Saros 146

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 146

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 146

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 146 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 146
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-46 1541-Sep-1920:34:00 156 20 -5668 Pb t- -1.5141 0.0378 61S 135E 0 - -
2-45 1559-Oct-0104:46:45 142 20 -5445 P t- -1.4772 0.1083 61S 3E 0 - -
3-44 1577-Oct-1113:08:01 130 20 -5222 P t- -1.4473 0.1654 62S 131W 0 - -
4-43 1595-Nov-0121:36:52 120 20 -4999 P t- -1.4234 0.2111 62S 93E 0 - -
5-42 1613-Nov-1206:12:14 102 18 -4776 P t- -1.4048 0.2464 63S 45W 0 - -
6-41 1631-Nov-2314:53:43 76 15 -4553 P t- -1.3912 0.2723 63S 175E 0 - -
7-40 1649-Dec-0323:40:37 49 13 -4330 P t- -1.3820 0.2896 64S 34E 0 - -
8-39 1667-Dec-1508:29:58 25 10 -4107 P t- -1.3752 0.3024 65S 108W 0 - -
9-38 1685-Dec-2517:22:34 10 7 -3884 P t- -1.3710 0.3102 66S 108E 0 - -
10-37 1704-Jan-0702:14:50 8 5 -3661 P t- -1.3669 0.3177 67S 36W 0 - -
11-36 1722-Jan-1711:07:09 10 4 -3438 P t- -1.3629 0.3251 68S 180W 0 - -
12-35 1740-Jan-2819:54:59 11 3 -3215 P t- -1.3556 0.3387 69S 36E 0 - -
13-34 1758-Feb-0804:40:51 14 3 -2992 P t- -1.3468 0.3549 70S 108W 0 - -
14-33 1776-Feb-1913:20:10 16 2 -2769 P t- -1.3334 0.3800 71S 109E 0 - -
15-32 1794-Mar-0121:53:59 15 1 -2546 P t- -1.3155 0.4136 72S 33W 0 - -
16-31 1812-Mar-1306:19:30 12 1 -2323 P t- -1.2913 0.4594 72S 173W 0 - -
17-30 1830-Mar-2414:38:43 7 1 -2100 P t- -1.2622 0.5148 72S 48E 0 - -
18-29 1848-Apr-0322:49:06 7 1 -1877 P t- -1.2264 0.5834 72S 89W 0 - -
19-28 1866-Apr-1506:51:40 5 0 -1654 P t- -1.1846 0.6637 71S 137E 0 - -
20-27 1884-Apr-2514:46:17 -6 0 -1431 P t- -1.1365 0.7563 71S 5E 0 - -
21-26 1902-May-0722:34:16 0 0 -1208 P t- -1.0831 0.8594 70S 125W 0 - -
22-25 1920-May-1806:14:55 21 0 -985 P t- -1.0239 0.9734 69S 108E 0 - -
23-24 1938-May-2913:50:18 24 0 -762 T t- -0.9607 1.0552 53S 22W 16 67504m05s
24-23 1956-Jun-0821:20:39 32 0 -539 T p- -0.8934 1.0581 41S 141W 26 42904m45s
25-22 1974-Jun-2004:48:04 45 0 -316 T p- -0.8239 1.0592 32S 104E 34 34405m09s
26-21 1992-Jun-3012:11:22 59 0 -93 T p- -0.7512 1.0592 25S 9W 41 29405m21s
27-20 2010-Jul-1119:34:38 66 0 130 T p- -0.6788 1.0580 20S 122W 47 25905m20s
28-19 2028-Jul-2202:56:40 73 1 353 T p- -0.6056 1.0560 16S 127E 53 23005m10s
29-18 2046-Aug-0210:21:13 83 5 576 T p- -0.5350 1.0531 13S 15E 58 20604m51s
30-17 2064-Aug-1217:46:06 95 9 799 T p- -0.4652 1.0495 11S 96W 62 18404m28s
31-16 2082-Aug-2401:16:21 110 14 1022 T n- -0.4004 1.0452 10S 152E 66 16304m01s
32-15 2100-Sep-0408:49:20 128 20 1245 T n- -0.3384 1.0402 10S 39E 70 14203m32s
33-14 2118-Sep-1516:28:26 148 27 1468 T n- -0.2823 1.0349 11S 76W 74 12203m04s
34-13 2136-Sep-2600:12:14 170 35 1691 T n- -0.2309 1.0292 13S 169E 77 10102m34s
35-12 2154-Oct-0708:03:50 196 43 1914 T nn -0.1867 1.0234 15S 52E 79 8102m05s
36-11 2172-Oct-1716:01:36 223 52 2137 H3 nn -0.1484 1.0174 17S 67W 81 6001m34s
37-10 2190-Oct-2900:05:50 254 61 2360 H nn -0.1160 1.0116 20S 173E 83 4001m04s
38 -9 2208-Nov-0908:17:12 287 71 2583 H nn -0.0905 1.0059 22S 51E 85 2000m34s
39 -8 2226-Nov-2016:34:56 322 82 2806 Hm nn -0.0711 1.0005 24S 72W 86 200m03s
40 -7 2244-Dec-0100:58:17 360 93 3029 A nn -0.0568 0.9955 25S 163E 87 1600m27s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 146
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 -6 2262-Dec-1209:25:02 401 104 3252 A nn -0.0460 0.9910 26S 38E 87 3200m56s
42 -5 2280-Dec-2217:55:43 444 116 3475 A nn -0.0391 0.9870 26S 88W 88 4601m23s
43 -4 2299-Jan-0302:27:42 490 128 3698 A nn -0.0341 0.9836 25S 146E 88 5801m47s
44 -3 2317-Jan-1410:59:37 538 141 3921 A nn -0.0298 0.9807 23S 20E 88 6902m08s
45 -2 2335-Jan-2519:29:43 589 154 4144 A nn -0.0247 0.9784 21S 107W 88 7702m25s
46 -1 2353-Feb-0503:56:54 643 168 4367 A nn -0.0179 0.9766 17S 127E 89 8402m38s
47 0 2371-Feb-1612:18:48 699 182 4590 A nn -0.0075 0.9753 13S 2E 89 8802m48s
