Saros 134

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 134

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 134

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 134 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 134
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-37 1248-Jun-2219:09:32 599 26 -9295 Pb t- -1.5159 0.0222 65S 126W 0 - -
2-36 1266-Jul-0402:38:26 556 25 -9072 P t- -1.4465 0.1578 64S 112E 0 - -
3-35 1284-Jul-1410:08:14 517 23 -8849 P t- -1.3779 0.2914 63S 10W 0 - -
4-34 1302-Jul-2517:42:27 480 21 -8626 P t- -1.3129 0.4178 63S 133W 0 - -
5-33 1320-Aug-0501:20:18 446 20 -8403 P t- -1.2510 0.5374 62S 103E 0 - -
6-32 1338-Aug-1609:03:08 413 20 -8180 P t- -1.1933 0.6482 62S 22W 0 - -
7-31 1356-Aug-2616:52:07 383 20 -7957 P t- -1.1411 0.7477 61S 148W 0 - -
8-30 1374-Sep-0700:48:04 354 20 -7734 P t- -1.0950 0.8345 61S 84E 0 - -
9-29 1392-Sep-1708:51:01 327 20 -7511 P t- -1.0548 0.9092 61S 45W 0 - -
10-28 1410-Sep-2817:00:46 302 20 -7288 P t- -1.0207 0.9717 61S 177W 0 - -
11-27 1428-Oct-0901:18:08 278 20 -7065 Ts t- -0.9931 1.0281 63S 61E 5 - 01m30s
12-26 1446-Oct-2009:42:43 255 20 -6842 T p- -0.9719 1.0258 66S 57W 13 38601m25s
13-25 1464-Oct-3018:13:11 234 20 -6619 T p- -0.9561 1.0225 69S 176E 17 26801m14s
14-24 1482-Nov-1102:49:47 213 20 -6396 T p- -0.9458 1.0189 72S 44E 18 20301m03s
15-23 1500-Nov-2111:30:30 194 20 -6173 T p- -0.9394 1.0156 76S 91W 20 15900m52s
16-22 1518-Dec-0220:14:56 176 20 -5950 T p- -0.9365 1.0124 80S 129E 20 12500m41s
17-21 1536-Dec-1304:59:19 160 20 -5727 T p- -0.9343 1.0098 84S 17W 20 9700m33s
18-20 1554-Dec-2413:45:20 146 20 -5504 T p- -0.9341 1.0075 88S 159E 20 7500m25s
19-19 1573-Jan-0322:28:34 133 20 -5281 H p- -0.9328 1.0058 86S 54W 21 5700m20s
20-18 1591-Jan-2507:09:21 122 20 -5058 H p- -0.9298 1.0047 82S 151E 21 4500m16s
21-17 1609-Feb-0415:43:42 108 19 -4835 H p- -0.9224 1.0041 77S 7E 22 3700m15s
22-16 1627-Feb-1600:13:30 83 16 -4612 H p- -0.9119 1.0040 72S 131W 24 3400m15s
23-15 1645-Feb-2608:35:06 56 13 -4389 H p- -0.8956 1.0043 67S 94E 26 3400m17s
24-14 1663-Mar-0916:48:41 31 11 -4166 H p- -0.8735 1.0049 60S 37W 29 3500m21s
25-13 1681-Mar-2000:52:58 13 8 -3943 H p- -0.8445 1.0057 54S 165W 32 3700m26s
26-12 1699-Mar-3108:48:44 8 5 -3720 H p- -0.8089 1.0065 47S 70E 36 3800m32s
27-11 1717-Apr-1116:34:40 10 4 -3497 H p- -0.7660 1.0072 40S 52W 40 3900m39s
28-10 1735-Apr-2300:11:35 11 4 -3274 H p- -0.7164 1.0077 32S 171W 44 3800m44s
29 -9 1753-May-0307:39:39 13 3 -3051 H p- -0.6601 1.0079 25S 73E 49 3600m48s
30 -8 1771-May-1415:00:02 16 2 -2828 H p- -0.5981 1.0076 18S 40W 53 3300m49s
31 -7 1789-May-2422:11:58 16 1 -2605 H p- -0.5297 1.0068 11S 151W 58 2800m46s
32 -6 1807-Jun-0605:18:31 12 1 -2382 H p- -0.4577 1.0055 5S 100E 63 2100m38s
33 -5 1825-Jun-1612:19:03 10 1 -2159 H p- -0.3813 1.0036 1N 6W 68 1300m25s
34 -4 1843-Jun-2719:17:03 6 1 -1936 H nn -0.3037 1.0011 6N 111W 72 400m07s
35 -3 1861-Jul-0802:10:26 8 0 -1713 A nn -0.2231 0.9979 10N 146E 77 700m14s
36 -2 1879-Jul-1909:04:32 -5 0 -1490 Am nn -0.1439 0.9942 13N 43E 82 2000m39s
37 -1 1897-Jul-2915:56:58 -5 0 -1267 A nn -0.0640 0.9899 15N 59W 86 3501m05s
38 0 1915-Aug-1022:52:25 18 0 -1044 A nn 0.0124 0.9853 16N 161W 89 5201m33s
39 1 1933-Aug-2105:49:11 24 0 -821 A nn 0.0869 0.9801 17N 96E 85 7102m04s
40 2 1951-Sep-0112:51:51 30 0 -598 A nn 0.1557 0.9747 16N 8W 81 9102m36s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 134
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 3 1969-Sep-1119:58:59 40 0 -375 A nn 0.2201 0.9690 16N 114W 77 11403m11s
42 4 1987-Sep-2303:12:22 56 0 -152 A -n 0.2787 0.9634 14N 138E 74 13703m49s
43 5 2005-Oct-0310:32:47 65 0 71 A -p 0.3306 0.9576 13N 29E 71 16204m32s
44 6 2023-Oct-1418:00:41 71 1 294 A -p 0.3753 0.9520 11N 83W 68 18705m17s
45 7 2041-Oct-2501:36:22 80 4 517 A -p 0.4133 0.9467 10N 163E 66 21306m07s
