Saros 136

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 136

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 136

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 136 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 136
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-35 1360-Jun-1405:56:01 377 20 -7910 Pb t- -1.5227 0.0495 66S 78E 0 - -
2-34 1378-Jun-2512:45:14 348 20 -7687 P t- -1.4393 0.1975 65S 34W 0 - -
3-33 1396-Jul-0519:37:38 322 20 -7464 P t- -1.3568 0.3448 64S 147W 0 - -
4-32 1414-Jul-1702:35:01 297 20 -7241 P t- -1.2771 0.4881 63S 99E 0 - -
5-31 1432-Jul-2709:39:00 273 20 -7018 P t- -1.2011 0.6249 62S 16W 0 - -
6-30 1450-Aug-0716:48:47 250 20 -6795 P t- -1.1287 0.7559 62S 133W 0 - -
7-29 1468-Aug-1800:08:07 229 20 -6572 P t- -1.0627 0.8752 61S 108E 0 - -
8-28 1486-Aug-2907:34:54 209 20 -6349 P t- -1.0018 0.9855 61S 12W 0 - -
9-27 1504-Sep-0815:12:13 190 20 -6126 A t- -0.9486 0.9924 55S 103W 18 8300m32s
10-26 1522-Sep-1922:57:31 173 20 -5903 A t- -0.9012 0.9946 54S 146E 25 4200m23s
11-25 1540-Sep-3006:54:10 157 20 -5680 A p- -0.8621 0.9960 55S 29E 30 2700m17s
12-24 1558-Oct-1114:58:54 143 20 -5457 A p- -0.8290 0.9971 57S 90W 34 1800m12s
13-23 1576-Oct-2123:13:04 130 20 -5234 A p- -0.8031 0.9981 59S 148E 36 1100m08s
14-22 1594-Nov-1207:34:48 121 20 -5011 A p- -0.7829 0.9991 62S 25E 38 500m04s
15-21 1612-Nov-2216:04:34 103 18 -4788 H p- -0.7692 1.0002 66S 98W 39 100m01s
16-20 1630-Dec-0400:38:58 78 15 -4565 H p- -0.7585 1.0017 69S 140E 40 900m07s
17-19 1648-Dec-1409:17:54 50 13 -4342 H p- -0.7510 1.0035 71S 20E 41 1800m14s
18-18 1666-Dec-2517:59:15 26 10 -4119 H p- -0.7452 1.0058 72S 98W 42 3000m24s
19-17 1685-Jan-0502:42:50 11 7 -3896 H p- -0.7409 1.0086 71S 143E 42 4400m35s
20-16 1703-Jan-1711:24:25 8 5 -3673 H2 p- -0.7345 1.0120 68S 22E 42 6100m50s
21-15 1721-Jan-2720:05:11 10 4 -3450 T p- -0.7269 1.0158 64S 102W 43 7901m07s
22-14 1739-Feb-0804:41:13 11 3 -3227 T p- -0.7150 1.0203 59S 131E 44 9901m27s
23-13 1757-Feb-1813:14:12 14 3 -3004 T p- -0.6999 1.0251 54S 3E 45 11901m51s
24-12 1775-Mar-0121:39:20 16 2 -2781 T p- -0.6783 1.0304 48S 125W 47 13902m20s
25-11 1793-Mar-1206:00:07 16 1 -2558 T p- -0.6524 1.0359 42S 108E 49 15802m51s
26-10 1811-Mar-2414:12:13 12 1 -2335 T p- -0.6190 1.0416 35S 18W 52 17603m27s
27 -9 1829-Apr-0322:18:36 8 1 -2112 T p- -0.5803 1.0474 28S 143W 54 19204m05s
28 -8 1847-Apr-1506:16:13 6 1 -1889 T p- -0.5339 1.0530 22S 95E 58 20604m44s
29 -7 1865-Apr-2514:08:34 6 0 -1666 T p- -0.4826 1.0584 15S 26W 61 21905m23s
30 -6 1883-May-0621:53:49 -6 0 -1443 T p- -0.4250 1.0634 8S 145W 65 22905m58s
31 -5 1901-May-1805:33:48 -1 0 -1220 T n- -0.3626 1.0680 2S 98E 69 23806m29s
32 -4 1919-May-2913:08:55 21 0 -997 T n- -0.2955 1.0719 4N 17W 73 24406m51s
33 -3 1937-Jun-0820:41:02 24 0 -774 T n- -0.2253 1.0751 10N 131W 77 25007m04s
34 -2 1955-Jun-2004:10:42 31 0 -551 T n- -0.1528 1.0776 15N 117E 81 25407m08s
35 -1 1973-Jun-3011:38:41 44 0 -328 T nn -0.0785 1.0792 19N 6E 86 25607m04s
36 0 1991-Jul-1119:07:01 58 0 -105 Tm nn -0.0041 1.0800 22N 105W 90 25806m53s
37 1 2009-Jul-2202:36:25 66 0 118 T nn 0.0698 1.0799 24N 144E 86 25806m39s
38 2 2027-Aug-0210:07:50 73 1 341 T nn 0.1421 1.0790 26N 33E 82 25806m23s
39 3 2045-Aug-1217:42:39 82 4 564 T -n 0.2116 1.0774 26N 79W 78 25606m06s
40 4 2063-Aug-2401:22:11 95 9 787 T -n 0.2771 1.0750 26N 168E 74 25205m49s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 136
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 5 2081-Sep-0309:07:31 109 14 1010 T -n 0.3379 1.0720 25N 53E 70 24705m33s
42 6 2099-Sep-1416:57:53 127 20 1233 T -n 0.3942 1.0684 23N 63W 67 24105m18s
43 7 2117-Sep-2600:55:42 147 27 1456 T -p 0.4442 1.0645 22N 178E 64 23305m03s
44 8 2135-Oct-0709:00:03 169 35 1679 T -p 0.4884 1.0603 20N 57E 61 22404m50s
