Saros 127

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 127

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 127

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 127 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 127
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-45 0991-Oct-1014:31:15 1606 55 -12470 Pb t- 1.5370 0.0321 71N 28E 0 - -
2-44 1009-Oct-2022:36:04 1506 53 -12247 P t- 1.5123 0.0752 71N 107W 0 - -
3-43 1027-Nov-0106:48:52 1411 50 -12024 P t- 1.4931 0.1087 70N 117E 0 - -
4-42 1045-Nov-1115:08:59 1321 48 -11801 P t- 1.4792 0.1327 69N 21W 0 - -
5-41 1063-Nov-2223:33:34 1235 46 -11578 P t- 1.4682 0.1517 68N 159W 0 - -
6-40 1081-Dec-0308:03:22 1154 44 -11355 P t- 1.4607 0.1641 67N 62E 0 - -
7-39 1099-Dec-1416:34:59 1078 41 -11132 P t- 1.4538 0.1756 66N 77W 0 - -
8-38 1117-Dec-2501:07:33 1005 39 -10909 P t- 1.4470 0.1867 65N 145E 0 - -
9-37 1136-Jan-0509:38:51 937 37 -10686 P t- 1.4383 0.2009 64N 7E 0 - -
10-36 1154-Jan-1518:08:13 873 35 -10463 P t- 1.4274 0.2191 63N 130W 0 - -
11-35 1172-Jan-2702:33:01 813 34 -10240 P t- 1.4122 0.2452 62N 94E 0 - -
12-34 1190-Feb-0610:53:00 757 32 -10017 P t- 1.3922 0.2801 62N 40W 0 - -
13-33 1208-Feb-1719:06:53 704 30 -9794 P t- 1.3664 0.3256 61N 172W 0 - -
14-32 1226-Feb-2803:15:01 655 28 -9571 P t- 1.3352 0.3818 61N 57E 0 - -
15-31 1244-Mar-1011:14:39 609 27 -9348 P t- 1.2964 0.4524 61N 72W 0 - -
16-30 1262-Mar-2119:08:29 566 25 -9125 P t- 1.2522 0.5339 61N 161E 0 - -
17-29 1280-Apr-0102:54:17 526 23 -8902 P t- 1.2008 0.6297 61N 35E 0 - -
18-28 1298-Apr-1210:35:24 489 22 -8679 P t- 1.1446 0.7356 62N 89W 0 - -
19-27 1316-Apr-2218:08:38 454 20 -8456 P t- 1.0813 0.8559 62N 149E 0 - -
20-26 1334-May-0401:39:11 421 20 -8233 P t- 1.0150 0.9829 63N 27E 0 - -
21-25 1352-May-1409:04:21 390 20 -8010 T t- 0.9437 1.0427 74N 48W 19 44102m18s
22-24 1370-May-2516:28:27 361 20 -7787 T t- 0.8708 1.0497 76N 124W 29 33802m51s
23-23 1388-Jun-0423:49:24 334 20 -7564 T p- 0.7945 1.0552 74N 157E 37 30203m20s
24-22 1406-Jun-1607:11:59 308 20 -7341 T p- 0.7188 1.0596 69N 64E 44 28303m48s
25-21 1424-Jun-2614:34:23 283 20 -7118 T p- 0.6425 1.0629 63N 37W 50 27004m14s
26-20 1442-Jul-0721:59:38 260 20 -6895 T p- 0.5680 1.0654 56N 143W 55 26104m39s
27-19 1460-Jul-1805:27:51 239 20 -6672 T p- 0.4954 1.0669 49N 106E 60 25205m00s
28-18 1478-Jul-2913:01:16 218 20 -6449 T p- 0.4269 1.0676 41N 7W 65 24405m18s
29-17 1496-Aug-0820:40:13 199 20 -6226 T n- 0.3626 1.0675 34N 122W 69 23605m30s
30-16 1514-Aug-2004:25:14 180 20 -6003 T n- 0.3032 1.0667 27N 120E 72 22805m38s
31-15 1532-Aug-3012:17:43 164 20 -5780 T n- 0.2500 1.0654 19N 0E 75 22105m40s
32-14 1550-Sep-1020:17:36 149 20 -5557 T n- 0.2029 1.0636 12N 122W 78 21205m37s