46 8 2059-Nov-0509:18:15 92 8 740 A -p 0.4454 0.9417 9N 47E 63 23807m00s
47 9 2077-Nov-1517:07:56 106 13 963 A -p 0.4705 0.9371 8N 71W 62 26207m54s
48 10 2095-Nov-2701:02:57 123 19 1186 A -p 0.4903 0.9330 7N 170E 61 28508m47s
49 11 2113-Dec-0809:03:27 142 25 1409 A -p 0.5049 0.9296 7N 49E 60 30409m35s
50 12 2131-Dec-1917:06:50 164 33 1632 A -p 0.5165 0.9267 8N 73W 59 32110m14s
51 13 2149-Dec-3001:13:04 189 41 1855 A -p 0.5253 0.9245 9N 164E 58 33410m42s
52 14 2168-Jan-1009:19:03 216 50 2078 A -p 0.5337 0.9230 10N 42E 58 34410m55s
53 15 2186-Jan-2017:23:44 245 59 2301 A -p 0.5426 0.9221 13N 81W 57 35010m53s
54 16 2204-Feb-0201:25:25 278 68 2524 A -p 0.5535 0.9218 16N 157E 56 35310m38s
55 17 2222-Feb-1209:23:17 313 79 2747 A -p 0.5669 0.9220 20N 36E 55 35510m14s
56 18 2240-Feb-2317:14:11 350 90 2970 A -p 0.5859 0.9228 25N 84W 54 35609m41s
57 19 2258-Mar-0600:58:23 390 101 3193 A -p 0.6101 0.9239 30N 158E 52 35809m04s
58 20 2276-Mar-1608:34:02 432 113 3416 A -p 0.6411 0.9253 36N 41E 50 36208m23s
59 21 2294-Mar-2716:02:22 478 125 3639 A -p 0.6777 0.9269 43N 74W 47 37007m42s
60 22 2312-Apr-0723:19:32 525 138 3862 A -p 0.7231 0.9286 51N 174E 43 38507m00s
61 23 2330-Apr-1906:29:24 576 151 4085 A -p 0.7742 0.9302 59N 62E 39 41206m19s
62 24 2348-Apr-2913:29:00 628 165 4308 A -p 0.8338 0.9315 68N 50W 33 46605m40s
63 25 2366-May-1020:22:07 684 179 4531 A -t 0.8981 0.9323 78N 171W 26 58305m03s
64 26 2384-May-2103:05:25 742 193 4754 A -t 0.9702 0.9317 81N 2W 13 111604m28s
65 27 2402-Jun-0109:44:37 802 208 4977 P -t 1.0452 0.8834 68N 137W 0 - -
66 28 2420-Jun-1116:17:01 865 223 5200 P -t 1.1257 0.7469 67N 114E 0 - -
67 29 2438-Jun-2222:46:46 931 239 5423 P -t 1.2079 0.6068 66N 7E 0 - -
68 30 2456-Jul-0305:13:15 1000 256 5646 P -t 1.2925 0.4621 65N 99W 0 - -
69 31 2474-Jul-1411:40:29 1070 272 5869 P -t 1.3764 0.3182 64N 155E 0 - -
70 32 2492-Jul-2418:08:31 1144 289 6092 P -t 1.4595 0.1755 63N 49E 0 - -
71 33 2510-Aug-0600:38:55 1220 307 6315 Pe -t 1.5405 0.0361 63N 58W 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 134

Solar eclipses of Saros 134 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on 1248 Jun 22. The series will end with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on 2510 Aug 06. The total duration of Saros series 134 is 1262.11 years.

Summary of Saros 134
First Eclipse 1248 Jun 22
Last Eclipse 2510 Aug 06
Series Duration 1262.11 Years
No. of Eclipses 71
Sequence 10P 8T 16H 30A 7P

Saros 134 is composed of 71 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 134
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 71100.0%
PartialP 17 23.9%
AnnularA 30 42.3%
TotalT 8 11.3%
HybridH 16 22.5%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 134 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 134
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 54100.0%
Central (two limits) 53 98.1%
Central (one limit) 1 1.9%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 71 eclipses in Saros 134 occur in the following order : 10P 8T 16H 30A 7P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 134 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 134
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse 2168 Jan 1010m55s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse 1861 Jul 0800m14s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse 1428 Oct 0901m30s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse 1554 Dec 2400m25s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 1771 May 1400m49s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 1843 Jun 2700m07s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse 1410 Sep 28 - 0.97171
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 1248 Jun 22 - 0.02224

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.