Saros 124

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 124

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 124

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 124 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 124
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-37 1049-Mar-0616:00:51 1305 48 -11760 Pb t- -1.5374 0.0137 72S 48E 0 - -
2-36 1067-Mar-1723:50:53 1220 45 -11537 P t- -1.4939 0.0904 72S 84W 0 - -
3-35 1085-Mar-2807:34:37 1140 43 -11314 P t- -1.4444 0.1790 72S 145E 0 - -
4-34 1103-Apr-0815:12:05 1064 41 -11091 P t- -1.3890 0.2796 71S 17E 0 - -
5-33 1121-Apr-1822:43:11 992 39 -10868 P t- -1.3276 0.3928 71S 109W 0 - -
6-32 1139-Apr-3006:09:58 925 37 -10645 P t- -1.2616 0.5158 70S 126E 0 - -
7-31 1157-May-1013:32:50 862 35 -10422 P t- -1.1912 0.6485 69S 3E 0 - -
8-30 1175-May-2120:52:57 802 33 -10199 P t- -1.1177 0.7881 68S 119W 0 - -
9-29 1193-Jun-0104:11:33 747 31 -9976 P t- -1.0418 0.9331 67S 120E 0 - -
10-28 1211-Jun-1211:30:07 695 30 -9753 T t- -0.9650 1.0434 52S 3E 15 56903m20s
11-27 1229-Jun-2218:50:28 646 28 -9530 T t- -0.8886 1.0496 39S 110W 27 36004m10s
12-26 1247-Jul-0402:11:43 601 26 -9307 T p- -0.8122 1.0539 31S 138E 35 30404m42s
13-25 1265-Jul-1409:37:27 559 25 -9084 T p- -0.7389 1.0568 25S 25E 42 27504m59s
14-24 1283-Jul-2517:06:37 519 23 -8861 T p- -0.6678 1.0587 21S 88W 48 25605m07s
15-23 1301-Aug-0500:42:39 482 21 -8638 T p- -0.6019 1.0597 19S 157E 53 24205m07s
16-22 1319-Aug-1608:23:19 447 20 -8415 T p- -0.5396 1.0600 18S 42E 57 23105m01s
17-21 1337-Aug-2616:12:55 415 20 -8192 T p- -0.4842 1.0596 18S 76W 61 22104m53s
18-20 1355-Sep-0700:09:05 384 20 -7969 T p- -0.4340 1.0586 19S 165E 64 21204m43s
19-19 1373-Sep-1708:14:14 356 20 -7746 T n- -0.3913 1.0573 21S 44E 67 20404m33s
20-18 1391-Sep-2816:26:28 329 20 -7523 T n- -0.3542 1.0557 23S 79W 69 19504m23s
21-17 1409-Oct-0900:48:07 303 20 -7300 T n- -0.3249 1.0539 26S 156E 71 18804m15s
22-16 1427-Oct-2009:16:34 279 20 -7077 T n- -0.3010 1.0521 29S 30E 72 18104m07s
23-15 1445-Oct-3017:52:10 256 20 -6854 T n- -0.2829 1.0505 32S 98W 73 17404m01s
24-14 1463-Nov-1102:33:44 235 20 -6631 T n- -0.2697 1.0490 35S 133E 74 16903m56s
25-13 1481-Nov-2111:21:11 214 20 -6408 T n- -0.2617 1.0479 37S 3E 75 16503m53s
26-12 1499-Dec-0220:11:31 195 20 -6185 T n- -0.2558 1.0471 38S 127W 75 16203m51s
27-11 1517-Dec-1305:04:11 177 20 -5962 T n- -0.2520 1.0468 38S 103E 75 16103m52s
28-10 1535-Dec-2413:56:56 161 20 -5739 T n- -0.2483 1.0469 38S 27W 75 16103m55s
29 -9 1554-Jan-0322:49:37 146 20 -5516 T n- -0.2447 1.0474 36S 158W 76 16304m00s
30 -8 1572-Jan-1507:38:11 133 20 -5293 T n- -0.2381 1.0485 33S 72E 76 16604m07s
31 -7 1590-Feb-0416:24:04 123 20 -5070 T n- -0.2293 1.0498 29S 59W 77 17004m17s
32 -6 1608-Feb-1601:03:27 109 19 -4847 T n- -0.2154 1.0515 25S 172E 77 17504m29s
33 -5 1626-Feb-2609:37:26 85 16 -4624 T n- -0.1971 1.0535 20S 43E 79 18004m42s
34 -4 1644-Mar-0818:02:42 57 13 -4401 T n- -0.1717 1.0555 14S 85W 80 18604m57s
35 -3 1662-Mar-2002:21:48 32 11 -4178 T n- -0.1414 1.0576 8S 149E 82 19205m11s
36 -2 1680-Mar-3010:32:00 14 8 -3955 T nn -0.1039 1.0595 2S 25E 84 19705m25s
37 -1 1698-Apr-1018:34:25 8 5 -3732 Tm nn -0.0600 1.0613 5N 97W 87 20105m36s
38 0 1716-Apr-2202:28:32 9 4 -3509 T nn -0.0091 1.0625 12N 143E 90 20505m43s
39 1 1734-May-0310:15:56 11 4 -3286 T nn 0.0472 1.0635 18N 25E 87 20805m46s
40 2 1752-May-1317:56:28 13 3 -3063 T nn 0.1090 1.0637 25N 91W 84 21005m42s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 124
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 3 1770-May-2501:30:11 16 2 -2840 T -n 0.1760 1.0634 31N 156E 80 21105m31s
42 4 1788-Jun-0408:59:30 16 1 -2617 T -n 0.2465 1.0623 37N 44E 76 21105m15s
43 5 1806-Jun-1616:24:26 12 1 -2394 T -n 0.3203 1.0604 42N 65W 71 21004m55s