33-13 1568-Sep-2104:25:00 136 20 -5334 T n- 0.1619 1.0615 6N 115E 81 20405m32s
34-12 1586-Oct-1212:40:31 125 20 -5111 T n- 0.1278 1.0591 0S 11W 83 19605m23s
35-11 1604-Oct-2221:03:47 113 19 -4888 T n- 0.1000 1.0567 6S 138W 84 18805m12s
36-10 1622-Nov-0305:34:47 90 17 -4665 T n- 0.0789 1.0544 11S 94E 86 18005m01s
37 -9 1640-Nov-1314:11:19 62 14 -4442 T n- 0.0623 1.0522 15S 36W 87 17304m50s
38 -8 1658-Nov-2422:54:41 36 11 -4219 T nn 0.0514 1.0502 18S 166W 87 16704m40s
39 -7 1676-Dec-0507:42:07 17 8 -3996 T nn 0.0435 1.0486 20S 62E 88 16204m30s
40 -6 1694-Dec-1616:33:11 8 6 -3773 T nn 0.0388 1.0475 21S 69W 88 15804m22s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 127
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 -5 1712-Dec-2801:24:54 9 4 -3550 T nn 0.0347 1.0466 21S 159E 88 15504m15s
42 -4 1731-Jan-0810:17:44 10 4 -3327 Tm nn 0.0313 1.0464 21S 27E 88 15504m10s
43 -3 1749-Jan-1819:08:56 13 3 -3104 T nn 0.0265 1.0465 19S 105W 89 15504m07s
44 -2 1767-Jan-3003:56:55 15 2 -2881 T nn 0.0190 1.0471 17S 124E 89 15704m06s
45 -1 1785-Feb-0912:40:41 17 2 -2658 T nn 0.0080 1.0480 14S 7W 90 15904m07s
46 0 1803-Feb-2121:18:46 12 1 -2435 T nn -0.0075 1.0492 11S 136W 90 16304m09s
47 1 1821-Mar-0405:50:13 11 1 -2212 T nn -0.0284 1.0506 8S 96E 88 16804m14s
48 2 1839-Mar-1514:13:42 5 1 -1989 T nn -0.0557 1.0520 5S 30W 87 17204m20s
49 3 1857-Mar-2522:29:38 7 0 -1766 T -n -0.0892 1.0534 2S 153W 85 17704m28s
50 4 1875-Apr-0606:37:26 -3 0 -1543 T -n -0.1291 1.0547 0S 85E 83 18204m37s
51 5 1893-Apr-1614:36:11 -6 0 -1320 T -n -0.1763 1.0556 1N 35W 80 18604m47s
52 6 1911-Apr-2822:27:22 12 0 -1097 T -n -0.2294 1.0562 2N 152W 77 19004m57s
53 7 1929-May-0906:10:34 24 0 -874 T -n -0.2887 1.0562 2N 93E 73 19305m07s
54 8 1947-May-2013:47:47 28 0 -651 T -p -0.3528 1.0557 0N 21W 69 19605m13s
55 9 1965-May-3021:17:31 36 0 -428 T -p -0.4225 1.0544 2S 134W 65 19805m15s
56 10 1983-Jun-1104:43:34 53 0 -205 T -p -0.4947 1.0524 6S 114E 60 19905m11s
57 11 2001-Jun-2112:04:46 64 0 18 T -p -0.5701 1.0495 11S 3E 55 20004m57s
58 12 2019-Jul-0219:24:07 69 0 241 T -p -0.6466 1.0459 17S 109W 50 20104m33s
59 13 2037-Jul-1302:40:36 78 3 464 T -p -0.7246 1.0413 25S 139E 43 20103m58s
60 14 2055-Jul-2409:57:50 89 7 687 T -p -0.8012 1.0359 33S 26E 37 20203m17s
61 15 2073-Aug-0317:15:23 102 12 910 T -t -0.8763 1.0294 43S 90W 28 20602m29s
62 16 2091-Aug-1500:34:43 119 17 1133 T -t -0.9490 1.0216 56S 150E 18 23701m38s
63 17 2109-Aug-2607:57:26 137 24 1356 P -t -1.0178 0.9670 71S 5E 0 - -
64 18 2127-Sep-0615:24:16 159 31 1579 P -t -1.0822 0.8458 72S 121W 0 - -
65 19 2145-Sep-1622:57:10 183 39 1802 P -t -1.1406 0.7368 72S 112E 0 - -
66 20 2163-Sep-2806:34:34 209 47 2025 P -t -1.1943 0.6377 72S 16W 0 - -
