Saros 14

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 14

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 14

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 14 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 14
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-37 -2550-Aug-1116:43:31 60751 6356 -56269 Pb t- -1.5144 0.0794 63S 143E 0 - -
2-36 -2532-Aug-2200:12:21 60251 6260 -56046 P t- -1.4728 0.1515 62S 20E 0 - -
3-35 -2514-Sep-0207:52:15 59752 6164 -55823 P t- -1.4392 0.2096 62S 106W 0 - -
4-34 -2496-Sep-1215:42:37 59256 6069 -55600 P t- -1.4128 0.2551 61S 125E 0 - -
5-33 -2478-Sep-2323:41:55 58762 5975 -55377 P t- -1.3927 0.2896 61S 6W 0 - -
6-32 -2460-Oct-0407:50:00 58269 5882 -55154 P t- -1.3788 0.3134 60S 138W 0 - -
7-31 -2442-Oct-1516:05:04 57779 5789 -54931 P t- -1.3697 0.3290 60S 87E 0 - -
8-30 -2424-Oct-2600:24:54 57291 5697 -54708 P t- -1.3638 0.3389 61S 48W 0 - -
9-29 -2406-Nov-0608:48:41 56805 5606 -54485 P t- -1.3603 0.3446 61S 175E 0 - -
10-28 -2388-Nov-1617:13:41 56321 5515 -54262 P t- -1.3569 0.3499 61S 38E 0 - -
11-27 -2370-Nov-2801:39:15 55839 5425 -54039 P t- -1.3531 0.3558 62S 99W 0 - -
12-26 -2352-Dec-0810:01:37 55359 5336 -53816 P t- -1.3461 0.3675 63S 124E 0 - -
13-25 -2334-Dec-1918:21:59 54881 5247 -53593 P t- -1.3364 0.3837 64S 13W 0 - -
14-24 -2316-Dec-3002:36:25 54405 5159 -53370 P t- -1.3217 0.4092 65S 148W 0 - -
15-23 -2297-Jan-1010:45:22 53932 5072 -53147 P t- -1.3013 0.4448 66S 78E 0 - -
16-22 -2279-Jan-2018:46:28 53460 4985 -52924 P t- -1.2737 0.4938 67S 55W 0 - -
17-21 -2261-Feb-0102:41:22 52991 4899 -52701 P t- -1.2403 0.5539 68S 173E 0 - -
18-20 -2243-Feb-1110:28:32 52523 4814 -52478 P t- -1.1998 0.6278 69S 43E 0 - -
19-19 -2225-Feb-2218:08:00 52058 4729 -52255 P t- -1.1522 0.7156 70S 86W 0 - -
20-18 -2207-Mar-0501:40:23 51595 4645 -52032 P t- -1.0978 0.8169 70S 146E 0 - -
21-17 -2189-Mar-1609:06:44 51133 4562 -51809 P t- -1.0375 0.9305 71S 19E 0 - -
22-16 -2171-Mar-2616:27:42 50674 4480 -51586 T t- -0.9718 1.0206 71S 148W 13 31201m15s
23-15 -2153-Apr-0623:44:02 50217 4398 -51363 T t- -0.9014 1.0296 60S 70E 25 23202m03s
24-14 -2135-Apr-1706:57:46 49762 4317 -51140 T t- -0.8277 1.0370 49S 53W 34 22002m49s
25-13 -2117-Apr-2814:09:56 49309 4236 -50917 T p- -0.7516 1.0431 39S 171W 41 21603m33s
26-12 -2099-May-0821:21:04 48858 4156 -50694 T p- -0.6737 1.0484 30S 74E 47 21604m16s
27-11 -2081-May-2004:33:26 48409 4077 -50471 T p- -0.5958 1.0526 21S 40W 53 21604m53s
28-10 -2063-May-3011:47:43 47963 3999 -50248 T p- -0.5185 1.0559 13S 154W 59 21505m24s
29 -9 -2045-Jun-1019:06:39 47518 3921 -50025 T p- -0.4443 1.0583 6S 92E 64 21405m44s
30 -8 -2027-Jun-2102:28:37 47075 3844 -49802 T p- -0.3719 1.0599 1N 22W 68 21205m55s
31 -7 -2009-Jul-0209:58:14 46635 3768 -49579 T n- -0.3051 1.0606 6N 138W 72 20905m57s
32 -6 -1991-Jul-1217:33:25 46196 3692 -49356 T n- -0.2422 1.0606 10N 106E 76 20505m50s
33 -5 -1973-Jul-2401:17:36 45760 3617 -49133 T n- -0.1866 1.0601 13N 11W 79 20105m38s