45 9 2153-Oct-1717:12:17 194 43 1902 T -p 0.5259 1.0560 19N 66W 58 21404m36s
46 10 2171-Oct-2901:31:03 222 51 2125 T -p 0.5577 1.0516 18N 168E 56 20304m23s
47 11 2189-Nov-0809:57:28 252 61 2348 T -p 0.5831 1.0474 17N 41E 54 19204m10s
48 12 2207-Nov-2018:30:26 285 71 2571 T -p 0.6028 1.0434 16N 89W 53 18003m56s
49 13 2225-Dec-0103:08:36 320 81 2794 T -p 0.6178 1.0398 15N 141E 52 16903m43s
50 14 2243-Dec-1211:52:14 358 92 3017 T -p 0.6284 1.0365 15N 8E 51 15703m30s
51 15 2261-Dec-2220:38:49 399 103 3240 T -p 0.6360 1.0337 16N 125W 50 14703m17s
52 16 2280-Jan-0305:28:11 442 115 3463 T -p 0.6414 1.0314 17N 101E 50 13803m04s
53 17 2298-Jan-1314:16:27 487 128 3686 T -p 0.6474 1.0296 19N 33W 50 13102m52s
54 18 2316-Jan-2523:05:16 536 140 3909 T -p 0.6527 1.0282 21N 167W 49 12602m42s
55 19 2334-Feb-0507:50:29 586 154 4132 T -p 0.6603 1.0272 25N 60E 49 12302m33s
56 20 2352-Feb-1616:32:05 640 167 4355 T -p 0.6709 1.0266 28N 73W 48 12102m25s
57 21 2370-Feb-2701:07:02 696 182 4578 T -p 0.6865 1.0262 33N 156E 46 12202m17s
58 22 2388-Mar-0909:36:20 754 196 4801 T -p 0.7065 1.0260 38N 26E 45 12402m10s
59 23 2406-Mar-2017:57:22 815 211 5024 T -p 0.7327 1.0258 45N 102W 43 12802m03s
60 24 2424-Mar-3102:10:09 879 227 5247 T -p 0.7652 1.0254 51N 131E 40 13301m55s
61 25 2442-Apr-1110:14:03 945 243 5470 T -p 0.8046 1.0248 59N 5E 36 14201m45s
62 26 2460-Apr-2118:09:48 1014 259 5693 T -p 0.8503 1.0237 67N 121W 31 15401m34s
63 27 2478-May-0301:55:58 1086 276 5916 T -t 0.9034 1.0218 76N 107E 25 17601m20s
64 28 2496-May-1309:34:24 1160 293 6139 T -t 0.9622 1.0185 81N 72W 15 24301m02s
65 29 2514-May-2517:04:31 1236 310 6362 P -t 1.0273 0.9507 68N 122E 0 - -
66 30 2532-Jun-0500:28:57 1315 328 6585 P -t 1.0962 0.8224 67N 0E 0 - -
67 31 2550-Jun-1607:45:33 1397 347 6808 P -t 1.1708 0.6839 66N 119W 0 - -
68 32 2568-Jun-2614:58:53 1481 365 7031 P -t 1.2472 0.5426 65N 123E 0 - -
69 33 2586-Jul-0722:07:04 1568 385 7254 P -t 1.3270 0.3957 65N 6E 0 - -
70 34 2604-Jul-1905:14:29 1658 404 7477 P -t 1.4062 0.2508 64N 110W 0 - -
71 35 2622-Jul-3012:18:07 1750 424 7700 Pe -t 1.4872 0.1039 63N 135E 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 136

Solar eclipses of Saros 136 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on 1360 Jun 14. The series will end with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on 2622 Jul 30. The total duration of Saros series 136 is 1262.11 years.

Summary of Saros 136
First Eclipse 1360 Jun 14
Last Eclipse 2622 Jul 30
Series Duration 1262.11 Years
No. of Eclipses 71
Sequence 8P 6A 6H 44T 7P

Saros 136 is composed of 71 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 136
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 71100.0%
PartialP 15 21.1%
AnnularA 6 8.5%
TotalT 44 62.0%
HybridH 6 8.5%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 136 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 136
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 56100.0%
Central (two limits) 56100.0%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 71 eclipses in Saros 136 occur in the following order : 8P 6A 6H 44T 7P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 136 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 136
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse 1504 Sep 0800m32s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse 1594 Nov 1200m04s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse 1955 Jun 2007m08s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse 2496 May 1301m02s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 1703 Jan 1700m50s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 1612 Nov 2200m01s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse 1486 Aug 29 - 0.98552
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 1360 Jun 14 - 0.04947

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.