67 21 2181-Oct-0814:19:36 238 56 2248 P -t -1.2408 0.5529 72S 146W 0 - -
68 22 2199-Oct-1922:10:26 270 66 2471 P -t -1.2817 0.4790 71S 82E 0 - -
69 23 2217-Oct-3106:08:54 304 76 2694 P -t -1.3157 0.4185 71S 51W 0 - -
70 24 2235-Nov-1114:13:08 341 87 2917 P -t -1.3444 0.3682 70S 176E 0 - -
71 25 2253-Nov-2122:24:38 380 98 3140 P -t -1.3666 0.3297 69S 41E 0 - -
72 26 2271-Dec-0306:40:47 422 110 3363 P -t -1.3843 0.2996 68S 94W 0 - -
73 27 2289-Dec-1315:01:17 467 122 3586 P -t -1.3979 0.2767 67S 130E 0 - -
74 28 2307-Dec-2523:24:22 514 135 3809 P -t -1.4089 0.2584 66S 6W 0 - -
75 29 2326-Jan-0507:49:42 563 148 4032 P -t -1.4177 0.2440 65S 142W 0 - -
76 30 2344-Jan-1616:13:40 616 161 4255 P -t -1.4270 0.2288 64S 83E 0 - -
77 31 2362-Jan-2700:35:59 670 175 4478 P -t -1.4368 0.2125 63S 52W 0 - -
78 32 2380-Feb-0708:54:00 728 190 4701 P -t -1.4496 0.1909 62S 175E 0 - -
79 33 2398-Feb-1717:08:13 788 204 4924 P -t -1.4648 0.1650 62S 42E 0 - -
80 34 2416-Feb-2901:13:31 850 220 5147 P -t -1.4865 0.1279 61S 87W 0 - -
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 127
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
81 35 2434-Mar-1109:12:46 915 235 5370 P -t -1.5122 0.0837 61S 144E 0 - -
82 36 2452-Mar-2117:01:30 983 252 5593 Pe -t -1.5455 0.0261 61S 19E 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 127

Solar eclipses of Saros 127 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on 0991 Oct 10. The series will end with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on 2452 Mar 21. The total duration of Saros series 127 is 1460.44 years.

Summary of Saros 127
First Eclipse 0991 Oct 10
Last Eclipse 2452 Mar 21
Series Duration 1460.44 Years
No. of Eclipses 82
Sequence 20P 42T 20P

Saros 127 is composed of 82 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 127
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 82100.0%
PartialP 40 48.8%
AnnularA 0 0.0%
TotalT 42 51.2%
HybridH 0 0.0%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 127 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 127
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 42100.0%
Central (two limits) 42100.0%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 82 eclipses in Saros 127 occur in the following order : 20P 42T 20P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 127 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 127
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Solar Eclipse 1532 Aug 3005m40s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse 2091 Aug 1501m38s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse 1334 May 04 - 0.98290
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 2452 Mar 21 - 0.02615

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.