34 -4 -1955-Aug-0309:08:12 45326 3543 -48910 T n- -0.1360 1.0589 14N 130W 82 19605m22s
35 -3 -1937-Aug-1417:09:04 44893 3469 -48687 T n- -0.0935 1.0574 15N 109E 85 19005m05s
36 -2 -1919-Aug-2501:17:33 44463 3396 -48464 T nn -0.0572 1.0556 14N 15W 87 18404m49s
37 -1 -1901-Sep-0509:35:09 44035 3324 -48241 T nn -0.0281 1.0537 12N 140W 88 17804m33s
38 0 -1883-Sep-1518:00:35 43609 3252 -48018 T nn -0.0053 1.0518 9N 92E 90 17204m20s
39 1 -1865-Sep-2702:34:53 43185 3182 -47795 T nn 0.0100 1.0500 6N 39W 89 16604m09s
40 2 -1847-Oct-0711:15:24 42763 3111 -47572 T nn 0.0206 1.0485 2N 171W 89 16104m01s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 14
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 3 -1829-Oct-1820:01:31 42343 3042 -47349 T nn 0.0267 1.0472 3S 55E 88 15703m56s
42 4 -1811-Oct-2904:51:49 41925 2973 -47126 T nn 0.0295 1.0464 7S 79W 88 15503m53s
43 5 -1793-Nov-0913:45:42 41510 2905 -46903 Tm nn 0.0294 1.0461 11S 145E 88 15303m54s
44 6 -1775-Nov-1922:39:41 41096 2838 -46680 T nn 0.0293 1.0462 15S 10E 88 15403m58s
45 7 -1757-Dec-0107:33:49 40685 2771 -46457 T nn 0.0290 1.0468 18S 125W 88 15604m05s
46 8 -1739-Dec-1116:24:49 40275 2705 -46234 T nn 0.0314 1.0479 20S 101E 88 15904m15s
47 9 -1721-Dec-2301:12:55 39868 2640 -46011 T nn 0.0362 1.0494 21S 31W 88 16404m27s
48 10 -1702-Jan-0209:54:01 39462 2575 -45788 T nn 0.0466 1.0512 21S 162W 87 17004m40s
49 11 -1684-Jan-1318:30:08 39059 2511 -45565 T -n 0.0611 1.0533 20S 68E 87 17704m55s
50 12 -1666-Jan-2402:57:36 38658 2448 -45342 T -n 0.0824 1.0554 18S 60W 85 18405m10s
51 13 -1648-Feb-0411:17:22 38259 2386 -45119 T -n 0.1100 1.0577 14S 174E 84 19105m24s
52 14 -1630-Feb-1419:27:38 37862 2324 -44896 T -n 0.1454 1.0597 9S 49E 82 19805m35s
53 15 -1612-Feb-2603:30:16 37467 2263 -44673 T -n 0.1868 1.0616 4S 74W 79 20605m44s
54 16 -1594-Mar-0811:24:05 37074 2203 -44450 T -n 0.2354 1.0630 3N 164E 76 21205m48s
55 17 -1576-Mar-1819:09:21 36683 2143 -44227 T -n 0.2907 1.0640 10N 44E 73 21805m47s
56 18 -1558-Mar-3002:47:25 36294 2084 -44004 T -n 0.3518 1.0642 18N 75W 69 22405m39s
57 19 -1540-Apr-0910:18:59 35907 2026 -43781 T -p 0.4182 1.0638 26N 168E 65 22905m25s
58 20 -1522-Apr-2017:45:12 35523 1968 -43558 T -p 0.4885 1.0625 34N 52E 61 23405m05s
59 21 -1504-May-0101:06:08 35140 1912 -43335 T -p 0.5627 1.0604 43N 63W 56 23904m40s
60 22 -1486-May-1208:24:42 34760 1856 -43112 T -p 0.6383 1.0573 52N 178W 50 24504m10s
61 23 -1468-May-2215:40:46 34381 1800 -42889 T -p 0.7155 1.0533 62N 69E 44 25303m37s
62 24 -1450-Jun-0222:55:44 34005 1746 -42666 T -p 0.7928 1.0482 71N 44W 37 26503m03s
63 25 -1432-Jun-1306:10:56 33630 1692 -42443 T -t 0.8690 1.0420 82N 160W 29 28802m28s
64 26 -1414-Jun-2413:28:06 33258 1638 -42220 T -t 0.9428 1.0344 86N 71W 19 35801m52s
65 27 -1396-Jul-0420:48:33 32888 1586 -41997 P -t 1.0128 0.9825 66N 171E 0 - -
66 28 -1378-Jul-1604:12:03 32520 1534 -41774 P -t 1.0795 0.8557 65N 49E 0 - -
67 29 -1360-Jul-2611:41:42 32154 1483 -41551 P -t 1.1402 0.7413 64N 75W 0 - -
