Solar Eclipse Prime Page

Total Solar Eclipse of 2424 Mar 31

Fred Espenak

Introduction


The Total Solar Eclipse of 2424 Mar 31 is visible from the geographic regions shown on the map to the right. Click on the map to enlarge it. For an explanation of the features appearing in the map, see Key to Solar Eclipse Maps.

The instant of greatest eclipse takes place on 2424 Mar 31 at 02:10:09 TD (01:55:30 UT1). This is 2.3 days before the Moon reaches perigee. During the eclipse, the Sun is in the constellation Pisces. The synodic month in which the eclipse takes place has a Brown Lunation Number of 6200.

The eclipse belongs to Saros 136 and is number 60 of 71 eclipses in the series. All eclipses in this series occur at the Moon’s descending node. The Moon moves northward with respect to the node with each succeeding eclipse in the series and gamma increases.

The total solar eclipse of 2424 Mar 31 is followed two weeks later by a partial lunar eclipse on 2424 Apr 14.

These eclipses all take place during a single eclipse season.

The eclipse predictions are given in both Terrestrial Dynamical Time (TD) and Universal Time (UT1). The parameter ΔT is used to convert between these two times (i.e., UT1 = TD - ΔT). ΔT has a value of 879.1 seconds for this eclipse. The uncertainty in ΔT is 226.8 seconds corresponding to a standard error in longitude of the eclipse path of ± 0.95°.

The following links provide maps and data for the eclipse.

The tables below contain detailed predictions and additional information on the Total Solar Eclipse of 2424 Mar 31 .


Eclipse Data: Total Solar Eclipse of 2424 Mar 31

Eclipse Characteristics
Parameter Value
Eclipse Magnitude 1.02541
Eclipse Obscuration 1.05146
Gamma 0.76520
Conjunction Times
Event Calendar Date & Time Julian Date
Greatest Eclipse 2424 Mar 31 at 02:10:09.1 TD (01:55:29.9 UT1) 2606497.580208
Ecliptic Conjunction 2424 Mar 31 at 02:02:08.1 TD (01:47:29.0 UT1) 2606497.574641
Equatorial Conjunction 2424 Mar 31 at 02:35:29.8 TD (02:20:50.6 UT1) 2606497.597808
Geocentric Coordinates of Sun and Moon
2424 Mar 31 at 02:10:09.1 TD (01:55:29.9 UT1)
Coordinate Sun Moon
Right Ascension00h40m15.6s00h39m21.0s
Declination+04°19'16.5"+05°02'47.5"
Semi-Diameter 16'02.4" 16'16.6"
Eq. Hor. Parallax 08.8" 0°59'44.1"
Geocentric Libration of Moon
Angle Value
l -4.0°
b -1.0°
c -24.5°
Prediction Paramaters
Paramater Value
Ephemerides JPL DE406
ΔT 879.1 s
k (penumbra) 0.2725076
k (umbra) 0.2722810
Saros Series 136 (60/71)

Explanation of Solar Eclipse Data Tables

Penumbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes: Total Solar Eclipse of 2424 Mar 31

Contacts of Penumbral Shadow with Earth
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
First External ContactP123:48:11.923:33:32.812°24.9'N096°40.4'E
Last External ContactP404:31:49.604:17:10.547°08.5'N148°36.0'W
Extreme Northern and Southern Path Limits of Penumbra
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
North Extreme Path Limit 1N100:24:45.900:10:06.704°29.9'S088°49.3'E
South Extreme Path Limit 1S103:55:24.803:40:45.630°20.2'N141°39.2'W

Explanation of Penumbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes Tables

Umbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes: Total Solar Eclipse of 2424 Mar 31

Contacts of Umbral Shadow with Earth
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
First External ContactU101:01:28.200:46:49.032°26.7'N076°33.2'E
First Internal ContactU201:02:41.200:48:02.132°57.0'N076°11.7'E
Last Internal ContactU303:17:15.803:02:36.767°28.5'N124°07.6'W
Last External ContactU403:18:33.503:03:54.466°56.9'N124°43.2'W
Extreme Northern and Southern Path Limits of Umbra
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
North Extreme Path Limit 1N101:02:33.300:47:54.233°01.5'N076°13.2'E
South Extreme Path Limit 1S101:01:36.200:46:57.132°22.1'N076°31.7'E
North Extreme Path Limit 2N203:17:24.203:02:45.067°33.2'N124°07.2'W
South Extreme Path Limit 2S203:18:25.003:03:45.966°52.1'N124°43.5'W

Explanation of Umbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes Tables

Central Line Extremes and Duration: Total Solar Eclipse of 2424 Mar 31

Extreme Limits of the Central Line
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
Extreme Central Line Limit 1C101:02:04.600:47:25.432°41.7'N076°22.5'E
Extreme Central Line Limit 2C203:17:54.803:03:15.667°12.6'N124°25.6'W

Explanation of Central Line Extremes Table

Greatest Eclipse and Greatest Duration
Event Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude Sun
Altitude
Sun
Azimuth
Path Width Central
Duration
Greatest Eclipse02:10:09.101:55:29.951°16.6'N127°05.3'E 39.8° 151.8° 133.4 km01m54.74s
Greatest Duration02:11:42.701:57:03.651°40.7'N131°33.7'E 39.8° 153.4° 133.1 km01m54.77s

Explanation of Greatest Eclipse and Greatest Duration

Polynomial Besselian Elements: Total Solar Eclipse of 2424 Mar 31

Polynomial Besselian Elements
2424 Mar 31 at 02:00:00.0 TD (=t0)
n x y d l1 l2 μ
0 -0.31972 0.70177 4.3168 0.54238 -0.00376 209.0153
1 0.54042 0.16894 0.0157 -0.00010 -0.00010 15.0043
2 0.00004 -0.00006 -0.0000 -0.00001 -0.00001 -0.0000
3 -0.00001 -0.00000 - - - -
Tan ƒ1 0.0046891
Tan ƒ2 0.0046658

At time t1 (decimal hours), each besselian element is evaluated by:

x = x0 + x1*t + x2*t2 + x3*t3 (or x = Σ [xn*tn]; n = 0 to 3)

where: t = t1 - t0 (decimal hours) and t0 = 2.000

Explanation of Polynomial Besselian Elements

Links for the Total Solar Eclipse of 2424 Mar 31

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Information

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

Predictions for the Total Solar Eclipse of 2424 Mar 31 were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates were calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass. The predictions are given in both Terrestrial Dynamical Time (TD) and Universal Time (UT1). The parameter ΔT is used to convert between these two times (i.e., UT1 = TD - ΔT). ΔT has a value of 879.1 seconds for this eclipse. The uncertainty in ΔT is 226.8 seconds corresponding to a standard error in longitude of the eclipse path of ± 0.95°.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this website is based on the book Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.