Solar Eclipse Prime Page

Annular Solar Eclipse of 1954 Jan 05

Fred Espenak

Introduction


The Annular Solar Eclipse of 1954 Jan 05 is visible from the following geographic regions:

  • Partial Eclipse: south Pacific, New Zealand, Antarctica
  • Annular Eclipse: Antarctica

The map to the right depicts the geographic regions of eclipse visibility. Click on the map to enlarge it. For an explanation of the features appearing in the map, see Key to Solar Eclipse Maps.

The instant of greatest eclipse takes place on 1954 Jan 05 at 02:32:01 TD (02:31:30 UT1). This is 5.3 days before the Moon reaches perigee. During the eclipse, the Sun is in the constellation Sagittarius. The synodic month in which the eclipse takes place has a Brown Lunation Number of 384.

The eclipse belongs to Saros 121 and is number 57 of 71 eclipses in the series. All eclipses in this series occur at the Moon’s ascending node. The Moon moves southward with respect to the node with each succeeding eclipse in the series and gamma decreases.

The annular solar eclipse of 1954 Jan 05 is followed two weeks later by a total lunar eclipse on 1954 Jan 19.

These eclipses all take place during a single eclipse season.

The eclipse predictions are given in both Terrestrial Dynamical Time (TD) and Universal Time (UT1). The parameter ΔT is used to convert between these two times (i.e., UT1 = TD - ΔT). ΔT has a value of 30.7 seconds for this eclipse.

The following links provide maps and data for the eclipse.

The tables below contain detailed predictions and additional information on the Annular Solar Eclipse of 1954 Jan 05 .


Eclipse Data: Annular Solar Eclipse of 1954 Jan 05

Eclipse Characteristics
Parameter Value
Eclipse Magnitude 0.97203
Eclipse Obscuration 0.94484
Gamma-0.92960
Conjunction Times
Event Calendar Date & Time Julian Date
Greatest Eclipse 1954 Jan 05 at 02:32:00.6 TD (02:31:29.9 UT1) 2434747.605207
Ecliptic Conjunction 1954 Jan 05 at 02:21:50.0 TD (02:21:19.3 UT1) 2434747.598140
Equatorial Conjunction 1954 Jan 05 at 02:10:41.6 TD (02:10:10.9 UT1) 2434747.590404
Geocentric Coordinates of Sun and Moon
1954 Jan 05 at 02:32:00.6 TD (02:31:29.9 UT1)
Coordinate Sun Moon
Right Ascension19h01m47.3s19h02m34.8s
Declination-22°41'10.7"-23°33'33.5"
Semi-Diameter 16'15.9" 15'43.5"
Eq. Hor. Parallax 08.9" 0°57'42.6"
Geocentric Libration of Moon
Angle Value
l -4.9°
b 1.2°
c -4.7°
Prediction Paramaters
Paramater Value
Ephemerides JPL DE406
ΔT 30.7 s
k (penumbra) 0.2725076
k (umbra) 0.2722810
Saros Series 121 (57/71)

Explanation of Solar Eclipse Data Tables

Penumbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes: Annular Solar Eclipse of 1954 Jan 05

Contacts of Penumbral Shadow with Earth
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
First External ContactP100:14:31.400:14:00.843°47.0'S064°09.1'E
Last External ContactP404:49:32.804:49:02.222°59.5'S150°45.1'W
Extreme Northern and Southern Path Limits of Penumbra
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
North Extreme Path Limit 1N100:40:13.900:39:43.231°17.8'S066°37.6'E
South Extreme Path Limit 1S104:23:50.004:23:19.309°51.2'S150°22.4'W

Explanation of Penumbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes Tables

Umbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes: Annular Solar Eclipse of 1954 Jan 05

Contacts of Umbral Shadow with Earth
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
First External ContactU101:49:19.101:48:48.464°59.7'S000°24.6'E
First Internal ContactU201:55:13.301:54:42.666°01.8'S007°29.0'W
Last Internal ContactU303:09:05.003:08:34.351°53.4'S103°39.4'W
Last External ContactU403:14:52.903:14:22.249°39.9'S107°49.0'W
Extreme Northern and Southern Path Limits of Umbra
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
North Extreme Path Limit 1N101:49:28.201:48:57.564°57.1'S000°36.2'E
South Extreme Path Limit 1S101:55:05.301:54:34.766°03.6'S007°40.2'W
North Extreme Path Limit 2N203:14:44.003:14:13.349°34.8'S107°52.6'W
South Extreme Path Limit 2S203:09:12.803:08:42.151°57.7'S103°35.7'W

Explanation of Umbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes Tables

Central Line Extremes and Duration: Annular Solar Eclipse of 1954 Jan 05

Extreme Limits of the Central Line
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
Extreme Central Line Limit 1C101:52:10.601:51:39.965°31.5'S003°19.1'W
Extreme Central Line Limit 2C203:12:04.603:11:33.950°44.3'S105°50.9'W

Explanation of Central Line Extremes Table

Greatest Eclipse and Greatest Duration
Event Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude Sun
Altitude
Sun
Azimuth
Path Width Central
Duration
Greatest Eclipse02:32:00.602:31:29.979°04.2'S120°57.2'W 21.2° 259.9° 277.7 km01m42.28s
Greatest Duration01:52:10.601:51:39.965°31.5'S003°19.1'W 0.0° 158.6° 400.7 km01m48.60s

Explanation of Greatest Eclipse and Greatest Duration

Polynomial Besselian Elements: Annular Solar Eclipse of 1954 Jan 05

Polynomial Besselian Elements
1954 Jan 05 at 03:00:00.0 TD (=t0)
n x y d l1 l2 μ
0 0.43777 -0.85840 -22.6821 0.55571 0.00950 223.7093
1 0.53268 0.11097 0.0042 -0.00013 -0.00013 14.9967
2 -0.00003 0.00020 0.0000 -0.00001 -0.00001 0.0000
3 -0.00001 -0.00000 - - - -
Tan ƒ1 0.0047554
Tan ƒ2 0.0047317

At time t1 (decimal hours), each besselian element is evaluated by:

x = x0 + x1*t + x2*t2 + x3*t3 (or x = Σ [xn*tn]; n = 0 to 3)

where: t = t1 - t0 (decimal hours) and t0 = 3.000

Explanation of Polynomial Besselian Elements

Links for the Annular Solar Eclipse of 1954 Jan 05

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Information

Eclipse Predictions

Predictions for the Annular Solar Eclipse of 1954 Jan 05 were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates were calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass. The predictions are given in both Terrestrial Dynamical Time (TD) and Universal Time (UT1). The parameter ΔT is used to convert between these two times (i.e., UT1 = TD - ΔT). ΔT has a value of 30.7 seconds for this eclipse.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this website is based on the book Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.