Saros 43

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 43

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 43

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 43 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 43
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-51 -1463-Sep-0707:20:27 34270 1784 -42824 N a- -1.5292 0.0342-0.9302 49.6 - -
2-50 -1445-Sep-1815:45:16 33895 1730 -42601 N a- -1.5052 0.0792-0.8871 75.1 - -
3-49 -1427-Sep-2900:18:44 33521 1676 -42378 N a- -1.4880 0.1115-0.8564 88.8 - -
4-48 -1409-Oct-1008:58:39 33149 1623 -42155 N a- -1.4764 0.1336-0.8358 97.0 - -
5-47 -1391-Oct-2017:44:04 32780 1571 -41932 N a- -1.4693 0.1473-0.8233101.6 - -
6-46 -1373-Nov-0102:34:12 32412 1519 -41709 N a- -1.4662 0.1534-0.8181103.7 - -
7-45 -1355-Nov-1111:27:28 32047 1468 -41486 N a- -1.4656 0.1547-0.8172104.1 - -
8-44 -1337-Nov-2220:21:33 31684 1418 -41263 N a- -1.4660 0.1540-0.8179103.8 - -
9-43 -1319-Dec-0305:15:15 31322 1369 -41040 N a- -1.4662 0.1533-0.8181103.5 - -
10-42 -1301-Dec-1414:06:44 30963 1320 -40817 N a- -1.4649 0.1552-0.8153104.2 - -
11-41 -1283-Dec-2422:55:09 30606 1272 -40594 N a- -1.4614 0.1610-0.8082106.0 - -
12-40 -1264-Jan-0507:37:30 30251 1225 -40371 N a- -1.4533 0.1751-0.7924110.5 - -
13-39 -1246-Jan-1516:14:28 29898 1179 -40148 N a- -1.4410 0.1967-0.7690116.9 - -
14-38 -1228-Jan-2700:43:32 29547 1133 -39925 N a- -1.4226 0.2294-0.7343125.9 - -
15-37 -1210-Feb-0609:04:53 29198 1088 -39702 N a- -1.3985 0.2725-0.6890136.7 - -
16-36 -1192-Feb-1717:17:06 28851 1044 -39479 N a- -1.3673 0.3288-0.6307149.5 - -
17-35 -1174-Feb-2801:21:22 28507 1001 -39256 N a- -1.3301 0.3961-0.5616163.2 - -
18-34 -1156-Mar-1009:17:08 28164 958 -39033 N a- -1.2862 0.4759-0.4804177.7 - -
19-33 -1138-Mar-2117:03:59 27824 916 -38810 N a- -1.2356 0.5681-0.3869192.7 - -
20-32 -1120-Apr-0100:43:33 27485 875 -38587 N a- -1.1797 0.6705-0.2839207.6 - -
21-31 -1102-Apr-1208:16:04 27149 835 -38364 N a- -1.1184 0.7827-0.1714222.2 - -
22-30 -1084-Apr-2215:43:14 26814 795 -38141 N a- -1.0531 0.9028-0.0517236.2 - -
23-29 -1066-May-0323:04:27 26482 757 -37918 P a- -0.9833 1.0313 0.0758249.6 60.3 -
24-28 -1048-May-1406:23:19 26152 719 -37695 P a- -0.9121 1.1628 0.2056262.0 97.8 -
25-27 -1030-May-2513:39:12 25824 681 -37472 P a- -0.8391 1.2979 0.3384273.4123.4 -
26-26 -1012-Jun-0420:54:36 25498 645 -37249 P a- -0.7663 1.4330 0.4705283.8143.0 -
27-25 -0994-Jun-1604:09:40 25174 620 -37026 P a- -0.6935 1.5683 0.6022293.2158.9 -
28-24 -0976-Jun-2611:27:08 24852 613 -36803 P a- -0.6235 1.6989 0.7286301.5171.7 -
29-23 -0958-Jul-0718:47:10 24532 606 -36580 P a- -0.5563 1.8247 0.8495308.7182.2 -
30-22 -0940-Jul-1802:10:46 24214 599 -36357 P a- -0.4929 1.9437 0.9633315.1190.6 -
31-21 -0922-Jul-2909:39:51 23898 592 -36134 T a- -0.4348 2.0531 1.0670320.5197.4 39.1
32-20 -0904-Aug-0817:14:49 23585 585 -35911 T p- -0.3827 2.1519 1.1597325.2202.7 58.7
33-19 -0886-Aug-2000:56:42 23273 578 -35688 T p- -0.3369 2.2390 1.2406329.2206.9 70.3
34-18 -0868-Aug-3008:45:20 22963 572 -35465 T p- -0.2977 2.3141 1.3093332.7210.1 78.0
