Total Lunar Eclipse of 2019 Jan 21

Fred Espenak

Introduction


The Total Lunar Eclipse of 2019 Jan 21 is visible from the following geographic regions:

  • central Pacific, Americas, Europe, Africa

The diagram to the right depicts the Moon's path with respect to Earth's umbral and penumbral shadows. Below it is a map showing the geographic regions of eclipse visibility. Click on the figure to enlarge it. For an explanation of the features appearing in the figure, see Key to Lunar Eclipse Figures.

The instant of greatest eclipse takes place on 2019 Jan 21 at 05:13:27 TD (05:12:18 UT1). This is 0.6 days before the Moon reaches perigee. During the eclipse, the Moon is in the constellation Cancer. The synodic month in which the eclipse takes place has a Brown Lunation Number of 1188.

The eclipse belongs to Saros 134 and is number 27 of 72 eclipses in the series. All eclipses in this series occur at the Moon’s ascending node. The Moon moves southward with respect to the node with each succeeding eclipse in the series and gamma decreases.

The total lunar eclipse of 2019 Jan 21 is preceded two weeks earlier by a partial solar eclipse on 2019 Jan 06.

These eclipses all take place during a single eclipse season.

The eclipse predictions are given in both Terrestrial Dynamical Time (TD) and Universal Time (UT1). The parameter ΔT is used to convert between these two times (i.e., TD = UT1 + ΔT). ΔT has a value of 69.1 seconds for this eclipse.

The following links provide maps and data for the eclipse.

The tables below contain detailed predictions and additional information on the Total Lunar Eclipse of 2019 Jan 21 .


Eclipse Data: Total Lunar Eclipse of 2019 Jan 21

Eclipse Characteristics
Parameter Value
Penumbral Magnitude 2.16844
Umbral Magnitude 1.19529
Gamma 0.36842
Epsilon 0.3763°
Opposition Times
Event Calendar Date & Time Julian Date
Greatest Eclipse 2019 Jan 21 at 05:13:27.1 TD (05:12:18.0 UT1) 2458504.716875
Ecliptic Opposition 2019 Jan 21 at 05:17:14.1 TD (05:16:05.0 UT1) 2458504.719502
Equatorial Opposition 2019 Jan 21 at 05:08:51.6 TD (05:07:42.5 UT1) 2458504.713686
Geocentric Coordinates of Sun and Moon
2019 Jan 21 at 05:13:27.1 TD (05:12:18.0 UT1)
Coordinate Sun Moon
Right Ascension20h12m17.2s08h12m28.7s
Declination-19°57'48.1"+20°20'13.2"
Semi-Diameter 16'15.2" 16'42.1"
Eq. Hor. Parallax 08.9" 1°01'17.9"
Geocentric Libration of Moon
Angle Value
l -1.5°
b -0.5°
c 14.1°
Earth's Shadows
Parameter Value
Penumbral Radius 1.3052°
Umbral Radius 0.7634°
Prediction Paramaters
Paramater Value
Ephemerides JPL DE406
ΔT 69.1 s
Shadow Rule Danjon
Shadow Enlargement 1.010
Saros Series 134 (27/72)

Explanation of Lunar Eclipse Data Tables

Eclipse Contacts: Total Lunar Eclipse of 2019 Jan 21

Lunar Eclipse Contacts
Eclipse Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Zenith Latitude Zenith Longitude Position Angle Axis Distance
Penumbral BeginsP102:37:37.902:36:28.820°32.2'N037°55.6'W 290.6° 1.5831°
Partial BeginsU103:35:04.103:33:55.020°27.9'N051°40.9'W 298.0° 1.0415°
Total BeginsU204:42:27.704:41:18.620°22.7'N067°49.3'W 327.8° 0.4850°
Greatest EclipseGreatest05:13:27.105:12:18.020°20.2'N075°14.6'W 6.9° 0.3763°
Total EndsU305:44:27.205:43:18.120°17.7'N082°40.0'W 46.0° 0.4851°
Partial EndsU406:51:51.106:50:42.020°12.1'N098°48.6'W 75.7° 1.0421°
Penumbral EndsP407:49:14.907:48:05.820°07.2'N112°33.4'W 83.2° 1.5841°
Eclipse Durations
Eclipse Phase Duration
Penumbral (P4 - P1)05h11m37.0s
Partial (U4 - U1)03h16m47.1s
Total (U3 - U2)01h01m59.4s

Explanation of Lunar Eclipse Contacts Table

Polynomial Besselian Elements: Total Lunar Eclipse of 2019 Jan 21

Polynomial Besselian Elements
2019 Jan 21 at 05:00:00.0 TD (=t0)
n x y d f1 f2 f3
0 -0.08686 0.38953 -0.3485 1.30521 0.76341 0.27836
1 0.58826 -0.07080 0.0002 0.00015 0.00015 0.00004
2 0.00008 -0.00019 0.0000 -0.00000 -0.00000 -0.00000
3 -0.00001 0.00000 - - - -

At time t1 (decimal hours), each besselian element is evaluated by:

x = x0 + x1*t + x2*t2 + x3*t3 (or x = Σ [xn*tn]; n = 0 to 3)

where: t = t1 - t0 (decimal hours) and t0 = 5.000

Explanation of Besselian Elements

Links for the Total Lunar Eclipse of 2019 Jan 21

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Information

Eclipse Predictions

Predictions for the Total Lunar Eclipse of 2019 Jan 21 were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates were calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass. The predictions are given in both Terrestrial Dynamical Time (TD) and Universal Time (UT1). The parameter ΔT is used to convert between these two times (i.e., UT1 = TD - ΔT). ΔT has a value of 69.1 seconds for this eclipse.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the book Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.