Saros 149

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 149

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 149

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 149 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 149
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-37 1664-Aug-2108:58:23 29 10 -4148 Pb t- 1.4871 0.0844 71N 174E 0 - -
2-36 1682-Sep-0116:42:24 12 8 -3925 P t- 1.4280 0.1978 72N 44E 0 - -
3-35 1700-Sep-1300:34:18 8 5 -3702 P t- 1.3749 0.2996 72N 88W 0 - -
4-34 1718-Sep-2408:34:19 10 4 -3479 P t- 1.3283 0.3888 72N 138E 0 - -
5-33 1736-Oct-0416:41:33 11 4 -3256 P t- 1.2874 0.4670 72N 2E 0 - -
6-32 1754-Oct-1600:57:45 13 3 -3033 P t- 1.2535 0.5314 71N 136W 0 - -
7-31 1772-Oct-2609:21:17 16 2 -2810 P t- 1.2255 0.5846 71N 85E 0 - -
8-30 1790-Nov-0617:53:11 16 1 -2587 P t- 1.2044 0.6245 70N 56W 0 - -
9-29 1808-Nov-1802:30:03 12 1 -2364 P t- 1.1874 0.6564 69N 163E 0 - -
10-28 1826-Nov-2911:14:08 9 1 -2141 P t- 1.1764 0.6770 68N 20E 0 - -
11-27 1844-Dec-0920:01:39 6 1 -1918 P t- 1.1682 0.6924 67N 123W 0 - -
12-26 1862-Dec-2104:53:02 7 0 -1695 P t- 1.1633 0.7016 66N 94E 0 - -
13-25 1880-Dec-3113:45:01 -5 0 -1472 P t- 1.1591 0.7096 65N 50W 0 - -
14-24 1899-Jan-1122:38:02 -4 0 -1249 P t- 1.1558 0.7158 64N 168E 0 - -
15-23 1917-Jan-2307:28:31 19 0 -1026 P t- 1.1508 0.7254 63N 26E 0 - -
16-22 1935-Feb-0316:16:20 24 0 -803 P t- 1.1438 0.7390 62N 115W 0 - -
17-21 1953-Feb-1400:59:30 30 0 -580 P t- 1.1331 0.7596 62N 105E 0 - -
18-20 1971-Feb-2509:38:07 41 0 -357 P t- 1.1188 0.7872 61N 34W 0 - -
19-19 1989-Mar-0718:08:41 56 0 -134 P t- 1.0981 0.8268 61N 170W 0 - -
20-18 2007-Mar-1902:32:58 65 0 89 P t- 1.0728 0.8756 61N 55E 0 - -
21-17 2025-Mar-2910:48:36 72 1 312 P t- 1.0405 0.9376 61N 77W 0 - -
22-16 2043-Apr-0918:57:49 81 4 535 T+ t- 1.0031 1.0096 61N 152E 0 - -
23-15 2061-Apr-2002:56:49 93 8 758 T t- 0.9578 1.0476 65N 59E 16 55902m37s
24-14 2079-May-0110:50:13 107 13 981 T p- 0.9081 1.0512 66N 47W 24 40602m55s
25-13 2097-May-1118:34:31 124 19 1204 T p- 0.8516 1.0538 67N 150W 31 33903m10s
26-12 2115-May-2402:13:56 144 26 1427 T p- 0.7912 1.0557 68N 109E 37 30103m24s
27-11 2133-Jun-0309:45:16 166 33 1650 T p- 0.7247 1.0567 67N 10E 43 27203m36s
28-10 2151-Jun-1417:13:45 191 42 1873 T p- 0.6561 1.0569 64N 90W 49 24903m48s
29 -9 2169-Jun-2500:37:09 218 50 2096 T p- 0.5841 1.0562 59N 168E 54 22903m58s
30 -8 2187-Jul-0607:58:31 248 59 2319 T p- 0.5109 1.0548 54N 63E 59 21104m06s
31 -7 2205-Jul-1715:18:00 280 69 2542 T p- 0.4366 1.0525 47N 44W 64 19304m10s
32 -6 2223-Jul-2822:38:03 315 80 2765 T n- 0.3636 1.0495 40N 152W 68 17604m09s
33 -5 2241-Aug-0805:59:21 353 90 2988 T n- 0.2920 1.0457 33N 97E 73 15904m02s
34 -4 2259-Aug-1913:22:17 393 102 3211 T nn 0.2226 1.0412 25N 14W 77 14103m49s
35 -3 2277-Aug-2920:49:10 436 114 3434 T nn 0.1572 1.0362 18N 128W 81 12303m28s
36 -2 2295-Sep-1004:20:19 481 126 3657 Tm nn 0.0963 1.0307 10N 118E 84 10403m01s
37 -1 2313-Sep-2111:57:00 529 139 3880 T nn 0.0405 1.0249 3N 2E 88 8502m30s
38 0 2331-Oct-0219:39:15 580 152 4103 T nn -0.0097 1.0188 4S 115W 89 6401m55s
39 1 2349-Oct-1303:28:53 633 166 4326 H nn -0.0532 1.0126 11S 126E 87 4301m18s
40 2 2367-Oct-2411:25:03 688 180 4549 H nn -0.0902 1.0065 17S 6E 85 2200m40s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 149
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 3 2385-Nov-0319:27:29 747 194 4772 H -n -0.1212 1.0004 22S 115W 83 200m03s
42 4 2403-Nov-1503:36:24 807 209 4995 A -n -0.1461 0.9947 27S 124E 81 1900m33s
43 5 2421-Nov-2511:51:40 871 225 5218 A -n -0.1652 0.9893 30S 1E 80 3801m06s
44 6 2439-Dec-0620:11:46 937 241 5441 A -n -0.1794 0.9844 33S 122W 79 5601m36s
45 7 2457-Dec-1704:35:26 1005 257 5664 A -n -0.1900 0.9799 34S 115E 79 7302m04s
46 8 2475-Dec-2813:01:53 1076 274 5887 A -n -0.1977 0.9760 35S 9W 78 8702m27s