35-17 -0850-Sep-1016:41:37 22656 565 -35242 T- p- -0.2658 2.3759 1.3647335.6212.5 83.1
36-16 -0832-Sep-2100:45:08 22351 558 -35019 T- p- -0.2409 2.4249 1.4073338.2214.4 86.6
37-15 -0814-Oct-0208:54:45 22047 551 -34796 T- p- -0.2218 2.4628 1.4393340.5215.9 88.9
38-14 -0796-Oct-1217:11:22 21746 544 -34573 T- p- -0.2094 2.4886 1.4593342.6216.9 90.3
39-13 -0778-Oct-2401:32:47 21447 537 -34350 T- p- -0.2014 2.5058 1.4714344.4217.8 91.2
40-12 -0760-Nov-0309:58:58 21150 530 -34127 T- p- -0.1983 2.5138 1.4747346.0218.4 91.6
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 43
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41-11 -0742-Nov-1418:26:07 20855 524 -33904 T- p- -0.1967 2.5189 1.4757347.5219.0 91.8
42-10 -0724-Nov-2502:55:41 20562 517 -33681 T- pp -0.1978 2.5186 1.4720348.9219.5 91.8
43 -9 -0706-Dec-0611:23:13 20271 510 -33458 T- pp -0.1974 2.5206 1.4712350.3220.1 91.9
44 -8 -0688-Dec-1619:48:45 19982 503 -33235 T- pp -0.1963 2.5237 1.4722351.6220.7 92.2
45 -7 -0670-Dec-2804:08:27 19695 496 -33012 T- pp -0.1910 2.5343 1.4813352.9221.6 93.0
46 -6 -0651-Jan-0712:23:05 19411 488 -32789 T- pp -0.1821 2.5510 1.4970354.3222.6 94.1
47 -5 -0633-Jan-1820:29:27 19128 481 -32566 T- pp -0.1671 2.5788 1.5244355.8223.8 95.8
48 -4 -0615-Jan-2904:27:05 18848 474 -32343 T- pp -0.1457 2.6182 1.5637357.3225.3 97.8
49 -3 -0597-Feb-0912:14:32 18569 467 -32120 T- pp -0.1165 2.6717 1.6173358.9226.8100.2
50 -2 -0579-Feb-1919:52:11 18293 460 -31897 T- pp -0.0801 2.7382 1.6842360.4228.3102.3
51 -1 -0561-Mar-0303:18:23 18018 453 -31674 T- pp -0.0351 2.8206 1.7670361.8229.6104.0
52 0 -0543-Mar-1310:34:35 17746 447 -31451 T+ pp 0.0175 2.8527 1.7995362.8230.3104.5
53 1 -0525-Mar-2417:40:04 17476 440 -31228 T+ pp 0.0780 2.7416 1.6886363.4230.3103.3
54 2 -0507-Apr-0400:37:21 17208 433 -31005 T+ pp 0.1446 2.6194 1.5665363.3229.2 99.7
55 3 -0489-Apr-1507:23:57 16907 426 -30782 T+ pp 0.2191 2.4828 1.4296362.2226.6 92.3
56 4 -0471-Apr-2514:04:35 16593 420 -30559 T -t 0.2977 2.3389 1.2852360.1222.2 79.7
57 5 -0453-May-0620:37:46 16288 413 -30336 T -t 0.3814 2.1857 1.1310356.8215.6 57.1
58 6 -0435-May-1703:08:04 15991 407 -30113 P -t 0.4671 2.0292 0.9732352.1206.6 -
59 7 -0417-May-2809:32:52 15702 400 -29890 P -t 0.5563 1.8665 0.8087345.8194.4 -
60 8 -0399-Jun-0715:58:27 15421 394 -29667 P -t 0.6440 1.7065 0.6466338.2179.0 -
61 9 -0381-Jun-1822:22:40 15147 387 -29444 P -t 0.7318 1.5469 0.4843329.1159.3 -
62 10 -0363-Jun-2904:49:50 14879 381 -29221 P -t 0.8163 1.3932 0.3277318.6134.5 -
63 11 -0345-Jul-1011:18:43 14617 375 -28998 P -t 0.8988 1.2436 0.1747306.8100.6 -
64 12 -0327-Jul-2017:53:59 14362 369 -28775 P -t 0.9753 1.1050 0.0327294.2 44.4 -
65 13 -0309-Aug-0100:34:43 14112 362 -28552 N -t 1.0464 0.9764-0.0998280.9 - -
66 14 -0291-Aug-1107:22:25 13868 356 -28329 N -t 1.1113 0.8593-0.2207267.1 - -
67 15 -0273-Aug-2214:18:39 13629 350 -28106 N -t 1.1686 0.7562-0.3279253.6 - -
68 16 -0255-Sep-0121:23:54 13395 344 -27883 N -t 1.2182 0.6671-0.4208240.6 - -