44 6 1824-Jun-2623:46:33 10 1 -2171 T -p 0.3960 1.0578 47N 171W 66 20704m31s
45 7 1842-Jul-0807:06:27 6 1 -1948 T -p 0.4727 1.0543 50N 84E 62 20404m05s
46 8 1860-Jul-1814:26:24 8 0 -1725 T -p 0.5487 1.0500 52N 20W 56 19803m39s
47 9 1878-Jul-2921:47:18 -5 0 -1502 T -p 0.6232 1.0450 54N 124W 51 19103m11s
48 10 1896-Aug-0905:09:00 -6 0 -1279 T -p 0.6963 1.0392 54N 132E 46 18202m43s
49 11 1914-Aug-2112:34:27 17 0 -1056 T -p 0.7655 1.0328 54N 27E 40 17002m14s
50 12 1932-Aug-3120:03:41 24 0 -833 T -p 0.8307 1.0257 54N 79W 34 15501m45s
51 13 1950-Sep-1203:38:47 29 0 -610 T -t 0.8903 1.0182 55N 172E 27 13401m14s
52 14 1968-Sep-2211:18:46 39 0 -387 T -t 0.9451 1.0099 56N 64E 19 10400m40s
53 15 1986-Oct-0319:06:15 55 0 -164 H -t 0.9931 1.0000 60N 37W 5 100m00s
54 16 2004-Oct-1403:00:23 65 0 59 P -t 1.0348 0.9283 61N 154W 0 - -
55 17 2022-Oct-2511:01:20 71 1 282 P -t 1.0701 0.8619 62N 77E 0 - -
56 18 2040-Nov-0419:09:02 80 3 505 P -t 1.0993 0.8074 62N 53W 0 - -
57 19 2058-Nov-1603:23:07 91 7 728 P -t 1.1224 0.7644 63N 174E 0 - -
58 20 2076-Nov-2611:43:01 105 13 951 P -t 1.1401 0.7315 64N 40E 0 - -
59 21 2094-Dec-0720:05:56 122 18 1174 P -t 1.1547 0.7046 65N 95W 0 - -
60 22 2112-Dec-1904:33:16 141 25 1397 P -t 1.1648 0.6858 66N 128E 0 - -
61 23 2130-Dec-3013:01:34 163 32 1620 P -t 1.1730 0.6708 67N 9W 0 - -
62 24 2149-Jan-0921:30:38 187 40 1843 P -t 1.1802 0.6575 68N 147W 0 - -
63 25 2167-Jan-2105:56:25 214 49 2066 P -t 1.1892 0.6414 69N 75E 0 - -
64 26 2185-Jan-3114:20:20 244 58 2289 P -t 1.1992 0.6238 70N 63W 0 - -
65 27 2203-Feb-1222:38:35 276 68 2512 P -t 1.2128 0.5998 71N 160E 0 - -
66 28 2221-Feb-2306:50:48 311 78 2735 P -t 1.2305 0.5688 72N 23E 0 - -
67 29 2239-Mar-0614:54:58 348 89 2958 P -t 1.2541 0.5278 72N 111W 0 - -
68 30 2257-Mar-1622:51:29 388 100 3181 P -t 1.2833 0.4770 72N 115E 0 - -
69 31 2275-Mar-2806:37:50 430 112 3404 P -t 1.3200 0.4133 72N 15W 0 - -
70 32 2293-Apr-0714:14:54 475 124 3627 P -t 1.3632 0.3380 72N 143W 0 - -
71 33 2311-Apr-1921:41:48 523 137 3850 P -t 1.4139 0.2499 71N 91E 0 - -
72 34 2329-Apr-3004:59:57 573 150 4073 P -t 1.4705 0.1514 71N 31W 0 - -
73 35 2347-May-1112:07:07 625 164 4296 Pe -t 1.5351 0.0391 70N 150W 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 124

Solar eclipses of Saros 124 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on 1049 Mar 06. The series will end with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on 2347 May 11. The total duration of Saros series 124 is 1298.17 years.

Summary of Saros 124
First Eclipse 1049 Mar 06
Last Eclipse 2347 May 11
Series Duration 1298.17 Years
No. of Eclipses 73
Sequence 9P 43T 1H 20P

Saros 124 is composed of 73 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 124
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 73100.0%
PartialP 29 39.7%
AnnularA 0 0.0%
TotalT 43 58.9%
HybridH 1 1.4%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 124 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 124
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 44100.0%
Central (two limits) 44100.0%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 73 eclipses in Saros 124 occur in the following order : 9P 43T 1H 20P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 124 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 124
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Solar Eclipse 1734 May 0305m46s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse 1968 Sep 2200m40s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 1986 Oct 0300m00s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 1986 Oct 0300m00s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse 1193 Jun 01 - 0.93306
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 1049 Mar 06 - 0.01373

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.