47 9 2494-Jan-0721:30:20 1150 291 6110 A -n -0.2034 0.9727 34S 133W 78 10002m46s
48 10 2512-Jan-2005:57:19 1226 308 6333 A -n -0.2097 0.9700 32S 102E 78 11003m02s
49 11 2530-Jan-3014:23:08 1305 326 6556 A -n -0.2163 0.9678 29S 22W 77 11903m14s
50 12 2548-Feb-1022:44:24 1386 344 6779 A -n -0.2263 0.9662 26S 146W 77 12503m23s
51 13 2566-Feb-2107:01:42 1470 363 7002 A -n -0.2389 0.9650 23S 91E 76 13003m30s
52 14 2584-Mar-0315:10:29 1557 382 7225 A -n -0.2581 0.9643 20S 31W 75 13303m36s
53 15 2602-Mar-1523:13:22 1646 402 7448 A -n -0.2815 0.9638 16S 151W 74 13603m41s
54 16 2620-Mar-2607:06:09 1737 421 7671 A -p -0.3125 0.9636 14S 91E 72 13803m46s
55 17 2638-Apr-0614:50:14 1832 442 7894 A -p -0.3500 0.9635 12S 25W 69 14003m52s
56 18 2656-Apr-1622:23:10 1929 462 8117 A -p -0.3958 0.9633 10S 137W 67 14304m00s
57 19 2674-Apr-2805:47:44 2028 483 8340 A -p -0.4477 0.9631 10S 112E 63 14704m09s
58 20 2692-May-0813:02:00 2130 505 8563 A -p -0.5074 0.9627 11S 4E 59 15504m21s
59 21 2710-May-2020:07:00 2234 526 8786 A -p -0.5739 0.9620 14S 102W 55 16604m34s
60 22 2728-May-3103:03:52 2342 549 9009 A -p -0.6459 0.9608 17S 153E 50 18504m48s
61 23 2746-Jun-1109:53:41 2451 571 9232 A -p -0.7227 0.9591 23S 50E 44 21404m59s
62 24 2764-Jun-2116:37:00 2564 594 9455 A -p -0.8040 0.9568 30S 53W 36 26505m06s
63 25 2782-Jul-0223:15:14 2678 617 9678 A -t -0.8886 0.9534 40S 155W 27 37305m06s
64 26 2800-Jul-1305:50:30 2796 641 9901 A -t -0.9748 0.9483 56S 100E 12 89404m52s
65 27 2818-Jul-2412:24:16 2916 665 10124 P -t -1.0609 0.8614 69S 13W 0 - -
66 28 2836-Aug-0318:56:29 3038 689 10347 P -t -1.1474 0.7115 70S 122W 0 - -
67 29 2854-Aug-1501:30:58 3163 714 10570 P -t -1.2310 0.5672 71S 127E 0 - -
68 30 2872-Aug-2508:07:21 3291 739 10793 P -t -1.3123 0.4278 72S 15E 0 - -
69 31 2890-Sep-0514:48:55 3421 765 11016 P -t -1.3884 0.2980 72S 98W 0 - -
70 32 2908-Sep-1621:33:37 3554 790 11239 P -t -1.4612 0.1748 72S 147E 0 - -
71 33 2926-Sep-2804:26:29 3690 817 11462 Pe -t -1.5264 0.0654 72S 30E 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 149

Solar eclipses of Saros 149 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on 1664 Aug 21. The series will end with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on 2926 Sep 28. The total duration of Saros series 149 is 1262.11 years.

Summary of Saros 149
First Eclipse 1664 Aug 21
Last Eclipse 2926 Sep 28
Series Duration 1262.11 Years
No. of Eclipses 71
Sequence 21P 17T 3H 23A 7P

Saros 149 is composed of 71 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 149
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 71100.0%
PartialP 28 39.4%
AnnularA 23 32.4%
TotalT 17 23.9%
HybridH 3 4.2%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 149 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 149
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 43100.0%
Central (two limits) 42 97.7%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 1 2.3%

The 71 eclipses in Saros 149 occur in the following order : 21P 17T 3H 23A 7P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 149 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 149
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse 2764 Jun 2105m06s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse 2403 Nov 1500m33s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse 2205 Jul 1704m10s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse 2331 Oct 0201m55s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 2349 Oct 1301m18s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 2385 Nov 0300m03s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse 2025 Mar 29 - 0.93760
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 2926 Sep 28 - 0.06539

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.