69 17 -0237-Sep-1304:39:01 13166 338 -27660 N -t 1.2597 0.5928-0.4988228.7 - -
70 18 -0219-Sep-2312:02:23 12942 332 -27437 N -t 1.2943 0.5311-0.5639218.0 - -
71 19 -0201-Oct-0419:35:52 12721 326 -27214 N -t 1.3206 0.4843-0.6138209.2 - -
72 20 -0183-Oct-1503:17:04 12506 321 -26991 N -t 1.3408 0.4487-0.6520202.1 - -
73 21 -0165-Oct-2611:05:53 12294 315 -26768 N -t 1.3549 0.4238-0.6788196.9 - -
74 22 -0147-Nov-0519:00:34 12086 309 -26545 N -t 1.3645 0.4068-0.6970193.1 - -
75 23 -0129-Nov-1703:00:48 11882 304 -26322 N -t 1.3700 0.3970-0.7074190.8 - -
76 24 -0111-Nov-2711:03:15 11681 298 -26099 N -t 1.3737 0.3900-0.7140189.1 - -
77 25 -0093-Dec-0819:06:44 11484 292 -25876 N -t 1.3768 0.3837-0.7192187.4 - -
78 26 -0075-Dec-1903:09:26 11290 287 -25653 N -t 1.3808 0.3754-0.7254185.3 - -
79 27 -0057-Dec-3011:10:25 11099 282 -25430 N -t 1.3866 0.3633-0.7347182.1 - -
80 28 -0038-Jan-0919:05:47 10911 276 -25207 N -t 1.3969 0.3425-0.7520176.8 - -
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 43
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
81 29 -0020-Jan-2102:56:31 10725 271 -24984 N -t 1.4112 0.3143-0.7761169.3 - -
82 30 -0002-Jan-3110:39:33 10542 266 -24761 N -t 1.4319 0.2739-0.8117158.2 - -
83 31 0016-Feb-1118:16:48 10361 260 -24538 N -t 1.4575 0.2243-0.8563143.4 - -
84 32 0034-Feb-2201:43:44 10182 255 -24315 N -t 1.4917 0.1588-0.9162120.9 - -
85 33 0052-Mar-0409:04:52 10005 250 -24092 N -t 1.5309 0.0839-0.9854 88.2 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 43

Lunar eclipses of Saros 43 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on -1463 Sep 07. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on 0052 Mar 04. The total duration of Saros series 43 is 1514.53 years.

Summary of Saros 43
First Eclipse -1463 Sep 07
Last Eclipse 0052 Mar 04
Series Duration 1514.53 Years
No. of Eclipses 85
Sequence 22N 8P 27T 7P 21N

Saros 43 is composed of 85 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 43
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 85100.0%
PenumbralN 43 50.6%
PartialP 15 17.6%
TotalT 27 31.8%

The 85 lunar eclipses of Saros 43 occur in the order of 22N 8P 27T 7P 21N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 43
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 22
Partial P 8
Total T 27
Partial P 7
Penumbral N 21

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 43 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 43
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse -0543 Mar 1301h44m31s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse -0922 Jul 2900h39m05s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0435 May 1703h26m35s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0327 Jul 2000h44m25s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -0309 Aug 0104h40m52s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -1463 Sep 0700h49m34s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0435 May 17 - 0.97320
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0327 Jul 20 - 0.03267

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.