48 1 2389-Feb-2620:33:51 758 197 4813 A nn 0.0078 0.9744 8S 122W 90 9202m55s
49 2 2407-Mar-1004:41:40 819 212 5036 A nn 0.0283 0.9739 3S 115E 88 9302m59s
50 3 2425-Mar-2012:41:11 883 228 5259 A nn 0.0546 0.9735 3N 6W 87 9503m02s
51 4 2443-Mar-3120:30:25 949 244 5482 A nn 0.0890 0.9734 9N 124W 85 9503m02s
52 5 2461-Apr-1104:10:34 1018 260 5705 A nn 0.1300 0.9732 16N 120E 82 9703m02s
53 6 2479-Apr-2211:40:29 1090 277 5928 A nn 0.1790 0.9731 22N 6E 80 9803m01s
54 7 2497-May-0219:01:51 1164 294 6151 A -n 0.2341 0.9728 29N 104W 76 10002m59s
55 8 2515-May-1502:12:09 1240 311 6374 A -p 0.2977 0.9722 36N 148E 72 10402m57s
56 9 2533-May-2509:15:48 1320 329 6597 A -p 0.3660 0.9712 43N 44E 68 11102m56s
57 10 2551-Jun-0516:10:38 1401 348 6820 A -p 0.4411 0.9699 49N 57W 64 12102m55s
58 11 2569-Jun-1523:00:06 1486 366 7043 A -p 0.5197 0.9680 55N 155W 58 13502m56s
59 12 2587-Jun-2705:42:56 1573 386 7266 A -p 0.6030 0.9656 60N 112E 53 15602m58s
60 13 2605-Jul-0812:23:19 1662 405 7489 A -p 0.6874 0.9626 64N 23E 46 18603m03s
61 14 2623-Jul-1919:00:03 1755 425 7712 A -p 0.7739 0.9589 67N 61W 39 23503m10s
62 15 2641-Jul-3001:35:54 1849 445 7935 A -t 0.8602 0.9545 68N 141W 30 32603m20s
63 16 2659-Aug-1008:11:48 1947 466 8158 A -t 0.9455 0.9487 68N 146E 19 58403m30s
64 17 2677-Aug-2014:50:15 2046 487 8381 P -t 1.0278 0.9181 62N 80E 0 - -
65 18 2695-Aug-3121:32:00 2149 509 8604 P -t 1.1065 0.7816 61N 28W 0 - -
66 19 2713-Sep-1204:18:09 2254 530 8827 P -t 1.1807 0.6535 61N 138W 0 - -
67 20 2731-Sep-2311:10:43 2362 553 9050 P -t 1.2491 0.5365 61N 110E 0 - -
68 21 2749-Oct-0318:09:49 2472 575 9273 P -t 1.3116 0.4304 61N 2W 0 - -
69 22 2767-Oct-1501:16:19 2584 598 9496 P -t 1.3673 0.3366 61N 117W 0 - -
70 23 2785-Oct-2508:31:11 2700 622 9719 P -t 1.4159 0.2555 62N 126E 0 - -
71 24 2803-Nov-0515:54:31 2818 645 9942 P -t 1.4572 0.1870 62N 7E 0 - -
72 25 2821-Nov-1523:26:39 2938 669 10165 P -t 1.4912 0.1313 63N 115W 0 - -
73 26 2839-Nov-2707:05:10 3061 694 10388 P -t 1.5199 0.0846 64N 122E 0 - -
74 27 2857-Dec-0714:52:18 3187 719 10611 P -t 1.5412 0.0501 65N 4W 0 - -
75 28 2875-Dec-1822:44:16 3315 744 10834 P -t 1.5582 0.0229 66N 132W 0 - -
76 29 2893-Dec-2906:41:58 3446 769 11057 Pe -t 1.5707 0.0028 67N 99E 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 146

Solar eclipses of Saros 146 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on 1541 Sep 19. The series will end with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on 2893 Dec 29. The total duration of Saros series 146 is 1352.26 years.

Summary of Saros 146
First Eclipse 1541 Sep 19
Last Eclipse 2893 Dec 29
Series Duration 1352.26 Years
No. of Eclipses 76
Sequence 22P 13T 4H 24A 13P

Saros 146 is composed of 76 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 146
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 76100.0%
PartialP 35 46.1%
AnnularA 24 31.6%
TotalT 13 17.1%
HybridH 4 5.3%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 146 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 146
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 41100.0%
Central (two limits) 41100.0%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 76 eclipses in Saros 146 occur in the following order : 22P 13T 4H 24A 13P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 146 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 146
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse 2659 Aug 1003m30s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse 2244 Dec 0100m27s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse 1992 Jun 3005m21s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse 2154 Oct 0702m05s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 2172 Oct 1701m34s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 2226 Nov 2000m03s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse 1920 May 18 - 0.97341
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 2893 Dec 29 - 0.00277

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.