68 30 -1342-Aug-0619:17:04 31790 1433 -41328 P -t 1.1955 0.6380 63N 160E 0 - -
69 31 -1324-Aug-1702:59:32 31428 1383 -41105 P -t 1.2439 0.5486 62N 34E 0 - -
70 32 -1306-Aug-2810:48:33 31068 1335 -40882 P -t 1.2862 0.4715 62N 94W 0 - -
71 33 -1288-Sep-0718:45:40 30711 1286 -40659 P -t 1.3213 0.4083 61N 137E 0 - -
72 34 -1270-Sep-1902:50:05 30355 1239 -40436 P -t 1.3497 0.3579 61N 5E 0 - -
73 35 -1252-Sep-2911:00:41 30001 1192 -40213 P -t 1.3725 0.3180 61N 128W 0 - -
74 36 -1234-Oct-1019:18:14 29650 1147 -39990 P -t 1.3889 0.2898 61N 98E 0 - -
75 37 -1216-Oct-2103:40:46 29300 1101 -39767 P -t 1.4004 0.2707 61N 38W 0 - -
76 38 -1198-Nov-0112:07:44 28953 1057 -39544 P -t 1.4079 0.2584 61N 175W 0 - -
77 39 -1180-Nov-1120:35:08 28608 1014 -39321 P -t 1.4144 0.2480 62N 48E 0 - -
78 40 -1162-Nov-2305:04:29 28264 971 -39098 P -t 1.4185 0.2416 62N 90W 0 - -
79 41 -1144-Dec-0313:31:38 27923 929 -38875 P -t 1.4234 0.2336 63N 133E 0 - -
80 42 -1126-Dec-1421:56:05 27584 887 -38652 P -t 1.4297 0.2231 64N 4W 0 - -
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 14
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
81 43 -1108-Dec-2506:14:36 27247 847 -38429 P -t 1.4398 0.2059 65N 140W 0 - -
82 44 -1089-Jan-0514:27:33 26912 807 -38206 P -t 1.4537 0.1819 66N 85E 0 - -
83 45 -1071-Jan-1522:31:56 26579 768 -37983 P -t 1.4735 0.1476 67N 48W 0 - -
84 46 -1053-Jan-2706:27:19 26248 730 -37760 P -t 1.4996 0.1023 68N 180W 0 - -
85 47 -1035-Feb-0614:12:38 25920 692 -37537 Pe -t 1.5327 0.0446 69N 51E 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 14

Solar eclipses of Saros 14 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on -2550 Aug 11. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on -1035 Feb 06. The total duration of Saros series 14 is 1514.53 years.

Summary of Saros 14
First Eclipse -2550 Aug 11
Last Eclipse -1035 Feb 06
Series Duration 1514.53 Years
No. of Eclipses 85
Sequence 21P 43T 21P

Saros 14 is composed of 85 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 14
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 85100.0%
PartialP 42 49.4%
AnnularA 0 0.0%
TotalT 43 50.6%
HybridH 0 0.0%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 14 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 14
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 43100.0%
Central (two limits) 43100.0%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 85 eclipses in Saros 14 occur in the following order : 21P 43T 21P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 14 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 14
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Solar Eclipse -2009 Jul 0205m57s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse -2171 Mar 2601m15s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse -1396 Jul 04 - 0.98246
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse -1035 Feb 06 - 0.04465

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.