb-2100:59:41 448 20 -8421 A p- 0.6517 0.9537 28N 150E 49 21804m42s
28 -9 1337-Mar-0308:40:39 416 20 -8198 A p- 0.6182 0.9544 30N 34E 52 20704m32s
29 -8 1355-Mar-1416:13:53 385 20 -7975 A p- 0.5792 0.9552 31N 79W 54 19604m22s
30 -7 1373-Mar-2423:35:20 356 20 -7752 A p- 0.5312 0.9561 33N 171E 58 18604m15s
31 -6 1391-Apr-0506:47:39 329 20 -7529 A p- 0.4762 0.9570 34N 64E 61 17604m11s
32 -5 1409-Apr-1513:49:16 304 20 -7306 A p- 0.4130 0.9577 35N 39W 65 16804m11s
33 -4 1427-Apr-2620:43:38 280 20 -7083 A pn 0.3444 0.9583 35N 140W 70 16104m15s
34 -3 1445-May-0703:29:36 257 20 -6860 A nn 0.2692 0.9585 34N 121E 74 15604m24s
35 -2 1463-May-1810:08:50 235 20 -6637 A nn 0.1891 0.9584 32N 24E 79 15404m38s
36 -1 1481-May-2816:42:57 215 20 -6414 Am nn 0.1054 0.9577 29N 72W 84 15504m57s
37 0 1499-Jun-0823:13:37 196 20 -6191 A nn 0.0195 0.9567 25N 168W 89 15805m22s
38 1 1517-Jun-1905:41:29 178 20 -5968 A nn -0.0683 0.9552 20N 96E 86 16405m50s
39 2 1535-Jun-3012:08:18 161 20 -5745 A nn -0.1565 0.9533 14N 1W 81 17306m19s
40 3 1553-Jul-1018:36:33 147 20 -5522 A np -0.2430 0.9509 7N 99W 76 18506m46s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 119
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 4 1571-Jul-2201:07:17 134 20 -5299 A -p -0.3266 0.9481 0S 162E 71 20107m08s
42 5 1589-Aug-1107:41:03 123 20 -5076 A -p -0.4072 0.9450 8S 61E 66 22107m24s
43 6 1607-Aug-2214:20:47 110 19 -4853 A -p -0.4824 0.9416 16S 41W 61 24507m34s
44 7 1625-Sep-0121:06:57 85 16 -4630 A -p -0.5520 0.9380 24S 146W 56 27407m37s
45 8 1643-Sep-1304:01:20 58 13 -4407 A -p -0.6144 0.9343 32S 106E 52 30707m35s
46 9 1661-Sep-2311:02:33 33 11 -4184 A -p -0.6711 0.9306 40S 3W 48 34707m29s
47 10 1679-Oct-0418:13:56 14 8 -3961 A -p -0.7191 0.9270 48S 115W 44 39107m21s
48 11 1697-Oct-1501:33:41 8 5 -3738 A -p -0.7603 0.9236 55S 131E 40 44107m12s
49 12 1715-Oct-2709:02:48 9 4 -3515 A -p -0.7939 0.9206 62S 16E 37 49407m02s
50 13 1733-Nov-0616:40:14 11 4 -3292 A -p -0.8208 0.9179 69S 101W 34 54806m53s
51 14 1751-Nov-1800:26:00 13 3 -3069 A -p -0.8411 0.9159 75S 143E 32 59706m45s
52 15 1769-Nov-2808:18:39 16 2 -2846 A -p -0.8559 0.9144 80S 32E 31 63806m38s
53 16 1787-Dec-0916:15:38 16 1 -2623 A -p -0.8674 0.9136 83S 63W 29 67206m32s
54 17 1805-Dec-2100:17:37 12 1 -2400 A -p -0.8751 0.9134 83S 144W 29 69206m26s
55 18 1824-Jan-0108:21:09 10 1 -2177 A -p -0.8821 0.9139 80S 116E 28 70506m21s
56 19 1842-Jan-1116:25:41 5 1 -1954 A -p -0.8882 0.9151 76S 1E 27 71006m15s
57 20 1860-Jan-2300:27:31 8 0 -1731 A -p -0.8969 0.9168 72S 117W 26 71906m07s
58 21 1878-Feb-0208:27:52 -5 0 -1508 A -p -0.9071 0.9191 68S 122E 24 72905m59s
59 22 1896-Feb-1316:23:13 -6 0 -1285 A -p -0.9220 0.9218 65S 3E 22 76105m48s
60 23 1914-Feb-2500:13:01 16 0 -1062 A -p -0.9416 0.9248 62S 113W 19 83905m35s
61 24 1932-Mar-0707:55:50 24 0 -839 A -p -0.9673 0.9277 61S 134E 14 108305m19s
62 25 1950-Mar-1815:32:01 29 0 -616 A- -t -0.9988 0.9620 61S 41E 0 - -
63 26 1968-Mar-2823:00:30 38 0 -393 P -t -1.0370 0.8990 61S 80W 0 - -
64 27 1986-Apr-0906:21:22 55 0 -170 P -t -1.0822 0.8236 61S 161E 0 - -
65 28 2004-Apr-1913:35:05 65 0 53 P -t -1.1335 0.7367 62S 44E 0 - -
66 29 2022-Apr-3020:42:37 70 1 276 P -t -1.1901 0.6396 62S 71W 0 - -
67 30 2040-May-1103:43:02 79 3 499 P -t -1.2529 0.5306 63S 174E 0 - -
68 31 2058-May-2210:39:26 91 7 722 P -t -1.3194 0.4141 64S 61E 0 - -
69 32 2076-Jun-0117:31:22 105 12 945 P -t -1.3897 0.2897 64S 51W 0 - -
70 33 2094-Jun-1300:22:11 121 18 1168 P -t -1.4613 0.1618 65S 164W 0 - -
71 34 2112-Jun-2407:09:53 141 25 1391 Pe -t -1.5356 0.0282 66S 84E 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 119

Solar eclipses of Saros 119 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on 0850 May 15. The series will end with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on 2112 Jun 24. The total duration of Saros series 119 is 1262.11 years.

Summary of Saros 119
First Eclipse 0850 May 15
Last Eclipse 2112 Jun 24
Series Duration 1262.11 Years
No. of Eclipses 71
Sequence 8P 2T 1H 51A 9P

Saros 119 is composed of 71 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 119
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 71100.0%
PartialP 17 23.9%
AnnularA 51 71.8%
TotalT 2 2.8%
HybridH 1 1.4%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 119 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 119
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 54100.0%
Central (two limits) 52 96.3%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 2 3.7%

The 71 eclipses in Saros 119 occur in the following order : 8P 2T 1H 51A 9P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 119 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 119
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse 1625 Sep 0107m37s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse 1048 Sep 1000m02s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse 1012 Aug 2000m32s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse 1012 Aug 2000m32s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 1030 Aug 3100m18s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 1030 Aug 3100m18s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse 1968 Mar 28 - 0.89902
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 0850 May 15 - 0.00650

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.